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FRANK CRAVEN IN

* THE

FIRST YEAR"

IN

HOW

HE CAN

GET TWO SHIRT STUDS INTO THREE HOLES

our

ing in all forms. Admiral Scales, Super,

from this particular Bible coller intendent of the Naval Academy, has

tion. The collection has now, through characterized hazing as “an organized

the generosity of John Powell Lenox, effort in defiance of discipline and the

of Oak Park, Illinois, received several laws of the land.”

thousand pictures dealing entirely with Defenders of hazing have claimed

the life of Christ, the result of a quarter that it promotes discipline by teaching

of a century of collecting by Mr. Lenox the younger classmen to subject them.

These pictures are mounted in fifteen selves to authority. The tradition of

volumes, and should command the attenhazing at Annapolis has been so firmly

tion of art lovers and Bible students rooted that there are many who have

everywhere. They cover the develop accepted even this lame excuse as an

ment of the portraiture of Christ from adequate defense of this practice.

early representations in the catacombs We wonder whether a little ridicule

of Rome, through the Middle Ages might not be as useful in stamping out

and the Renaissance, to modern times. hazing at Annapolis as rigorous military discipline. Hazers are guilty of a real violation of law and contempt for

KNUT HAMSUN personal honor, but sometimes laugh

BERNHARD NOBEL, a ter is more effective than a 'portentous charge as a curative agent. We wonder

mite, left his great fortune in trust for QUIRES OF HIS YOUNG WIFE, ROBERTA ARNOLD, what would be the effect of addressing

the establishment of five annual prizes. the midshipmen somewhat as follows:

Interest on the property has made each Young men, you have come here

prize worth about forty thousand dolfor training which will enable you to

tragedy, and it is well classified. It is lars. Three of the prizes were founded qualify as officers of the United States

written by Frank Craven, who plays for excellence in physics, chemistry, and Navy. The acceptance of that training

the principal part. Craven, to medicine. Another was destined for the presupposes a willingness on your part mind, is one of the most finished come

person or society that during the year to act like men.. You have shown that

dians on the American stage. He never preceding the award had rendered the you have failed to understand that indulges in slapstick, he never goes far

greatest service in the furtherance of obligation.

beyond bounds of a perfectly normal international brotherhood. Another was “ You are not even worthy of being and possible personality. He succeeds, to be given to the person who had propunished by court martial, for we court- nevertheless, in making every gesture duced the most remarkable work of an martial only people who are mature

and every movement count as an evoker idealistic character in the world of enough to be responsible for their acts. of laughs and smiles.

letters. “By adhering to practices which In the picture which accompanies this Peculiar interest has always attached have died, or are dying, out of every

account Frank Craven and his stage to the award of the literature prize. civilian university of importance in

bride are going through the prelim. Among those who have won it have America, by insisting upon a code

inaries of preparing for a most momen- been the poets Sully-Prudhomme, Miwhich even high school boys are out

tous dinner party. We are sorry that tral, Echegaray, Carducci, Maetergrowing, you have shown clearly and

we could not include in this picture a linck, Hauptmann, and Tagore; the distinctly that you want to be treated, view of the colored maid who assisted

novelists Björnson, Sienkiewicz, Kipnot as men, but as children. From now in making this party the completely suc- ling, Heyse, and Selma Lagerlöf; the on, every midshipman found guilty of

cessful failure which it was. But Craven historian Mommsen and the philosohazing will be dressed in children's and his whole supporting company have, pher Eucken. rompers, given a rattle to play with, in the words of real estate advertise

This year the prize goes to the Norand stood in a convenient corner for an ments, “to be seen to be appreciated."

wegian novelist, Knut Hamsun. He has appropriate length of time. You will be

been called the most distinguished littreated as men just as soon as you show

ing writer of imaginative prose in any yourselves capable of acting like men.' PORTRAITS OF CHRIST

Scandinavian country ; indeed, it has

; How long would hazing at Annapolis vision of the New York City Georg Brandes that Hamsun's name

beginning the Art been prophesied by no less a critic than endure such treatment?

