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ests as a museum of natural history, writes us as to this : “ The nature of necessary to bring out other and perhaps for instance, does to the great city park any private privilege granted in any more advantageous bids. It is true that in which it stands.

National Park, whether it be for power a Secretary of the Interior who cares The general principle underlying the or irrigation or mining obsidian for for the National Parks as Secretary protection and conservation of the

teething rings, makes not a straw's dif- Payne does might balk any effort to National Parks is simple, but its appli- ference. The first one granted, whether persuade the Water Power Commission cation is difficult. It is quite conceiv- by the Water Power Commission or by to grant injurious privileges. But when able that beauty may sometimes have to Congress, will open the door, and com- we remember what happened at the give way to a pressing public 'need. plete commercialization of all the Na- time of the Ballinger controversy it is But the tendency has been to encroach, tional parks inevitably will follow in clear that we must not depend upon

it not to save cities, but to save money.

as a certainty that the public interest Commercializing the people's property It is pointed out that it is quite pos

will always take precedence over pri bas been insidious and persistent. sible to take the water for irrigation vate interests. As the other members of There is sound sense in a dictum of Mr.

outside the Park, for, as Secretary the Water Power Commission might Payne, the present Secretary of the

Payne says,

" The water doesn't stay in perhaps be influenced by the fact that Interior, and a stanch supporter of the the parks.” The effort is to get free it was created for the express purpose of National Parks, that “it is not safe to reservoir sites inside the Park and to stimulating the use of water power, the encroach upon the National Parks for avoid expense generally. In reply, the Secretary of the Interior would be the any commercial purpose.” This is em- advocates of preserving the Parks in- single natural and legal defender of the phatically a case where safety lies on tact say that there are alternatives, in National Parks. the conservative side. We should not

many cases better alternatives except The responsibility for our National take any risks ; injury once done can- in respect to the cost of reservoir sites; Parks and the power over them ought not be undone. These reservations, few that there is no instance where modern not to be in one man's hands, nor in in number and small in comparison engineering cannot solve the problem

engineering cannot solve the problem three men's hands; they should retum with the total Governmental reserves, outside of National Park boundaries; to the open forum of Congress, where form a link between the wild life of and that, if the end to be gained is not they have rested for half a century and America and our day; they preserve worth the cost of purchasing sites and where they belong. noble and beautiful examples of natural erecting possibly more expensive works, marvels; they show American wild it certainly is not worth the destruction animals living natural lives in their of the special character of our National SHALL WE SCRAP THE natural habitats. It is our duty to Parks. It will be seen that this is the

TREATY? protect them faithfully for our own en- business of the people themselves. Their joyment, and to pass them on to gener- remedy is simple. Let them instruct TINE-TENTHS of wisdom," Mr. ations which would otherwise not have their Representatives in Congress.

Roosevelt used to say, “con. remaining examples of all this. The second new danger to the Parks,

sists in being wise in time." The present immediate danger to the that from the greed for water power, It is easy to see now that if all National Parks is twofold—the attempt arises from the fact that Congress, in Americans who are convinced that we to encroach on them for water power and passing the Federal Water Power Act,

passing the Federal Water Power Act, should unite with our allies in an the attempt to divert their streams and did not, as it should have done, exempt terms that we make with Germany had lakes to irrigation. The situation has the National Parks from the operation put themselves : strongly behind the recently been debated in The Outlook in of the Act. The law was passed in a Lodge reservations we should in all letters from Mr. W.J. Hannah, of Big hurry, was supposed to have been killed

hurry, was supposed to have been killed likelihood have by this time established Timber, Montana, and Mr. J. Horace by the President's "pocket veto," but, a technical as well as an actual state of McFarland, the President of the Amer- under a precedent found when the peace. It is, or ought to be, equally ican Civic Association, on the one hand, friends of the measure were bringing clear now that the Treaty with the and Senator Walsh, of Montana, on the pressure to bear, was signed. Secretary Lodge reservations has practically lost other. It is evident from this corre- Payne averted the danger for a time what chance it had of adoption. It has spondence that, however plausible the when he obtained an agreement by the

