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Ortogrul mingled with the attendants; and being supposed to have some petition for the vizier, was permitted to enter. He surveyed the spaciousness of the apartments, admired the walls hung with golden tapestry, and the floors covercd with silken carpets ; and despised the simple neatness of his own littie habitation.
"Surely,” said he to himself, “this palace is the seat of happiness; where pleasure succeeds to pleasure, and discontent and sorrow can have no adınission. Whatever nature has provided for the delight of sense, is here spread forth to be enjoyed. What can mortals hope or imagine, which the master of this palace has not obtained ? The dishes of luxury cover his table ! the voice of harmony lulls bim in his bowers ; he breathes the fragrance of the groves of Java, and sleeps upon the down of the cygnets of Ganges. He speaks, and his inandate is obeyed; he wishes, and his wish is gratified ; all, whom he sees, obey him, and all, whom he hears, flatter him. How different, Oh Ortogrul, . is thy condition, who art doomed to the perpetual torments of unsatisfied desire : and who hast no amusement in thy power, that can withhold thee from thy own reflections. They tell thee that thou art wise ; but what does wisdom avail with poverty? None will fatter the poor; and the wise bave very little power of Aattering themselves. That man is surely the most wretched of the sons of wretched-. ness, who lives with his own faulis and follies always before him; and who has none to reconcile him to himself by praise and veneration. I have long sought content, and have not found it; I will from this moment endeavour to be rich."
Full of his new resolution, he shut himself in bis chamber for six months, to deliberate how he should grow rich. He sometimes purposed to offer bimself as a counsellor to one of the kings of India ; and sometimes resolved to dig for diamonds in the mides of Golconda. One day, after some hours passed in violent fluc.uation of opinion, sleep insensibly seized him in bis chair. . He dreamed that he was ranging a desert country, in search of some one that might teach him to grow rich; and as he stood on the top of a hill, shaden with cypress, in a doubt whither to direct his steps, his fáther appeared on a sudden standing before him. 5 Ortogrul,” said the old man, " I know thy perplexity ; listen to thy father; turn thine eye on the opposite mountain.” Ortogrul locked, and saw a torrent
tumbling down the rocks, roaring with the noise of thunder, and scattering its foam on the impending woods. " Now," said his father,,“ behold the valley that lies between the nills.” Oriogrul looked, and espied a little well, out of which issued a small rivulet. 66 Tell me now,” said his father, “ dost thou wish for sudden afluence, that may pour upon thee like the mountain torrent; or for a slow and gradual increase, resembling the rill gliding from the well?" Let me be quickly rich,' said Ortogrul; “ let the golden stream be quick and violent." “ Look round thee," said his father, once again." Ortogrul looked, and perceived the channel of the torrent dry and dusty; but fol. lowing the rivulet from the well be traced it to a wide lake, which the supply, slow and constant, kept always full. He awoke, and determined to grow rich by silent profit, and persevering industry.
Having sold his patrimony, be engaged in merchandise ; and in twenty years purchased lands, on wbich he raised a house, equal in sumptuousness to that of the vizier, to which he invited all the mioisters of pleasure, expecting to enjoy all the felicity which he had imagined riches able to afford. Leisure soon made him weary of himself, and he longed to be persuaded that he was great and happy. He was courteous and liberal: he gave all that approached him bopes of pleasing him, and all who should please him, hopes of being rewarded. Every art of praise was tried, and every source of adulatory fiction was exhausted. Ortogrul beard his flatterers without delight, because he found himself unable to believe them. His own heart told him its frailties; his own understanding reproached him with his faults. “ How long," said he, with a deep sigh. “ have I been labouring in vain to amass wealth, which at last is useless ! Let no man hereafter wish to be rich, who is already too wise to be flattered."
The Hill of Science. In that season of the year, when the serenity of the sky, the various fruits which cover the ground, the discoloured foliage of the trees, and all the sweet, but fading graces of inspiring autumn, open the mind to benevolence, and dispose it for contemplation, I was wandering in a beautiful and romantic country, till curiosity began to give way
to weariness ; and I sat down on the fragment of a rock overgrown with moss; where the rustling of the falling leaves, the dashing of waters, and the hum of ihe distant city, soothed my mind into a most perfect tranquillity; and sleep insensibly stole upon me, as I was indulging the agreeable reveries, which the objects around me naturally inspired.
I immediately found myself in a vast extended plain, in the middle of wbich arose a mountain higher than I had before any conception of, It was covered with a multitude of people, chiefly youth ; many of whom pressed forward with the liveliest expression of ardour in their countenance, though the way was in many places steep and difficult. I observed, that those, who bad but just begun to climb the hill, thought themselves not far from the top; but as they proceeded, new bills were continually rising to their view; and the summit of the highest they could before discern seemed but the foot of another, till the mountain at length appeared to lose itself in the clouds.": As I was gazing on these things with astonishment, a friendly instructer suddenly appeared: “the mountain before thee," said he, “ is the Hill of Science. On the top is the temple of Truth, whose head is above the clouds, and a veil of pure light covers her face Observe the progress of her votaries; be silent and attentive.”
