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EDINBURGH:
PRINTED FOR WAUGH AND INNES,

HUNTER SQUARE, EDINBURGH ;
G. AND W. B. WHITTAKER, AVE-MARIA LANE, AND
RODWELL AND MARTIN, NEW BOND STREET,

LONDON.

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ANALYSIS

OF

ARTICLES CONTAINED IN THE FOURTH VOLUME,

Extending from July to December, 1820.

NUMBER FOR JULY.

ART. I. Defence of Swift. P. 1---37.

Fate and biographers of Swift characterized-general regard to his memoryEdinburgh Review, a virulent exception-its heavy, multiplied, most unmerciful charges-ill qualities, power, and probable influence of accusation-a champion-his merits and defects-Swift's desertion of Whigs fully discussed, with remarks on state of parties in his time, and observations on several of his works, all in confirmation of his consistencytriumphant appeal to his writings, in proof of his uniform principlesimputation of ingratitude utterly disproved-his union with Harley considered and justified-charge of temporizing with Whigs quite unfairextraordinary assertion of accuser, an extraordinary inaccuracy-Swift's generosity to his deserted political associates, more creditable than allowed by accuser-alleged selfishness in intercourse with Harley's administration utterly disproved-imputed willingness to hazard civil war, without evidence and improbable excessive dejection on ruin of Tory party, a mistatement-sweeping reprehension of his subsequent conduct, rash and absurd-sentiments respecting the Catholics, not to his disadvantage-feelings towards Temple honourable-alleged court to Walpole untrue-Swift on the whole relieved--lenient verdict on his accuser.

ART. II. Transactions of Linnean Society. P. 37-57.

Origin and object of Society-its special defect supplied-contents of volume analysed, with remarks on Lignum Rhodium; vegetable epidermis; three British species of Orchis; two new genera of Lichenes; the Sarracenia adunca fly-trap; Araujia, a new genus of plants, also a new species of Passiflora; the natural family Composite; some deviations from usual structure of seeds and fruits; two genera of Rosacea; British species of Rosa; the genus Tofieldia; the genus Pæonia; the genus Juncus; two species of Tordylium; select Indian plants; species of Strawberries; germination of Lycopodium denticulatum; the Lycoperdon solidum; a new British Fungus; new genus of Mosses; preference due to natural method over artificial; Notonectides insects; the Black Stork; the Tantalus Ephouskyca; two new shells; British species of Terebella; English red Viper; a century of insects; the spiral tubes of the Terebratula; the use of the pedes scansorii of birds; a new Gull;

changes in plumage of birds; birds of Greenland; human skeleton found at Guadaloupe; island of Tristan da Cunha-general commendation. ART. III. Mr. Isaac Taylor on Character. P. 58–61. Grateful obligation to notice author and family-their meritorious productions-present volume enforces self-cultivation, with a view to characterspecimens.

ART. IV. Lithography. P. 61–84.

Engraving less subservient to painter and designer than printing to authorsits inadequacy and defects-principle of Lithography vastly more convenient-its practice promissory of much greater advantages, but attended at first with very considerable difficulties want of books on the subject now materially supplied by those of Senefelder the inventor, and the author of the Manual here noticed-their respective merits---principle of art explained—various subsidiary operations and cautions needed for its due success-numerous uses and great advantages of art-brief memoirs of Senefelder and his progress in Lithography-gradual extension of art into various countries state in England and Scotland-kinds and qualities of materials required in art-steps in the process-recommendation of Mr. Ruthven's rolling-press in lithographic printing.

ART. V. R. L. Edgeworth's Memoirs. P. 84–107.