been intimated that President Wilson argument may be that it is possible to Water Power Commission that it would may now submit the Treaty again to use the Parks for commercial purposes grant no leases in the National Parks the Senate with the Lodge resertaand still leave them beautiful, it would until Congress should have an opportu- tions, thus attempting to put his opp. involve grave danger to their special nity to amend the law. That this should nents in a hole. If he does so, the Senand peculiar character. Mr. McFar- be done by Congress admits of no ques- ate probably will not accept the Lodge land says

of the situation in the Yellow- tion. If it is not done by the present reservations and the Treaty. Since stone, where it is proposed to establish Congress, the new Administration after those reservations were framed, a great an irrigation reservoir for the benefit of March 4 should certainly prove its in- deal has happened. The American peoa comparatively few farmers, the issue is terest in the large and vital subject of ple have made it evident that they are plain : “ It is either completely to give conservation by acting promptly. not only opposed to the Covenant of up the Yellowstone as a spectacle or As the law now stands, the Water the League of Nations, but also to the completely to retain it as a spectacle. It Power Commission, which consists of participation of America in the contencannot be handled on a compromise basis the Secretaries of War, the Interior, and tions and broils over European boundaand still have it worth while as a Park.” Agriculture, may grant half-century ries. If America had been allowed to

It is proposed to introduce several irri- leases in National Parks and Monu- sign the Treaty with the exception of gation bills threatening the Yellowstone ments to build dams, power-houses, the Covenant eighteen months ago, it is Park at the next session of Congress. A transmission lines, and other structures, very possible that many of those quarfriend of the National Parks who is necessary or convenient, without other rels might have been prevented. Now thoroughly in touch with the situation advertisement than what it thinks is the quarrels have been entered into and

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past the stage of prevention. Eng. laws of nations, by her menace to all should not allow our children to keep I and France and Italy are in dis- free peoples, had invaded America's any creature in confinement. ion over the terms of the Treaty. soul. The American soldiers were much Avoid giving books on hunting, robe should sign the Treaty now even nearer the truth than their President bery, murder, or war. We do not wish out the Covenant, we should have when they said that they fought to to accustom the child mind to thoughts ake sides in those dissensions, and can the Kaiser.” To say that if we of agony and death. - the American people are plainly do not sign the Treaty or accept such Choose toys that are interesting and willing to do.

and such terms we have fought in vain, instructive, which will be enjoyed by Chere are two possible courses open:

is to allow one's emotions to blind one's the average child and leave no destrucne is to accept the Treaty of Ver

America has done what she tive impression on the mind. A child's les with reservations elim- set out to do. She has proved that any

mind receives and holds early impres. sing the United States from the country which defies civilization and sions—those transmitted in play; this gue of Nations as at present consti- espouses international anarchy invites has been proven by the kindergarten d, and also—and this is equally, if its own destruction.

method of child training. more, important-declaring that the The best thing that the United States

M. L. H., ited States declines to commit itself can do now is to employ every prac

Humane Education Press Bureau. Che maintenance of the Treaty's ter- ticable measure

Boston, Massachusetts. rial arrangements. We should thus First, to see that the countries which

II with our allies in the Treaty of Germany most immediately injured,

Do not give your child any water to ace and would leave to the party France and Belgium, shall not be drink on Christmas day. People have ich by a great popular mandate as- menaced soon again, and for that reason been frequently drowned in water. nes the administration of the Gov- the United States should concede to

