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" WHILE THE GYMNASTS
PERFORM THEIR TRICKS,
FLYING WONDROUSLY
BETWEEN THE TRA-

PEZES, STRETCHING
THEIR UNBELIEVABLY

ELASTIC LIMBS WITH DIVINE EASE, THEY CREATE SLIGHT VIBRATIONS

OF MUSCLES IN THE BODY OF EVERY ONE IN THE AUDIENCE"

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clearing their consciences with such a
crushing statement, they go to the circus
themselves and are afterward ashamed
of their “ downfall.'

I don't think the visit to a circus is
a downfall. Nor is it a sentimental re-

membrance of our childnood, as some the manager

and more satisfaction to of these seduced intellectuals try to ex- ited it is always the window of a do the artists' ambitions. Of course the plain and excuse it. The circus has an shop. first plays would be mostly comedies or eternal appeal. It always was and You mustn't think I am stras, adventure plays, near to the movies always will be so. It is stronger than away from my theme/it was the or genre. They would be gaudy, gorgeous religion, which originated it centuries shop that helped me to understand tpantomimes. ago.

eternal appeal of the circus. But by and by the taste of the audi- There are many reasons for it, but I There are so many miraculous-lo. ence would improve, and we would be will mention only two, which I think ing things displayed in the winder able to stage real dramas in the circus. strongest.

of the American cities. Y The so-called intellectuals say that it Have you ever noticed which kind might have become used to them but is isn't worth while to think about any of a show window attracts the greatest the greenhorns; the automatic sewing revival of the circus. They consider it attention of the crowd ? It is not jew- machine, for instance, the machin to be an old-fashioned, “lowbrow elry and it is not food. It is not bot- working all by itself in the fancy wintertainment, good only for children and tles of wine, it is not even women's dow—that looks quite a miracle. Azi very superficial people. But, after clothes. In every country I have vis- yet, no matter how the window de

en

" OUR POOR BODIES
ARE STARVING FOR THE
BEAUTY OF MOVEMENTS.

OUR MINDS, OFTEN SUB-
CONSCIOUSLY, ARE STARVING FOR IT ALSO. . . . WE, THE WEAKLINGS OF THE CITY WITH OUR
UNDEVELOPED FRAMES, SHARE THE JOY OF HAVING PERFECT BODIES, PERFECT MOVEMENTS"

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** HOK SHALL I DARE TO TELL ABOUT THE ELEPHANTS ALL PERFORMING THEIR TRICKS

TOGETHER! NOBODY WOULD BELIEVE ME SAVE CHILDREN"

tors strain their imaginations, they not invent anything as delightful to crowd as a window with a few comn animals playing in it. The brightdisplay of precious stones, the most aplicated mechanical toys, the gaudigarment on a wax beauty-all that y attract the crowd for a while, then ple get accustomed to it and pass ifferently by. But the puppies play

in the window are an eternally inosting show for men, women,

and dren, for immigrants and Ameris alike. t is that greatest of all miracles, the acle of life, which compels people watch the animals. It is the inexstible, always appealing, always giving performance of the posing, ping, playing, barking, purring, wling brother animals of ours. Ve go to the circus for the same son that we gaze at the dog-shop dow. The very smell of the menag- this is what drags us to the circus. And ical perfection. In its present form it excites us. Dogs, horses, elephants there is

there is a physiological reason for it is a very imperfect, harmful, almost very form of energy in flesh that also. While the gymnasts perform barbaric entertainment. vens our little earth this seems their tricks, flying wondrously between But it might not be so. You have e interesting than the display of the trapezes, stretching their unbelieva- the largest circus in the world-why mechanical energy, the astounding bly elastic limbs with divine ease, they not make it the greatest? You have olutions of the most powerful and create slight vibrations of muscles in so many means for it. Just imagine, aplicated motors. We have but little

the body of every one of the audience. all these actors, animals, lights, and pect for the creations of our hands. Every movement of the wrestling giant, instruments being united in a harmonie funny bulldog pressing his nose or flying-trapeze man, or tight-rope ous picture, in some great play, giving inst the window glass can beat them dancer, or Wild West horse rider is joy to our souls as well as to our senses. because he is alive.

