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they may. But has he promised God would certainly avert it. to preserve it in any partiular But on the contrary, the most part of the world where it has threatening circumstance of all once been established ? Certainly is, that while the evil is impendnot. On the contrary, we see ing, professing Christians seem that the Asiatic churches, to to be asleep under it. If it shall whom the apostle John address- really be averted, we shall see a ed his messages in the Apoca very different state of the public lypse, have long since had their mind before it takes place. With candlestick removed out of its a view to contribute my mite toplace. In like manner, a large wards this desirable change, I proportion of the places where have thrown out these hints. the gospel was once preached in And I shall only add further at its purity, are now totally depriv. this time, that he who wishes to ed of its blessings. The truth is, do the most towards promoting that the usual tenour of the divine and preserving the gospel in this procedure is, to take the gospel country, should turn his attenfrom those who continue to neg- tion to the education of young lect, undervalue and despise it, men for the gospel ministry; and to send it among others who and that every professing Chrisare not guilty of these crimes. tian should favour every plan I sincerely hope and pray that which conduces to this, by all the such may not be the destiny of means in his power. the United States ; and yet there
A CHRISTIAN. is little more necessary to effect it, than that the very state of ihings which now exists should continue about half a century
CRITICISM. longer. It is always an evidence
MAIMONIDES says that the either of ignorance, or of some
great Sanhedrim were accustomthing worse, when men professed to sit in a chamber in the tem. lo depend on God to take care of his cause, while they make no ple, to examine and judge of the
priests, relative both to gencaloexertions to promote it. We are
sy and blemish. The candidate to cast our cares but not our du
for the office who might be disa be less active in endeavouring to approved was clothed in black and
dismissed from the court of the . promote the gospel, than if every priests in the temple ; but if thing depended on our exertions.
found to possess the requisite When thus active, we have a
qualification, he was clothed in right to expect a blessing, and
while, and went in to minister confidently and comfortably to
with his brethren. This process rely on God to confer it. If I illustrates the words of Christ could see the professors of relig. in Rev. iii. 4. “ They shall walk ion in the United States awake
with me in white ; for thry are to their situation, and actively
worthy." engaged to prevent the evil I
Ainsworth's Pref. to the Pentateuch. taye exhibited, I should hope that
enable me to embrace Jesus
Christ freely offered to me in To the Editor of the Rel. Mon. the gospel.” SIR,
The scene was truly affecting. I READ with pleasure the in. The proposal of the question teresting anecdote of the Rev. had commanded unusual solemThomas Doolittle, published in nity. The rising up of the one of your late numbers. In young man had created high exaddition to what was there said pectations, and the answer being of him, it may be mentioned, accompanied with proofs of unthat few ministers discovered feigned piety and modesty, the more concern for the rising gen. congregation was bathed in tears. eration, or laboured more than This young man had been he did, to bring young sinners to converted by being catechised, Jesus Christ. For this end he and to his honour, Mr. D. says, composed several small tracts, “ of an ignorant and wicked and among others, an explana- youth, he had become an intellition of the Assembly's Cate- gent and serious professor, to chism.; and, every Lord's day, God's glory, and my much comhe spent some time in catechis. fort.” ing the members, especially the young people of his congregation.
WALKING in the country, Among other pleasing cir. (says the Rev. Mr. Jay,) I went cumstances which attended those into a barn, where I found a exercises, the following produced thresher at his work. I addressa most happy effect. The ques- ed him, in the words of Solomon, tion for the evening being, My friend, “ in all labour there “ What is effectual calling ?” the is profit.” But what was my answer was given in the words of surprise, when, leaning upon his the Assembly's Catechism. fail, he answered, and with much
This answer being explained, energy, “ No, Sir ; that is the Mr. D. proposed, that the ques- truth, but there is one exception tion should be answered by to it: I have long laboured in changing the words us and our in- the service of sin, but I got no to me and my. Upon this pro- profit by my labour.” “ Then," posal, a solemn silence followed, said I, “ you know somewhat of many felt its vast importance, the apostle's meaning, when he but none had courage to answer. asked, “ What fruit had ye in At length a young man rose up, those things whereof ye are now and with every mark of a broken ashamed ?" “ Thank God,” he and contrite heart, by divine replied, “I do ; and, I also grace was enabled to say, “ Ef- know, that now, being freed from fectual calling is the work of sin, and having become a ser God's Spirit, whereby convinc: vant unto righteousness, I have ing me of my sins and misery, my fruit unto holiness, and the enlightening my mind in the end everlasting life." knowledge of Christ, and renew
[Rel. Mon. ing my will, he did persuade and
Review of Dew Publications.
