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Gillie, of London, President-elect of MCC ofe

our

abolish all smoking on the busses, and

as may
be necessary to carry

forward elements in the mixed foreign and am ready to make that small sacrifice in the interests of the general good.

larger work, and requested the constit- native population, undermines our boys If a forceful and thoughtful presenta

uent bodies to provide for the Coun- morals. They must be safeguarded at tion of the subject is made, I believe cil's support by a system of equitable all costs so as ultimately to come back the innovation could be made without apportionment. Should this recommen- as unsullied as can be. friction.

dation be adopted by the churches it Of course the best possible solution The bus company hopes that the

would give them, for the first time, an would be to get reform legislation from regulations which have been adopted adequate organ of representation in the Government at Panama. Pendin will prevent the need of so drastic a

their common work. Dr. Robert E. this, Americans must do the next bei change in the habits of its patrons, but Speer was chosen President for the thing. They must provide halls fo whether this is so or not, the whole next four years.

clean amusements and light refrest controversy has created an inviting

Most significant of all, however, was ments and buildings for religious wor picture of American good sense and

the spirit pervading the Council. While ship. As to worship, some seventer afforded a striking example of commer

not blind to present difficulties and Protestant denominations are repre cial courtesy. There are other public dangers, the Council faces the future sented among the five hundred residen service concerns which can well afford

with a confident spirit promising well members of the Union Church of the to follow the example of the Fifth

for the resolute and united advance Canal Zone and the thousand young Avenue Coach Company.

to which it calls the churches. We people in the Sunday schools. This non hope that the Council may realize sectarian church was established i

Bishop Lawrence's words to them : 1914. It includes four local congregaPROTESTANT CHURCHES

“We need to-clay something of the tions and one mission. The treasure IN ALLIANCE

same spirit of adventure which the Pil- of the Church is Mr. A. R. Kimball HE recent meeting of the Federal grim Fathers had. If they had put on 105 East Twenty-second Street, New

Council of the Churches of Christ the Mayflower the motto 'Safety First? York City. From the beginning this er at Washington was significant, first, they would never have reached this periment in Christian co-operation ha: for the character of the attendance. country.”

been successful. But only a beginning More than five hundred delegates were

has been made to provide proper present, representing thirty Christian

physical equipment. The Outlook bodies. Conspicuous among the foreign WHAT OUR BOYS FACE IN

appeals with confidence for aid in this delegates were General Robert Georges THE CANAL ZONE

endeavor. , , C.

UCH of our present prosperity is

merchant sailors. the Free Church Council.

When Jack's ashore in the seaport THE TWILIGHT OF THE The meeting was significant, in the cities of our mainland, he finds welfare

WAR second place, because of the importance work carried on for his benefit. This is of the subjects considered ; during the also true of some of the ports of our S there is a time in our northern six days' session practically all the possessions. In one of these possessions lands when day is ended and se larger problems before the Christian

—the Canal Zone—the need for such night has not come, so now we Church were passed in review. The

work seems to be greater than else- are living in a time when the World climax of the meeting was reached when where.

War is ended and yet world peace i a report was presented outlining a

The ports of Colon and Panama are not come. It is the twilight of the war. programme of the Council's future. daily visited by hundreds of seamen Impulses that governed all but the This report recommended to the con- from commercial vessels as well as by most sordid or insensible or cynical stituent bodies the strengthening of the sailors and soldiers of the United States among us while the enemy exposed us Council

, so that it might better fulfill Navy and Army. In addition there is to a common danger are no longer its purposes, among which are :

the American community along the lively. There is no longer the urgent To express the fellowship and cath

Panama Canal, composed of nearly four- call to self-sacrifice, no longer the olic unity of the Christian Church. teen thousand of our white fellow-citi- prompt response. And yet there me To bring the Christian bodies of

zens, together with the many soldiers mains the restlessness bred of war. America into united service for Christ

located at the posts which guard the Nerves are still on the trigger. People and the world. To encourage devotional fellowship

Canal. The social conditions are are again resorting to foreign travel and mutual counsel concerning the markable.

