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-IMPELLED MIGRATION NE of the questions asked, but not answered with unanimity by experts during the war, was, Will peans try to flock to America when comes, or will they want to stay me? It is plain by this time what nswer is. With the cessation of ities the impulse to leave their zen homelands and flee to a refuge merica was widespread throughout eoples of Europe. Even with the and arbitrary literacy and other and with the enhanced difficulties
ved in the obtaining of passports, a was made compulsory because of war, the immigrants have been ling Ellis Island in New York or, and have at times overtaxed facilities of the Government for ling incoming aliens.
Committee on Immigration of the hants' Association in New York, an inquiry, has, for example, reed that sleeping quarters at Ellis d are frequently used to accommoat least twice the number for
h they were intended, and that the of inspectors is overworked and efficiency correspondingly im
e Commissioner-General of Imation, Anthony Caminetti, who atly sailed from New York to inves
e conditions at centers of emigrain Europe, said on the eve of his rture that many of the immigrants had sold their belongings and en up their homes and spent their n buying transportation to this try found upon their arrival that were not admissible, and he exsed the opinion that this ought to be edied by dealing with immigration
he question of immigration is further plicated by the special difficulties lved in dealing with immigration n the Orient. To admit any considle body of aliens who are incapable ecoming assimilated to the general alation is to invite domestic disances and friction with foreign tries. It is generally believed that entals, do not become easily Amerized, and yet such a country as Japan cts to any policy that discriminates nst her Emperor's subjects.
ll these facts and others have raised the immigration question as a
DECEMBER 8, 1920
matter to be taken up in Congress in the session beginning December 6.
One proposal is to limit immigration from any country to a certain percentage of those already admitted. The proponents of this plan are largely actuated by a desire to establish a policy which will actually limit Japanese immigration without formally discriminating against the Japanese. As there are comparatively few Japanese in this country, the percentage system would cut down immigrants from Japan
subject, there has been no really thorough and consistent immigration policy officially adopted by the United States. We have much to learn with regard to inspection, selection, and distribution of immigrants from our neighbor, Canada. Certainly we ought not to postpone decisive inspection of immigrants until these aliens become congested on our shores.
AN AIR RACE
HANKSGIVING DAY saw the victory
to a very small actual number. The of an Army battle plane, the VerTHA
objections to this proposal, however, seem to us to be conclusive. The fact that this measure, if it became law, would admit great numbers of Germans and a very small number of French is in itself enough to show how ill adapted it is to deal with the problem. It is a bill to establish the status quo. It is dealing with a problem essentially vital and human in an arithmetical and mechanical way.
Chairman of the House Committee on
Immigration, proposes that Congress should pass at once a bill virtually stopping all immigration for the time being, allowing only those aliens to come in who have parents, wives, or children already in the country and naturalized. Of course he does not prosimply as a measure to prevent the pose this as a permanent policy but
flood of immigration that is almost sure otherwise to inundate our ports of ingress after March 4, when the present provisions requiring passports will expire.
In spite of the study given to the
(C) Keystone View Co.
ville-Packard, in the triangular race for the Pulitzer Trophy on Long Island. The winning machine is credited with flying 132 miles in forty-four minutes and twenty-nine and fifty-seven hundredths seconds, which means an average speed of 178 miles an hour. Some question has been raised as to the accuracy with which the course, starting and. ending at Mitchel Field, Mineola, Long Island, was measured, but the achievement seems to have been a notable one.
Thirty-six machines took part in the race, though only eleven finished. Three foreign machines were entered in the contest, representing the manufacturers of Italy, Great Britain, and France. The Italian machine, an S. V. A., finished in third place. The British and French machines did not finish. Brigadier-General Mitchel, Chief of Operations of the United States Army Air Service, has stated his belief that the Verville-Packard is capable of two hundred miles an hour on a straight
The speed records of the Long Island
PULITZER TROPHY RACE
INTERIOR OF PLYMOUTH CHURCH, BROOKLYN, SHOWING DAMAGE DONE BY FIRE IN THE LECTURE ROOM
Air Meet exceeded the record established at the recent Gordon Bennett race in France.
RIDDANCE TO RINTELEN
RANZ VON RINTELEN, a former captain of the German navy, who was convicted of fraud and of conspicis the plain brick structure racy to destroy munition ships of the Allies by putting fire bombs in their cargoes, has been released by President Wilson.
Very few crimes that the Germans committed during the war were so contemptible as those for which Rintelen was imprisoned. There is something particularly cowardly in the method which he employed with others to strike at his country's enemies. He was not an open combatant. He was at the time of his acts a resident in a neutral country, enjoying the protection and safety provided by this Government; and he not only struck at the lives of civilians of combatant nations, which outside of Germany was considered to be murder even in war time, but violated in a dishonorable way the neutrality of a nation with which his own country was at least technically on friendly relations. In view of the moral turpitude involved in his crime, Rintelen's sentences amounted to a very short term, aggregating, after a year in the New Jersey penitentiary, three years in the Federal prison at Atlanta.
