Mapping an Empire: The Geographical Construction of British India, 1765-1843, Zväzok 10
From James Rennell's survey of Bengal (1765-71) to George Everest's retirement in 1843 as surveyor general of India, geography served in the front lines of the British East India Company's territorial and intellectual conquest of South Asia. In this history of the British surveys of India, focusing especially on the Great Trigonometrical Survey (GTS) undertaken by the Company, Matthew H. Edney relates how imperial Britain employed modern scientific survey techniques not only to create and define the spatial image of its Indian empire but also to legitimate its colonialist activities as triumphs of liberal, rational science bringing "civilization" to irrational, mystical, and despotic Indians. The reshaping of cartographic technologies in Europe into their modern form, including the adoption of the technique of triangulation (known at the time as "trigonometrical survey") at the beginning of the nineteenth century, played a key role in the use of the GTS as an instrument of British cartographic control over India. In analyzing this reconfiguration, Edney undertakes the first detailed, critical analysis of the foundations of modern cartography. The success of these new techniques in mapping British India depended on the character of the East India Company as a gatherer and controller of information, on its patronage system, and on the working conditions of surveyors in the field. Drawing on a wealth of data from the Company's vast archives, Edney shows how these institutional constraints undermined the GTS and destabilized this high point of Victorian science to the point of reducing it to "cartographic anarchy". Thus, although the GTS served at the time to legitimate British rule in India, its failure can now be seen as a metaphor for British India itself: an outward veneer of imperial potency covering an uncertain and ultimately weak core.
Čo hovoria ostatní - Napísať recenziu
Na obvyklých miestach sme nenašli žiadne recenzie.
Chapter One The Ideologies and Practices of Mapping
Chapter Three Surveying and Mapmaking
Chapter Five Cartographic Anarchy and System in Madras
THE GREAT TRIGONOMETRICAL
Chapter Seven Triangulation the Cartographic Panacea
Iné vydania - Zobraziť všetky
Mapping an Empire: The Geographical Construction of British India, 1765-1843
Matthew H. Edney
Obmedzený náhľad - 2009
activities administration allowed appointment archive assistant astronomical Atlas Bengal Bentinck Bombay British Calcutta cartographic century collection Company Company's complete constructed continued copy council Court cultural defined detailed direct directors district early East India edited empire engineer established European Everest example extensive field figure final geographical George governor graphic History Hodgson imperial institutional James Jervis John Journal knowledge Lambton land landscape London longitude Lord Mackenzie Mackenzie's Madras manner map of India maps measurement Memoir military Minute Mysore nature noted observations officers political position presidency Press published Records referred Rennell Report result route Royal scientific secretary single social Society South space Survey of India surveyor systematic territorial Thomas tion topographic triangulation Trigonometrical Survey University
Všetky výsledky Vyhľadávania kníh »
The Eighteenth Century in Indian History: Evolution Or Revolution?
P. J. Marshall
Zobrazenie úryvkov - 2005