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DECEMBER 1, 1920


Keystone View Co.

NHE first ten days' work of the

delegates to the Assembly of the - League of Nations at Geneva has ulted in a conviction on their part at active intervention is necessary in Lithuanian and Armenian crises. Acting in the first crisis, Great Brit, Belgium, and France have agreed send troops for police duty to Vilpa, Lithuania, where a plebiscite is about be taken. As to the second crisis,

Assembly voted unanimously to ask ne Power at once to act as interdiary between Mustapha Kemal, the Lrkish . Nationalist leader in Asia nor, and the Armenians, so as to save e remnant of that race. The reported disaffection among the

FRENCH HEADQUARTERS IN ADANA, ASIA MINOR reek troops in western Armenia, due their disappointment at the outcome

material force." The Serbian delegate, they must surrender their arms. The the Greek election, only strengthens Spaleklovitch, recalled the fact that the kind of reception the Turks gave to - power of Mustapha in the eastern American Senate last May had approved this announcement is indicated by the 3 Armenian part of that region. The

the use of the American fleet to succor report that they have now slaughtered itish delegates held out at first for

the Armenians and that Mr. Harding some ten thousand Armenians at the appointment of a commission rep

was the Senator who reported the town of Hadjin, including the hundreds enting all the Assembly member resolution.

of orphan children who had been protes. As no Power, said Mr. Bal

tected in American orphanages. ir, one of the British delegates who

Adana is the chief city of Cilicia, THE CRY FROM CILICIA

and has been the seat of the French a ,

Government. It was also the seat of

ers, League is to do anything but receive

the atrocities of 1915. More than a of Syria and Cilicia after the war. send telegrams, the member states

hundred thousand Armenian refugees Her title to Syria is historic, proceedist agree to share the burden amonging from her deliverance of Lebanon

are now in Adana or the near vicinity. m; otherwise

Some of them have been in exile for we are like people from Turkish rule. But she has no such tching from the shore the survivors

four years, while others have recently title to the adjoining province of Cilicia, a wrecked ship, sending them no

fled from their villages, devastated by which penetrates into Asia Minor and except words of comfort as they is largely inhabited by Armenians.

the Turks and Kurds. The prospect of being swept away by the waves. However, she occupied the region and

a new massacre is all the greater bené Viviani, one of the French dele

cause now, since the war, the Armenigave great encouragement to the Armees, thus replied to the English sugges- nians there in delivering them from the

ans of Cilicia have fought with and for h that a commission be appointed :

the French. Thus the Armenians, Turkish yoke. Much was done as well What will this commission do? in the restitution of property to the re

having doubled the ill will of the Turks low does it propose to achieve any

against them, have been continually turning Armenian exiles and in the ning definite ? Could it succeed where

attacked by bands of marauding Kurds le League Council has failed ? The

rescue of women and girls from Turkish jeague must do something more prac

and Turks, and even under French rule oppression. The Armenians were urged have not been able to gather in this cal than appoint a commission or it

to re-establish themselves in the Cilician ill confess itself ridiculous before the

year's crops. towns and villages ; grants were made hole world. The League has respon

America has more agents—missionfor the repair of churches and schools bilities without authority. If France's

ary, medical, educational—than has any pice had been heard, the League would and for educational work. The Arme

other nation in Armenia and Cilicia. 5t be in a position of impotence to

nians were also encouraged to organize The American Government and people uy but could send an armed force to for police duty on a semi-military basis ; ve Armenia.

owe every possible protection to those arms were supplied to them. ill we do not refer him to a com

agents and to the oppressed Armenians. Mission, we call the doctor.