Public Library has tried to satisfy will rank with Ibsen's and Strindberg's .

popular interest in Bible pictures. Here in America we know little of THE FIRST YEAR

These are to be found both in illus- Hamsun's work, although his novel LL young married couples do not trated books and in separate prints, “Sult” (“Hunger") was translatel

and have been arranged and classified into English two decades ago, and tudes as do Frank Craven and his bride so that a request for illustrations of his “Shallow Soil ” appeared a dozen in “The First Year," but all of them any given Bible scene or portrait could years later, while his “Growth of the must undergo a process of personal re- be answered, not only promptly, but to Soil” was published some months since. adjustment. Perhaps it is the wide a considerable degree, fully. The result There is no question, however, as to familiarity with this process of human has been that a singularly useful col- the high rank of these and Hamsun's adjustment which keeps most of the lection of pictures (especially of the other romances. spectators at this play delightedly Saviour) has been formed. It is supple- What

may

be more remarkable to nudging each other through its three mented by classified card catalogue titles American readers is the fact that Hamacts of sustained humor and comedy. referring to plates in books or prints in sun (the son of a tailor and poverty.

“ The First Year" is called a comic portfolios which may be shelved apart stricken) once came to this country to

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NOBEL PRIZE FOR LITERATURE

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earn his living, and tried to be a street

It was a part of Greece's good fortune car conductor in Chicago. It is under

that her progress was in line with the stood that he was not a success in this

safety and welfare of free nations capacity. Then he lectured on literature

throughout the world. in Minneapolis. Then he went before

And now, in spite of this history, the the mast on a Newfoundland fishing

Greeks have turned out Venizelos, made boat. And then he wrote his first great

it dangerous for him to live in his own novel, “Sult" (1888). From that mo

country, and have made almost inevi. ment his reputation was made, and he

table the recall of Constantine. published book after book until there is

On November 8 the Greek voters now a goodly array of them. They have

elected members for the Chamber of been translated into many languages.

Deputies in the Bulé, or Greek Parliament. They elected an overwhelming

majority of Deputies opposed to VeniA NATION UPSET BY

zelos and supporting the ex-King. The A MONKEY

majority was about two to one.

When this result was verified, AdHATEVER excuses may be

miral Kounduriottis, the Regent, sent made for the Greeks, the fact

for George Rhallis, a former Premier, remains that they have allowed

eighty years old, to whom he intrusted their greatest statesman to be exiled,

the formation of a new Ministry. A their Government to fall into the bands

Rhallis Ministry, immediately formed, of very ordinary politicians, and their KNUT HAMSUN, OF NORWAY, AWARDED THE

thereupon named Queen Olga, mother country's honor and interests to be the

of ex-King Constantine, as Regent. She, possession and plaything of people who ambition of Bulgaria, Venizelos formed in her tnrn, issued a proclamation to have forfeited all right to confidence. new league consisting of Greece, the Government and the courts to act Having profited enormously by the Serbia, Montenegro, and Rumania, and in the name of Constantine. victory which others won

over Ger

this was no less efficient and trium- Venizelos's defeat is in part a consemany, the Greeks turn their country phant. In 1914, at the outbreak of the quence of his services, and in part over to the friends of the Germans. World War, he reminded his country a consequence of his failure to keep Having, by the aid of the Entente, of the treaty concluded with Serbia in close contact with his people. He escaped from the rule of the Turk, the two years before, to stand by that country has brought territory and prestige to Greeks give the keys of their Kingdom in case of attack. He was equally insist- Greece; but in doing so he has been to men who backed the Turk's ally. ent on grasping the unique opportunity absent from his country. His absorpAnd the Greeks gain nothing in dignity for Greece to settle her remaining tion in Greece's foreign affairs has led from the fact that they have allowed quarrels with Turkey by allying herself

to alienation from his fellow-country. their nation to be upset because their with the Entente Powers, of whom men. In ability he has been a mountain King Alexander was killed by a Serbia was herself now

an ally. He in a plain of commonplaceness ; but the monkey bite.

knew beforehand that · Turkey would people have felt far away from the For centuries Greece was a province ultimately become Germany's ally and mountain and comparatively near to of Turkey. The former center and soul that Bulgaria's neutrality was for sale the plain. So they have lost the great of European civilization was the camp- to the highest bidder. But King Con- statesman and have now the services ing ground of a horde of Asiatic para- stantine blocked Venizelos at every of the commonplace Rhallis, the new sites. Then came the deliverance of turn, and compelled him to remain out Premier. Greece. In 1830, with the aid of France, of office for two years. Then Venizelos The success of Constantine's adherbacked by England and Russia, Greece boldly established his own Government. ents is due, however, not merely to won her independence.

