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The Latin inscription does not seem to express the scope of this ode,
which is rather to celebrate the popular deities and heroes of Rome than Augustus exclusively: though the design is so worked out as to draw the chief attention to him. “The poet, though making Augustus the climax of his song, goes through the praise of Jove and his children, and that of twelve of Rome's principal worthies, before he comes to Augustus.' Marcellus, mentioned in the twelfth stanza, the nephew and son-in-law of Augustus, died in his twentieth year.
What man or hero with the lyre, or shrilly
Shall be repeated,
Either on slopes of Helicon umbrageous,
Who, with maternal art, the nimbly gliding
What shall I sing before the wonted praises
Tempers the seasons ?
XII. DE AUGUSTO.
Quem virum aut heroa, lyra, vel acri
Aut in umbrosis Heliconis oris,
Arte materna rapidos morantem
Ducere quercus ?
Whence than himself is naught engendered greater,
Held by Minerva.
Will I be silent.
Hercules too I'll sing, and Leda's children;
Gleam on the sailor,
Than from the rocks flows off the heaving water, And the winds straightway fall, and vapours vanish, And-for 'tis so they will—the threat'ning billows
Lie down on Ocean.
Next after these, of whom to speak I waver:
And to Fabricius.
Him, and unkempt Curius for campaigning
Matching the homestead.
Unde nil majus generatur ipso,
Cum lare fundus.
Growing like tree in secret, of Marcellus
Shines the moon's splendour.
Whether he subject, righteously triumphant,
Seric and Indic;
Under thee, he wide earth shall justly govern:
Bolts of thy levin.
In respect to the Lydia of this and other odes, and to the rest of the
fair, and presumably frail, ones celebrated by Horace, it may here be remarked once for all, that to attempt to identify them with real personages would be as hopeless an undertaking as to seek originals for Mr. Thomas Little's Fanny of Timmol, and for the Rosa, Kitty, Martha, Chloe and Susan who figured on the list of beauties loved and caressed by that fortunate young gentleman.
WHEN, Lydia, of Teleph's charms,