Obrázky na stránke

cern this departure from the Calvin, he said, “ Verily, if I had spirit of the gospel, and laboured served men, I would have had a at first by the arts of gentleness sorry reward ; but it is well that and persuasion, to bring back I have served Him, who does not their fellow citizens to a sense of forget a single promise that he their duty. When these means makes to his servants." were unsuccessful, they had re- This event might seem to threatcourse to the established disci- en the subversion of the Reformpline of the church, threatened ation at Geneva ; but it was overthe refractory with the sentence ruledby Providence for promoting of excommunication, and openly the interests of the gospel in other declared that they could not dis- places, for improving the talents pense the Lord's supper to per- of the exiled ministers, and even sons who had broken the bonds for purifying the corruptions, of charity, peace, and unity, and and rectifying the disorders of who resisted the ecclesiastical ju- the Genevan church. Obeying risdiction to which they had this unchristian edict, these sworn subjection. These divis- three venerable pastors retired ions were increased by another to Zurich, where a synod of the cause : the church at Geneva Swiss churches being convened, had used common bread for the the church of Berne was requestsacrament, and abolished all ho- ed to use all its influence to proly days, while the Protestants at cure the re-admission of these Berne had retained the use of faithful men to their charges at wafers. In this they were con, Geneva. The attempt was in• firmed by the synod of Lausan- effectual; and Calvin, having ne, which also appointed the left Zurich, went first to Basil, Genevese to observe the same and then to Strasburg, where, by custom. Calvin and his col- the unanimous request of the leagues appealed to a synod Senate and ministers, he was which was to meet at Zurich. called to the theological chair, The newly elected syndics * of with the appointment of a compeGeneva, being leaders of the tent salary. There, he not only most numerous faction, taking taught divinity with universal advantage of this appeal, repre- applause, but with the consent of sented Calvin and his two col- the Senate, modelled the church leagues as enemies to the peace after the Genevan form. In his of the church; and having as- exile, he was not unmindful of sembled the people in a tumul- his former charge ; but kept up tuous manner, commanded these a constant correspondence with faithful men to leave the city them, exhorting them to return within two days, because they to the purity and unity of the refused to administer the ordi- faith, By these epistolary lahance of the

supper. When bours, he succeeded in quieting this sentence was intimated to the commotions which the de

cree of the synod of Lausanne The syndics were the chief concerning the use of wafers in magistrates of Geneva, annually elected by the votes of the com

the sacrament had excited, and munity,

in preventing the influence of

Sadolet, the bishop of Carpen- the Lord's Supper, which was of tras, (a city of Dauphiny) who singular use to the church at exerted all his powers of elo- that time, when the Lutheran quence to bring back his dear and Popish doctrines on this friends, as he styled the Senate point were the subject of freand people of Geneva, to the quent discussion. During this Romish communion. These period, he was the

means of letters breathe a spirit of ardent converting several Anabaptists, affection for his beloved flock, some of whom afterwards became and inculcate on them the im- bright ornaments of the Protesportant duties of self-examina

tant cause. In 1541, he was tion, humility, and repentance, called to assist at two diets held on account of their spiritual de- by the authority of the emperor clension ; of love to their pas- Charles V. at Worms and Ratistors, and of a tolerant disposition bon, for the purpose of accomtowards those who differed from modating matters between the them in matters of inferior im- Protestants and their adversaries. portance. Their dissensions he There he gained the friendship represents as marks of divine of Melanchton, whose gentleness judgment against their sins, and and modesty made him an advouniformly prays that they might cate for reconciliation, but whose be led by the Spirit of truth into timidity inade him often shrink the love and practice of Christian from that opposition, which virtue.

Luther carried on with such While at Strasburg, in 1540, vehemence and success, against he published an enlarged edition the tenets and practices of of his Institutions, and a short Rome. but comprehensive Treatise on

To be continued.

Religious Communications.




