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this way materially aid in solving th present problem of nurse shortage. Th attendants are intended to supplemen but not to supplant the work of rea trained narses. That will be obviou when it is stated that these attendant will be graduated in one-third the tim that it takes to educate a trained nurse At present four city hospitals in th metropolis have instituted the course A woman between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five with a common schoo education is eligible for entrance.

In South American countries, where the nursing profession is in its infancy the importance of such a short course i manifest. Prior to the war the nursing in these republics was relegated to “slovenly, haphazard women, more note for loquacity and assurance than fo

skill.” But with the advent of peac primarily an American one, and gener- fession is facing the gravest crisis in its South American doctors have started : ously displayed the American flag in the history. It is not so much that there are

campaign for more scientific nursing and decorations with which the town and fewer nurses than formerly, but that there

the establishment of nursing schools. Th harbor were embellished, thus indicating is a greater demand.

Superintendent of the Evangelical Hos the pride which Englishmen may well To recruit the fast dwindling ranks a pital at Rio de Janeiro has applied to Mis take in the Nation whose foundations were campaign has been launched to enroll one in part laid by the Plymouth colonists of hundred thousand women in the nurses'

Agnes S. Ward, General Superintenden

of Nurses in New York City, for a group three centuries ago.

training schools of the country. In the of women to found a school for nursing A message from the British Premier, appeal that has gone forth from, the

in his country. It will be modeled on th Lloyd George, to the Plymouth cele- Department of Public Welfare, New school for attendants, of which Commi brants read: “The Pilgrim Fathers : York City, Bird S. Coler, director of the

sioner Coler is the founder. achieved far-reaching results which have campaign, has made an interesting an- The war services of the America exceeded all their hopes and expectations, nouncement. It is of moment to all

nurse have been universally appreciated conscious though they were of the great- women who desire to enter the nursing She is in such demand in Europe at thi ness of their venture. We welcome these profession. It concerns the establishment moment that only unprecedented volun celebrations as an opportunity for foster- of a school for attendant nurses, the first of teering will begin to meet the need. The ing the good relations which happily its kind to be established in the United slogan that hitherto has applied only to exist between ourselves and the great States. By reason of this departure service men is now that of the women American people.” Lord Reading paid a in the standards for training of the Join the army

of nurses and see the world graceful tribute to American womanhood nurse, women who have hitherto been

Hospitals where the course for attend as represented by Lady Astor, who took barred because of educational require

ant nurses is now in operation includ a prominent part in the celebration. He ments are now welcomed.

Central Neurological Hospital, Black said: “It was a remarkable coincidence In the literature sent broadcast by the 'well's Island ; New York Children's Ho that the Pilgrims went from Plymouth Department this summer, accompanied by pital, Randall's Island ; Sea View Ho to land at a new Plymouth, and another five thousand posters, the importance of pital, Staten Island; and Greenpoin coincidence that three centuries later this new course is explained in full. Its Hospital, Brooklyn. another Mayflower came from Virginia value to the housewife, the urgency of its to England, and by the constituency of plea, and a statement of the requirements Plymouth was elected the first lady to

are set forth. enter the British House of Commons.”

STOP, LOOK, AND LISTEN “ It is hoped that this course will give

an opportunity to young women who have S there a clear issue in the Presidentia ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND

been unable to have high school work. It campaign between progressives an NURSES NEEDED AT ONCE

should afford an opportunity for helping reactionaries? UT of the chaos and suffering of the young women broaden their sphere of Eight years ago there was such a

usefulness, or who for some reason have issue. The Republican party in that yea for better health. The new demand aris- been unable to take the longer course for was split in two. The campaign wa ing from this changed point of view, aim- the nurses' training. During the training, fought on the issue of progressivisn