for recreation, and yet, as never in the spiritual life and religious activities of In the first place, though the Eight- former days of peace, they are hawthe churches.

eenth Amendment is in operation in pered by war-time passports. ComTo secure a larger combined influ. ence for the churches of Christ in all the Zone proper, in some of the streets merce is reviving, and yet it feels the

of Colon and Panama nearly every matters affecting the moral and social

drag of the restrictions surviving the conditions of the people, so as to pro

other store is a saloon. The Zone com- blockade and of the impediments in mote the application of the law of

prises a strip of territory five miles foreign exchange. Treaties of pain Christ in every relation of human

wide on either side of the Canal, but have been signed, yet we hear of figlilife.

excluding the cities of Colon and ing in Russia, in Ireland, in what w3i The Council was established, as has Panama.

Turkey, and along the Adriatic; and often been said, “ for the prosecution Second, in no other region of equal

we expect fighting to be renewed in of work that can be better done in population is there more prostitution. Poland. union than in separation." To this end Most of the prostitutes are suffering Nominally, enemy nations are now it authorized the Executive Committee from syphilis or gonorrhea or both. friendly; but there lacks the confidence to appoint such additional secretaries A tropical climate, together with bad that is the only true basis for interna

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A

re

or war.

tional as well as for personal friendship.

are increasing in number and in com- These constitute the kind of questions It is impossible for those who felt the · plexity.

from which most wars spring, or at devastating touch of the creatures in These international relations are not least used to spring. They cannot be field-gray to think of Germans without all of the same kind. They may for the settled by strictly judicial tribunals bea shudder. The Germans meant that most part be put into three categories cause they do not involve questions of their atrocities should be remembered, -administrative, diplomatic (or politi- law or equity; but they can be, and and they are remembered. Peaceful cal), and legal.

often have been, settled by arbitral relations with those who perpetrated

Under administrative relations may tribunals, because it is found that a the deeds cannot be re-established by be grouped all those questions that arise disinterested party can often adjust the mere signing of a treaty. With between nations which can be settled on conflicting interests. Indeed, it often them we are no longer at war, but it a basis of routine. These involve no happens that even after a

war the can hardly be said that with them all questions of essential policy on the part

questions of essential policy on the part belligerents will resort to what is virthe world is yet at peace.

of

any nation or group of nations. tually the arbitration of a neutral. It is in this twilight of the war that Their difficulties can be mastered by Under legal relations should be the League of Nations is sitting at experts and need never become cause grouped all those questions that arise Geneva. This assemblage seems to be for friction. Such questions as interna- between nations which involve interan embodiment of the spirit of the times: tional postal arrangements, bills of national law. This group of questions While it attempts to organize peace, it lading, details of the management of is of comparatively modern origin, belacks the coherence and driving power ports, exchange of information concern- cause the existence of international law of a war alliance. It is designed to ing maritime charts, and many other as it is at present understood has been unite in a common fraternity the civil. matters essential to intercourse between recognized clearly only in modern times. ized nations of the world, but it still nations are of great importance, but And yet these legal questions between excludes, as it ought to exclude, those they need never become questions for nations are not without precedent in nations which, though deprived of bel public discussion. For centuries such mediæval or even ancient times. There ligerent power, retain the belligerent questions have been arising from time to was a general recognition in the Middle disposition. Lacking both the stimulus time, but in recent years, with the Ages of the distinction between lawful of war and the normal relationships of development of means of travel and and unlawful dynastic claims. The peace, the nations whose representa- trade, they have become more and more Church acted on occasions as a judge tives are assembled at Geneva are numerous and more and more technical. of the law. Those who take the Gerin these days subjected to a severer Even war so destructive as that from man view that every sovereign state is test than that provided by either peace which we are emerging does not sever unmoral and without obligation to ob

all such relations; for the processes of serve any law, human or divine, except In spite, however, of its depressing exchanging prisoners or of sending that of its own necessity, deny even now influences, such a time as this has cer- money and provisions to prisoners in that there is any such thing as internatain compensating advantages. In time enemy territory became, after the

tional law; but that question seems to of peace sentimentalism is too likely arrangements were once made, a matter have been settled by the World War. to interfere with reasonable prepara- of routine.