A Review of A Philosophical and which Johnson and Lowtb never
Practical Grammar of the Eng. pretended to have explored to lish Language, by Noah Web. any considerable extent. The ster, Esq. New Haven, Oliver result of his researches is, in his Steele & Co. pp. 250. 1 2mo. opinion, to prove many of the
grammatical rules and distincTo prevent disappointment, tions now received as true, to be we deem it proper to state, that entirely false ; and either tendthe following observations are ing to pervert the genuine intended more as a description idioms of the language, or to of what Mr. Webster has done, leave them obscure, and not satthan as a minute philological isfactorily explained. criticism, followed up, as such To Mr. Horne Tooke, author criticisms usually are, with ex. of the Diversions of Purley, Mr. travagant panegyric, or fearful W.professes himself indebted for anathemas. After a brief descrip- the outlines of his plan. He was tion of the principal peculiarities led to these researches by the disof this Grammar, some reasons covery of Mr. Tooke, about 30 will be offered why every scien- years ago, by which it appears tific man should thoroughly that the particles or indeclinable peruse it, before he rejects it as words in our language were origuseless.
inally verbs, nouns, or adjectives; The first prominent feature of and that instead of being unmeanthis work, which strikes a reader ing by themselves, according to is, that disregard of authority Harris, and other writers, they which prompts the author to are all significant, and their apform a Grammar according to propriate use depends, in a great the true idioms of the English measure, on their original senses. language, as it is written and In prosecuting this inquiry, it apspoken, without being fettered pears evident that the distribution by rules arbitrarily imposed by of the words in our language is, men in a considerable degree in some respects, erroneous; ignorant of the science, which many of them being ranked with they professed to teach. Leap- those parts of speech to which ing over the limits by which the they have no relation. students of philology, both in To prevent the errors, which Great Britain and America, have must result from the present disalmost habitually bounded their tribution, Mr. Webster has made inquiries, he traces the sources a new classification, which he supof the language and its idioms poses not liable to the saine obfrom the primitive Teutonic and jections. Thus, for example, Celtic ; a field of knowledge the words called pronouns are with which Harris did not pro- found not always to stand for fess himself acquainted, and nouns. Many of them stand
in the place of adjectives, of sen- nominative or objective ; and tences, or of a few particular that the principles of construcwords, and therefore are not pro tion in the sentences where these nouns when, thus employed. - words occur, cannot be explained That this inconvenience may no unless the words are so considlonger exist, Mr. Webster pro- ered. To strengthen the arguposes to give them the name sub- ments adduced many authorities stitute, a term which explains the are cited. To mention one word real use of all the words classed out of many, the author has under it.
proved, beyond a doubt, that the Under the head of Limitation word as, does the office of a nomof Names, the author shews the inative and objective, and is, in its incorrectness of the received various uses, equivalent to who, rules in regard to the articles. that, which and what. We will give a brief example Of the English verb the author from a note in page 18.
has given a more full display,
than we recollect to have before “ The rules laid down by Lowth, seen. This will be particularly and transcribed implicitly by his fol useful to foreigners, as our verbs without any article to limit it, is tak present almost insurmountable. en in its widest sense ; thus man means obstacles to a learner, especially all mankind." The examples already in the imperfect forms in which given prove the inaccuracy of the rule. English Grammars have hitherto But let it be tried by other examples. exhibited their combinations and
“ There are fishes that have wings, and are not strangers to the airy le inflections. In his criticisms upsions.” Locke, b. 3. If the rule is on the tenses of the subjunctive just that fishes is to be taken in its mode, the author attempts 10 widest sense,”, then all fishes have show that the future and the pres, wings!