The conditions on which commutation of his sentences was granted may indicate the reason for it. Under the terms of the commutation Rintelen had to give a bond of $5,000 to leave the
in Brooklyn, New York, where Henry Ward Beecher preached. On November 23 it was injured by fire. America is not so rich in buildings of historic association that it can afford to loseeven one of them. Fortunately, the fire was discovered before the flames had got beyond control, and the building, though badly damaged, was saved from destruction.
The fire started in the boiler rooms which are underneath the lecture room. It was here that the greatest damage was done. This part of the lecture room was ruined and the church parlors were very badly damaged. The lecture room and parlors were closely associated with the life and activity of Mr. Beecher, and continue to be an essential and important part of the church building. The church auditorium itself was injured somewhat by smoke and steam, but the great and fine old organ was apparently undamaged. Eight of the stained-glass windows put up as a memorial during Dr. Hillis's pastorate were broken in the process of controlling the fire, but these can be replaced. The portrait of Mr. Beecher by Conant was injured, though the face of the portrait was not badly disfigured. The portrait can possibly be restored. The old Beecher
pulpit and the old Beecher piano w saved.
Though some of the cases of Beecher relics were damaged and ma of the old Beecher letters apparen ruined by water and smoke, a g deal was saved not only from destr tion but from injury.
THE BLUE LAW AGITATION
EWSPAPERS have been filled w reports these last few days of movement to force the adoption of Federal Constitutional amendment e forcing Nation-wide Sabbath obser ance. Some of those who have be active in the Prohibition movement a listed among the supporters of th venture in un-American practice. Othe are professional reformers of conside ably less standing and importance. O who is emphatically of the latter da has recently been quoted as saying:
I see no reason why the public li braries or the art galleries should re
open on Sunday. We shall seek to eliminate the huge Sunday news papers and establish a censorship over the stuff that gets into them on other days. I might add that a sensible censorship should be placed over such galleries as the Metropolitan Museum of Art as well. I shall never forget the shame that overcame me the first time I went through that place.... Of course we shall back no law that would compel a man or a woman to attend church. But we believe that if we take away a man's motor car, his golf sticks, his Sunday newspaper, his horses, his amusement houses and parks and prohibit him from playing outdoor games or witnessing field sports he naturally will drift back to church. We should have no objection to his taking decent recreation, such as walks in the country or reading good books or healthy conversation. But if he wants to see baseball or play golf or tennis or go automobiling let him do it during the week.
The character of this particular re former's mind may be further under stood when it is added that he has recently opposed (on "moral" grounds) the wearing by children of half-hose! We suspect that the newspaper ports have been exaggerating the size of the movement in a natural desire to fill up the vacuum which usually fol lows a National election. But as much as this can be said: The reformers who are agitating for a revival of Sunday laws should have the hearty support of those who opposed the Eighteenth Amend ment, for we know of no better way to make the Eighteenth Amendment ridiculous than to extend National pro hibition to matters with which the National Government cannot rightfully concern itself. If the reformers desire
are or ought to be as regarded by Christ's disciples.
The recognition of these three prin ciples (1) that religion has to do with the whole of life, (2) that lay men are better equipped to give instruction on some topics than clergymen, (3) that co-operation in certain phases of religious activity is possible for the churches without modifying their distinctive forms either of thought or of worship-would, if thoroughly ap prehended by the clergy, be capable of creating a new interest in their work and adding to certain aspects of it a new efficiency.
Wide World Photos
to arouse a sentiment which will result in the repeal of the Eighteenth Amendment, let them apply the principle of that Amendment to the observance of Sunday.
The Nation has a right and duty to see that every citizen, so far as possible, shall have one day of rest in seven. How the citizen spends that day should not be determined by the conscience of others.
Dr. Manning recently well summarized the situation when he said:
This proposed campaign for stricter Sunday laws is one of those wellmeant but misguided efforts which do harm instead of good to the cause they are intended to serve. It is impracticable, wrong in principle, and based on a narrow and imperfect conception of the Christian religion. It would do far more to drive religion out of the hearts of the people than to draw them toward it.
We have no right to try to compel religious observance of Sunday by law. The law should forbid all unnecessary business on Sunday, and thus as far as possible secure to all their right to Sunday as a day of freedom from their ordinary occupations and of religious observance if they wish so to use it. Further than this the law may not rightly go.
As to recreations and amusements on Sunday, the Christian Church has never laid down any rules in detail, though individuals and groups have done so. The Church gives us the great principle that this is the Lord's day, and leaves us to apply it according to our own consciences and circumstances.
WHY NOT TRY THE
HE Church the
New York of ty, harnation, in conferences bearing on foreign missions
and occupying the week of November 15-19.
