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Keystone View Co.





folk and Western Railroads. The men and their families attached to these offices are known and liked by the general populace; but the miners are miles

DELOaway in the hills.

When the head of a State institution can hold and express the theory that a State may permit the breeding of feeble-minded as a contribution to the labor situation, then is it not time for the citizens of that State to inform themselves upon labor conditions ? Among other things to be observed are such questions as whether or not the miners peed to be saved for the misdi. rection and false philosophy of certain types of union leadership. Likewise, whether or not the coal operators are too solicitous in assuming the right of guardianship over the miners in this respect, and are letting a combative spirit overcrowd their saner judgment.

OMPERS says that capital will al-


PRONE TO PUSH THE SALE OF SILK SHIRTS, $15) SHOES, AND SUITS FROM $60 ways look upon labor as something to be bought, but that labor must look upon what it gives as its very life itself, and that this difference cannot be leaders to give the men more solid food your neighbors. You must, in fact, i removed by legislation. I am compelled than empty rhetoric. I can better im- become good citizens. To function as to wonder whether he believes that agine a man of Gompers's breadth of

a citizen you must remain in one loforce may be more successful than laws vision addressing the unions along the cality long enough to earn the right passed by representatives of all the following lines :

of ballot. If you have convinced your people, assuming such representation

neighbor of your manhood and hon

Men, if you think that force alone esty of purpose, he will back you in may be secured.

will gain you what you are after, you securing by means of the ballot legisIn order that labor unions may re- are building upon a foundation of lation that will give you peacefully establish themselves in good standing sand. To build solidly, you must build what you are now devoting all your it behooves Gompers and other labor upon the confidence and good will of life energies and goods to obtain by

force. In all educational work of a
worthy nature you will find the public

heart and soul. You will not find them with you in sabotage. Education is imperative, that sort of education that means clear thinking and fair thinking on vital issues. To convince your fellow-man that


desire to take your place in the fabric of society as a producer and a co-worker, and to yield to the Government the right of governing, you must meet your neighbor as man to man, on a common ground, and not through the mouthpiece of a few paid radical leaders who may or may not represent you faithfully.

We would add here a bit of counsel to the coal operators:

Be human. Do not let your sense of
humor forsake you. A sense of humor
begets a liking for your fellow-man. It
is a sure guaranty of a sane, unbiased
We do not consider

to be

supermen, any more than we would hope that our Congressmen or our Army and Navy officers might prove to be supermen, but we would like to be proud of

, you as a product of democratic ideals. Almost every one of you has come by his present position of influence through the opportunities made possible by our form of government and social state.


way toward a truce in this war of class pride now being waged.


(C) Keystone View Co.



From Mrs, J. C. Voss, Brooklyn, New York



BERMUDA The background is the sea wall with a century plant growing near it. The little black boy could be hired to hold the umbrella over the artist or carry her paint-box for hours at a time, well satisfied if he could only watch the

picture grow

From Edith M. Sellew, Waterbury, Connecticut


Corner of the market-place, Konia, Asia Minor. Pile of melons (“divlik ?) brought in by farmers waiting for customers. The divlik, says our informant, are exceedingly juicy and sweet, and are regarded as far superior to

anything America boasts

From L. E. Thayer, Portsmouth, N. II.




in this

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on wings and at haphazard instants. They

must be caught in air. In this respect one JOURNALISM


advantage over Euglish, for American TAKING UP WRITING AS A CAREER)

trousers are made with hip-pockets, in

which a small note-book may 80 comBY CHRISTOPHER MORLEY

fortably caress the natural curvature of TOUR inquiry is congenial, and I feel competent to judge; and he need not Fancy is engendered in the eyes, said guilty of selfishness in answering it always subdue his gold to the lead in Shakespeare, and is with gazing fed. By

But he must be a poor

which he works. Moreover, conscience fancy he meant (I suppose) love; but workman, whether artisan or artist, who and instinct are surprisingly true and sane. imagination is also so engendered. Close, does not welcome an excuse now and then If he follows the suggestions of his own constant, vivid, and compassionate gaz. for shutting out the fascinating and mad- inward, he will generally be right. More- ing at the ways of mankind_is the labodening complexity of this shining world to over, again, no one can help him as much

ratory manual of literature. But for most concentrate his random wits on some hon- as he can help himself. There is no job in of us, we may gaze until our eyeballs twitch est and self-stimulating expression of his the writing world that he cannot have if with weariness; unless we seize and hold purpose.

