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SEPTEMBER 15, 1920

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AIGN CHARGES

to present to this Committee to sustain SUFFRAGE STILL SEEMS R. COX has been repeating his

the charges that Governor Cox has TO BE OVER THE TOP charges that the Republicans made in his speeches?” asked Mr.

FTER the suffrage forces had apparKenyon. - have undertaken to buy the “None whatever,” replied Mr. White.

ently carried the Tennessee trenches, lency. He insists that he will con

the anti-suffrage forces attempted to wrest to repeat these charges until elec- The belief on the part of certain men from them their hard-won victory. As ime. He has, however, submitted in politics that great wealth should have

The Outlook has already reported, the oof. He has apparently not even special power in public life, and should

vote for ratification in the lower house of inted his party associates with any

have privileges which it can honestly Tennessee was put through despite the ice that they regard as proof.

buy and pay for, has long been a menace absence of numerous legislators who had anwhile, the Senatorial committee to liberty in self-government and con- fled to Alabama in an attempt to break 1 has been investigating the use of

tinues to be. That belief, however, is not the quorum. This effort failed to prevent for campaign purposes has been

confined to the politicians of any one the House from voting for ratification or ing to witnesses in Chicago. We party.

party. It has been practiced by the Re- the Governor of Tennessee from certifythe following excerpts from the publican ring in Philadelphia. It has been ing that the ratification had been comt of these hearings as published in

pleted. lew York “ World,” which is an in

When the wandering legislators rely partisan supporter of Mr. Cox.

turned, the Tennessee House of RepreWhite, Chairman of the National

sentatives voted to expunge from its ocratic Committee, was testifying.

journal all record of ratification of the jenator Spencer then put this ques

Federal Suffrage Amendment and to i to Mr. White: “Mr. White, do you

refuse concurrence in the action of the ow of any sinister financial or indus

Senate in ratifying that Amendment. il influences which are trying to make continuance of profiteering possible

The Attorney-General of Tennessee has their contributions to the Republican

expressed the opinion that reconsideraitional Committee or the Republican

tion of the resolution of ratification was rty?”

legally impossible. A legal fight between “I have, of course, read the Gover

Constitutional lawyers seems imminent, r's speech at Pittsburgh,” replied Mr. hite," and through long personal and

but there is no indication that Secretary litical relations with the Governor I.

Colby will regard the action of the reways found him to be able to prove

turned legislators as having any bearing hat he charged, and that is the only

upon the validity of the Amendment. It urce of information I have in regard it."

may take a decision of the Supreme “That is, so far as you know, you

Court to unravel the last of the suffrage vald not give us any evidence of any

tangle, but there seems little likelihood nister financial and industrial influ

that women will be deprived of the Fedaces which are trying to make a con

FREDERICK W. UPHAM, REPUBLICAN NATIONAL nuance of profiteering possible by their

eral suffrage at the coming Presidential ontributions or assistance to the Re

election. What would happen if the ublican National Committee or to the

women voted and then the Supreme Republican party?” practiced and professed by the Demo

Court declared that the Amendment was "The only evidence that I have would cratic ring in New York. Citizens with

invalid ? not assist your Committee. I have no evidence."

even a rudimentary sense of honesty "Can you give us any indication as

ought to combat this belief as well as the to where such evidence might be ob- practice of it wherever they find it. And THE PATIENT PUBLIC tained?" asked Senator Spencer. honest citizens who want to reduce the

AND THE STRIKERS "Yes, from the Governor of Ohio," influence of mere wealth in politics are N one sense the public is not patient replied Mr. White.

with industrial warfare. When such "Do you know of anything that he has in mind or any evidence that he has

charges such as those that have been contests are going on as those now raging that we have noť got? Could you give

made again and again in this campaign in connection with the Brooklyn Rapid 118 the names of any man or men that by Mr. Cox. Even some of his own sup- Transit Company and the anthracite incan?" “The Governor collected the evidence

porters are beginning to recognize this dustry, the public is highly irritated, is himself and I believe has it in his pos

fact. The New York “ Times," one of the loud in its denunciation, and is more in

most respectable and influential of them, dignant at the fact that such strikes you know, Mr. White, of any has in an editorial deplored this aspect of should be possible than discriminating in evidence whatever or any place where the campaign, although it has not recog- studying the causes of the strikes. But We could secure any evidence that millions have been contributed to the cam

nized Mr. Cox's responsibility for it. once peace is established again, whether paign fund of the Republican party