By no means give your child a plant ment on March 4 the duty and right both France and Belgium those physical for Christmas. Some plants grow into adjusting our international relations. barriers of defense which are necessary trees, and on some trees people have The other method is to adopt a dec

for their safety. The Franco-Anglo been hanged. ation promulgating a state of peace, American Treaty now pigeonholed in Above all, do not let your

child warm responding to the declaration pro- the Senate may not be necessary if itself beside the grate where the stocklgating a state of war, and announc- France is permitted to have a proper ings are hung. They burned Joan of

at the same time that the United frontier. If she is not permitted to have Arc at the stake, and, unfortunately, ates will hold Germany accountable a proper frontier as a consequence of made use of fire in so doing. a defeated enemy and will concede to Mr. Wilson's objections, then that The only appropriate Christmas gifts 3 no rights except such as are later Treaty ought to be revived and signed for your child are a pair of blinders, a be determined upon.

with ceservations eliminating all refer- gag, and a nice piece of sanitary cotton The first course is intrinsically sim- ence to the Covenant of the League of

to stuff in its ears. Better yet, follow er, and, if accepted by the other signa- Nations in it.

Mark Twain's advice concerning boys, ies, including Germany, to the Treaty Second, to insist that Germany make

and put your child in a barrel and feed Versailles, would automatically es- proper reparation to France and Bel- it through the bung until it reaches the olish the peace as a victorious peace gium and other countries she has in

age of twenty-one. d place the United States in a position jured and render up her criminals to Seriously, the advice which has been enforcing all the terms upon Ger- justice.

sent to us by the Humane Education any excepting those which are strictly Third, to keep everlastingly at the Press Bureau seems to involve one of critorial. The delay of the last two task of defining and applying inter- the most curious misunderstandings of ars, however, has allowed opposition national law, not only by conventions, child psychology which we have seen in such a course to grow, and we think treaties, and the most practicable form a long time. A child's mind develops is very doubtful whether any such of international courts of law, but also as the mind of the race developed. It an can be carried out. Moreover, Mr. by the announcement of policies de

possesses in little all the primitive inarding is committed to the other voted to that end.

stincts of the race. The way to deurse. He has said that as soon as a

velop these instincts for the good of solution establishing a state of peace

the child and the good of society is not submitted to him he will sign it. SOME CHRISTMAS AD.

to ignore these instincts, but to subhether such a' resolution would be

VICE AND A WORD

limate them in useful and effective quivalent to separating ourselves en

action. rely from our allies or not will de

TO THE UNWISE

A boy who has been given a gun, end upon its terms. Such a resolution

I

taught its dangers, trained in its acould not necessarily put us in a posi

CHRISTMAS, 1920

curate use, is not the boy who will run on of aloofness. Indeed, it might CHOOSE CAREFULLY YOUR GIFTS FOR amuck. A child who is given a pet and rengthen us with our allies.

CHILDREN

taught to care for it is not the child who There is absolutely no doubt that O not choose such gifts as whips, will develop a streak of cruelty. Books ne United States is as devoted as ever swords, or guns.

should be chosen with judgment and the principles for which the Nation

We do not wish to encourage common sense, but if you are to elimally fought. American soldiers did our children to play at games of whip- inate all stories which deal with robot fight to settle the boundaries of the ping, fighting, or any cruel sport. beries we should have to blue-pencil Banat of Temesvar, or the access of Do not give a live animal, kitten or the story of the good Samaritan. It is Poland to the sea, or any other Euro- puppy, to a small child who will not

strange that any one needs to be told ean territorial question. The United know better than to hurt it.

that, if a child is brought forward step -tates fought because Germany, by her Do not give to children a caged bird by step to an understanding of life, isregard of the law of war and of the -since Liberty is our watchword, we the bitter disillusionment and moral

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WHO WERE THE PIL.

GRIM FATHERS?

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N December 20, 1620, a shipla

of one hundred and two int

grants from England landed the shore of Cape Cod, one group an hundreds of adventurers who were that decade landing on the Ameria coast, one group among

millions immigrants who since that time ha crossed the sea seeking on this cucu nent to better their fortunes for that selves and their descendants.

The entire Anglo-Saxon people a celebrating this fall the landing of ! particular group of immigrants the centuries after it occurred. Why? W were the Pilgrim Fathers ?

