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loyees, and whole families, fathers and ons and daughters, are to be found in the arious departments of the mill. The forean in one department told me that he had uit twice to go with other concerns,

but at both times he had been glad to get ack. “ Never again for me ; I'm here till

die.” During the period of the war, Then cutthroat competition for labor was its worst, very few of the workers in is mill left their looms, although there ere many munition plants in the neighorhood where very high wages were paid.

asked a grizzled old foreman why this ondition existed. “'Cause the boss treats

all like humans, and he won't stand for mybody being any other way. He don't iss us and he don't allow us to cuss any ne else. He knows his people and he is not o proud to speak to us when he sees us. That's why we stick.” Every one to whom talked had the same story : “He treats s like men. I said to the old foreman, “I notice you ave safety devices and excellent working onditions in the mill."

Yes,” he said, we had 'em before any will in town, long before the State law ade us put 'em in. But

you

don't notice at we have any of them new-fangled lub-house things, do you swimming-pools nd all that? 1 he boss doesn't go in for m. He says he is going to give us in ages all the business will stand. He ain't anding us nothing. You know, you can't ool working people. They think the same 3 you do, and they know when they are etting it handed to 'em, and when they re getting the square

deal
every

moment I

every day. But when some one in the will has hard luck in the family they can ways count on the boss. He don't see m stick.” I said : “Tell me about this strike. Why idn't you go out when the union leaders anted you to go?"

He answered : “ There wasn't any reaon after we'd talked it over with the boss. ou see, it was this way. Those leaders me here and called a meeting of the arious shops. I'm a union man, and I ent to the meeting. They told us we ght to have shorter hours and more pay; at everybody else was getting it, and we

ght to too. They shaped up their deands, and I noticed the fellows from the her mills was waiting to see what we'd 0. We told them we would have to talk over in the shop before we'd say

what at would be. So the next evening we had shop meeting, and we sent a committee - see the boss. He talked over the whole atter with us, showed us what contracts e had on hand and that we could not cut own the hours and fill the contracts, told 3 that he had already planned to raise our ages, although not as much as the union sked. As he had already raised us four mes in the last couple of years without eing forced into it, we believed him, and ent back and told the union leaders they ould strike all they wanted to, but we ouldn't. What's the use of going back on man like the boss ?” The same story was repeated everywhere went. Many of the men were union memers, but the union did not seem to count eside the boss." He had their confidence, mey believed in him, and they knew that ney were being treated squarely. It was - brilliant contrast to much of the suspion and dissatisfaction that I had found many other places among the workers. Then I sought “the boss” himself for

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If the lawyer talked for hours on the rising price of birdseed, the jury would miss little. But here the case is vital, and it concerns no one so much as this same heedless jury—the American people.

The judge in our picture represents a public commission, whose duty is to regulate electric light rates. And the case is whether the electric company shall obtain money needed for extension of service to make up the present shortage of light and power.

Lack of sufficient power is one reason why that shoe factory in town is running behind a thousand pairs a week-why the flour mill is short in its daily grist —why industry cannot meet the demand for larger production and lower prices.

Yet we are sadly indifferent to this problem and the solution which the electric company offers. The company's rates, taxes, extensions and improvements are matters that we leave to the public service commission to control, and we don't even take an interest in the case.

What a mistake! The case is ours. The public service commission is ours.

The public servant is ours. The commission takes its authority from public opinion-the verdict we render.

So it is for us to say whether the electric company's cost of furnishing power and our own need for using power warrant an increased rate.

Certainly it is a short-sighted economy to deny a reasonable return on the money invested (often your own money) for that policy discourages investors and hampers the company's development. A fair rate assures a bigger and better service-added power available for factories to produce more at less cost per unit.

It may be that a few cents more on the electric bill will mean a few dollars less on the next suit of clothes we buy.

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Published in the interest of Electrical Development by an Institution that will be helped by whatever helps the

Industry.

Western Electric

Company

No. 16 On the farm or in the metropolis,

wherever people look to electricity for the comforts and conveniences of life today, the Western Electric Company offers a service as broad as the functions of electricity itself.

A CHALLENGE

The present situation in Paris is a real challenge to the American people. Big business is sending over thousands of employees to assist in the rebuilding of France, and in the Latin Quarter of Paris is a great body of American students pursuing special courses at the University and at the art and music studios.

The need of meeting places for social and religious purposes was never greater, but the provision is very inadequate.

pay

The American Church in Paris

is making a tremendous effort to meet these conditions and is challenging the people of America to stand back of its enlarged program.

An adequate Building and Endowment Fund must be raised immediately here in America, and this appeal to our Christian people is made that these young business men and students shall come under the most wholesome influences while in Paris. When they later return to America, they must come

game?"

66

Strong in Mind, Body, and Spirit

fitted to be constructive leaders in the finer life of our Nation.

