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doubt a moment of the reality of the severity of affliction ; and a the change. All remonstrances degree of excellence appeared in were useless ; she declared that the character of this lady which the finger of Providence was so had never before becn manifest. evident in the whole affair, that ed. Her cheerfulness appeared nothing should restrain her. As truly amiable, and unmixed with soon as captain D. had gained the the frailties to which she had been object, he was not very ceremo- subject. As she was now forced nious in throwing off the mask to read more, and converse less which Miss L. had given him about religion, her judgment bethe trouble of wearing but for a came more solid. Her zeal was short time : at first he laughed at in nothing diminished ; but it all religion as fit only for women was tempered with prudence. and fools, and at length, be open-By her meekness and patience ly and violently persecuted his she has often disarmed the rage amiable wife.
of a brutal husband ; yet she dis“ It is unnecessary to enter played fortitude in what she into a particular account of the knew was right and consistent trials which Mrs. D. was now with the divine will : but she had called to undergo. With diffi- already, to her cost, experienced culty, and very rarely, could she too much the sad effects of the attend the public means of grace; weakness of her own judgment. and is a great measure she was to shew any thing of vain-glory, cut off from all her religious con- or positiveness in defending her nexions. These were heavy tri- opinions. als. She had no companion but “ This flower, which now disher Bible, no friend but her God played new charms, and appearand Saviour; no means of graceed peculiarly beautiful, was not but those of a private nature : long to adorn the garden of God nevertheless, she has often said on earth. Severe trials, in a few that before her afflictions, she years, exhausted the spirits of talked about religious enjoy- the once animated Miss L.; and ments ; now she knew what they though her mind was vigorous, were. Her devotions were in- and her soul in prosperity, yet deed often interrupted by blas- her body sunk under the pressure phemy and abuse, her Bible some of accumulated trials, and after a times taken from her ; but noth- short and rough continuance ing could separate her from the here, she was removed into that love of God, and the enjoyment state “ where the wicked cease of his presence. She now lived from troubling, and the weary and walked by faith, in a more are at rest." eminent degree than she had ever done before. She had abundant occasion for all her natural spirits, and if she had not been remarkably favoured in this re- In the sacred writings, the spect, must have sunk under her name of Fathers is given to the heavy burden. What the kind ancient elders and prophets of endeavours of her friends could the Jewish church. In the chrisnever effect was now produced by tian world it is employed in allu
sion to the more early apologists Prosper, and martyrs for the cause of the Fulgentius. Redeemer. As reference is of- The sixth and seventh centuries. ten heard, in discourses from the Gregory the Great. pulpit, to their writings and char
The eighth century. acters, the subsequent statement
Beda, taken from the “ Ecclesiastes"
Damascenus. of bishop Wilkins, it is presum
The ninth century. ed, will be acceptable, especial
Nicephorus. ly to our youthful readers. “ The ancient Fathers are
The tenth, eleventh, and twelfth usually reckoned up according to
Peter Lombard. Ignatius,
There are a few others who Dionysius Areopagita,
are called lesser fathers, but the Polycarp:
above are the principal." The second century,
The characters of some of the Justin Martyr,
most eminent are thus drawn by Athenagoras,
Erasmus : Irenæus.
Basil is luminous, pious, sound, The third century.
sweetly grave, and gravely sweet, Tertullian,
employing no exuberance of Theophilus Antiochinus,
words. Clemens Alexandrinus,
Athanasius in teaching is won. Origen,
derful. Gregorius Thaumatergus,
The writings of Chrysostom Cyprian,
are popular, and accommodated Arnobius,
to the ears and affections of the Lactantius.
uneducated multitude. The fourth century.
In Gregory Nazianzen there Eusebius Cesariensis,
is much quickness of intellect, Athanasius,
and a sufficient vehemence. Hilarius,
Tertullian is unpolished, yet Cyril,
keen in confuting heretics, and Basil,
severe in exposing vices. Gregory Nazianzen,
Cyprian is open, vehement, Epiphanius,
serious and pleasingly fuent. Ambrose,
The sentences of Ambrose are Gregorius Nyssenus,
shrewd, affected, and often very Theodoret,
Hieronymus is apt at every Chrysostom.
kind of writing, and ardent in The fifth century.
exciting the affections. Augustine,
Augustine is happy and eloCyril of Alexandria,
quent in unpremeditated compoChrysologus,
sition, but he is rather pleasing Salvian,
Prudentius breathes much of the building is called the Tower Christian eloquence.
of Repentance. It is said, that Bernard is cheerful, and
and Sir R. Steele, while riding near prompt in awakening the pas- this place, saw a shepherd boy sions.
[Evan. Int. reading his Bible, and asked him
( what he learned from it ?” 6. The way to heaven," answered
the boy: “ And can you shew ANECDOTE.
it to me?” said Sir Richard in On the top of a hill, near to banter. “ You must go by that Hoddom castle, there is a square tower," said the shepherd ; and tower, over the door of which he pointed to the Tower of Reare carved the figures of a dove pentance. and a serpent, and between them
[Scott's Minstrelsy. the word Repentance ; whence
Review of New Publications.