It was Germany's defiance not merely tion for war. In war time emotional Under diplomatic (or political) rela- of the interests of her neighbors but of strain forbids concentration of thought tions may be grouped all those questions her neighbors' rights that roused the upon the establishment of permanent that arise between nations which in- world against her. It is generally recpeaceful relationships. In this twilight volve matters of national policy and ognized to-day that nations have rights period, free alike from an abnormal interest. These questions are often in law and equity, and therefore that emotionalism and from sentimental ex. conflicting, and in many cases are preg

nations are bound by law and equity to cess, it ought to be possible for men to nant with strife. What is to the ad- observe one another's rights. With the keep in mind the lessons of war while vantage of one nation may be or seem development of practice and custom setting their faces for peace; to keep to be of disadvantage to its neighbor. generally recognized as having legal their minds fixed on ideals without They are not necessarily questions of validity and with the multiplication of letting go their hold on facts.

right or wrong. For example, if the treaties, which are in the nature of It will serve to promote just and matter of tolls in the Panama Canal legally recognized contracts, these legal stable international relations if, in had not been made the subject of agree- relations between nations become more organizing peace, men in authority ment by treaty, it would have been a and more important. keep clear certain distinctions.

question purely of national interest and In great measure the failure of statesNational isolation is a relative term. policy. Such questions, like questions men so far to perfect an international No nation has ever been able to live as to wages or hours of labor between organization for peace, or even to draft wholly in itself. Those who profess to employer and employee, do not neces- one that creates more confidence than advocate a policy of aloofness could sarily involve any law or equity. They distrust, is due to the failure to observe not, even if they would, keep nations are questions to be settled by compro- the distinction between these three aloof. The Chinese Wall, a symbol of mise and mutual agreement if possible, kinds of international relations. It is isolation, never kept China isolated. and are proper subjects of arbitration. natural for diplomats and politicians to Japan, even in the period of exclusive. They are usually settled by compromise

They are usually settled by compromise think that all questions can best be ness, was never completely shut off between diplomats. They constitute the settled by political and diplomatic from other peoples. Great Britain's texture and fabric of diplomacy. The methods. As a matter of fact, many of traditional policy of “splendid isola- men to whose settlement they are in- the most serious failures in government tion” was carried on when the British trusted are trustees of the interests of have been due to intrusting to poliwere penetrating all parts of the globe. their respective nations, and are morally ticians questions that are essentially In the world as it is constituted to- bound to see that their respective peo- non-political. We are learning in Amerday points of contact between nations ples are not put at a disadvantage. ica that there is a legitimate function

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of the politician, but that it does not swear witnesses or to provide adequate personal reasons, and it is alleged (with concern such purely administrative cross-examination. It has failed, as it how much truth we cannot say from questions as those affecting the routine was bound to fail, to secure reports and first-hand knowledge) that it has en business of a municipality or the con- opinions directly from Sinn Fein's op- tered into a conspiracy to keep plays G. duct of such a national enterprise as ponents. Its only effect upon Great

Great real intelligence off the stage. The erithe post office, and that emphatically Britain has been to arouse resentment dence of this last season's plays de it should be kept separate from the against what the British regard as not wholly support this complaint. machinery of the law. What we have American meddling with matters that One thing, however, the commercial learned of the corrupting influence of concern the British Empire. It is the stage has not been guilty of, and that i politics 'that has extended beyond its same sort of resentment which would intellectual snobbery. On the whole, r proper sphere in matters of domestic be aroused in this country if a commit- are inclined to think that the dramat concern we should apply to questions tee of Englishmen should stir up racial snob may be as hurtful to his art as the arising between nations.

feeling in this country by assuming the dramatic vulgarian. A hint at what v If during this period the nations can prerogative of inquiring into the lynch- mean by intellectual snobbery may be learn how to organize their mutual re- ing of Negroes.