“When ye shall see' Jerusalement are often confounded ; and compassed with armies”—What! all that what is called the present is armies ? " There shall be signs in the really a conditional future. To sun”—What! all signs?" Nation the arguments here adduced we shall rise against nation"– What! every nation ! How the rule vanishes
would confidently recommend before the text !”
the student for satisfaction, as to
the use of the subjunctive mode. The head of substitutes or Certain it is, and every man of pronouns, is thoroughly discuss: observation must know it, that of ed, and much light is thrown on late years we have been deluged this class of words, by quota- with such a flood of subjunctives, tions from classical English au- from public speakers, and the thors, and frequent references to press,' and in common conversathe Saxon, and to other langua- tion, as cannot find a parallel in ges out of which the English is the bistory of any language. formed. Among other things, This part of Mr. Webster's subthe writer endeavours to prove, ject is illustrated by numerous that the words mine', chine, &c. authorities from the Hebrew, are not the possessive or geni- Greek, Latin, Saxon and English. tive case, as grammarians have In short, the idioms of our commonly supposed, but the language, which form the only
basis of correct grammar, are ex
Chronicles to the present time, hibited in a new light, and ex- not refusing the adventitious asplained by copious extracts from sistance to be derived from a the most classical writers. A- knowledge of other languages. mong the English writers cited
4. He is the only writer of a we recollect Locke, Bacon, Mile grammatical system, who has ton, Addison, Pope, Young, made much
of Horne Bolingbroke, Thompson, John- Tooke's discovery, a discovery son, Paley, and a great multitude which Dr. Johnson himself proof others. Mr. Webster differs nounced to be of great imporin many particulars, from other tance. authors who have attempted to 5. This work is an American digest the principles and usages production ; patriotism alone of the English language into a ought, then, to procure it a fair system ; and cites the best au- perusal. thorities, in support of his principles. If these authorities, as Mr.
Universal Salvation, a very an. Webster supposes, do support
cient Doctrine ; with some Aco his principles, the grammars now taught in our colleges and schools
count of the Life and Character are, in many particulars, ex
of its Author. A Sermon delivtremely erroneous.
ered at Rutland, (V.) WestHaving given this short ac
Parish, 1805. By Lemuel count of what Mr. Webster has Haynes, A. M. Sixth Edition.
Boston. Carlisle. pp. 11. 12mo. done in his granımar, we will, as briefly as possible, state some The following are some of the reasons why the work should re- excellencies of this sermon. ceive a candid examination from 1. The text is very aptly chosevery scientific man.
Gen. iii. 4. And the serpeno 1. The science of grammar is said unto the woman, ye shall not an essential part of a liberal edu- surely die. In a short preface we cation, and unquestionably it has are informed, that the discourse not yet arrived to a state of per was delivered at Rutland, (Vt.) fection. Every thing is useful, June, 1805, immediately after therefore, which will enable the hearing Mr. Ballou, a universal student to correct his errors, and preacher, zealously exhibit his improve his language.
sentiments. The author had 2. Mr. Webster has profess- been repeatedly solicited to hear edly been engaged many years in and dispute with him, and had the study of philology, which been charged with dishonesty and makes it very reasonable to be- cowardice for refusing. Though lieve, that he should be able to he thought it not decorous to endetect errors in antecedent writ- gage in a personal dispute with ers.
the universalist, he felt that some 3. He has pursued what we kind of testimony ought to be apprehend to be the best course borne against his erroneous senfor obtaining information ; that timents. Nothing could have is, he has perused with critical been better suited to the occaattention the best writers in our sion, or to the design of the dislanguage from the earliest Saxon course, than the text abovemens Vol. II, No. 5.