(C) Underwood & Underwood
POLICE HOLDING BACK CROWD DURING THE ATTACK ON THE UNION CLUB IN NEW YORK

CITY. NOTE THE AMERICAN AND SINN FEIN FLAGS CARRIED BY IRISH SYMPATHIZERS

T

From the fourth century, when t

Roman Empire under Constanta disaster which sometimes follow the second-story windows of the Union made Christianity the religion of t. sugar-coated pill method of education Club. Disregarding the appeal of ven- state, to the close of the sixtera will have little chance to supervene. erable Monsignor Lavelle, the Sinn century, the Church as established

Feiners attempted to battle their way law demanded uniformity in belief.

into the Union Club and destroy the worship, and in ecclesiastical organit THE GREEN HYPHEN

British flag. A pitched battle followed tion. Any violation of this uniform.

between the members of the club and the governments under the control \HE news from England of the the mob, which was at last driven off by the Roman Catholic Church punisi

burning of the Liverpool docks the police after the mob had riddled win- as the most heinous of crimes. Th

by Sinn Fein sympathizers, of the dows of the club with bricks and stones Protestant Reformation weakened to murders of policemen and Government and several people had been injured. did not destroy their assumption tha officers in Ireland, and of the tragic When we remember that just a short all loyal citizens must think the se reprisals which have followed, has found while ago the funeral of MacSwiney thoughts and employ the same ritu a disconcerting echo on our own shores. was permitted to traverse the streets of in religion, but that assumption pas Supported by the Hearst papers, en- London, guarded and protected by the over into the Lutheran Church i couraged by professional propagandists, English police, and that the marchers in Germany and the Established Churi Irish sentiment in the United States has this funeral were even permitted to carry in England. Henry VIII, when manifested itself in an emphatically un- the banners of the so-called Irish Repub- broke away from Rome, had no idea i American way.

lic, the intolerance and fanaticism of our introducing liberty into his Kingdom Prior to America's entrance into the Irish-Americans is made doubly obvious. and Queen Elizabeth was equally res some of our German-American Irish-Americans are seeking to em

lute in her endeavor to prevent citizens incurred publiccondemnation by broil America and Great Britain. It is conformity whether by Protestants et putting the interests of their fatherland no new effort that they are making, but Roman Catholics. The Puritans, whil above the interests of their adopted coun- the continuation of a policy which goes in a minority, appeared to repudiat: try. We called them hyphenated Amer- back for decades in the history of Anglo this doctrine of religious uniformis

. icans. This same opprobrious epithet de- American relationship. Regarding these Lord Rosebery, himself a Churchwan. servedly belongs to Irish-Americans who Irish-Americans as Irishmen, and not delivering the address at the setting up are to-day quite as disregardful of the as Americans, it can be said that they of the statue of Oliver Cromwell in interests of America as any of those are doing more to hurt their cause in London, defined the distinctive chara. half-citizens who applauded the sinking this country than they know. America teristic of the great Puritan leader i of the Lusitania.

has shown a generous interest in Irish the following terms: “He [Oliver Two weeks ago The Outlook told problems, and has felt a whole-hearted Cromwell] was a practical mystie

, the briefly the story of an assault upon a hope that a solution might ultimately most formidable and terrible of all New York theater by Sinn Fein fanatics be found for the historic unhappiness combinations ; the man who combined who objected to the British flag in the of Ireland. But whatever of sympathy the inspiration, apparently derired, and decorations displayed for Armistice remains is being rapidly alienated by in my judgment really derived, from week. On Thanksgiving Day certain the conduct of Irish sympthizers within close communion with the supernatural other Irish-Americans, coming out of our own gates. They are in danger of the and the celestial—the man who ko St. Patrick's Cathedral, where a mass same public reaction which the extrava- that inspiration associated with the had been celebrated for the repose of gant sympathizers with Citizen Genet energy of a mighty man of actionthe soul of Terence MacSwiney, dis- met when, during Washington's Admin

such a man as that lives in communion covered the British flag flying with the istration, he violated the hospitality of with a Sinai of his own, and he ar flags of America and France from the America on behalf of a foreign Power. pears to come down to this world belot