he really wants it. Writing about some- the flying picture in some steadfast memoThere are exceptions to every rule ; but thing he intimately knows is a sound prin- randum, the greater part of our experience writing, if undertaken as a trade, is subject ciple. Hugh Walpole, that greatly gifted dissolves away with time. to the conditions of all other trades. The apprentice must begin with task-work; he must please his employers before he can earn the right to please himself. Not only that, he must have ingenuity and patience enough to learn how editors are pleased ; but he will be startled, I think, if he studies their needs, to see how eager they are ts meet him half-way. This necessary docility is, in the long run, a wholesome physic, because, if our apprentice has any gallantry of spirit, it will arouse in him an exhilarating, irritation, that indignation which is said to be the forerunner of creation. It will mean, probably, a periodperhaps short, perhaps long, perhaps permanent—of rather meager and stinted acquaintance with the genial luxuries and amenities of life ; but (such is the optimism of memory) a period that he will always

look back upon as the happiest of all. It - is well for our apprentice if, in this season,

he has a taste for cheap tobacco and a tactful technique in borrowing money.

The deliberate embrace of literature as a career involves

very real dangers. I mean dangers to the spirit over and above those of the right-hand trouser pocket. For, let it be honestly stated, the business of writing is solidly founded on a mon

CHRISTOPHER MORLEY, AUTHOR OF DELIGHTFUL VOLUMES AND COLUMN-CONDUCTOR strous and perilous egotism. Himself, his temperament, his powers of observation novelist, taught school after leaving Cam- If a man has thought sufficiently about and comment, his emotions and sensibili- bridge, and very sensibly began by writing the arduous and variously rewarded proties and ambitions and idiocies—these are about school-teaching. If you care to see

fession of literature to propose seriously to the only monopoly the writer has. This is how well he did it, read The Gods and follow it for a living, he will already have his only capital, and with glorious and Mr. Perrin.” I would propose this test to said these things to himself, with more shameless confidence he proposes to mar- the would-be writer : Does he feel, hon- force and



have satisfied ket it. Let him make the best of it. Con- estly, that he could write as convincingly himself that he has a necessary desire for tinually stooping over the muddy flux of about his own tract of life (whatever it “ self-expression,” which is a parlous state his racing mind, searching a momentary may be) as Walpole wrote about that indeed, and the cause of much literary flash of clearness in which he can find boys' school? If so, he has a true vocation villainy. The truly great writer is more mirrored some delicate beauty or truth, he for literature.

likely to write in the hope of expressing tosses between the alternatives of self- The first and most necessary equipment the hearts of others than his own. And grandeur and self-disgust. It is a painful of any writer, be he reporter, advertising there are other desires, too, most legitimatter, this endless self-scrutiny. We are copy-man, poet, or historian, is swift, lively, mate, that he may feel. An English huall familiar with the addled ego of litera- accurate observation. And since conscious- morist said recently in the preface to his ture—the writer whom constant self- ness is a rapid, shallow river which we

book : “I wrote these stories to satisfy an communion has made vulgar, acid, queru- can only rarely dam up deep enough to go inward craving—not for artistic expreslous, and vain. And yet it is remarkable swimming and take our ease, it is his posi- . sion, but for food and drink.” But I canthat of so many who meddle with the com- tive need (unless he is a genius who can not conscientiously advise any man to turn bustible passions of their own minds so afford to let drift away much of his only to writing merely as a means of earning few are blown up. The discipline of living source of gold) to keep a note-book handy his victual unless he should, by some cheeris a fine cooling-jacket for the engine. for the sieving and skimming of this run- ful casualty, stumble upon a trick of the

It is essential for our apprentice to re- ning stream. Samuel Butler has good You Know Me Alfred sort, what one member that, though he begin with the advice on this topic. Of ideas, he says, might call the Attabuoyant style. If all vilest hack-work-writing scoffing para- you must throw salt on their tails or they you want is a suggestion as to some honest graphs, or advertising pamphlets, or free- fly away and you never see their bright way of growing rich, the doughnut industry lance snippets for the papers—that even in plumage again. Poems, stories, epigrams, is not yet overcrowded ; and people will hack-work quality shows itself to those all the happiest freaks of the mind, fit by stand in line to pay twenty-two cents for a



of syrup

dab of ice-cream smeared wiih a trickle way she is as good a character as Trollope's sloop Sea-Lark, which two boys rescue and “ Mrs. Proudie.”