. ing at the prevention rather than the which lasts nine months, the attendants and the progressives proved to be in a cure of illness, has done much in thinning are given full maintenance, are supplied overwhelming majority. Likewise, then the ranks of available women for commu- with books and uniforms, and in addi- was a somewhat similar contest within nity nursing. Also the world-wide plea tion are paid $33 a month. This ought the Democratic party, and the progress for the American nurse has caused an to appeal to self-supporting women. On ive element proved to be strong enoug unprecedented shortage of women to graduation places are found immediately to control the nomination. The result o carry forward the high standards of the for these trained attendants. They are the campaign of 1912 was therefore profession. Depleted by foreign need and registered and may, if they wish, go out clear demonstration that the America the increasing domestic demand for the and do community nursing

people are predominantly progressive. trained nurse to manage public health

These attendants will release many of As a consequence of that campaig work in big industrial concerns, the pro- the trained nurses, it is thought, and in progressiveness has become one of th



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st valuable of political assets. It has tal questions is that of the efficiency and and reputation that had appeared in one used to be heroic for a candidate to character of the government. Shall Amers of the best-known of American monthlies nounce himself as progressive; on the icans choose the road that leads to per

before the fraudulent article reached this otrary, it has become a customary sonal government or the road that leads office. The only excuse ever offered was ethod of appealing for votes. There is to government by party? That is the a vague assertion that both writers had

more obvious way by which a candi- question that concerns the character of copied from the same sources—a tote for office in most of the States or in government. Shall the American people tally inadequate explanation of literal e country at large can gain political intrust their government to those who plagiarism even if true, which it was vantage or overcome a political dis- believe in further experiments, or a


not. In another case a dealer in intervantage than by seeking to impress those who believe that the time has come views offered an article by a distinpon the voters the conviction that he is to make the government that we have guished United States Senator, to be ogressive.

work well? That is the question that con- signed by the name of the Senator and

? It was said of old, “Woe to you when all cerns the efficiency of government. Un- with his authority. With what seemed en speak well of you.” This is not only less the government we have is such as to at the time almost superfluous caution, rue when addressed to the individual; respond to public need and public demand, we wrote to the Senator for verification,

is equally true when it is said of a and unless that government can translate and learned from him that the “article use. Popularity ought of itself to be

the public demand from a programme was simply a long extract from a speech warning. Now is the time when pro- into practical measures, practically ad- made by him on the floor of the Senate, ressives of all parties should be on their ministered, the programme itself, no mat- published in the “Congressional Record," nard.

ter how progressive and no matter how and therefore free to any one to reprint There are signs of danger to the cause emphatically demanded, will be of no without any special consent or any dealf social progress that are not always avail.

er's offices. In a third case a guileless bvious to those who are devoted to it. It is easy for candidates now to pro- lady journalist offered an article by was one of the proofs of the quality of claim their progressiveness. It is a great President Taft.

President Taft. This was not exactly adership of Theodore Roosevelt, now temptation for candidates to divert the plagiarism, but an attempt to induce us ractically everywhere acknowledged, public mind from fundamental questions to pass off as a new and original article hat he saw the danger to social progress by appeals, in the name of progressive- a hodgepodge of extracts from various the menace

of imperial Germany. ness, to the interests of classes and groups. speeches which the lady had ingeniously Vhile lesser men debated over questions The fact is that between the two parties compiled and to which good-natured Mr. · f industrial and social justice at home, in this Presidential campaign there is no Taft had kindly affixed his name. Once e saw that all such domestic questions issue as between reactionism and progress- at least The Outlook suffered, not from ere submerged in the danger that beset ivism. The issues are more fundamental. plagiarism but from plagiarists; the poem he foundations of social and industrial

“If I Should Die To-Night,” by Belle nustice from abroad. If the Nation were

Tabor Smith, which appeared in our o maintain progress, he saw that it first

columns in 1873, found its way into the elust preserve itself and its own freedom. WHY DO THEY DO IT? popular anthologies, was claimed by half The cause of progressiveness then was

a dozen non-authors and was reprinted nvolved in the larger cause of American HY do plagiarists plagiarize ? under several claimants' names in scores ights and human liberty.

The question is brought to mind of newspapers. It took some courage for a public man

just now because of what appears So much for reminiscence! Mr. Sedyo be a progressive in 1912. It equally on the face of it to be a flagrant case of wick, of the “ Atlantic Monthly," has ook

courage for a public man to sub- literary purloining in a recent minor told others more singular. To return to -rdinate the progressive issues to other signed and contributed article in this the question “Why do they do it?"