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ed with no less than the terror and bishop, priest or minister, saint or angel, Lord's Supper, but both as symbols. decrees of the Almighty himself." terrestrial or celestial, is necessary to The first was an ancient form of consevard Dowden in one of his essays bring the love and power of God into cration; the second, an ancient form of s this fundamental characteristic of the heart of his child. Their motto fellowship. They believed in a real

Puritans even more clearly. He might well have been, “The kingdom of presence, not in the bread and wine s : “ To discover the dominant idea heaven is within you ;" their faith might but in the hearts of those who partook Puritanism we must look beyond well have found full expression in the of the bread and wine; they regarded ma to something common to every phrase, “ Every one that asketh re- the Supper as a delightful memorial of se of the great contention. And ceiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; their Master's love and gave it the loubtedly the unvarying central ele- and to him that knocketh it shall be homely name of communion; and for at was this, that the relation between opened.”

an altar signifying a priestly sacrifice invisible spirit of man and the They believed in the Church, but not they substituted a communion table. isible spirit of God was immediate in a hierarchy. They believed that the If they had lived in our time, they her than mediate.”

grace

of God is like the sun which shines would not have objected to General f the spirit of the Puritans had been on the evil and the good, and like the Booth's dropping both sacraments from catholic as their philosophy, when rain which is sent to the just and to the the Salvation Army when he found y got the control of government unjust. They believed that sacraments them not promoting but hindering his y would not have forbidden the and liturgies, confessions and absolu- rescue work. Nor would they have obiscopalians to use their liturgy and tions, priests and ministers, are not jected to his adoption of a militant form ar sacraments in publie worship. necessary to attain this communion. of organization for the militant work is, however, they did, with what re- “ Behold, I stand at the door, and which he had undertaken.

Sir John Evelyn's diary affords knock; if any man hear my voice, and They regarded the Bible not as the ne pathetic illustrations. One quota- open the door, I will come in to him, Word of God, but as a word of God, must here suffice :

and will sup with him, and he with me, one of the many words of One who was 3 Dec. (1654). Advent Sunday.

they regarded as addressed to the man always present and always speaking here being no office at the church,

of toil as to the scholar, to the sinner with his children. In some of their -ut extemporie prayers after the Pres- in the street as to the saint in the

churches they would not allow the Bible -yterian way, for now all formes were cloister, rohibited, and most of the preachers

a permanent place in the pulpit, lest the

They were not hereties. In general worship of a book should take the place were usurpers, I seldome went to Church solemn feasts, but either

they believed the theology expressed in upon

of reverence for a living Person. vent to London, where some of the the Apostles' and the Nicene Creeds. They believed in civil government. rthodox sequestred Divines did pri- But they objected to any creed bor- But they did not believe that just govately use the Common Prayer, ad- rowed from the past and imposed upon ernments derive their powers from the ninister sacraments, etc. or else I

prour'd one to officiate in my house ;

the present. Ordinarily their churches consent of the governed. They derive wherefore, on the 10th, Dr. Richard had no creed. Each applicant for admis- their powers from God. No laws were Owen, the sequester’d minister of sion stated his faith in his own phrase- good laws but those which were the Eltham, preach'd to my family in my ology, and the church, after hearing him, embodiment of his will. Only by his ibrary, and gave us the holy com- decided whether he was sufficiently in nunion.

permission did kings rule. And any accord with the Church to be desirable government which was not purposed to It was at this time that a sect arose as a member. This would not give uni- be in accordance with his will was an England destined to exert a pro- formity of belief. But they did not unjust government. Before they sailed ind influence on the future history of desire uniformity of belief. Like Paul, from England they drew up-though great continent, but in its birth with- they knew only in fragments and proph- they did not sign it till they reached

numbers, wealth, or social influ- esied only in fragments. They were these shores—what is, I believe, the first ce. Its insignificance preserved it bound together not by agreement in Constitution of a free commonwealth om serious persecution. Its courage opinion but by agreement in the spirit ever framed in human history. Its mmended it as a useful partner to and purpose of their common life.