The immediate result was the ejection Venizelos's absence and absorption in At first a little feeble country, of a of Constantine, and the ultimate re- foreign policies, but to conditions of people of rather low repute, Greece grew sult the doubling of Greece both in which the Constantinists have taken mightily in power and esteem under the area and population. Venizelos had advantage. The Greeks, like other

peostatesmanship of Eleutherios Venizelos. won for Greece Crete and half of Mace- ples, are war weary. Why, ask the It was he who, more than any other donia; he

;

now won Thrace, the "Smyrna anti: Venizelists, should Greek lives and man, wrote her Constitution. He re- region of Asia Minor, and the Ægean treasure be sacrificed in the protracted formed the administration of justice, Islands. When Venizelos began his wars sure to come, merely to feed the reorganized finances and the army, public career, Turkey was overlord of appetites of Great Britain and France ? procured the passage of laws improving his native Crete. He has lived to reduce Why, they ask, is not the army deagricultural and sanitary conditions, Turkey to a mere army of refugees; mobilized and the farmer boys of Thessecured workmen's insurance, and pro- he has even brought Greece within saly brought back home? Why are hibited child labor. As to his foreign sight of her century-old ambition- the young men still in Thrace and Asia policy, he succeeded in doing what no again to occupy Constantinople.

Minor when they are needed to barone had been able to do—he formed All this Venizelos accomplished with vest the crops at home? The shopkeepand maintained a Balkan league, con- the aid of France and Great Britain. ers in Athens have, moreover, been sisting of Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, and The fact that these achievements were irritated because they have lost the Montenegro; it successfully withstood in accord with the interests of these two. trade they had when Constantine and the Turk in the war of 1912 and took great free nations, and contrary to the his family and all the Court spent from him most of his territory in Eu- interests of their enemies, does not lessen their money freely in festivities. Some rope. In 1913, to cheek the inordinate Greece's obligation to her helpers.

to her helpers. Greeks have resented the fact that

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Venizelos declined to sanction the pro- dangerous to let his real state of mind WANTED-HEAT; ALSO posed transformation of the new Cham- become too widely known-if known at

LIGHT ber of Deputies into a Constituent all. Assembly to decide whether Constan- “I was talking to him one afternoon \HE coal consumer is clamoring tine should be recalled or not. Many at the club, and he contended that it for heat to protect him from the Greeks feel that decrees issued during was foolish to worry about the mess

winter's cold. Perhaps light in the recess of the Bulé were autocratic the world was in ; for it would come out

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the way of knowledge about coal proand subversive of the popular will.. all right. It always had. You couldn't duction and distribution would help his

Thus during the absence of Veni. keep the nations from progress; and heat problem. An article elsewhere in zelos, and using against him the ad- wasn't it absurd to take seriously these this issue throws the kind of light vantage of various forms of popular murders of archdukes, for it was all in that is needed on the conditions of life discontent, there has continued a subtle the day's work, and life was queer, and and work at the mines. Its writer, Mr. propaganda put out by Constantine people were queerer-particularly those

John A. Wetzel, some years ago spent and his adherents in Switzerland. The who were concerned over such piffling his vacation as a student in loading coal following excerpts will give an idea of matters. But his pictures, now-why

—why in a bituminous mine. The experience this propaganda:

didn't the world think he was a great gave him the right material to tell King Constantine was dethroned artist, he'd like to know?

us how the miner works, lives, and against the will of ninety per cent of “ Then it was that I reminded him thinks. It also impressed him with the Hellenic people. Had he given that 'nothing mattered'-not even the

moderate and fair-minded views as to the word they would have fought the abhorrent fact that he was perhaps

the industrial questions that are inwhole world to retain him. But he is

born to blush unseen ;

and should volved. too patriotic, too good a Greek. Not his

you throne, but his people, was his first have caught a glimpse of his face.

