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be passed over, and which is said to be inferior to none of the kind in Derbyshire. A brook, after making several cascades, enters a cave and continues its course for two miles under ground, when it again appears at the surface at Carnforth. Visitors may descend into the cave and follow the course of the stream for several hundred feet. The rocks assume fantastic shapes, there are curious stalactites from the roof, and these and the roar of waters in the rocky channel give to the spectator a sensation of pleasing awe. The stream reappears at the Gingle Pot Hole, after traversing throughout a limestone formation. Borwick Hall, near Burton, is a large and substantial farm house, once visited by Charles II. in his adversity. This ancient building is memorable for having given protection to the Catholics during an era of religious persecution. One of the bedrooms was anciently a chapel, adjoining to which is the priest's closet, and beneath this is still shown a secret place of concealment into which a person could descend by pressing part of the floor, and thus elude for a time all further search.


THIS beautiful river gave its name not only to the county town, but to the county itself. In the division of Britain into counties by Alfred, Lonkeshire received its name from its capital Loncaster. Whitaker, in his history of Manchester, is of opinion that Lune or Lon is the contraction of Lug Avon or Lugaun, by which the ancient Britons denoted a stream of waters. The Lune has its rise in the mountains of Westmoreland, and enters Lan

cashire near Kirkby-Lonsdale, the scenery of which can scarcely be exceeded for picturesqueness. It receives the Greta and the Wenning near Hornby, and thence proceeds on its course by Caton and the Crook of Lune to Halton. Thence to the weirs at Skerton it forms a beautiful sheet of water. The tide ebbs and flows at Skerton and here, when the waters are out, mud and sand banks take the place of the bright and crystal waters of the far-famed Vale of Lune. The river affords good fishing, containing, besides large quantities of salmon, delicious trout, and large shoals of salmon fry. The salmon fishery is in the hands of an association of individuals, who grant permission to anglers to pursue their sport on certain restrictions, and on payment of a small sum. The salmon are mostly despatched to Liverpool and Manchester, and the large towns of the south. These fine fish were formerly so plentiful, and so common an article of diet, that it was customary to stipulate in the indentures of apprentices that they should not dine upon salmon more than twice or thrice a week.


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