' ssues in 1916. Now in 1920 it is natural journal. We refrain at this time from Outright, vulgar, stupid cupidity is the That many voters, realizing that the war specifying, for the reason that we feel commonest motive-stupid because the s practically if not technically at an that it is proper to await such explana- fraud is almost sure to be discovered. end, should revert to their former habit tion as the apparent offender may see fit Sometimes the answer is vanity-we of considering the great issue in Amer- to make in response to our inquiry ; but know of an instance where a wealthy ca to be that of progressivism or re- ultimately, in justice to the magazine business man used to carry around in his

from which the short article in question pocketbook and show to his friends as There are, however, at least two great

seems to have been “lifted ” almost ver- his a clever humorous poem written by questions before the country which are batim, to say nothing of our own readers one of the best-known versifiers in Amernore fundamental than any question of and in the interest of journalistic integ

and in the interest of journalistic integ- ica but published anonymously. Rarely progressive legislation.

rity, a statement of the facts may be the offender is really so ignorant as tos One of these fundamental questions is necessary.

believe that “facts are facts,” and may. hat of the preservation of the right of So far as can be recalled, this is the be taken, literary dress and all, without America to determine its own destiny. Is first instance, certainly for many years, acknowledgment. On the other hand, che proposal that America should enter a in which a direct literary theft has there have been many unjust accusations League of Nations equivalent to a pro- actually attained the stage of publication of plagiarism because writers have used posal that America should forego that in The Outlook. But, as with most other the same plot idea or gone to some comight? If so, will the yielding of that periodicals, there have been narrow es- mon source for legitimate suggestions. Fight deprive Americans of the power to capes. In one instance an article on an Some years ago such a baseless charge select for themselves their own pro- important topic signed by a well-known was made against Robert Louis Stevengramme of social legislation, or will that and prolific writer and dealer in articles, son as regards his “Imp of the Bottle," power be handed over to an international now dead, an article “ bought and paid and we took some pains then to point out vody? That is more fundamental than for,” was on the point of being printed the difference between using historic many specific plan of social progress can when by chance it was found to be prac

terial or ancient legend and stealing both tically identical with an article written by a words and thoughts. The other one of these two fundamen- magazine writer of unquestioned integrity The plagiarist's offense is essentially



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mean; it is usually sordid, and its under- ever in advising us as to the conduct of have climbed in search of fabulous me handedness always makes it contemp- our affairs no one can believe. To assume sters of the deep, her stocky masts whic tible.

a responsibility for which we are not pre- had borne the menace of half a thousan

pared and to invite them to take a share gales, her yard-arms, which had liftA QUESTION AND A in our responsibilities for which they are against the sky lines of all the seven seas

not prepared is neither wise nor safe. her battered bulwarks, and her darken COMMENT

The difference between a federation of decks were eloquent with a story which THE PROVINCIAL AND DISTORTED VIEW peoples who had fought together in de- even the veriest landsma: needed no in

fense of their common liberties and inter- terpreter to understand. It is the wish and the duty of the State

ests, who lived in contiguous States, who The dock at which she lay was almost of New York to bear her share of America's burden.

spoke the same language and possessed deserted. Her crew, save for a whiteBut the State of New York will never what was essentially the same religion, and haired Negro puffing at a pipe in berconsent that other States shall deter

the federation of peoples without a com- galley, had disappeared on shore. Her mine for her what that share is.

mon religion, a common language, a com- cargo of oil had been discharged; the THE PROVINCIAL AND DISTORTED VIEW mon tradition, or a common understand. riggers had not yet begun the task of re

ing of the meaning of law or liberty, is, fitting her for another. voyage. It is the wish and the duty of Amerwe think, sufficiently plain without further Down the pier came

a little stoor ica to bear her share of civilization's burden. explanation.

shouldered man, the right cuff of bis But America will never consent that

serge suit polished with the friction other nations shall determine for her


from desk work and the what that share is. THERE ARE VISITORS

adding of many weary columns. Yet The State of New York later cor- NHERE are visitors—and visitors. there was an eagerness in his eyes which rected its provincial and distorted view.