After spending a billion francs in the

Syrian and Cilician enterprises, the liviani was supported by Take

French came to the conclusion that “COLD-BLOODED MURDER” escu, of Rumania, in declaring that they could not continue to manage the HE state of Ireland goes from League's great weakness was that it

“ Paid assassins," no material power, adding that “un- Cilicia, informing the Turks however, declared the Chief Secretary for Ireunately some people only recognize that if they came into the province land, Sir Hamar Greenwood, before


accept a mandate for Armenia". if UNDER agreement among the Pow


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UR soldiers acquired the habit o

applying the name “Padre” to all chaplains, missionaries, and priests in France. One of them, the Rev. Stanler Ross Fisher, co-pastor of the American Church in the Rue de Berri, Paris, has sent a Thanksgiving letter from Ameri

in Paris to Americans in the United States. To Americans in Paris Thanksgiving Day is, he says, doubly hallowed because they link with it their


of the seventy thousand young Ameri

can patriots whose bodies lie buried in the House of Commons last week, are in ruins—that is the outstanding fact French soil. plotting to destroy life and property in of the new era. Anything that can Thousands of Americans, he affirms, England as well as Ireland. Coldbe spared has been sold; clothes are

engineers, architects, commercial sales blooded murder," was Sir Hamar's faded and full of holes ; spirits are men, and whole office forces have been phrase to describe the killing of British crushed, courage is lost. Former offi- sent over to Paris by American conofficers in Dublin on Sunday, Novem- cials and officers, with the shabby re- struction firms and other business enterber 21. To the counter-charge of Sinn mains of gold collars on their shabby prises. The social and religious need of Feiners that the Government had mas- uniforms, slink along, a newspaper these persons must be added to those of sacred ten or more civilians by firing package under the arm, or, in a long the great body of American students in indiscriminately at the crowd attending

row, stand before
ome foreign bureau

the Latin Quarter. Before the war there a football match, the Chief Secretary of charity and patiently wait until they

were some twenty-five hundred of those replied that Sinn Fein gunmen came to are allowed to receive the longed-for students; the number is now much the game with murderous intent, that gift. Officials, teachers, professors, greater, and will doubtless continually the inclosure was surrounded by troops physicians, surgeons, artists, authors, increase; indeed, the indications are to effect their arrest, that this force. form the proletariat of to-day. For the that the many thousand American was fired upon from the crowd when

day laborer earns seven hundred crowns students who used to go yearly to Ger the arrest was attempted, and that in

a week, but, after long striving for its many will now go to France for a long replying to the fire the casualties re

members, the Society of Vienna Journal- time to come. sulted. The House of Commons itself

ists has finally won for them a minimum To cope with this situation the Amer · fell under the influence of the prevail. wage of fifteen hundred crowns a month. ican Church in the Rue de Berri wants ing Irish violence when it hooted down

It is not only that the professional a central site, a new church edifice and and more or less man handled one of its

classes are suffering material want; parish hall, and, in the Latin Quarter, a own members, Joseph Devlin, an Irish spiritual want is seen in frightful de- student club building. For construction Nationalist. Charges of governmental gree. At the theaters stuff of lightest and endowment it needs two million winking at“ retaliations" continued to

weight is played to suit the taste of the dollars. It has been encouraged to the te made and denied.

new rich. Books and serious pamphlets lieve that within three years various As in industrial troubles such as the are not published because, as compared individuals, churches, and denominaSeattle affair, so in Ireland, the first

with the days before the war, the price tional boards will provide that sum. and foremost thing in the apprehension of paper is sixty times as high; printing But immediate need cannot wait for of fair-minded people is to restore law

costs fifteen times as much, and even and order quickly and thoroughly.

three-year pledges. As practically all di transmittal by post twenty times as the American welfare organizations much.

which did such good work during the PRESENT-DAY VIENNA

What is the result of all this? In war and the armistice period have been ERR CARL JUNKER, editor of one week, according to official statistics, withdrawn from Paris, there is impera

the Vienna " Österreicher Rund- there were 430 births and 700 deaths, tive need for an adequate meeting place schau," writes to The Outlook con- and countless children suffer from for American young men and wonen cerning conditions in Vienna. In the tuberculosis.

offering an atmosphere not to be found delicatessen stores and in the meat Truly Vienna has suffered from the in the theaters and restaurants. At shops, he says, one finds Swiss, Dutch, war. Under the new régime, however, least $150,000 should be immediately and Danish goods in large quantities, there may be hope for its citizens, if

there may be hope for its citizens, if forthcoming to buy and equip a buildand some Austrian, but there are few they can ultimately be made to under. ing for social activities, and to further purchasers.