Just now the anthracite problem is “. Art is different, art matters a great acute-how to get the coal into the bin, President Wilson has said: “No

deal," he had the lack of humor to how to avoid the recurrent danger of a peace can last, or ought to last, which does not recognize and accept the state.

coal famine, how to prevent coal profitprinciple that governments derive all “ But why art more than murder, eering. The light that might solve their just powers from the consent of particularly if the murder is artistically these questions should come from a the governed. No Greek could

conceived and carried out?' I inquired, thorough investigation by the Governhave worded his own dreams for the rehabilitation of his country more falling into his foolish vein.

ment through the Inter-State Commerce effectively than these striking words “You see, it all depends upon what Commission, the Federal Trade Commis of the great President.

we bit as to whether or not anything sion, or a special Congressional comSo the Greeks, like some other peo

matters. I suppose my friend (though mittee-one or all. The plain people

I really hesitate to call him that, he ples in these days, have been lured

want a plain statement of the reasons away from real progress and stable. pains me so) would think it nothing if why they should be harried with threats liberty by those who give lip-service to

a baby were abandoned on a doorstep. of coal famine, forced to beg as a favor idealism, but are either disingenuous

But if his portrait of a baby were for a half ton here and a ton there,

wrecked in a fire-ah! then his eyes or mentally confused.

made to pay prices half again as large The Greeks, by their recent vote, would flash, his blood would boil! For

as in the stress of war time, while they have given every free nation a warning art is more important than life!

read that the same coal is sold at $20

“ As if the real kind of living were that they are not to be trusted.

and $15 a ton by different retailers in the not an art! For we who are inarticulate same city.lIn Union County, New Jersey,

are all potential artists with words, the County School Superintendent, Mr. 56 NOTHING MATTERS" 66 all seekers after that divine something A. L.Johnson, made a canvass or survey

a of which we hope to become a part. through the schools and reported to F there is one type of mind that “Things matter very much indeed. the Washington authorities that 3,500 annoys me more than another,” the We

e are placed in this world to fight families in that county were in immediYoung-Old Philosopher was say- some sort of battle every moment. We ate need of coal to burn. From New ing, “it is that which states consis- fight for our education, for our families, York City, Mr. E. J. O'Malley, Comtently that nothing matters,' that all for our very existence. It is only in missioner of Markets, telegrapbed to is well,' and what difference will it sleep that we receive that anodyne President Wilson : “ There should be a make a hundred years from now?' In

which banishes our struggle and our crusade of reform waged by the Departwar time this was the same gleeful and pain. We can beautify the struggle ment of Justice, aided by the Inter-State placid person who contended that the itself by entering it in the right spirit. Commerce Commission, against the coalHun invasion amounted to nothing at That is why a brave soldier who dies carrying railroads, the manipulators of all.

gladly for a cause which he feels to be the wholesale coal trade, and the mine I recall a certain artistic friend of just is glorious. He has not wished to operators. mine who was at heart a violent pacifist fight; he has not cared to be part of a It is not necessary to take an alarmist (by the way, why are most pacifists vio- conflict that devastates the world ; but view in order to urge that the methods lent?); but he never would admit it. if the call comes in the high name of of bandling the fuel that saves us from He knew that would make for

unpopu-
humanity he answers it.

suffering and wards off illness should larity; and if there was one thing he “Yes, things do matter very much, be brought out into the open. We dreaded and steered clear of, it was the as I said. It matters to me, for instance, have had a fair and mild November; chance of becoming unpopular. For his that any one can feel, as my artist ac- coal is now being rushed to localities bread and butter depended upon the quaintance does, that nothing matters

where there is a shortage; very probnumber of people he could induce to sit at all. What is the matter with him?ably, but not certainly, December will for a portrait. He hadn't a single Or doesn't that matter ?" And he see normal conditions in the anthracite honest conviction, except that it was smiled.

supply. But, all the same, the coal con

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sumer-Mr. Everybody, that is-has a mittee of investigation made up of run one experimental coal mine so as right to know whether this sort of real estate men and Board of Health to learn what the business is really thing is accidental or necessary, whether officers was the lack of " all-season deliv. like. Making all allowance for hinit is the act of God or the act of a eries,” and, the committee adds," the drance in transporting coal because of

“ profiteer, whether itis unforeseeable and purchase of coal at mines by speculators

purchase of coal at mines by speculators strikes and car shortage, there seems unpreventable, or planned and mer- and middlemen who sell a car over and to be a general belief that the anthracenary.

over again before it reaches the con- cite industry avoids summer carrying People who have had coal orders on sumers.” On this point, too, read what and storing of coal because it finds the retailers' books for months in vain are Mr. Wetzel says in his article in this other plan (entailing rumors of shortasking for light on the relations between issue, to the effect that even soft coal age, lifting of prices, and a rush of wholesalers and retailers, whether there may safely be stored under proper pre

coal at the last minute) more profitable. is restriction in the retail trade's buy- cautions; certainly hard coal can be There is a strong feeling against ing from other than prescribed sources, stored safely, without loss, and at small Governmental fixing of prices or interwhether there are adequate storage cost. Note also Mr. Wetzel's statement ference with normal trade methods. facilities for coal at the mines and in as to the miners' agitation for steady The way to keep agitators from delarge distributing centers. As to the employment and the novel suggestion manding such things is to show citizenlast, we note that one of the reasons for made to him by a working miner consumers that they are being treated shortage found by a New York com- that the Government should own and fairly.