use as a ferry-boat. To the man who approaches writing Tales Out of Court. By Frederick Trevor Hungry Hearts. By Anzia Yezierska. Houghwith some decent tincture of idealism it is Hill. The Frederick A. Stokes Company, New ton Mifflin Company, Boston. well to say that he proposes to use as a


Peggy in Toyland. By Archibald Marshall. trade what is, at its best and lappiest, an

Many of these short stories (and decid- Illustrated. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York. art and a recreation. He proposes to sell

edly the best of them) relate odd experi- Prairie-Schooner Princess. By Mary Kathhis mental reactions to the helpless public, ences of legal practice and queer and erine Maule. Illustrated. The Lothrop, Lee &

Shepard Company, Boston. and he proposes not only to enjoy himself amusing adventures of lawyers with crimiby so doing, but to be handsomely recomnals and eccentric clients.

Scoutmastership. A Handbook for Scout

masters on the Theory of Scout Training. By pensed withal. He cannot complain that in Terrible Island (The). By Beatrice Grimshaw.

Sir Robert Baden-Powell (Chief Scout). G. P. days when both honesty and delicacy of The Macmillan Company, New York.

Putnam's Sons, New York. mind are none too common we ask him to In the far regions of ultimate New

Spartan Twins (The). By Lucy Fitch Perkies, bring to his task the humility of the trades

Guinea take place the strange happenings Illustrated. Houghton Mifflin Company, Bosman, the joy of the sportsman, the con

of this colorful romance. It is a capital science of the artist.

tale, quite novel in its plot and incident, Soolook : Wild Boy. By Roy J. Snell. IllusAnd if he does so, he will be in a condi

and with amusing character depiction as trated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, tion to profit by these fine words of George well as the thrill of adventure in a queer

Strange Year (The). By Eliza Orne White.

Illustrated. Houghton Mifflin Company, Bas Santayana, said of the poet, but applicable search for a treasure the nature of which to workers in every branch of literature : is unknown.

A pleasing tale of child life written with He labors with his nameless burden of per- West Wind Drift. By George Barr McCutcheon. refinement and literary skill. It should hold ception, and wastes himself in aimless im

Dodd, Mead & Co., New York,

the attention of young readers—and many pulses of emotion and reverie, until finally the A singular and imaginative conception

older ones. method of some art offers a vent to his inspi- is that of this story. A great steamship is

Swiss Fairy Tales. By William Elliot Griffis. ration, or to such part of it as can survive the wrecked on a far-distant island under such

The Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York test of time and the discipline of expression.

peculiar circumstances that its hundreds of ... Wealth of sensation and freedom of fancy,

Tales of Wonder and Magic. By Katherine passengers are left there for years. They which make an extraordinary ferment in his

Pyle. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston. ignorant heart, presently bubble over into some

simply have to work out a system of self- Uncle Remus : His Songs and His Say. kind of utterance.

government and plan for their own preser- ings. By Joel Chandler Harris. Illastrated. vation and protection. The book is worth D. Appleton & Co., New York,

reading for itself and also because it brings In this gift edition Uncle Remus is preTHE NEW BOOKS

saliently to mind some of the things which sented in exactly the right company

are essential to liberty and combined effort to wit, with Thomas Nelson Page as his FICTION

in civilized countries, as well as in desert introducer and A. B. Frost and E. W. Mitch Miller. By Edgar Lee Masters. Illusislands.

Kemble as his illustrators. The stories will trated. The Macmillan Company, New York.

be read and enjoyed by American children

BOOKS FOR YOUNG FOLKS A story about two boys told by one of

for generations yet to come. The publishBoy's Book of Magic (The). Including Chapthem, Skeeters, who plays toward Mitch

ers have made a handsome and fitting vol.

ters on Hindu Magic, Handcuff Tricks, Side the part of Horatio.to Hamlet and of

Show and Animal Tricks, Ventriloquism, etc., Huckleberry Finn to Tom Sawyer. The Together with Numerous Sleights, Now Pub- Winning Football. By William W. Roper. real appeal of the story is to elder readers lished for the First Time. By Hereward Car- Illustrated. Dodd, Mead & Co., New York.

rington, Ph.D. Illustrated. Dodd, Mead & rather than to boys, for there is subtlety Co., New York,

Wonder Tales of the World. Retold by Copand deep feeling in the unfolding of

stance Armfield. Illustrated. Harcourt, Brace Children's Great Texts of the Bible (The). & Howe, New York. Mitch's poetic temperament and under

Edited by James Hastings, D.D. Vol. I-Genlying melancholy. Skeeters tells his story esis-Joshua ; Vol. II—Judges-Job ; Vol. IIIin true boy fashion, with unconscious fun Psalms-Isaiah. Charles Scribner's Sons, New John Burroughs. By Clara Barrus, M.D.