found in a quotation from the announce lations so as to confine the diplomats It is not necessary or right to attrib- ment which the Provincetown Player and politicians to their proper function ute consciously selfish or sordid motives, distribute to those who foregather in and to intrust administrative questions to those who are engaged in this so- their excellent little theater in Mac to experts and legal questions to inter- called investigation. Their intentions,

Their intentions, dougal Street. This announcement be national jurists, this twilight of the war however good they may be, do not gins: “There exist to-day in New York may prove to be not what it seems, a alleviate one bit their offense against City perhaps a thousand men ał time of confusion, but a time of con- international relations and the interests women who, as individuals, are the struction.

of this country. Theirs is a performance spiritual equals of those who saw the which can result in no contribution to first performances of Aristophanes

sound public information and can re- Molière, or Shakespeare.” It is easy to HYPHEN AND PACIFIST sult only in intensifying prejudice and guess what argument follows this state ALLIES occasioning resentment.

ment, a statement which is neither his

The Irish-Americans who are engag- torically sound nor dramatically whole TWO elements in our population ing in this effort are obscuring the just some. Certainly neither Aristophanes

have repeatedly shown a mutual claims of the Irish by their endeavor to nor Shakespeare wrote their plays for

affinity. During the war the Ger- involve America in the cause of Sinn any small group of (we know of pe man-American who was more concerned Fein, and thus are injuring the cause other word to use) highbrows. The 3with

Germany than with America they are professing to promoto. And of Shakespeare was catholic enough i found a ready partner in his propaganda the pacifists engaged in this enterprise, its embrace to include in its appeal the in the pacifist. Together the German- by arousing resentment and causing euphuists who followed in the footsteps American and the pacifist labored to friction, and thus making peace more of Sir John Lyly, the gallants of the keep the country out of war. The difficult, are likewise injuring the cause Court who watched his plays from fact that their reasons were not alto- they profess to promote.

coigns of vantage on the stage, and that gether identical did not prevent the It has always been the doom of the Elizabethan equivalent, filling the pi effect of their activities being the same. hyphenate to bring disrepute upon the of the Globe Theatre, of those who now And together they did more than any country of his origin and the doom of delight in the antics of Mack Sennet one else to create dissension within the the pacifist to bring disrepute upon the and his troupe. Nation and to keep the Nation unpre- of

peace.

When one is further informed by the pared for the task to which it was inev

Provincetown Players that "groups itably called. Today there is a new

like ours are about to inherit the whole partnership of exactly the same kind.

NOT AS OTHERS ARE, duty of dramatic man,” and that they This time the pacifist's partner is the BUT STILL WORTH think one of their promised plays Irish-American.

WHILE

good, even though it be predestined A privately organized committee has

to popularity,” the casual visitor in been holding sessions in Washington, \HE Provincetown Players have Greenwich Village is indeed tempted listening to reports and opinions of for seven years flung out the to hie himself back to the dramatic various people concerning the troubles banner of defiance to the com- marts of Broadway, in Ireland. The head and front of this mercial stage of Broadway. Despite But for those who chance to visit the committee is Oswald Garrison Villard, the excellence of some of their produc- theater of the Provincetown Player editor of the Nation." Mr. Villard is tions, despite the idealistic aims of and who feel such a reaction we bare one of our pacifists. He has found those who have organized this associa- a word of advice. Don't depart in anger, ready supporters among those Ameri- tion, the commercial stage still seems for the fare is better than the menu. cans of Irish descent who think of Ire- to be doing nicely, thank you. Nor is One of the most successful billa land as their motherland, just as the this statement to be taken as referring which the Provincetown Players have German-Americans thought of Ger- wholly to its financial status.

recently staged begins with a delight many as their fatherland. It is this

We are quite aware of the fact that ful curtain-raiser wherein Harlequin committee which has brought to this the commercial stage has a legion of and Pierrot war for the heart of country Mrs. MacSwiney, the widow shortcomings to answer for. It has

It has Columbine. Pierrot is a dreamer and of the hunger-striker, Lord Mayor of coined vulgarity into profit, it has built his

weapons are fantasies of the mindi Cork, who starved himself to death as a up a star system which has retarded the Harlequin is a practical soul, useful as martyr to the Sinn Fein cause. development of the art of acting, it has sweeping time, but otherwise about as

This committee has no power to pushed forward incompetent actors for inspiring as a cold potato. We can

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eave our readers to guess which wins e victory.