Some of them come to our shores,

told the onlooker that his mission to the Has the editor of The Outlook any

tarry a while, and go away with no

ship was not clerical. comment?

D. W. L.
other thought in mind than the memory

He crossed the narrow gangplank and UR correspondent refers to the fact of short bed-sheets and omnipresent spit

went aboard with the air of an adventhat the State of New York at toons. Others there are who come to us

turer. “Do you mind if I look about a first refused to ratify the United weighted down by philosophies of life

bit?" he asked, and the Negro's leisurely · States Constitution, and later, largely which ignore nothing except the fact that

assent was all the welcome he needed. through the influence of John Jay, did we are all human beings, and depart un

Up and down the deck he went, his eyes ratify. Our comment is that the Paris able to report as to whether or not we

taking in every detail of the heavy davits,

, Covenant of the League of Nations and

dress in the grasses of the South Sea the cutting spades and case buckets, the the United States Constitution are not, as Islands or the skins of polar bears. try works near the foremast, and the our correspondent seems to think they

Needless to say, Mr. E. V. Lucas belongs huge anchor chains on the windlass. He are, analogous. in neither of these classes. He came to

went for vard to the catheads, and then An association of nations analogous America with no ineradicable predispo- aft again to the galley where the Negro either to the federation of States in sitions. But he has left us with some

still sat puffing his .pipe. On a whaler our country or to the union of states

very definite opinions on the difference the galley is located on the starboard which constitutes Great Britain may between American civilization and that

side of the poop and the cabin companbe desirable and practicable in the from which it sprang.

ionway on the port. Between the two the future. But any plan for a federation of Genial, keen-witted, tolerant, and un

visitor caught sight of the old-fashionel nations analogous to the federation of derstanding, he has seen America through

wheel mounted on the tiller itself, with States in this country we regard as im- friendly eyes and against the broad back- the tiller ropes stretched openly practicable, in the present condition of ground of a fundamental knowledge of

the deck. The helmsman who controls the world, and perilous not only to the human nature. He has discriminated

such a wheel must walk back and forth material but also to the moral interests

between surface differences and those as the tiller, upon which the wheel is of America, and for one and the same which lie deep in the heart of our land.

mounted, swings. And he has combined his presentation of

When the visitor caught sight of the Any such federation of nations would

these superficial and fundamental differ steering gear, he broke silence for the make us share in the responsibility for

ences in a picture of American life which first time. “My father,” he said, addressthe determination of questions respecting all of us can observe with pleasure and ing no one in particular, which we are necessarily ignorant. How many of us with profit.

tiller ropes break in a gale of wind. The many of the readers of The Outlook are

We count ourselves fortunate to be

tiller went wild and smashed the side of prepared to express any well-instructed

able to present to our readers Mr. Lucas's the galley." opinion upon the question of the rights From an American Note-Book,' the “Yes, sir, it would that,” the Negro and wrongs of Poland or of the contro- first installment of which appears in this

answered. versy between Italy and Jugoslavia ? We issue. The second will be published next "My father was,” said the visitor. have no moral right to assume responsi- week.

“ And his father before him. My brother bilities which we are not prepared intelli

went to sea as a boy, but somehow mi! gently to fulfill.


mother never let me have anything to do Any such federation of nations would

with the water. I wasn't even allowed to make the Poles and the Russians share in


sail a small boat. My father died at st' the responsibility for the conduct of our LUFF-BOWED and black of hull, you know,” he added, as though he had affairs. That they have the intelligence a whaling bark lay in her slip at explained everything very fully. and the experience necessary to enable New Bedford. One of the last of His bands reached for the spokes of the them to manage their own affairs may an ancient race, she bore the marks of wheel, and he stood facing forward and well be doubted; that they have the in- seventy-odd years of service to the sea glancing up at the rigging telligence and the experience necessary gallantly and unashamed. Her tarry master of a ship under full canvas about to enable them to take any part what- ratlines which generations of sailormen to meet a sudden squall. The lure of far




once had his

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6 Was your

father a whaler?"