After I had noticed a variety of objects, I turned my eye towards the multitudes who were climbing the steep ascent; and observed amongst them a youth of a lively look, piercing eye, and something 'fiery and irregular in all his notions. His name
was Genius. He darted like an eagle upon the mountain i and left his companions gazing after him with envy and admiration : but bis progress was unequal, and interrupted by a thousand caprices. When Pleasure warbled in the valley, he mingled in her train. When Pride beckoned towards the precipice, he ventured to the tottering edge. He delighted in devious and untried paths; and made so many excursions from the road, that his feebler companions often outstripped him. I observed that the Muses beheld him with partiality; but Truth often frowned and turned aside her face. While Genius was thus wasting his strength in eccentric flights, I person
named Application. He crept along with a slow and unremitting pace, his eyes fixed on the top of the mountain, patiently
removing every stone that obstructed his way, till he saw most of those below him, who had at first derided his slow and toilsome progress. Indeed, there were few who ascended the hill with equal, and uninterrupted steadiness; for, besides the difficulties of the way, they were continually solicited to turn aside, by a numerous crowd of Appetites, Passions, and pleasures, whose importunity, when once complied with, they became less and less able to resist : and though they often returned to the path, the asperities of the road were more severely felt; the hill appeared more steep and rugged; the fruits, which were wholesome and refreshing, seemed harsh and ill tasted; their sight grew dim; and their feet tript at every little obstruction..
I saw, with some surprise, that the Muses, whose business was to cheer and encourage those who were toiling up the ascent, would often sing in the bowers of Pleasure, and accompany those who were enticed away at the call of the passions. They accompanied them, however, but a little way; and always forsook them when they lost sight of the hill., The tyrants then doubled their chains upon the unhappy captives; and led them away, without resistance, to the cells of ignorance, or the mansions of Misery. Amongst the innumerable seducers, who were endeavouring to draw away the votaries of Truth from the path of Science, there was one, so little formidable in her appearance, and so gentle and languid in her attempts, that I should scarcely have taken notice of her, but for the numbers she had imperceptibly loaded with her chains. Indolence, (for so she was called,) far from proceeding to open hostilities, did not attempt to turn their feet out of the path, but contented herself with retarding their progress;
and the purpose she could not force them to abandon, she persuaded them to delay. Her touch had a power like that of the torpedo, which withered the strength of those who came within its influence. Her unhappy captives still turned their faces towards the temple, and always hoped to arrive there; but the ground seemed to slide from beneath their feet, and they found themselves at the bottom, before they suspected they had changed their place. The placid serenity, which at first appeared in their countenance, changed by degrees into a melancholy languor, which was tinged with deeper and deeper gloom, as they glided down the stream of Insignificance; a dark
and sluggish water, which is curled by no breeze, and enlivened by no murmur, till it falls into a dead sea, where startled passengers are awakened by the shock, and the next moment buried in the golf of Oblivion.
Of all the unhappy deserters from the paths of Science, none seemed less able to return than the followers of Indolence. The captives of Appetite and Passion would often seize the moment when their tyrants were languid or asleep, to escape from their enchantment; but the dominion of Indolence was constant and unrernitted; and seldom resisted, till resistance was in vain.
After contemplating these things, I turned my eyes towards the top of the mountain, where the air was always pure and exhilarating, the path shaded with laurels and evergreens, and the effulgence which bearned from the face of Science seemed to shed a glory round her votaries. Happy, said I, are they who are permitted to ascend the mountain ! But while I was pronouncing this exclamation, with uncommon ardour, I saw, standing beside me, a form of diviner features, and a more benign radiance. * Happier,” said she, they whom Virtue conducts to the Mansions of Content!" Ś What,” said I, “ does Virtue then reside in the vale ?" “I am found,” said she, “ in the vale, and I illuminate the mountain. I cheer the cottager at bis toil, and inspire the sage at his meditation. mingle in the crowd of cities, and bless the hermit in his cell. I have a temple in every heart that owns my influence; and to him that wishes for me, I am already present, Science may raise thee to eminence; but I alone can guide thee to felicity !'While Virtue was thus speaking, I stretched out my arms towards her, with a vehemence which broke my slumber. The chill dews were falling around me, and the shades of evening stretched over the landscape. I hastened homeward; and resigned the night to silence and meditation.
SECTION VII, The journey of a day; a picture of human life. Obidah, the son of Abensina, left the caravansera early in the morning, and pursued his journey through the plains of Indostan. He was fresh and vigorous with rest; he was animated with hope ; he was incited by desire ; he walked swiftly forward over the vallies, and saw the hills