Each conference occupied one day and each topic was assigned to a layman who was an expert on the special topic. Thus the subject of Medicine took the hour from ten to eleven every morning and was treated one day by such men as Dr. Tyson, Commissioner of Medical Work among the Mountaineers in Tennessee, who dealt with medical needs among the mountaineers, and on another day by George Foster Peabody, who treated "The Negro: An American Problem."
In a similar manner Religion, Education, Commerce and Trade, Citizenship, etc., were treated at successive conferences.
The plan is here noted because it seems to us to suggest a method which might be adopted very widely with such modifications as varying conditions suggest. The two features which are essential are the recognition by the churches that religion covers a wide range of topics and that laymen might well be called in to render the services of teachers. Thus in a village where evening services are sustained with difficulty the churches might well unite for, say, six weeks of union meetings in which a physician would treat one evening the laws of health as laws of God and what obedience to them by the individual and by the community requires; a lawyer would speak another evening on the duties of citizenship and what they involve in a free Republic; a teacher a third evening, on what education means and what the community and a fourth
evening, on what trade and commerce
THE FOOTBALL SEASON
HE football season practically came
Tto an end on November 27, with the
defeat of the West Point cadets by their service rivals from Annapolis. The football season of 1920 has, to the grief of a large number of sporting writers, produced no outstanding "champion," but it has nevertheless (we are almost tempted to say therefore) been one of the most successful years in the his tory of American football. In cleanness of play, in enthusiasm and in popular interest the sport has been at the crest.
In the East, Princeton, Harvard. Pennsylvania State, Pittsburgh, and Boston College have been outstandingly successful. In the South the Georgia School of Technology scored a remarkable series of victories, although its record has been marred by the protests against the eligibility of some of its players and their conduct during the games. In the Western Conference. Ohio State again achieved pre-eminence. On the Pacific Slope the University of California deserves mention. Among the games of particular interest which may be cited were the defeat of Williams by Amherst, the defeat of Chicago by Michigan, the defeat of Michigan by Ohio State, the defeat of Yale by Princeton and Harvard, the defeat of Minnesota by Iowa, the victory of Dart mouth over Washington University. and the disappointment which Cornell suffered by the unlooked-for addition of another defeat upon the record scroll of its traditional contests with the Uni versity of Pennsylvania.
One of the few unhealthy features of the football season is the manner in which many of the sporting writers of the daily press misuse their opportunities to present the game to the public.
There are some very honorable excep tions to this statement, but there is emphatically too little realization of the
haracter of the amateur spirit, too uch blind partisanship, too much ransposition of the spirit of the prize ing to the gridiron to make the usual omment on football a wholesome thing. ome day the average sporting writer vill wake to the fact that most colege students and graduates are not nterested in mythical championships r in wordy comparisons between elevns which have not met on the gridron. When such a happy day arrives, t may be harder for the sport writers o fill their columns, but their colmns will be more easily read by inteligent followers of this great American game.
WHAT'S IT ALL ABOUT,
HERE have been few plays on the
which have given the reviewers so much trouble as "The Tavern." Putting the traditional finger on the traditional Hea is an easy task compared with the labor of classifying this curious drama.
The scene of "The Tavern " is laid where its title would indicate. It is a play in two acts and one long, continuous thunder-storm which rumbles and crashes the whole evening through. The chief characters are an irascible landlord, his trembling son, a serving maid, a bewildered hired man, a governor, his wife, daughter, and prospective son-in-law, and an assorted group containing highwaymen, officers of the -law, and the keeper of an insane asylum. The leading figure in the play is a wandering observer of mankind, whose main contention is that "all the world's a stage" and he is its audience. The observer is played by Arnold Daly. The characters are costumed in garments - which range from the early eighteenth century French and English to a movie-director's idea of a Gloucester fisherman. As to the plot, the present cost of white paper prohibits any complete description. It could be adequately described only in one of those breathlessly amorphous sentences in
This is the maiden all forlorn, and the Governor whose prospective son-in-law she has
which a child recounts a whole day's
When Barrie creates a whimsy, he
man which heads this editorial, "What's it all about, anyhow?"
OUR NATIONAL PARKS
UR National Parks are something more than playgrounds. Those who attempt to infringe
on their beauty and wildness have falsely represented them as enjoyed chiefly by Eastern millionaires at the expense of Western development. Nothing could be further from the fact. Their appeal has been to large numbers of people from all sections. They form but a small part of the entire National reser vations, but all the more they deserve and require especial protection.
The difference between the National Forests and the National Parks shows why the complete conservation of the National Parks is imperative. The law permits water power, irrigation, lumbering, and hunting in season in National Forests; it permits none of these in National Parks. In practice, National Parks are small areas set apart within National Forests. To destroy the differpurentiating principle is to nullify the pose of former Congresses in making National Parks; it is to return them to the status, in all but mere name, and to the conditions of the National Forests. We cannot permit this to be done. Our National Parks are our National Museums of native America, bearing much the same relation to the National For