When a candidate makes such charges justly or not, the public falls back into with sinister intent? I am quoting from. as these and cannot support them, he does its mood of patient indifference. The

irreparable harm. The only reparation moral is obvious. The old order under “Not so far as I know.”

he can make is to withdraw them and which business suffers, consumers

frankly to acknowledge the wrong he has harassed, convenience and comfort are you one particle of evidence done,

destroyed, and often violence and killing

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A TROLLEY STRIKE-MOTOR TRUCKS TAKE THE PLACE OF CARS IN BROOKLYN

of scoundrels capable of any act ! cruelty.” When General Haller, a traine and skilled officer, fairly had a chance to meet this semi-disciplined force, he mad short work of them. Despatches stat that the Poles captured thousands o prisoners, sixteen guns, and large quan tities of material. Incidentally, the vic tory throws light on the exaggerated idea which have obtained in some quarters aste gards the military efficiency of the Bolsh evist army. Since the patriotic ardor a the Poles has been aided by the wis counsels of such French strategists a General Weygand and Marshal Fok and since the counsel has been backed b the aid of hundreds of French officer and considerable amounts of war material the Reds have made a very poor showing in the field.

The attempts to come to an armistic agreement at Minsk failed utterly. Polis delegates were treated with insult an

subjected to restrictions suitable for pris are accompaniments—this state of things, may know of the merits of individual

oners of war rather than for

peace

dele we say, will continue until such time as disputes.

gates. They returned to Poland disguste an adequate plan for dealing with such The refusal of the miners in the anthra

and hopeless as to the possibility of com disputes is adopted. Such a plan, in our cite field to accept the report of an arbi- ing to terms with the ruthless and semi judgment, must include the incorporation

barbarian Bolshevist tyrants. That Russi: tration board upon which they were repof unions in order that their strikes may resented and whose decision they had

will some time shake itself loose from th

control of the comparatively small bu be enforced as the contracts of other pledged themselves to accept is, on the

face of it, such a violation of contract. corporations can be, the right of collective

concentrated body of dictators, uphel bargaining, restriction of the right to Yet at least one hundred thousand coal by the arms of bandits and ex-soldier strike by labor engaged in industries of miners threw down their picks and went

who receive special privileges, would the public utility character, and with

on“ vacation." This subterfuge, by seem to be a matter of time only. that the just and necessary corollary of

which the union officers hope to avoid the establishment of a body to arbitrate responsibility, shows that the new strike THE HUNGER STRIKE by and with authority.

is rightly the work of“ outlaws and is AS A WEAPON The accounts of the strike in Brooklyn of the same character as other“ vacation”

HE struggle between the British read like those of many previous strikes

strikes under ultra-radical influence Government and the promoters of of this kind in American cities; the men

within the last two years. That these violence and murder in Ireland still cen claim that they have not received a reabreakers of contract should declare that

ters, as we write, about the singular caseo sonable increase in wages as compared they will go back if President Wilson

Mr. MacSwiney, who, while he was Mayo with present conditions ; the company diswill reopen the arbitration which has

of the great city of Cork, aided an putes this; the company offers terms which already been decided would seem to be a

abetted plans of violence which wer include the right of collective bargaining, piece of sheer industrial impertinence.

simply murderous in their nature. Hi but declines to allow the men to be heard

As we write there are evidences that

defiance of the Government, as we bar through the association which called the not all the anthracite workers take this already stated, took the form of wha strike ; the calling in of strike-breakers stand, and it is to be hoped that peace

amounts to attempted suicide by starva results in rioting, violence, and a list of and active work will be resumed. If not,

tion. It is well known that the humai dead and wounded. the immense number of people who de- body can sustain life

sustain life without food Every good citizen agrees that the pend upon anthracite for domestic com

(though not without water) for day very first thing to be done is the restora- fort may look forward to a distressingly extending into weeks. On September tion of order and the protection of prophard winter.