as though intries was in his eyes. The drudgery thought of a career which even to the of dust, there came to one onlooker a counting-room and desk dropped from hardiest of those iron-bodied men who new satisfaction with life. In that moo like a mask. For all his threadbare responded to the call of the sea meant ment was revealed the secret and powerit and bowed shoulders he was the son suffering, loneliness, danger, and some- ful force which has driven pioneers a viking race.

times insanity and death. It meant the around the world, which has shattered What was this thing that had seized hold possibility of being set adrift on the track- mountains and conquered the air, which him? Was it only the call of the sea less deep without water and at the mercy has toppled empires and bound continents his veins ? Was it hatred of the work of the unmastered wind. It meant months with bands of steel—the force which has which he had devoted his life? Was it and years of back-breaking labor in the graven “ Invictus" upon legions of name

dream of the gold that poured into stench of rotting blubber and the smoke less graves and left to the living the ew Bedford from her whaling fleet of of fat-fed fires. A strange dream of eternal romance of adventure and of high her years ? Was it the romance of things joy for a street-bred clerk! Yet some- resolve. attainable and unknown ?

how, while this slim figure swayed at the We shall not fear for America while Strange are the things which beckon wheel, meeting the blows of a phantom the smell of tarred rope and the sight of e human spirit. Here was this man of gale and watching dockward for men- dizzy masts still bring the light into the e counting-room, his face alight at the acing seas that were only vagrant swirls eyes of the sons of old New Bedford.




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E have received the following in- those of at least a dozen West Indian, Republicans intended to buy the election teresting letter from Franklin

Central, and South American Republics by the use of huge campaign funds," D. Roosevelt, recently the able are, in international affairs, and particu- please let me add that I have at no time and efficient Assistant Secretary of the larly in regard to European affairs, very made any charges, loose or otherwise, avy and now the Democratic candidate similar. This has been abundantly proved beyond stating, and I think you will or the Vice-Presidency.

in the past. In fact, the great majority agree with me that this has been proved, MR. ROOSEVELT'S LETTER

of South American countries absolutely that the Republican National Committee,

agreed with us in their attitude towards or responsible persons acting under them, I was greatly surprised to note your the recent war. No one who has fol- have districted the country and assigned ditorial in The Outlook for September lowed, as I have, with such sympathetic quotas which if carried out on the same

headed "A Vice-Presidential Disap- interest the progress of the Pan-American basis of population as in the specific ointment," and I will frankly confess Union, can fail to be convinced of the example cited by me would total à vast hat I was a good deal disappointed, par- growing understanding between ourselves

growing understanding between ourselves fund, somewhere between fifteen and icularly after the pleasant things you and our southern neighbors and the con- thirty millions of dollars. At no time ave said about my work in the Navy, to sequently increasing feeling that, instead have I charged that this money had iscover that you are willing to take a of being rivals, our interests are, so far actually been raised, but merely that an ress despatch from Butte, Montana, as as world politics is concerned, practically attempt apparently was being made to bsolute and complete evidence that I identical. So impressed have I been with raise it. In view of the testimony now ad said something so completely at vari- this increasing feeling of a community of before the Senate Committee, I will leave nce with what a man such as you have interest between ourselves and the South- it to your own sense of fairness and juseen kind enough to describe me could ern Republics, that I felt it justifiable to tice as to'whether or not I was justified ossibly have spoken. I am sorry that express it as my belief, in that speech, in a statement of that kind. ou hurriedly reached the conclusion that that on any grave international question Very sincerely yours, our estimate of myself was untrue with coming before the Assembly of the

FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT. ut considering the possibility that the League of Nations affecting the destiny Hyde Park, Dutchess County, New York, lespatch might have been untrue instead.