stand the reason for the catastrophe the clean, efficient, purposeful lives of The restaurants are poorly patron

which has befallen them, and if, espe- the young Americans who are studying ized ; who can afford eighty crowns cially, some reform in the currency can and engaging in business in Paris. For for a ineal-even though the crown is

be instituted and economic reciprocity their sakes, and in grateful remory of How worth about half a cent? The be re-established between Austria and our compatriots who died in France. citizen buys for himself condensed milk, her neighbors. An encouraging sign of Mr. Fisher writes his letter to beg collcheese, corned beef, herrings, and sar- possible recuperation is to be seen in tributions for this work. Checks should dines, but his “ Wiener Schnitzel” the issuance of a monthly periodical, be made out to Samuel W. Thurber

, costs sixty crowns and more.

printed in English in Vienna, called Treasurer, and mailed to Room 805. Most of middle-class society is now " Reconstruction."

14 Beacon Street, Boston. The Outlook





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glad to add its own plea for aid in is work.




ERE are pictures of the temple

which the Bahaiists hope to build
the shore of Lake Michigan just
orth of Chicago. George Grey Barnard
pes so far as to call this “the first
ew conception in architecture since the
The building was designed by Louis
ourgeois. It is intended to embody in
chitecture the single article in the
ahaiist creed, which is belief in the
otherhood of man. The building is
tended to be the home of all who wish

worship, and in its detail symbolizes 1 the great religions of the earth. It

interesting to know that the archict has gone to astronomy for his inpiration, using the pure mathematical nes of that science as a decorative ement instead of the vines, leaves, wers, and human and animal forms

the past. With these lines he has roduced the occult symbols of the nine ceat religions of the world, which are so represented by the nine faces of me temple.

Critics have voiced their disapproval the fact that the second-story butesses are placed over the doorways of ne first story. Certainly this is a strik




ing departure from ordinary architec- Court when he abolished the gambling tural practice, but apparently the archi- in Atlantic City. The gambling forces tect has succeeded in convincing the were well intrenched as far as money committee of temple trustees that he was concerned-one casino alone was was justified in this departure.

valued at $100,000. But Judge Fort's The choice of the Bourgeois design decree, accompanied by a threat of the was approved by H. Van Buren Ma- use of State troops, did the work. gonigle, President of the Architectural After serving for eight years in the League.

Supreme Court, Judge Fort was elected
Governor. He served a three-year term

which stands out in New Jersey historyas A USEFUL CITIZEN

the régime of the "new idea "in politics.


Be the death of John

Franklin Fort
, A progressive in deed

was in word, Gove

much progressive ful citizen passes from sight. But his legislation to be passed, all of which influence should be enduring.

caused him hard contests with reactionThough a poor man's son, he did not aries in his own party. He effected have to work his way through college, many reforms and improvements in govbut after graduation repaid to his father ernment, his Civil Service and Direct the sums advanced for his education. Primary Laws being the most notable

He began to practice law, and suc- in those directions up to that time. ceeded so well that he was appointed to Mr. Fort began his political leadera place on the District Court bench; ship in 1884 by acting as delegate to later he became Presiding Judge of the National Republican Convention. the Court of Common Pleas of Essex He showed characteristic independence County, and still later Associate Justice in favoring the nomination of Edof the State Supreme Court. The most munds, though most of the New Jersey signal event of his judgeships was during delegation were for Blaine. He was his eight years' term on the Supreme made chairman of the important Cre


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dentials Committee. In 1896, again a

ditions in Grand Rapids as follows: delegate, he was again made chairman

“Better times, in the first stages, have of that Committee, and, as such, made

meant more self-indulgence. But the the Committee report which decided

moral tone of the community is higher the fate of “Gas " Addicks, of Dela

than it was ever before. While family ware. Addicks had brought a contest

discipline has somewhat relaxed as ing delegation to St. Louis. The chair

young people have become more than man's denunciation was a masterpiece

self-supporting, the increased earning of invective, and, together with his

capacity of girls has made for a relaspeech to its leader in placing Garrett

tionship on more equal terms between A. Hobart in nomination for the Vice

young folks of both sexes. Absence of Presidency, gave Governor Fort Na

worry has made for a general liberation tional rank as an orator. In 1912, having

of mental energies, as yet often idly already shown his progressivism, he

employed in frivolous pursuits, but benaturally worked for the nomination of

ginning to introduce into the life of Theodore Roosevelt and the success of

the community a desire for finer enjoythe Progressive party.