Mr. MacSwiney was still living, but i erty. But when that is done, there should

was reported that his condition was ex be such a fair method of conciliation and THE RUSSIAN REDS AND

tremely feeble. arbitration as will satisfy the public. POLISH PATRIOTS

There is a logical argument that may What is even more important than that HE most notable military event in the be urged against the common statement is that such a disgraceful state of things fighting which has continued between that there should be no interference with should lead to public action and public the Red armies and the forces of Poland a man who chooses to take the course sentiment that would make its repetition during the futile efforts to establish an adopted by Mr. MacSwiney, but there is impossible.

armistice has been the total defeat and no just argument to be adduced in favor If organized labor means to secure rout of General Dubenny's Bolshevist of the release of the prisoner. It may be approval, it is time that it gave stringent cavalry. This army-for it is a consid

said that it is the duty of government to utterance to disapproval of the irrespon- erable force, and rather remarkable in prevent suicide ; that the authorities sible breaking of contracts. That is a view of the general disuse of cavalry in would not sit quietly by and allow a prithing the dishonesty of which every citi- the recent Great War-has been described oner to cut his throat or hang himself to zen can understand, however little he by one writer as “a motley aggregation the bars of his cell. That is true, and it

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Photo by Hadeur, El Paso

GENERAL OBREGON

some

ght be deduced that the authorities latest reports from Mexico City to reach
ere accordingly bound to preserve us (dated September 6) state that the
acSwiney's life by forcible feeding or returns were then scattering and unoffi-
y such method deemed proper and cial. Indeed, his election has been re-
icacious by medical authority. That garded as a foregone conclusion since the
is could be done in his case we see no downfall and tragic death of Carranza.
ason to doubt. But what is absolutely Obregon stood for election as the can-
ear is that for the British Government to didate of the Liberal Constitutional
lease a prisoner shown to be guilty of party, and was opposed by only one rival,
inous offenses would be to surrender Alfredo Dominguez, who represented the
ne reins of government and to abandon National Republican party.
ne enforcement of justice and law.

Despite the shadow over Obregon's Mr. Bonar Law in an open letter states name because of the treacherous killing pat not only was MacSwiney a leader in of Carranza, or, more strictly, because of he so-called Irish Republic's army, the lack of adequate punishment for hich has openly declared itself at war those concerned in the deed, he is generith the legal Government of Ireland, ally regarded as a man of ability and of nd might have been lawfully executed moderate political views, with ambition 3 a rebel and traitor, but that, “accord- to advance the material interests of his ng to his own written words in one of country and to maintain friendly relahe seditious documents for which he was tions with the United States. As a soldier onvicted, he and his followers had de- he has had no superior in Mexico during ermined to pursue their own ends, ask- the recent troublous years, and his miling no mercy and making no compro- tary skill was undoubtedly far superior dise.

to that of Carranza. His crushing defeat It is obvious that if the Government of Villa in 1914 was preceded by the -ields in one such case it will be obliged quelling of the Orosco revolution in

yield in many others. The release of Chihuahua in 1911, and when he lent his that “it is equally possible that the -uch a public enemy should not be con- aid to the movement against Carranza, greatest source of attack, namely, Article idered as a question of individual mercy, whose Minister of War he had been, the X, might be amended or interpreted by out as a large public question. The fate of the Presidential election and the nations which give the Covenant Chief Secretary of Ireland has justifica- the fall of Carranza became all but cer- validity.” The more important of the tion in his bitter remark that none of tain.

amendments proposed by the Scandinathe mercy

which seek to invoke for One of the most encouraging indica- vian Governments is one providing that the Lord Mayor was shown to the eighty tions that Obregon may prove something in case a League blockade is proclaimed policemen who have lost their lives in Ire- more than a soldier and revolutionist is

against any state a neighboring state land.” The condition of civic strife, riots, found in an expression recently attributed may get from the Executive Council percowardly shooting of policemen and sol. to him.