1. Tus Intitution shall be completed a course of liberal edequally open to Protestants of ucation, and sustains a fair moral every denomination, for the ad- character. He shall also declare mission of young men of requi- that it is his serious intention to site qualifications.

devote himself to the work of the 2. Every candidate for admis- gospel ministry, and sion into this seminary shall pro- proper testimonials of his being duce satisfactory evidence, that in full communion with some he possesses good natural and church of Christ ; in default of acquired talents, has honourably which he shall subscribe a decla. Vol. III. No. 8.


ration of his belief of the Chris- on the peculiarities of the lantian religion.

guage and style of the New Tes3. Students in this seminary tament, resulting from this vershall be aided in their preparation sion and other causes ; on the for the ministry by able profess- history, character, use, and auors ; whose duty it shall be, by thority of the ancient versions public and private instruction, to and manuscripts of the Old and unlock the treasures of divine New Testaments; on the canons knowledge, to direct the pupils of biblical criticism ; on the auin their inquiries after sacred thenticity of the several books of truth, to guard them against rem the sacred code ; on the apochligious error, and to accelerate ryphal books of both Testaments; their acquisition of heavenly on modern translations of the wisdom.

Bible, more particularly on the 4. The public instruction shall history and character of our Enga be given in lectures on natural lish version ; and also critical theology, sacred literature, eccle- lectures on the various readings siastical history, Christian theolo- and difficult passages in the sagy, and pulpit eloquence.

cred writings. 5. In the lectures on natural 7. Under the head of ecclesitheology, the existence, attributes, astical history shall be comprised and providence of God, shall be lectures on Jewish antiquities; demonstrated ; the soul's im- on the origin and extension of mortality and a future state, as the Christian church in the first deducible from the light of na- three centuries ; on the various ture, discussed; the obligations sects and heresies in the early of man to his Maker, resulting ages of Christianity; from the divine perfections and characters and writings of the his own rational nature, enforc- fathers ; on the establishment of ed; the great duties of social Christianity by Constantine, and life, flowing from the mutual its subsequent effects ; on the relations of man to man, incul- rise and progress of popery and cated ; and the several personal mahometanism ; on the corrupvirtues deduced and delineated ; tions of the church of Rome ; the whole being interspersed on the grounds, progress, and with remarks on the coincidence doctrines of the reformation ; on between the dictates of reason the different denominations aand the doctrines of revelation, mong Protestants ; on the vari. in these primary points; and, ous constitutions, discipline and notwithstanding such coinci- rites of worship, which have didence, the necessity and utility of vided, or may still divide the a divine revelation stated.

Christian church ; on the state 6. Under the head of sacred and prevalence of paganism in literature shall be included lec- our world ; and on the effect, tures on the formation, preserva- which idolatry, mahometanism, tion, and transmission of the sa- and Christianity have respectivecred volume ; on the languages, ly produced on individual and in which the Bible was originally national character, written ; on the septuagint ver- 8. Under the head of christian sion of the Old Testament, and theology shall be comprehended

on the

lectures on divine revelation ; on principles and precepts of anthe inspiration and truth of the cient rhetoric to this modern Old and New Testaments, as species of oration ; on the qualiproved by miracles, internal evi- ties in the speaker, in his style, dence, fulfilment of prophecies, and in his delivery, necessary to and historic facts ; on the great a finished pulpit orator; doctrines and duties of our holy methods of strengthening the Christian religion, together with memory and of improving in sathe objections made to them by cred eloquence ; on the character unbelievers, and the resutation and style of the most eminent diof such objections; more par- vines and best models for imitaticularly on the revealed char- tion, their respective beauties acter of God, as Father, Son, and excellencies in thought and Holy Ghost; on the fall of and expression; and above all, man, and the depravity of hu- on the transcendent simplicity, man nature ; on the covenant of beauty, and sublimity of the 80grace ; on the character, of cred writings. fices, atonement, and mediation of 10. It shall be the duty of Jesus Christ; on the character the professors, by private inand offices of the Holy Spirit; on struction and advice, to aid the the scripture doctrines of regen students in the acquisition of a eration, justification, and sanctifi- radical and adequate knowledge cation; on evangelical repent of the sacred scriptures in their ance, faith, and obedience ; on original languages, and of the Old the nature and necessity of true Testament in the septuagint vervirtue or gospel holiness; on the sion ; to direct their method of future state, on the immortality studying the Bible and other of soul and body, and the eterni- writings; to superintend and anity of future rewards and punish- mate their pursuits by frequent ments, as revealed in the gospel; inquiries and examinations, relaon the positive institutions of tive to their progress in books Christianity ; on the nature, in- and knowledge ; to assign propterpretation, and use of prophecy; er subjects for their first compoand on personal religion, as a qual- sitions, and to suggest a natural ification for the gospel ministry. method of treating them ; fre