brevity might well commend it to contain capitalists in London who were They believed in the Church ; but stitution-makers in our own time. It is, dy to risk their money but not them- they believed that the secret of its the reader will observe, a covenant not ves in a trading venture to the New power was not in traditions inherited

merely of the Pilgrims with one anorld. A bargain was struck between from the past, but in a supernatural other, but also with their God. In this e courageous adventurers and the power dwelling in the Church in the

respect it resembles the Constitution of uitious capitalists; the Mayflower was present. The power of a single child of the Hebrew Commonwealth. It was as rchased, or chartered, and equipped, God they thought transcended defini- follows: d the Brownists, so somewhat con- tion; how much more the combined mptuously named for one of their

In the name of God, Amen. We, power of a group of God's children aders, became “the Pilgrims.” So far strengthened and guided by his spirit

whose names are underwritten, the

loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign I know, they were the first organ- to do his work ! This we hold and Lord King James, by the grace of God, ed band of Christian believers who affirm,” said their Pastor Robinson,

of Great Britain, France, and Ireland nied that uniformity either of belief, " that a company consisting though but

King, Defender of the Faith, etc. orship, church order, or religious activ

Having undertaken for the glory of of two or three, separated from the

God, and advancement of the Chriswas desirable. They believed in lib- world .. and gathered into the name tian faith, and honour of our King and ty because they believed that, to quote of Christ by a covenant made to walk country a Voyage to plant the first ord Rosebery, inspiration derived in all the ways of God known unto Colony in the northern parts of Virom close communion with the super

ginia do, by these presents, solemnly them, is a Church, and so hath the -tural and the celestial is possible to

and inutually, in the presence of God whole power of Christ."

and one of another, covenant and comery man; that no bishop or arch- They retained both baptism and the bine ourselves together into a Civil

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Body Politic for our better ordering and preservation, and furtherance of the ends aforesaid, and by virtue hereof to enact, constitute, and frame such just and equal laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meet and convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience.

In witness whereof, we have hereunder subscribed our names. Cape Cod, 11th of November, in the year

of the reign of our Sovereign Lord time seem eager to re-establish. The King James, of England, France, and

object of this article is not to eulogize

, Ireland, 18 and of Scotland 54. Anno Doinini 1620.

criticise, or defend the Pilgrim Father

:

but only to define and interpret their With their landing at Plymouth this

fundamental principles, leaving the imperfect sketch of the Pilgrims must

reader to exercise his own judgment come to a close. It is sufficient to indi.

upon these principles and upon their cate that they paid a great price to

possible application to some of the re escape from that uniformity in creed, ligious and political problems of our ritual, and ecclesiastical organization

time. which some of their descendants in our

LYMAN ABBOTT.

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THREE CENTURIES AGO
1-EDWARD DOTY, PILGRIM FATHER
I

BY P. G. PERRIN

TO

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A chosen race of pious Grundys, was a reluctance to pay his debts and paid the three pounds of beaver agreed They thanked their God on Sundays the other was a fondness for punching upon for a flitch of bacon. At the same When providential chills and fevers his fellow Pilgrim Fathers' noses. time Doty sued another man for par. Erased the Redskin unbelievers.

Doty was born in London in 1599. ment for a bill of lumber. Remorseless Greek and Hebrew

He came over on the Mayflower, as a At the April first session of the scholars, They wore uncompromising collars

proper ancestor should have done. He court this same William Bennett sued And gloomy, headgear, cloaks, and

is listed in the passengers as a servant Doty for slander, alleging that he had breeches.

in the family of Stephen Hopkins, but called him rogue-perhaps while they - Arthur Guiterman in Life.he must soon have bought his freedom were settling the beaver-bacon deal

. He or worked out his term of years, for was fined fifty shillings, thirty to go to the TO-DAY, three hundred years after soon he is a landowner and trader. King and twenty to the injured Bennett