mission to modify or disregard the blockdiers from ambush, which has come about “I would rather teach the Mexican ade,“ provided that such action is in Ireland cannot be ignored, nor can it people,” he said, “ the use of the tooth- considered necessary to prevent the be remedied by weak concessions. Sir brush than to handle a rifle. I would blockaded state from threatening or Hamar Greenwood, the Chief Secretary, rather see them in schools than upon attacking its neighbor." declares that the present lawlessness" is battlefields. I prefer any day a good electhe work of a small body of men who trician, machinist, carpenter, or farmer to a soldier."

AN INTERNATIONAL are striving by carefully planned anarchy

FINANCIAL CONFERENCE to impose secession from the British Empire on eighty per cent of the people of

HE other international meeting is AMENDING THE LEAGUE Ireland who do not want to secede.”

to be held at Brussels, September A despatch to the London “Times"

wo international meetings bearing on 24, under the auspices of the League of on September 7 quotes David Lloyd

Nations.

the League of Nations are to be held George, the British Prime Minister, as abroad this fall.

This is to be an International Finansaying that if guarantees are given that

A meeting of the League Assembly is cial Conference. To this Conference the murder of policemen in Ireland will

to be held November 15. Certain amend- states not members of the League, incease the Premier is convinced that Lord

ments to the Constitution of the League- cluding the United States, will be inMayor MacSwiney and the other hunger i. e., the Covenant to which the nations vited on equal terms with the states in strikers will be released from prison. constituting the League have subscribed

the League. The members of each national But from whom could such guarantees

—will be submitted by the Danish, Nor. delegation will vote, not as a national be obtained except from those who have wegian, and Swedish Governments.

group, but as individuals. The decisions been privy to murder, and how far

The correspondent who sends us this of the Conference will be advisory; there could such men be trusted, even if it

information from England adds the will be no legislative enactments, but should seem to be within the dignity of

comment:
66 There is every reason to

recommendations to be submitted to the the Government to make such a bargain? think the League Covenant will be as various states, whether in the League

frequently changed as was the American or not, for their action. This Conference

Constitution.” We hope that it will be will thus be in spirit akin to the Hague THE NEW PRESIDENT

changed not more frequently but more Conferences and the Postal Union. OF MEXICO

radically. He calls attention to the work Both these meetings seem to us helpTHERE is little, if any, doubt that Gen. which has already been accomplished ful indications.

ful indications. They both look in the eral Alvarado Obregon has been toward realizing a World Court, as re- direction of a voluntry association of the elected President of Mexico, although the ported in these columns, and he thinks nations in lieu of a quasi-military alli

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ance, and of an association the first never consent that ocher nations shall A TRAGEDY AND THE LAW object of which will be the definition and determine for her what that share is.

OF THE AIR interpretation of international law, and

HE Tennis its second object a democratically organ

Hills IN THE WORLD OF SPORT ized A:ssembly in which national opinion

by a tragedy that might have resulted i T

the death of many innocent spectators.

tember 6, William ( exchanged and an individual public opin

Two aviators, hovering over the court ion can be gradually developed. won the British championship earlier in

lost control of their machine and crashe the summer) defeated his ancient rival,

to earth a short distance away. Tha William M. Johnston, the former Na

they killed only themselves is a matte A NOTABLE ADDRESS tional title-holder, for the crown of Ameri

of fortune rather than foresight. TL can tennis. Tilden defeated his rival only pilot of the machine was a naval aviato IR AUCKLAND GEDDES, British Amafter five terrific sets, scored at 6-1, 1-6,

who violated regulations by flying 7-5,5-7, 6-3. The match was considered cently made a notable address before the

close to a massed crowd of men, women American Bar Association at St. Louis, by all those who witnessed it as one of the

and children. Both the military and tracing the development of free govmost dramatic and impressive examples

naval authorities have prohibited jus ernment, accepting Abraham Lincoln's

such dangerous attempts as resulted i definition of it as government “ of the

the death of this officer and his companion people, by the people, and for the people,”