weakly repeated, reflected, imitated by The circus was the temple of great -This great curiosity which we have for our bodies. We, the weaklings of the art in olden times. The Roman Colier living beings is one of the reasons city, with our undeveloped frames, seum was really great; try to make a y we love the circus. Another reason share the joy of having perfect bodies, Coliseum out of your circus. the great appeal of the circus is the perfect movements. And it is not self- It is possible. The great popular olay of physical strength and alert- hypnotism, not “just imagination drama of simple lines, the historical 3of the human body, which we admire no, our blood really runs warmer, our drama, such as “ Quo Vadis” on the re, as an ideal almost unattainable hearts beat more rhythmically, even screen, might be highly impressive in ourselves. In spite of all the insti- our digestion improves, from watching the circus. The mass scenes, the revoons and magazines promoting physi- the circus performance as if we were lutionary battles, the religious procesculture, the average man and woman taking real exercise.

sions—how much more real they would ar away from the ideally developed These two reasons, our eternal won- seem in your great circus than on the aan being. We are so unfair to our der before the miracle of life and our humble stage of the theater! Napoleon ies. Half of the day people sit in unsatiated craving for physical perfec- at the Pyramids, the War of Indeces and another half in music halls

tion, seem to me the sufficient explana- pendence, the Fall of the Winter | theaters.

Our poor bodies tion of the eternal appeal of the circus. Palace-all that might create an imrving for the beauty of movements. The theater, which is so unreal (physi- mense performance. And the poor r minds, often subconsciously, are cally), can never replace the circus. Phe elephants, which are now compelled to cving for it also. The subconscious idea of the circus caunot grow old- dance stupidly, would find a decent id dreaming physical perfection fashioned, unless all of us attain phys- place in it, too. They may imitate, for

example, a picturesque caravan in the desert instead of dancing one-step against their nature.

I have seen dramas of Sophocles and Euripides staged in the circus of Russia, and they were successes, although the Greek masterpieces are so far from the modern Russian soul. I am sure that a great up-to-date drama with mass scenes staged in the circus would be very successful in America.

Of course it must be a drama or tragedy with a wide social interest in it, not merely a “ tale of two hearts."

It must deal not with two lovers only, T IS THAT GREATEST OF ALL MIRACLES, THE MIRACLE OF LIFE,

but with some great problem concern

ing the whole of humanity. Then the VING PERFORMANCE OF THE POSING, JUMPING. PLAYING. BARKING, PURRING, CRAWLING large stage of the circus will become

the Great Stage.

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are

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WATCH THE

ANIMALS.

IT IS THE INEXHAUSTIBLE,

WHICH COMPELS PEOPLE
ALWAYS APPEALING, ALWAYS JOY-

BROTHER ANIMALS OF OURS"

PICTURES FROM OUTLOOK

OUTLOOK READERS

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From W. L. Burton, Montclair, N.!

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Fium Tanato Okuyama, Tokyo, Japan

THE BURNING OF THE WORLD SUNDAY SCHOOL CONVENTION HALL IN TOKYO Hundreds of delegates from all over the world were temporarily deprived of a meeting-place through the burning of the great auditorium in Tokyo which had been prepared for their use. This unusual photograph shows the first

stages of the fire

THE MIAJIMI TORII AT LOW

TIDE
This well-known torii, the water
gateway of a Shinto temple, is on
Miajima Island, situated in the Inland

Sea of Japan

IE BOOK TABLE: DEVOTED TO BOOKS AND THEIR MAKERS

it has for its head a king whose position

. Tanglers, mut they are by ,no means

THE CHURCH AND THE CHURCHES

zations as their developing life, varying

temperaments, and changing circumstances wo recently published books, one by which the interested layman can better get might suggest to them. an Anglican Bishop, the other by a statement of what is popularly known as

The Puritan churches might perhaps Oxford professor, present a Church- the High Church view in its extreme form accept the episcopacy as a convenient forin 's point of view ; both are written than Bishop Palmer's, nor any book from of organization and an advantageous method un irenic spirit and with an evidently which he can get a better view of the of co-operation and the Nicene Creed as ere desire to promote organic church grounds on which the historic episcopate an unauthoritative emotional expression of n; neither author is willing to sacri- is defended by moderate Churchmen than reverence. But they could not unite with any sincere conviction for the sake of Dr. Headlam's book. But neither of them other Christians on the basis offered by rch unity, and neither of them takes will give the reader any idea of the view