September 4, 1920. of any Republic on the North or South is a matter of fact, please let me assure American Continent we would all vote We sincerely apologize to Mr. Rooseyou that I was wholly erroneously re- practically as a unit because of this har- velt for having accepted what purported ported and that a complete and full mony of interest, which, I am frank to to be a verbatim account of his speech in lenial of this erroneous report was made add, in my judgment, is really greater the daily newspaper despatches. OrdiP me on the Pacific Coast as soon as than the sometimes conflicting interests narily we endeavor to corroborate such be misquotation appeared in print. of Great Britain and her colonies. We statements in the daily press by going to

I should have hoped that it would be need have no fear of the bugaboo of the original sources. In this case the ) vious to you that, after experience in “six votes to one ” which has been so newspaper reports were so categorical

ashington during a period of nearly loudly proclaimed by those who do not that we were misled into making a comight years, I could not say anything so , believe in the League.

ment without our usual verification. This as the statement put into This, you will see, was a very different applies to our criticism of Mr. Roosevelt's ay mouth by some ingenious but inaccu- sort of speech from that which I was alleged attitude on the League of Naate reporter. I would be loth to think quoted as making, and you will also see tions. We

e agree with him that the interI was deliberately misquoted, and I the possibility of its being misquoted in ests of the United States and Latin m assuming that it was merely one of hose fatal cases of condensation where a

an attempt to hurriedly condense it into America are identical as regards Euro

something like the garbled form in which ewspaper man, in trying to reduce a

it appeared. However, I know you would We still, think, however, that Mr. peech to the smallest number of words, never have willingly published a criticism Roosevelt is open to criticism for his apmtin'ely misses the spirit as well as the based on an untruth, and I feel sure that parent willingness to accept Governor of the speech.

you will do me the justice of giving my Cox's wholesale charges of Republican Lowever, I most certainly did say, and denial of the press report some mention corruption. Governor Cox-unless he too think in this I have reason to believe in your magazine.

has been misreported in the daily press„you thoroughly agree with me, that As to your criticism that I have "joined said recently in a public speech that the interests of the United States and Governor Cox in loo32 charges that the Republicans were going to use some of


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their corruption fund to buy bayonets brought the matter up, we should like to We are sure he does not, and we regre with which to suppress the rights of the ask him whether he approves of such

that he aided in giving them currency workingman. Now that Mr. Roosevelt has appeals to class passion and prejudice ? THE EDITORS.


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THE CHURCH'S ONE FOUNDATION CORRESPONDENT gave in last had attempted by debate to settle the ye except ye abide in me.

week's Outlook an interesting ac- question, which was preferable as a form vine, ye are the branches. He that Acount of a recent meeting of the of government, the Constitution of the abideth in me and I in him, the same Anglican bishops in England, in which British Empire or of the United States,

bringeth forth much fruit. Apart froin they restated their desire for organic as a political creed the platform of the

me ye can do nothing. church unity and suggested as the four Republican, the Democratic, or the Labor This is the fullest description which foundations for the reunited Christian party, as a symbol the American, the Jesus has left to the world of his ideal Church acceptance of the Bible, the British, or the French flag, and as an for that brotherhood to which he has Nicene Creed, the Sacraments of Bap- expression of their patriotism “ The Star- committed the completion of his commis tism and the Holy Communion, and an Spangled Banner," God Save the King,"

,» «God Save the King,” sion. It is founded not on agreement in episcopal organization of the ministry. or the “Marseillaise," they would have opinion—that is, on a creed; not on agre Our correspondent added : “ They are been discussing these questions instead ment in forms of worship—that is, on a not stressing any doctrine of apostolic of fighting together under the common ritual; not on agreement in the form of succession, neither are they casting any leader and against a common enemy, organization that is, neither on an beredidoubt on the validity of non-episcopal The difference between the army and tary priesthood nor or a democratic conordination.”

the Church is not that one needs agree- gregation ; not even on love for a sacred A Protestant of the Protestants, I ment in opinions, forms of expression, or but long since buried Messiah; but on gratefully recognize the catholic spirit methods of organization and the other love and loyalty to a living Messiah

, of this proposal. But I doubt the wis- does not, but that the army believes in dwelling in the hearts and lives of his dom of attempting an organic union of an ideal which is undefined, while the disciples in a more intimate companionthe Christian Church, and I am quite Christian Church believes in an ideal of ship and with a far wider and mightier sure that if church unity is ever to be life which has been realized in its Master, influence than when he trod the earth accomplished it must be by another and in him as its Master because he with the few score of faithful friends method. We sing “The Church's one realizes that ideal.

whom he gathered about him. foundation is Jesus Christ, Our Lord;" Jesus Christ has expressed the secret This prophetic parable of the Christian we cannot substitute for this one founda- of church unity in a parable that is not brotherhood is at once interpreted and tion four foundations. Historically the often cited in discussions concerning the confirmed by the history of the Christian creeds are not the foundation of the Church.