Following this curtain-raiser by Law. ence Langner comes a play which has scited no little interest among draatic critics. It is Eugene O'Neill's riking study of terror called “The mperor Jones.” The Emperor Jones is an American egro, an ex-convict, and a refugee com justice. When the play opens, he

Emperor of a West Indian island, a osition he has won by a process uninted with legality or honor. He is ding his time, waiting until he has queezed his superstitious followers ry. When that moment occurs, he is specting to prescribe for himself a ery sudden change of climate.

He miscalculates his time of grace, or when he comes on the stage he arns from his side partner in evil, a ockney beach-comber, that his follows have fled to the hills, whence the m-tom has called them to war. But he as laid his plans for escape well. With ravado based

upon

his conscious supeority to the rabble which he has beayed, and trusting to the fact that the cibesmen believe him invulnerable save om a silver bullet, he departs for the past. The next scene finds him at the edge

CHARLES S. GILPIN, AS EMPEROR JONES. THE TRAPPINGS OF STATE HAVE FALLEN the forest at nightfall. He has travsed a great plain and has come to and himself upon the block, the hold of his apparitions as successfully done as ne place where his cache of food was a slave ship America-bound, and an (whisper it not in Gath) they might Edden. It has disappeared, and his African witch doctor and his god. have been done on commercial Broadravado begins to slip away from him. As each apparition appears he fires a way.

But
even

if the obvious limitations he great forest which he has entered shot from his revolver, until at last of both stage and book are taken into conkes hold of his spirit. The brittle there remains to him only the silver sideration, the work of Charles S. Gilpin, rmor of the theology of his childhood bullet which he has saved for his own the Negro actor who plays the part of Isappears and leaves him at heart a destruction if worse comes to worst. Emperor Jones, is remarkably convincrimitive savage, as superstitious as the This shot, too, he expends, and at last ing. It is extremely doubtful whether ild

pursuers whose drums continually his pursuers trap him close by the very Broadway would have afforded him the urob through the forest aisles. The point where he started the night before. chance to play this part, and for that ory of his progress through the forest is He falls, riddled by the silver bullets lovers of the drama can be grateful to ld in seven scenes. As the terror grows

which have been cast to encompass his the Provincetown Players. But we wish pon him he sees apparitions among end.

that their efforts were a little less perne trees—the form of a fellow-gambler Certainly the psychology of his meated with the spirit of the fly that e has slain, the figure of the prison visions and of his terror is not wholly rode upon the wheel of Alexander's aard he has murdered, a slave auction sound. Nor are the stage mechanics of chariot !

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FROM HIM IN HIS FLIGHT FROM THE PEOPLE HE HAS DUPED AND BETRAYED

1

THEODORE ROOSEVELT'S LETTER TO THE

A. E. F.

HITHERTO UNPUBLISHED

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ORE than two years have passed secretary who served with the 367th were serving in the 24th Infantry since Armistice Day, and nearly Infantry (colored-the Buffaloes), prom- when that regiment was in support of

two years have gone by since ised Mr. Roosevelt that he would the Rough Riders at San Juan Hill. Ir. Roosevelt died, on January 6, 1919. keep him in touch with the progress of After the first battle in which the 367th be approaching anniversary of his that regiment. Colonel Roosevelt was Infantry was engaged Mr. Seldon ath gives added interest to a story particularly interested in this unit, first wrote Mr. Roosevelt asking him to send hich has just reached us of a letter because he was president of its welfare the Buffaloes a Christmas letter. Mr. hich he sent to the A.E. F. for a organization, and secondly because some Roosevelt replied that he could not hristmas greeting in 1918.

of the officers of the regiment, includ- discriminate among the regiments, and Mr. Benjamin F. Seldon, a Y.M.C.A. ing Colonel Moss, its Commander, therefore sent a letter for all the

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