ments and spiritual emancipation.” Under the present Administration

The whole impression made by this Mr. Fort served two years as Republi

elaborate study is that of a prosperous,

THE LATE EX-GOVERNOR JOHN F. FORT, OF can member of the Federal Trade Com.

self-respecting American city making mission. He also acted as special envoy

the best of exceptionally good opportuto Santo Domingo and to Haiti. It is estimated that there was a reduc

nities and practicing liberty without Mr. Fort was sixty-eight years old. tion of fifty-four per cent in the amount

license. He was a tall, handsome, dignified man,

of crime in Grand Rapids in the first
diffusing an impression of integrity, year of prohibition from the average of
with a frank manner and hand-shake the two years immediately preceding. THE LANGUAGE OF
that any one might envy.

In the month before prohibition went THE GUTTER
into effect there were 138 cases of in- MERICANS have made progress in

toxication in the police court; in the city government; but just now THE FREEDOM OF A CITY

first month thereafter there were 9. Of they have no reason for boasting. Their VALUABLE investigation has just course Grand Rapids had a start in two largest cities have recently given

been made by the “Survey” of this matter of prohibition over most occasion for Americans of self-respect conditions in the city of Grand Rapids, American cities, for State prohibition to feel and express shame. The ThompMichigan. The purpose was to test the legislation went into effect in 1918.

son régime in Chicago and the Hylan results of prohibition, high wages, and High prices, high wages, and steady régime in New York, the one Repubsteady work in a typical American city. employment bave raised the standard lican and the other Democratic, proThe plan was suggested by a letter of living in Grand Rapids and have vide ample evidence that -Americans written to the editors of the “Survey" worked together with prohibition, the are culpably careless in selecting adby Justice Louis D. Brandeis, of the investigators say, to make the life of ministrators of their city governments. United States Supreme Court. Justice the average worker more comfortable

A legislative committee has been inBrandeis wrote: “We shall soon have and more enjoyable. Of course under vestigating the alleged building graft a year of freedom from what have been such conditions there are always some in New York City. In the course of regarded as the main causes of misery extravagance and folly in expenditure,

extravagance and folly in expenditure, the investigation a letter of Mayor -unemployment, low wages, and drink. but, as a rule, the additional wages Hylan's was produced, and in conseWhat have been the gains of the first have gone into sensible things and the

quence the Mayor was called as a wityear of this freedom? What further amount of small house building and the ness. The details of the subject are not gains may be expected ? What else increase of savings deposits are notable. of National interest ; but it is of some must be done to make this a livable It is stated that in Grand Rapids, at concern to all Americans that their world ?" least, wages have advanced faster than

largest city has a Mayor who can anThe findings of Mr. W. D. Lane and prices, and naturally a new and higher swer questions in language like this: Mr. Bruno Lasker, of the “Survey's level of prosperity is found among “If you've got anything prove it and editorial staff, are set forth in the cur- wage-earning families. Factory condi

You are not going to put rent issue of the “Survey” graphically, tions and health conditions are better; me in a hole for politics or political with maps, diagrams, and an unusually there are no more “blue Mondays,' purposes. You're not going to interesting group of photographs. The fewer industrial accidents ; tuberculosis put anything over on me. If you've report is made readable by its many and infantile mortality have declined got anything, produce, produce. The personal incidents and conversations among the working people. The chief quicker the better." with workers, their wives, and citizens of police, a former barkeeper and now an generally. It is less statistical and more ardent prohibitionist, wrote to “Pussydirectly human than most reports of foot” Johnson in response to inquiry RATTLES OR COURTS this kind. that the Grand Rapids police force has

MARTIAL? As to prohibition, Mr. Lane declares : been reduced forty per cent as com- AZING at Annapolis has shown its "Prohibition is a fact in the city. ... pared with what it was when liquor was The total amount [of alcohol consumed] sold, and that "men who were formerly never seems to have been completely is small in comparison with what it bums are now earning a good living submerged, despite the fact that all the was. To all intents and


John and taking care of their families.” midshipmen now in the Academy have Barleycorn is dead in Grand Rapids.” The investigators sum up moral con- pledged themselves to abstain from haz



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