THE PARTY PLATFORM-ITS PRESENT FUNCTION

BY HENRY W. JESSUP

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powers.

JO what extent does a platform 2. Preparedness for defense.

of industry and commerce, etc. Upon survive election day? Has it the The Republican record on this issue these matters we must be content to

value and enforceability of a cov- is satisfactory. Mr. Hughes was its leave the working out to the repreenant? If so, by who can the rights standard-bearer in 1916 on this very sentatives of the people. It is their of the electorate be asserted ?

point, and many of its most distinguished business. They are chosen because the Our political history leaves these members, later on, sank political con- people believe they know what their questions still open.

siderations in their patriotic efforts to constituents desire and need, and until Thus Mr. Wilson, the political comet cure the evils resulting from the con- they actually, convene it is idle to of 1912, was elected upon a platform trary Democratic attitude of 1912–17. preach and advise and admonish. containing the following frankly elastic 3. Early and systematic return to a The extent to which the present and adjustable plank: peace-time basis.

Congress can anticipate performance in “ We demand a reduction in the The party is pledged to put an end part of the pledges made is limited by number of useless offices"! (sic.). to the persistent clinging to and asser- the veto power of an adversary Execu

The figures are not at hand, but the tion of war-time executive autocratic tive. i number is said to have been increased

There are non-contentious subjects of by over 100,000, and the office furniture It is pledged by its platform, and legislation, such as revision of our imof administrative Washington-spur- more unequivocally even by its candi- migration and naturalization laws, the marked during the war-accommodates date's speech of acceptance, to “formal treatment of anarchic aliens, the conan appalling number of “studies in and effective peace as quickly as a

servation of National resources, the still life,” available for the pen or Republican Congress can pass its dec- improvement of our means of commubrush of the Allied Artists of America. laration for a Republican Executive to nication, reclamation, civil service, and This merely illustrates the point that sign.'

immediate restoration to efficiency of planks are jettisoned by some parties. The formal pledges (which appear the postal service, the granting of

The election of a party candidate on in the Campaign Text-Book at page 67 those equal rights to women in inan agreed platform constitutes the peo- et seq.) are explicit :

dustry that are a corollary to their ple's acceptance of his pledges, and it To end executive autocracy:

right of suffrage—these it is hardly becomes the duty of the Congress, which To end our present humiliating for- conceivable would, if dealt with by imrepresents such people, as against the eign policy based upon no principle or mediate legislation, excite the antagother party to the covenant, the elected definite conception of our Nation's onism of the present Executive. President, or in co-operation with him, rights or obligations.

We have as guaranties the prior to enforce the terms of the agreement. Friendly and firm Mexican policy. record of Republican National AdminThis warrants a brief review of the Help to Armenia in proper ways.

istration, the effect on the Congresagreement as to our National programme An international association to pre- sional mind of the colossal popular for the near future, so overwhelmingly serve the peace of the world without vote, insuring an unusual degree of the entered into on November 2. It has compromising our National independ- feeling of accountability; but, above positive clauses. Thus:

ence; but, on the other hand, expressly all, we have the character of the Presi1. To uphold our Constitutional recognizing our peculiar constitutional dent and Vice-President-elect and scheme of government, and its guaran- organization, and the rights of our their joint determination to restore ties of civil, political, and religious country which it possesses as “against representative government.

, liberty. all the world.”

There will be substituted the judgThis pledge every Republican Ad- Continuity of Republican activity ment of men for the arbitrary decisministration since Lincoln has kept, in readjustment to peace conditions.

ions of one man.

Advisers will advise and the new Administration can be This brings us to the legislative pro

and will be consulted. The Congress, trusted to protect our citizens at home gramme outlined in the platform, cov- through the Vice-President, will be, we and abroad, missionaries or merchants, ering budgets, taxation, reorganization are promised, in touch with the Cabinet travelers or refugees.

of the departments, banking, l'egulation and the President. Ça ira!

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