It takes a newspaper man to

This tragedy has given added impetu stating his belief that this is the best

understand a newspaper man.

to the discussion of the legal status of the form of government that the human race

a

aviator and the new method of transpor has been able to devise, but expressing

Richard Barry is a newspaper tation of which he is the pioneer. Iti a doubt whether even now in Europe man. His estimates of Har- indeed true that a clearer definition o there is a majority which supports it, and ding and of Cox, which will the duties and responsibilities of airme his conviction that there is not a majority

and the rights of the general public to which understands it. He points out two

appear in the next issue of
The Outlook, tell what kind

protection from the misuse of airplane great world forces which are bitterly op

should be drawn. posed to it—the reactionaries who have of newspaper men they are In an article to be published in nex great possessions and great interests and and what kind of papers they week's issue of The Outlook Mr. Wayne no faith in the intelligence and virtue of

have been publishing. One

C. Williams discusses the new code that the plain people, and the Bolsheviki and

of these middle-aged Ohio

must be created to meet the demands o their supporters, whose avowed object it

the present situation. It is none too soot is to establish a privileged class and newspaper men will be the

for us to develop, as Mr. Williams says force the control of that class

upon
all next President of the United

a new branch of the law—the law o the rest of the community. To meet this

States. When he gets his hand the air.” danger he says:

on the White House shears, Whatever difficulties might arise be

paste-pot, blue pencil, and

OLD PLYMOUTH CELEBRATES tween our nations, I believe that nothing is more important than this, that you galley proofs, how is he THE PILGRIM TERCENTENARY and we stand together to defend the

going to edit the United He sailing of the Mayflower on Sep hard-won hope of mankind that, through

tember 6, 1620, from Plymouth, law made by the people for their own

States of America ? disciplining, man will at last escape from

England, for the New World, was cele the toils that have snared the feet of his

brated in that town by commemorative ancestors and will have taken a great

exercises which began on September stride toward the solution of the probof first-class tennis

and lasted a week. · They began with 2 lem of how he shall live in communities American court.

historical and literary conference particiin peace and ordered freedom one with another.

As we go to press there is another pated in by British, Dutch, and American

amateur American championship hang- scholars. In the opinion of some of these We believe that the great body of the ing in the balance at Roslyn, Long specialists, much still remains to be dis American people, if this issue is put Island, on the golf course of the En- covered as the result of research into the clearly and forcibly before them, will de- gineers' Club of New York City. The history of the personalities who composed sire to unite in defending the liberty of qualifying round of this tournament saw the Mayflower expedition. It will be rethe world against its assailants. National several notable players eliminated, among

membered that it is not many years

since interest and National honor forbid Amer- them the British champion Cyril Tolley, the discovery of the missing manuscript ica to be neutral in such a world conflict. who defeated: Robert Gardner in the of the “ History of the Plimouth PlantaBut it is also clear that the American finals of the British tournament this year.

tion," by Governor William Bradford, people will not consent to allow an inter- Mr. Tolley was looked upon as one of the cast new light on the Colony's history, national body, however constituted, to leading candidates for the American title. which up to that time had been somewhat decide for them when and how they will It is a disappointment to both American traditionalized in the minds of most take part in the defense of the world's and British golfers to find the British Americans by their reading of Longfelliberty. The spirit if not the letter of our champion eliminated so early in the con

“ The Courtship of Miles Constitution requires that each generation test.

Standish." Dr. Rendel Harris, Chairshould be left free to determine as circum- Over in Belgium, Americans achieved man of the English-Speaking Union, Dr. stances arise whether this Nation will take another notable victory after the conclu- Paloojion, of Leyden, and others prepart in any war.

sion of the field and track events of the sented at the conference some newly disAs we have heretofore said, and as we Olympic Games. This was the victory of covered material bearing on the activities reiterate in an editorial elsewhere in the crew of the United States Naval of the Pilgrims. this issue, America wishes to bear her Academy in the international eight-oared The people of Plymouth, it is reported, share of civilization's burden, but she will race.

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