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rupted, revives and multiplies : and can we think that man, the lord of all these things, that die and revive for him, should be kept under the bands of death, never to rise again ? which though it appeared impossible to many of the heathens, yet some of the wisest of them thought otherwise, as they are quoted by Grotius, in his truth of the christian religion. But,

If we search the scriptures, we shall find plainly that the resurrection of the body from divine revelation is By the Old clear. God hath not only promised it, but in seve- Testament. ral instances exemplified it for our satisfaction. I know, says Job, that my Redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth; and though after my skin, worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God, &c. And the prophet Daniel tells us, that many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. Which words of Job, by conformity to primitive antiquity, are used by our church in the burial-office, with reference to the resurrection of the dead. To which let us add that remarkable saying of Christ himself, when he put the Sadducees to silence; as touching the resurrection of the dead, have you not read, faith our Saviour, that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Ifaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living; which argument astonished the multitude, and silenced the Sadducees: and if it does not astonish and silence the Infidels and Socinians of our days, they must be accounted more hardened in their unbelief than the Sadducees of old, who could not reply to fo cogent a proof of the resurrection. Besides,

If reason won't take place, let them harken unto fact. The ears of the Lord were open to the voice of Elijah,

By fact.

.. for the dead child of the widow of Sarepta; for when y

he prayed the soul of the child came into him again, and he a revived. Elisha raised the child of the Shunamite from death, d nor did that power he had, die together with him ; for when

they were burying a dead man, they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha, and when the man was let down and touched the body of Elisha, he revived and stood upon his feet. These are examples out of the Old Testament. But

If we search the gospels, we shall find our Saviour not only

supposing the resurrection revealed under the law, By the New in his discourse with the Sadducees; but he cauTestament.

ce tions his disciples to fear him that can destroy body and foul in hell. If then the body is capable of torment in hell, it must be raised from the grave and united to it's soul again, before it can pass from the grave to that state of punillinient. He promises a recompence at the resurrection of the just, to those that relieve the poor, the maimed, the blind, and the lame. He positively declares in St John, that the hour is coming in which all that are in their graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth; they that have done good unto the resurrection of life, and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation. He calls himself the resurrection and the life. And we are told in the Revelation, that the sea shall give up the dead that are in it, and death and the grave deliver up the dead, which are in them, in order to be judged; every man according to their works. And the apostle defend ing himself before the Roman governor, openly professes his belief of the resurrection of the dead, both of the justand unjust. To some of the philosophers he also appeared to be a fetter forth of strange gods, because he preached unto them Jefus and the resurrection : and this apostle declares, that we must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ, that every one may receive the things done in the body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad : and, that the Lord Jesus Christ shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body. He describes the manner of the resurrection to the Thessalonians, that, the dead in Christ shall rise first; and with the Corinthians, he argues from the certainty of Christ's resurrection to the necessity of ours : which texts sufficiently prove that the resurrection of the body was delivered as a necessary article of faith from the beginning of christianity, and that it is still the expectation of the faithful; for if the dead rise not, christians are of all men most miserable.

All which doctrine was confirmed, when our By facts in Saviour restored to life the ruler of the fynagogue's the gospel. daughter ; and raised up the widow's only fon that


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was dead; and by restoring to life his friend Lazarus, who had been dead and buried four days: but all these instances

were exceeded in our Saviour's own resurrection, which fo a infinitely manifested his power and divinity.

So that there can be no doubt of the truth of a resurrection from the dead : it is certain that this resurrection will be universal: all mankind that have laid down It's certaintheirown bodies, and committed them to the grave, verfality.

ty and unifhall receive them again ; there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.

The bodies of good christians, now liable to pains, and diseases, and death, Thall then die no more, but shall be equal unto the angels ; like them they shall be- Benefit to

come immortal in their duration, and consequentBly freed from all those troublesome accidents to which they are

now exposed; for the reward being eternal, the subject of it must be eternal also. Therefore, says the apostle, it is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption.