York. and quaint comment. The book is unusual

Illustrated. Doubleday, Page & Co., Garden and captivating Child's Book of Modern Stories (A). Com


piled by Ada M. Skinner and Eleanor M. If anybody ever gets into a pessimistic Samuel Lyle, Criminologist. By Arthur Skinner. Illustrated. Duffield & Co., New mood, let him spend an hour over this book ; Crabb. Illustrated. The Century Company, York.

its reflection of the bright, hopeful, sane New York.

The stories are modern but the themes A collection of interesting detective sto

spirit of John Burroughs will cure him as are the ones of all time, and are told in a ries. They are scarcely less ingenious than way to interest all imaginative children.

quickly as a fresh breeze drives away fog. Sherlock Holmes, but they are much more

It is a good book for boys and girls as well The pictures are by Jessie Willcox Smith probable. There is, indeed, not one of the and are characteristically charming.

as for older people up.to the nineties. mysterious incidents which might not quite

Life of Walter Quintin Gresham, 1832Crystal Ball (The). By Mary D. Gordon. Illusnaturally have occurred, and the explana

1895. By Matilda Gresham. Illustrated trated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston.

2 vols. Rand McNally & Co., Chicago. tion is as natural as it is surprising when

Curly and the Aztec Gold. By Joseph B. it is furnished. Additional interest is lent Ames. Illustrated. The Century Company,

Judge Gresham was an early force in to the stories by some curious studies in New York.

the Republican party. He was elected to psychology illustrating the strange tricks For the Game's Sake. By Lawrence Perry.

the Indiana Legislature. In the Civil War which sometimes faulty memory and some

Illustrated. Charles Scribner's Sons, New he enlisted as a private and came out gen

York. times defective perception play in the

eral. He was United States District Judge Green Forest Fairy Book (The). By Loretta minds of entirely honest witnesses.

and later Circuit Judge in Indiana. At

Ellen Brady. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co., Sleutb of St. James Square (The). By Mel


Washington he was a member of two Cabiville Davisson Post. D. Appleton & Co., New

nets, being Postmaster-General and SecreYork.

Italian Twins (The). By Lucy Fitch Perkins.
Illustrated. Houghton Mifflin Company, Bos-

tary of the Treasury under President Mystery and detective tales in which a


Arthur and Secretary of State under chief investigator from Scotland Yard plays Magic Whistle (The), and Other Stories.

President Cleveland; though a Republican, the leading part, although most of the mys- By E. Gordon Browne. Illustrated. Dodd, Mr. Gresham found himself in sympathy teries are solved outside of England. The

Mead & Co., New York.

with the principles of the Cleveland Deauthor's method is unusual and some of the Mark of the Knife (The). By Clayton H.

mocracy. This is the biographical back

Ernst. Illustrated. Little, Brown & Co., tales are remarkably good. We should give Boston.

ground against which is projected the narthe prize for best to“ The Cambered Foot.” Master Frisky. By Clarence Hawkes. Illus

rative of the current history of Judge Tension. By E. M. Delafield. The Macmillan trated. The Thomas Y. Crowell Company,

Gresham's period, from the early forties to Company, New York.

New York.

the middle nineties, covering the issues of Written with a lightly ironic touch, this Old Granny Fox. By Thornton W. Burgess. slavery and Negro suffrage, the relations picture of social life in an English town

(Green Meadow Series.) Illustrated. Little,

of the North and South, the Civil War and

Brown & Co., Boston. centers around an educational institution Mystery of the Sea-Lark (The). By Ralph

readjustment epochs, and the great labor in the government of which the director is

Henry Barbour and H. P. Holt. Illustrated. and law developments particularly the constantly interfered with by his scandal- The Century Company, New York.

progress of international law. Mrs. loving, busy body wife. This woman is A capital story for boys with a consistent Gresham's life of her husband is thus also sketched amusingly and cleverly ; in her mystery plot centering about the wrecked a source book of history.

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