THE NATION'S INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS

(Continued) his side of this amazing story. He told me that when he assumed the direction, on the death of his father, he had made up bis mind to run the business on one principle —that every one who worked in that nil was human like himself and entitled to the same treatment from him that he expected from them. “This is the place,” he said

. “ where they have to live the largest part of their days—at least while they are awake. I determined that they should live that part just as pleasantly as possible, that sources of irritation should be removed as far as could be done, that everything that insures their better health should be

provided for them. I don't give them any

. thing. I don't think that is the way to deal with those who work for you. I then all the business permits, and then it! theirs. They have their own beneficial society, and they run it themselves. When they opened their co-operative store

, I loaned them the money to get started, and they paid it back. It is their store, thes run it, and I have nothing more to do with it than any one in the plant. I don't believe in paternalism in business, but I do believe in that sort of co-operation which promote confidence, and I have found that it pass That's all there is to it."

“ But," I said, “are there not som among all the hundreds in this mill wbi are disgruntled and who do not play the

Certainly there are," he answered “ This mill is a cross-section of life, and there are always some people everywhere who are disgruntled. But when I heard a man who is in such a case I send for hin and we talk it out together. Sometimes be has a real grievance, and we get busy on the solution of it. Sometimes he finds when he has unburdened himself that things are not so serious, after all. If things are not going right in a department, I call tha: department together and we go over the situation. Everyone is allowed to talk

, and they know it. Some years ago we had such a meeting, and one after another there declared they thought things were all right. Then a man got up and said that he did not agree with them at all

, that things were not all right; that he had a kick that he wanted to make, and he was going to make it. He then proceeded to point out certain conditions which were wrong, and we arranged at once to remedy them. I went to him after the meeting was over and told him that that was the sort of kick I wanted to hear, and the more be had the better I would be satisfied. He has helped many times since."

“But the strike,” I said ; " what about the strike ?"

“ Well,” he answered, are unusual and there is unrest in the air

. When the labor leaders came to town, I did not know what might happen. But we had got a thing together during the years that even the unrest could not unsettle. Then you have

your people's confidence, they will follow you first, and so we had no strike."

And that is the whole of the story. The spindles are flying and the looms are purting away all day long in that big mil down by the river while other mills in other places stand idle. There is no Socialism about it or anything else at which doubtful souls shake their heads; nothing but the practical daily application of a pribciple as old as Christ, scorned by economists and doubted by the worldly-mist

, but which at least in this case works. And

Two million dollars will be needed for new sites and buildings and the carrying on of a broad and comprehensive social and religious program. Generous contributions and assurances already indicate that $500,000 will be given by the various denominational boards of America, $500,000 will be raised for Endowment by 500 churches. Many very generous contributions to the above have already been received. This one million dollars is payable over a period of three years, but $1,000,000 must immediately be pledged by individuals to provide for present urgent needs.

This Is

Is Where You Can Help

We need large gifts but we also need small gifts. Complete information of the whole program gladly furnished on request. Send just as generous a check as you can to the Co-Pastor, Rev. STANLEY Ross FISHER, 14 Beacon Street, Boston.

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knov, times

Make checks payable to SAMUEL W. THURBER, Treasurer.

The Enlarged Program of the American Church in Paris has the endorsement of the Federal Council of Churches of America and the support of the leading ministers and laymen of the various denominations

a

is principle is the one thing the political ocialist fears most, for it is the thing, and e only thing, which will make forever possible his dreams of a Utopia. Every ne who knows anything knows that the d competitive way of doing business is at

end. The choice that we must make is etween the enforced co-operation which e Socialist offers or the co-operation nich this mill exemplifies, the working gether of a band of men and women in a

job with a daily recognition that each s rights the other is bound to respect, d that when it becomes second nature to ink of the others somehow the frictions -nish. I have told this story in order to ask this nestion : “If it demonstrates a principle,

whose hands is the future peace of indusial America ?”

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Make This Test

Watch how your teeth respond

"

Millions of germs breed in it. They, with tartar, are the chief cause of pyorrhea. Thus all these troubles have been constantly increasing, despite the tooth brush.

Now we combat it

Dental science, after years of searching, has found ways to combat film. High authorities have proved them by clinical and laboratory tests.

The best dental opinion now approves these methods. Leading dentists everywhere are urging their adoption. Millions of people, as a result, now employ them daily.

O REPAIR WESTMINSTER

ABBEY
ASHINGTON IRVING, in one of his

“Sketch Book "essays, gave a delight-
1 account of Westminster Abbey as it
peared to him a century ago, showing
narks of the gradual dilapidations of
ne, which yet has something pleasing in
decay.” And now, after the suminers
d winters of another century have
ssed over it, the venerable and glorious This ten-day test has shown to millions
bbey, which seems to epitomize the more the way to whiter, safer teeth. It is a free
an ten centuries of English history it test-you should make it. No other method
s seen, has fallen into such a state of de-

known can do what Pepsodent does for y that its Dean last June made a stir- teeth. og appeal to England and to all Anglo

To end the film uxon peoples for funds with which to pair the great cathedral.