The bodies of good men, tho' now vile and corruptible, subject to filth and deformity

by nature, shall be raised glorious, {plendid, and bright; they shall shine like the fun, and shall be fashioned like to the glorious body of our blessed Saviour : though now subject to weariness, to impotency, and to de

cays, shall be raised nimble, strong, and active; they shall be 1. able to follow the Lamb wherever he goeth; they shall be en

dowed with such strength and vigour, as shall support them for ever in the same state, without any decay or change. It is sown in weakness, it is raised in power. Though now acted by vital spirits, shall then be poffeffed and acted by the holy Spirit; shall be refined, and become proper instruments for the operations of our minds, upon whom they must serve and depend. It is sown a natural body, but it is raised a spiritual body. But

The bodies of the wicked will be fitted to that eternal puInishment they have drawn upon themselves, wherein they will always suffer without consuming un

Misery to

the wicked. der that dreadful sentence, depart ye cursed into e verlasting fire. Therefore,

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This doctrine of the resurrection of the body should make

us reverence ourselves, and not pollute our bodies,

with sensual and brutish lusts, but by purity and foought to in.

briety, to prepare them for that honour and hap

piness they are designed for : it should support us under those miseries and infirmities our bodies are subject to in this life ; since when we take them up again, they shall be no more liable to pains or diseases, or to dissolution; for death will be swallowed upin victory. By this weare taught to mortify all our sensual satisfactions, that our bodies may become obedient and tractable to the motions of the holy Spirit of God. By this we are comforted upon the death of our religious friends and relations, who are not perished, but fallen aNeep, and shall awake again in greater perfection and glory at the last day. This should influence us to promote not only our own, but the improvement of saving knowledge as far as lies in our power, to curb vice and encourage virtue, especially amongst those with whom


we have any friendship or authority. This Thouldarm us against the fear of our own death, since we are assured that after our bodies are crumbled into dust, and become the food of worms, they shall be quickened at the general resurrection, and be changed, and made glorified bodies, by the promise and mighty power of God. And especially this Tould make us exercise ourselves to keep consciences void of offence, both to God and man, that we may not forfeit that blessed immortality of our whole man, body and soul, which our blessed Saviour hath promised to all those that persevere in his service all the days of their mortal life. And,

In fine, in professing our belief of this article, let us reflect on the wonderful work of our redemption, let us learn to trust in him who has the keys of hell, and of death, who by dying has abolished death, and will at last destroy it, and swallow it up in victory. For, if we fo live in Christ, that we can assure ourselves that when we die, we shall die in Christ; the king of terrors will lose all power to affright us; we shall repose our selves in our graves, as in our beds, and our last, will be our most pleasant sleep.

VI. The life everlasting comprehends the everlasting duration of that life, to which all shall be raised after death, the

wicked as well as the righteous. When we read that the wicked shall be destroyed, and perish, and for ever die, The wicked we are to understand not that they shall be turned mall live in into nothing, but that they shall for ever lose the everlasting presence and favour of God, be condemned to a pain. wretched, hopeless state of anguish, remorse, and despair, and be tortured with the worm that never dies, and in the fire that Thall never be put out. But the righteous shall receive the utmost perfection of which their nature is The good capable; they shall partake of the glory which the glory.

in eternal Father hath given to the Son, and shall be one as the Father and Christ are one; their bodies shall be raised in glory, and shall be fashioned like unto Christ's glorious body; and, to complete the whole, we are assured that the inheritance we expect, is incorruptable, and fadeth not away; that our house in heaven is eternal ; and that death shall have no more power over us.

There is no dispute concerning the everlasting happiness of the righteous ; it being evident, that God in his infinite bounty may reward the sincere obedience of his creatures, as much beyond the merit of their own weak and imperfect works, as he sees proper. Yet, the everlasting punishment threatened to the wicked, has seemed to many, a great difficulty ; since 'tis certain from our natural notions of the attributes of God, that no man shall be punifhed beyond the just demerit of his transgression.

VII. Let it therefore be observed, first, that no man can say it is unreasonable, that they who by wilful and stubborn disobedience to their almighty Creator, wickedne

Why the and most merciful Benefactor, and by the habitual should suffer practice of unrepented wickedness, have, during eternal pu

nishment. the state of tryal, made themselves unfit for the enjoyment of that happiness, which God has prepared for them that love and obey him, should be eternally rejected and excluded therefrom. The wickedest of men will grant so much: and if bare deprivation of happiness was all the punishment they had reason to fear, they would be well content to sit still in their wicked course of life. But, it is nowise agreeable to reason to believe, that the punishment to be inflicted by the fi

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