Bishop Palmer without sacrificing their unt of what both would probably term held by the Puritan churches, though more

sacred convictions. This would be to ask extreme Protestant point of view, consistently by the Pilgrims and the the spiritual successors of Pastor Robinson ch is the point of view of the writer of Quakers, and to-day by an increasing num- to unite in the same organization with the article.

ber of scholars in the great Protestant spiritual successors of Archbishop Laud. Bishop Palmer's view of the Church denominations. This

may
be defined,

The latter believe the Church of Christ to - be briefly summarized thus : Jesus though inadequately, in a sentence : That be an absolute monarchy, with rulers who ist organized a Church, gave to the Jesus Christ organized no Church, ritual, owe no accountability for their rule to the Ive Apostles a commission, and endowed or creed, and commanded no sacraments;

constituency which elected them. The n with certain definite powers, one of that he was a life-giver, not a lawgiver,

former hold that the Church of Christ is ch was to transmit these powers to and left his disciples, guided by his not only the most democratic of organizar successors in office. It is true that recorded words and inspired by his per

tions, but the mother and should be the Charch selects those successors; but only petual presence, to formulate their own inspirer and example of political, educabishop, who takes by appointment the creeds, frame their own rituals, develop tional, and industrial democracy. e of the Apostle, possesses the spiritual their own working and worshiping organi

LYMAN ABBOTT. rers of the Apostles or can confer those 'ers on the ones whom the Church oses. Bishop Palmer says: “The Church

THE CONTEMPLATIVE DAYS ot and cannot be democratic in essence,

He contemplative days are come for no recent book better adapted for this purChrist

pose than Mr. H. T. Sheringham’s “ Trout To him and him alone the bishops, his “ the saddest of the year.” Though Fishing Memories and Morals.” Mr. Sheristant shepherds, are responsible.” rods and lines are laid away waiting for ingham is the editor of the “ London Field" as, according to Bishop Palmer, the the going out of the ice in the spring, the and is one of the best-known fly-fishermen hops are not responsible

to the Church fly fisherman knows that winter plays an and angling writers in the British Isles. ich has elected them. They, not the important part in his fishing calendar. His volume is a record of a lifetime's exirch, have received by divine appoint- Winter, as. Sir Edward Grey so delight- perience along the streams of England at a commission to represent the para- fully explains in his volume on “Fly Fish- and Scotland,

and is as delightfully writint Personality.”

ing” (the American edition of which was ten as any work on angling which we have Dr. Headlam's larger volume furnishes reviewed last April in 'The Outlook), is a recently seen. We do not know whether e opportunity for and gives evidence of time when anticipative imagination peo- good writers naturally turn to angling or iore scholarly treatment. Ile is Regius ples all favorite streams with flashing whether angling naturally produces good fessor of Divinity in the University of monsters always and inevitably to be writers, but there are few of the foremost ord, and has, it may be presumed, more

conquered by the angler's consummate anglers who do not handle the story of ure and better facilities for study than skill. Winter, too, is a time when the their art with eminent literary distinction. busy missionary bishop. He traces the angler finds opportunity not only to re- Mr. Sheringham is no exception to this trine of the Church from the Four Gos- view his own experience and survey his rule. 3 down to the Lambeth Conference. He own hopes, but also to share in the experi- American anglers will find themselves 8 that Christ “ created the Church as a ences and hope of others through the magic ble society. He instituted ministry and inedium of books.

Trout Fishing, Memories and Morals. By H.

T. Sheringham. Houghton Mifflin Company, Bosraments. He gave authority for legisla- Certainly contemplative anglers can find I and discipline.” “But he gave no

“ ections as to the forın or organization he new community, and the actual ornization which was ultimately developed 3 different from anything which he perally established.” Episcopacy "was the ation of the Church. . . . It had its ori- in the Apostolic Church ; it represents

ontinuous development from Apostolic ies; but we cannot claim that it has ostolic authority.” Dr. Headlam defends

historic episcopacy and the Nicene eed as a basis for organic Church union, ; on the ground that they have the direct shority of Jesus Christ, as he thinks the ) sacraments have, but because their ue has been recognized by, an elming majority in the Christian Church om a very early age. We do not know of any recent book from

ton.