The object is to fight the film, which He asked for a fund of about $1,250,- dims the teeth and causes most tooth 0, of which $1,000,000 is needed for troubles. Dental science has worked years ructural repairs. The remainder of the to do that. m asked for he would keep as a fund

Film is that viscous coat you feel. It om which to draw as repairs may

be

clings to teeth, enters crevices and stays. eded from time to time. The London

The ordinary tooth paste does not combat Times” presented the Dean's appeal in a

it satisfactorily, so brushing leaves much autifully illustrated supplement, June 29,

of it intact. d from time to time has since shown by production of photographs some of the

It is the film-coat that discolors, not the

teeth. Film is the basis of tartar. It holds vages time has made in the greatest brine of the English-speaking peoples of

food substance which ferments and forms e world. The reasons for the decay in

acid. It holds the acid in contact with the e structure, aside from its thousand

teeth to cause decay. ars of history, are climatic and local. In 2 dry climate of Egypt temples, obeks, and tombs remain to-day almost as esh and durable as when the sculptors opped their tools and chisels thousands

One ingredient of Pepsodent is pepsin. years ago. But Westminster Abbey, in

Another multiplies the starch digestant in moist climate of England and in the

the saliva to digest the starch deposits art of smoky and foggy London, nat

which cling and form acid. ally shows signs of “weathering." Even

It also multiplies the alkalinity of the ring the past thirty years repairs to the

saliva, to neutralize the acids which cause lue of more than $500,000 have been

tooth decay. Two factors directly attack ade, and now much more expensive and

the film. One of them keeps teeth so tensive repairs are necessary to stay the

highly polished that film cannot easily vages time and the elements combined

adhere, ve made upon the sacred edifice. As ated by Mr. Lethaby, surveyor of the Pepsodent combines the best that modobey, only structural repairs are to be ern science knows to combat the great ade, and these chiefly upon

the exterior. The London 66

“ Times, on publishing e Dean's appeal, opened a subscription nd for the Abbey, which has been reonded to by English-speaking givers roughout the world, which shows the The New-Day Dentifrice eling they entertain toward this venerle shrine, and it is pleasant to note that

A scientific film combatant comany Americans are numbered among

the bined with two other modern reqers. Happily, also, it was an Anglo-uisites. Now advised by leading nerican corporation that made the final ntribution of £10,000 which completed by all druggists in large tubes.

dentists everywhere and supplied ? sum immediately necessary for re

The methods are combined in a dentifrice called Pepsodent. And a 10-Day Tube is offered free, so all who will may quickly know how much it means to them.

Five Much Desired Effects

tooth destroyers. It has brought a new era in teeth cleaning.

Watch it act Send the coupon for a 10-Day Tube. Note how clean the teeth feel after using. Mark the absence of the viscous film. See how teeth whiten as the film-coat disappears.

You will see several new effects, and the book we send will tell you what they mean. This is too important to forget. Cut out the coupon now.

477

Pepsodent

10-Day Tube Free

THE PEPSODENT COMPANY,
Dept. 36, 1104 S. Wabash Ave.,

Chicago, Ill.
Mail 10-Day Tube of Pepsodent to

Only one tube to a family

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Christmas Handkerchiefs FOR years McCutcheon's has been famous for its

excellent assortment of Men's and Women's Linen Handkerchiefs — hand worked, initialed, smart sports models, and fine sheer lace-trimmed and embroidered styles. For the Christmas Gift there is nothing which is quite so distinctive, yet so ideally practical as a box of dainty Handkerchiefs.

Or, if you are merely shopping to replenish your own supply, there is no time to shop quite like the presentwhile the assortments are still complete.

Orders by mail receive our prompt and careful attention.

Corresponding Secretary National Kindergarten

Association D OES not the present deplorable state of

affairs in this country and abroad indicate that we lack intelligence or do not use what we possess? The result is the same in either case.

The daily accounts of wars, murders, suicides, thefts, divorces, frauds, and labor troubles show a world that appears to be going from bad to worse. What is the remedy?

“ The hope of the world lies in the children.” Commissioner Claxton has said :

Let as add to the sum of human happiness, reduce crime, poverty, and misery, and enhance the well-being of our people by providing kindergarten training for all of the Nation's children.

The Commissioner is so thoroughly convinced of the value of the kindergarten that years ago, when teaching in a Southern city, he maintained a kindergarten for Negro children, expending one-third of his salary on its support.

We should follow the path pointed out by this leader of our educational system and provide kindergarten training for every one of the Nation's children, nearly four million of whom are now being deprived of their rights in this regard.

Most of our States have laws permitting the establishment of kindergartens, but local school authorities have been slow about providing them, and every community has large numbers of little ones who are missing the joys and benefits of this helpful training which is such a splendid preparation for the formal work of the higher classes and for the responsibilities of life.

Most of our children are but a few years in school, and the two years which they night spend in kindergarten would add materially to their general intelligence besides enriching and directing their moral ind social nature.

The National Kindergarten Association, 3 West Fortieth Street, New York City, 8 glad to co-operate with local efforts to jave kindergartens established.

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