. the landing of the Mayflower at He was the fortieth man to sign the Doty was not by any means always

Plymouth, we think of a Pilgrim Mayflower Compact, which the little found guilty. His neighbors seem to Father of 1620 as a slightly stooped band drew up while they were in Prov- have found him a handy person upo old fellow with a hatchet face, dressed incetown Harbor to provide for some whom to hang suspicion. When Job in short coat and breeches of dull

sort of law and order among them. Washburne accused him of taking a brown homespun, worsted hose, and He took part in the first battle with hog“ wrongfully,” the "jewry” an square-toed shoes with big silver buckles. the Indians, December 8, 1620, while quitted him. His straight black hair drops almost to the settlers were feeling their way along About a year later he was in court his shoulders. His distrustful eyes look- Cape Cod to the permanent settlement

Cape Cod to the permanent settlement again, with Josias Cooke, charged with ing out from under the drooping brim of at Plymouth. Twenty Englishmen put “ breaking the peace of our soveraign the high beaver hat make us conscious to flight about thirty savages. They L. the K.'

L. the K.” They were each fined sir of all the bad things we have ever done. had been on this side of the Atlantic shillings eightpence, and because Ex .

El We suppose that the Pilgrim Fathers only about two weeks, but had in that ward had given Josias a bloody nose, never laughed, and that not only did they short time acquired the American habit he had to pay three shillings fourpente keep within the strait and narrow path, of souvenir hunting, for they picked up additional “ for the same. they did not even wish to get out of it. the arrows that had been fired at them

January 6, 1635, Doty married Fayth But among this group of pious an- and sent them“ into England.”

Clark, who was twenty years younger cestors there were a few who would not In these historic "firsts" Doty was

than he, and who outlived him twenty be Pilgrimized. In spite of the rules and one among a number, but he has one

years, marrying again. But thongli be regulations prohibiting almost every- claim to fame which is almost his own. was now a man of some property-in thing which we think pleasant, they He has the honor of being one of the 1634 he had paid three shillings more tar managed to preserve their individuality principals in the first duel fought in than John Alden and a married man and to find some excitement in life. America, with Edward Leicester, June besides, he did not turn over a new leaf

. Take, for instance, Edward Dotey, 18, 1621. We should like to know ,

He must have been what New Eng. Doty, Dote, Doughty, Dowty, Dowtey, what that duel was about, whether it landers to-day would call a “good or Doten-a man could spell his name was over a drinking debt, or over some trader,” a little “ sharp,” for people as many ways as he pleased then. finer point of honor, or for the hand of seem to have been reluctant to pay bim Edward Doty may have worn a wide some blue-eyed Priscilla. At any rate,

.

until ordered by the Court. We know white collar on Sunday. His hair may he fought a duel among that group of that he was rather more than thrifty in have been combed in straight lines to Pilgrim Fathers.

managing his affairs, for a man appren: his shoulders. But if it was, it must The records say that he redeemed ticed to him for ten year's complained have been rumpled pretty frequently, himself in the eyes of his fellow-citizens that he was not receiving all the clothes for Doty treated lightly " the peece of by “ changing from youthful folly;" that his contract called for. The Court our soveraign Lord the King.

but, though we find him after a dozen cut his term of service five As is the case with some of us to years well established, a landholder in Doty prospered, made many land deals day, Doty's life story is told chiefly in the colony, he still shows the old im- and now went on bail for other people the court records. We do not find that petuosity. Money matters trouble him in addition to providing his own serui. he was ever drunk, as some of his throughout his career. When some one rity on occasion. neighbors were, or that he violated any isn't suing him for debt, he is suing ,

The whole business of the court sem of the many petty regulations of per- some one else. January 3, 1633, the sion of February 1, 1642, was devoted sonal conduct the magistrates laid down. Court ordered him to settle with William to three cases of Doty's

. The court He had two principal weaknesses: one Bennett, who claimed that he had not which was legislature, court, and conta

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