Church. Whenever that Church has had Church, they are the expressions of its The Hebrew psalmist had in the exile faith in its Master and shown its faith belief—the oldest of them was organized sung of a vine which Jehovah had by the will to do his will, it has been a two or three centuries after the birth of planted. “Thou broughtest a vine out spring of life in the community. When the Church; the Bible is not the founda- of Egypt,” he sang;

5 thou didst drive

ever it has lost that faith ; whenever it tion of the Church, it is the early history out the nations, and didst plant it.” Isaiah has substituted an admiration of beauty of the Church; the sacraments are use- had sung a similar song.

“ Let me sing,"

for a reverence of goodness, emotional ful symbols, but they are not the founda- he sang," for my well-beloved a song of enjoyment for self-denying service, regn tion of the Church any more than the my beloved touching his vineyard.” lation of conduct for inspiration of the American flag is the foundation of the In the days preceding the Last Supper, spirit

, belief in a creed for faith in a American Republic; and the organiza- Jesus recalled to the multitudes in the Person, whatever its wealth, its politica tion of the Church is not its foundation Temple this ancient figure and compelled power, its prestige, whatever the beaut

, though some form of organization is from the people their condemnation of of its services, the regularity of its order essential for its most efficient activity. the rulers of Israel. “The Lord of the or the soundness of its theology, it has

The foundation of the Christian Church vineyard,” they had said, “ will destroy ceased to be a living Church ; the jewele is faith in a Person. It is faith that Jesus those wicked men, and will let out his robes of its rich ecclesiastics have become of Nazareth is altogether adorable ; it is vineyard unto other husbandmen who

vineyard unto other husbandmen who its grave-clothes and its cathedrals hare the supreme desire to be such a person will render the fruits in their season. become its tombs. as he was, to live such a life as he lived, And Jesus had commended their verdict. Much of my theology I have inheriter to possess the spirit which he possessed, “The kingdom of God,” he said, “shall

father. In my boyhood he to be governed by the motives which be taken from you and given to a nation governed him, to take up the work which bringing forth the fruits thereof.” Later, ing sentences :

wrote in the “Corner Stonethe follow he initiated and carry it on, and to find speaking to his disciples at the supper strength and wisdom to live his life and table to revive their hopes and inspire

Nine-tenths of nominal Christians, all do his work where he found his strength their courage, he recalled to their minds over the world, are firmly believing and and wisdom. this familiar parable of the vineyard and

sincerely wishing that their own deIn brief, the foundation of the Chris- gave to it a prophetic interpretation :

nomination may extend and swallow up

the rest, and become universal. tian Church is spiritual, not ceremonial

There can be no moral effect more cernor intellectual.

I am the true vine ; my Father is the What made the Allied forces one army? husbandman. Every branch in me that

tain, than that in such a case, four or

five generations would place worldly; Loyalty to a spirit of justice and liberty.

beareth not fruit he taketh away ;

and Progressives and Conservatives, Social

every branch that beareth fruit, he

selfish, ambitious men at the head of cleansethit that it may bring forth

the religious interests of the world! We ists and Individualists, Republicans and

more fruit. Already ye are


have had one terrible experiment of the Monarchists, fought under one leader

effects of one great denomination to and were inspired by one purpose. If,

through the word which I have spoken
unto you. Abide in me, and I in you.

illustrate this reasoning. God grant that as a condition of co-operation in the war

the dark day may never come

As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself in one army and under one leader, they except it abide in the vine, no more can

I quote this passage because it es,


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