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over

The Great Church Awakes Ideas and Studies acerning Unity and Reunion. By Edwin James Imer, D.D., Bishop of Bombay. Longmans, een & Co., New York. The Doctrine of the Church and Christian Reon. Being the Bampton Lectures for the year |:0. By the Rev. Arthur C. Headlam, D.D. ngmans, Green & Co., New York.

Courtesy of Houghton Mifllin Co.

DROXFORD, THE HAUNT OF THAT “BIG ONE"
An illustration from Mr. Sheringham's delightful “Trout Fishing Memories and Morals”

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ESSAYS AND CRITICISM

very much at home in the atmosphere of The problems of foreign influence and assuredly take its place alongside volun. this work, even though it deals with unfa- of domestic government with which the of such permanent value as Viscount Ha iniliar waters and with the wiles of Salmo fathers of our Republic were concerned dane's, General von Falkenhayn's, a trutta instead of Salvelinus fontinalis. have a practical and immediate application Count Czernin's. Indeed, in none of the The cult of the dry fly, it is true, is less to the problems confronting us to-day. It is there sharper, more illuminative, a followed here than in England, and some may be added that a study of this work more cynical observation both of men 2 of the words and customs of English an- (written twenty years ago) will convince events. The author's aim in the war, as ! gling have a foreign air. But these varia- the reader that Senator Lodge's distrust of defines it, was to accept President Wilsos tions involve only slight differences in that the League of Nations was not based upon offer of mediation ; but the German Gor language of angling common to all those a desire to derive party advantage from ernment did not wish to accept it. Instea who follow the rise, whether from the banks the defeat of President Wilson but upon it wanted “ to declare unrestricted U-le of the Itchen or the banks of the Wil- philosophical principles to which he has war.” It is impressive to note the Amba lowemoc. One thing, indeed, we can learn given lifelong adherence.

sador's warnings in 1916 against conten from English anglers besides the deliNew England Romance (A). The Story of

plated German action as certain to dra cacies of chalk-stream strategy, and that Ephraim and Mary Jane Peabody (1807-1892). the United States into the war. The as is the obvious fact that in most English Told by Their Sons. With Illustrations. Hough- thor apparently sympathized with M streams the weight limit is very much

ton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Wilson's aim to bring about "peace with larger than the legal limits in American The story of the simple natural lives of

out victory,” and says, “If he had se waters. Weight limits of a pound or over a Massachusetts clergyman and his wife,

ceeded in doing this, all of us, friend a seem to be common in English waters, beautiful in the simplicity and the natu

foe alike, would now be living in a better and doubtless this has much to do with ralness of their unselfish devotion, and told

world than the present one”-in whic the fact that streams which have been with a simple and natural beauty of lan- judgment we cordially and fervently difc fished for centuries still give up their an- guage fitting for such a theme. 'Inciden

Again, we read that Mr. Wilson wod nual tribute to the feathered fly, while tally it gives a graphic picture of Revolu

only " have needed to nod in order to American streams with but a few decades tionary and pre-Revolutionary days. duce his whole country to fight after tof angling history behind them have been

Lusitania incident.” Yet, having actually given over to coarse fish and few. In most American Ideals. By Theodore Roosevelt.

“ made such prominent use of the mos English streams the catch is strictly limited

Introduction by Hermann Hagedorn. Illus- He kept us out of war' in the campaig to a few brace at most. It would almost trated. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York. of the succeeding year for re-election

, it i appear that English trout go into the creel Stories from the Winning of the West,

"unthinkable,” according to this Gerta as did the animals into the ark, two by

1769-1807. By Theodore Roosevelt. In-
troduction by Lawrence F. Abbott. Illustrated.

critic, that the President should have i two, for Mr. Sheringham, in common with G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York.

tended all this time ultimately to enter the other English anglers, never seems happy This most excellent edition of two of the war. When Count von Bernstorff reached unless he can number his victories in terms

most important works from Theodore home, he vividly experienced what he cerof braces.” Roosevelt's pen would make a most ad- tainly must have surmised before, namely