1

Discordant feelings and opinions as to character of Edgeworth-regret that Miss Edgeworth should not have written whole of memoirs-origin of family—his parentage-birth-ominously-named nurses-early pursuitsschool reminiscences-jocular marriage and its serious jactitation-juvenile experiments in vice-marriage in reality-maternal advice-devotion to mechanics-an intimacy with Sir Francis Delaval-high life theatricals-electioneering manoeuvres-forgotten fashionable world-more machinery-Delaval's dying counsel-experiments in education by Edgeworth and Mr. Day-Edgeworth wearies of his wife-his scientific society, an improvement in his life-silly frolic with Mr. Day-aims at oratory, and pleases himself-forethought of another wife-in France and meets Rousseau-projects on the Rhone-memoir of Edgeworth's son-Edgeworth wonderfully sagacious and a prophet-realizes his hopes of a second wife-farther particulars and indignant dismissal of Mr. Day-Edgeworth loses his second wife, marries her sister, and terminates his part of the memoirs-reflections on his character up to this period -Miss Edgeworth the biographer of the better part of his life-rapid survey of its chief events and features—his talents and works appreciated -concluding estimate of his character.

ART. VI. Wellington's Early Campaigns. P. 107-115. Encomiastic introduction of author, and eulogium on the progress of Wellington-abstract of work, with quotations and comments-fervent valediction.

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ART. VII. Sketches from St. George's Fields. P. 115–122. Prison scenes apparently unsuitable to poetry-genius has subdued equally unpromising themes, and refuted theory that common life must be uncongenial to imaginative interest-triumph of Crabbe--author reminds one of him-varied peculiarities of a prison—which of them chiefly selected in work-specimens-concluding commendation and censure,

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NUMBER FOR AUGUST..

ART. I. Malthus on the Principles of Political Economy. P. 127–164. Author's repute as a political economist, imposes high regard to present treatise various practical questions still to be discussed-desire to aid their solution, inducement to work-premature generalization the grand source of error in the science-dignity of the science vindicated-contents of work generally stated-author's summary of doctrines more particularly used in following analysis-definition and nature of wealth-productive and unproductive labour distinguished-value, price, demand, explained dissent of Malthus from doctrine of cost of production being a criterion of natural or necessary price-inquiry as to real standard of exchangeable value-reviewer's opinion on the subject advanced as more lucid and intelligible-rent discussed-relation between it and profits and wages-Malthus and Ricardo differ as to interests of landlord and state being identified-wages of labour treated by Malthus in ordinary way profits of capital elucidated-omission and error of Ricardo on this topic-distinction between wealth and value-most important chapter, on "immediate causes of progress of wealth" expounded-its doctrines freely investigated and decided on, with remarks on influence of commerce, productive and unproductive consumers, and existing distresses of the country.

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ART. II. German Language. P. 164–176. Germans more unmixed than other Europeans-Britons intermediate between southern and northern nations as to literature and language--Upper and Lower German languages-Germans show excessive and almost exclusive regard to indigenous words-Purists among them, who-advantages and disadvantages of their combinations of native words, used in moral and physical science-effect of differences of language on national character-grammar of German language does not equal that of English, which again is by no means perfect, though one of the best in Europecomparison between them on various points-author and work on the whole favourably noticed.

ART. II. Marcian Colonna. P. 176-186.

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Tendency of our lighter literature to become anonymous-Barry Cornwall conspicuous among its unknown cultivators-now revealed-recent and rapid rise of his muse, but his earliest efforts not surpassed by subsequent-wherein lies his genius, and what has contributed to his reputation-friendly advice-present production characterized, analyzed, and criticised, with ample extracts-hopeful and commendatory farewell.

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ART. IV. Simeon's Hora Homileticæ. P. 186-190. Importance of preaching-qualities required for it and helps administeredMr. Simeon's various labours in this field enumerated, explained, and commended-his doctrines explained a specimen declined probable use and abuse of such a work-advice and concluding recommendation.

ART. V. The Huntingdon Peerage. P. 191-215.

Avowed

reaso regard to honorary distinctions-their utility asserted-specific

for present notice-many noble families extinguished-that of Hastings supposed so, but restored-its genealogy and progress in English history-memoir of present earl-origin of his claim-proceedings of

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