9. Under the head of pulpit quently and critically to examine eloquence shall be delivered a their early productions, and in a competent number of lectures on free, but friendly manner, to the importance of oratory ; on point out their defects and errors, the invention and disposition of in grammar, method, reasoning, topics ; on the several parts of a style, and sentiment; to improve regular discourse ; on elegance, them in the important art of composition, and dignity in style; reading, and to give them opporon pronunciation, or the proper tunities of speaking in public, management of the voice and favouring them with their candid correct gesture, and on the im. remarks on their whole manner ; mense importance of a natural to explain intricate texts of scripmanner; on the rules to be ob; ture, referred to them ; to solve served in composing a sermon, cases of conscience; to watch and on the adaptation of the over their health and morals with




paternal solicitude, and by every or preferment, may operate to prudent and Christian method to quite contrary effects. New expromote the growth of true piety pedients must then be chosen, in their hearts ; to give them and new disappointments will friendly advice with relation to soon ensue. Or if the measures their necessary intercourse a- chosen seem successful in the mong men in the various walks first essay, remoter consequences of life, and especially with re- may be adverse and disastrous, spect to the manner, in which it and doubtless will be so. I nced becomes a minister of the meek not refer you to history, sacred and lowly Jesus to address both or profane ; your own recoilec, God and man, whether in the as- tion will verify this remark. The sembly of his saints, or in the man, who, laying aside the plain chamber of sickness and of maxims of virtue and morality, death.

governs himself by the policy of the world, is never satisfied ; never consistent with himself ; never uniformn in his conduct. He is continually shuffling and

changing his means, always anxLETTER VI.

jous and embarrassed; wishing My Son,

to undo what he has done ; and In reading my preceding let doing what should not be done ; ters, I believe you have been still too proud to confess his erled to this reflection, that the ror, and too selfsufficient to ask work of the sincere and hum- advice. If danger threatens and ble Christian is much more plain, probable means of deliverance simple and easy, than the work fail, he takes some desperate of a man of the world. The for- measures, trusting to the conmer makes his duty the rule of tingence of events. If he falls his conduct, and indulges no into ruin, he draws many after painful anxiety about the conse- him, and endeavours to console quences. The latter is solicit- himself by imputing the blame ous about the consequences, and to others. pays little attention to duty. The The pious and honest man esapostle says, " We have our

capes all this vexation and miseconversation in the world in sim- ry. “He walks uprightly, and plicity and godly sincerity, not walks surely.” He has one plain by fleshly wisdom, but by the rule to guide him. This is the grace of God.

word of God, and this, he knows, The man governed by the wis- will never mislead him. If ever dom of the world is always in he is in doubt, he recurs to this uncertainty and perplexity. Hu- rule, and his doubt is removed ; man wisdom is short sighted ; it for his way is marked before him. cannot look far into futurity; He feels no embarrassment; for nor foresee what will be the re- he knows what is good, and what mote consequences of the policy, God requires of him. He walks which it adopts. The very right on in the way prescribed, means, which it applies to the committing his way to God, and procurement of wealth, honour, trusting that his thoughts will be

« PredošláPokračovať »