, If you have a little or large angler in inirable addition to any school or private that he was not popular with the military your bome, we can imagine no better library. The “ Stories from the Winning chiefs there. That he was not entirely Christmas gift to drop into his or her fish- of the West” contains an introduction popular with the Emperor himself is a ing boot than a copy of Mr. Sheringham's from the pen of Mr. Lawrence F. Abbott, frankly indicated in this book. “ Trout Fishing Memories and Morals.” President of The Outlook Company. • American Ideals ” contains a most note

Darkwater. By W. E. B. Du Bois, Harris worthy introduction by Hermann Hage- Brace Howe, New York. THE NEW BOOKS dorn, of the Roosevelt Memorial Associa

Dr. Du Bois, as is well known, is : tion. We do not know where a better editor of « The Crisis” and one of the Homespun and Gold. By Alice Brown. The interpretation of Mr. Roosevelt's character

most urgent propagandists of race equa Macmillan Company, New York.

within similar limits of space can be found in the United States. “Darkwater" is Alice Brown ranks with Sarah Orne than in Mr. Hagedorn's Introduction. Both

record of his convictions. It contains Jewett and Mary Wilkins as a writer of volumes are admirably printed and fully picture of the relationship between wie short stories of New England character. illustrated.

and colored citizens of the United Star Lately her excellent novels have been

On the Art of Reading. By Sir Arthur which is both moving and disquieting, T: inore to the front in the public's attention Quiller-Couch, M.A. G. P. Putnam's Sons, Outlook recognizes the unhappy hack than her short stories. This is a collection

New York,

ground from which Dr. Du Bois's utter of her best work in her earlier in

This book is the work of a scholar and a cluding stories published during the last stylist, and as such will appeal to people lying tragedy of the struggle which t

ances have sprung; it knows the under ten or twelve years. They are humorous, who already know something of the fine

paints. Nevertheless it is convinced tha: human, and true.

art of reading. As might be expected from
an author who is an editor and a novelist

the final solution of the problem of n Noon-Mark) (The). By Mary S. Watts. The

relationship in America will not be found Macmillan Company, New York. as well as a professor of English literature,

must not be found, through the means The novel reader may always depend original points of view, apt quotations, and

which Dr. Du Bois advocates. Dr. Du Bois on Mrs. Watts for sincere and faithful genial play with the subject characterize

is too close to the struggle to see clearly rendering of chosen phases of American the volume.

the problems involved. His work is a cres: life. The contrast here between two girl

tion of passion rather than intelligence.

li cousins-one an insincere, selfish schemer,

Book of Chicago (The). By Robert Shackle- is, on the whole, a volume which will cutthe other sensible, downright, and inde- ton. Illustrated. The Penn Publishing Com

vince only those already convinced of te pendent—is well done. In construction and pany, Philadelphia. the centralizaing of interest in one large If any one doubts the greatness of Chi- justice and soundness of his positiou.

Voice of the Negro (The). By Robert I. situation the novel is less successful than cago, this book will convert him, though

Kerlin. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. some of its predecessors.

perhaps it will not make the doubter want
to live in the city so enthusiastically de-

A valuable volume for the study of scribed. Chicagoans themselves who read

Negro question in America is this colis Life of George Washington. By lleury

tion of extracts from the colored the book will become even more confirmed Cabot Lodge. Houghton Mifflin Company,

made by Professor Robert T. Kerlin. Boston. 2 vols.

“ boosters ” of a wonderful city that

the Virginia Military Institute. Feather This new edition of Senator Lodge's still remains American and Western rather

are who realize the influence of the Ve excellent Life of Washington has a pecuthan cosmopolitan in its spirit.

press or have appreciation of its charse liar pertinence at this time when America

at the present time. This volume will is undergoing a re-examination of its fun

My Three Years in America. By Count to those who desire to study this que damental political principles. Not only for Bernstorff. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. a first-hand knowledge of the views its faithful and illuminating portraiture of No matter what we think about the part the position of Negro editors. There's Washington, but also for its discriminating played by Count von Bernstorff, that very is doubtless intended to serve more si: study of the difference between the Feder- accomplished diplomat, during his three book of reference than as a work of la alism of Hamilton and the Democracy of years here as German Ambassador, this

ture. Typographically the book is Jefferson does this work deserve a reading. book, as a real contribution to history, will attractive.

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