Essays in a Series of Letters to a Friend on the following Subjects.
1. On a man's writing Memoirs of himself. 2. On Decision of Character. 3. On the Application of the Epithet Romantic. 4. On some of the Causes by which evangelical Religion has been rendered
acceptable to persons of cultivated Taste. By John Foster. 2 vols. in one. 12mo. First American from third London edition. Hartford. (Con.) Lincoln & Gleason.
Concluded from p. 380. The Essays, which we have a happy delineation of the feelalready examined, are equally ings of his own mind, and a interesting to all classes of peo- striking view of some of those ple. The subject of the fourth reasons, which have kept him an and last is peculiarly so to Chris. alien from the family of God. tians and men of taste. It is an The first cause suggested by inquiry into the causes of “the Mr. F. is, “ that this religion is aversion of men of taste to evan- the inhabitant of many weak and gelical religion.” It claims the uncultivated minds. Contractattention of Christians, and, es- ed and obscure in its abode, it pecially, of Christian ministers. will of course appear, as the sun Mr. F. a man of evangelical sen- through a misty sky, with but timents and unquestionable taste, little of its magnificence. and no ordinary judge of the op- taking such a dwelling the reerations of the human mind, ligion seems to imitate what was thinks he discovers in Christians prophesied of its Author, that themselves some of the causes when he should appear there of this aversion. The man of should be “no beauty in him that mere taste will find in this essay he should be desired.”
In his intercourse with men of ious exclamations in common disthis description the man of taste course, though they were even bene
dictions to the Almighty, which he has probably found some zealous
has often heard so ill-umed, as to Christians, who were slightly ac- have an irreverent and almost a ludi. quainted with the evidences of
crous effect.” their faith, and were ready to discourage every attempt to lay
That the man of taste should bare its foundations. He may
allow these considerations to inhave heard the discourse of oth- fluence his conduct, in a case of ers, whose religion involved no such importance, is wholly intellectual exercise, and strictly reprehensible, and a solemn lecspeaking, no subject of intellect.
ture is read to him by our auSeparately from their feelings it
thor at the close of the second has no definition, no topics, no
letter. Perhaps the littleness, distinct succession of views. He
with which their religion is in- . has found others, who made the vested by unlettered Christians, whole of religion lie in two or
cannot fail to excite, at the time, three points of opinion, which pain and disgust. But he ought they were always ready zealous- always to recollect, that it is ly to defend even before they wholly adventitious. If he does, were questioned.
it will need no great exercise of The great majority of Chris- modesty to persuade him to be tians are precluded by their con- cautious, how he thinks that to dition in life from any acquisi- be little, which Milton and Pastion of general knowledge. Ma
cal felt to be great. ny of these are, of course, sub
The unfortunate metaphors jects of extreme intellectual pov- and similes with which he has erty. He may often have seen heard evangelical sentiments exthem live on for a number of plained and enforced by ignorant years, content with the same con- Christians, and not unfrequently fined views, the same meagre list by the ministers of religion, of topics, and the same uncouth have disgusted him with the senlanguage ; and have observed as timents themselves. The recomplacenta sense of suffi
currence of the one is always acciency in their little sphere, as
companied by a recollection of
the other. if it comprised every thing which it is possible for any mind to see in the Christian religion. The
“ Among these," says Mr. F. “I
shall notice only that common one in attachment of some Christians
which the benefits and pleasures of to modes of worship may have religion are represented under the excited his surprise, and their image of foot. I do not recollect religious habits, his disgust.
that in the New Testament, at least,
this metaphor is ever drawn to a " Everything,” says Mr. F.“which great length. But from the facility coulil, even distantly, remind him of of the process it is not strange, that grimace, would inevitably do this ; it has been amplified both in books as for instance, a solemn lifting up of and discourses into the most extend. the eyes; artificial impulses of the cil description ; and the dining-room breath: grotesque and regulated ges- has been exhausted of images, and tues, and postures, in religious ex. the language ransacked for substanercises ; an affected faltering of the tives and adjectives, to stimulate the voice; and I might add abrupt relig. spiritual palate. The metaphor is
combined with so many terms in our inconceivable perversion of taste language, that it will sometimes una
and of labour has he framed for voidably occur, and when employed in the simplest and shortest form, it the sentiments of his religion, a may, by transiently suggesting the vehicle so uncongenial with the analogy, assist the thought without eloquence of his country, and so lessening the subject. But it is de adapted to dissociate them from grading to spiritual ideas to be ex
all connexion with that elotensively and systematically transmuted, I might even say cooked, into quence.” sensual ones. It will take some time Mr. F. distinguishes this dicfor a man to recover any great de. tion into three parts. gree of solemnity in thinking on the
The first is a peculiar mode of delights or the supports of religion, after he has seen them reduced into using various common words, all the forms of eating and drinking partly by expressing ideas in When the mind has been taught to such single words, as do not descend to a low manner of consider; properly belong to them ; as ing divine truth, it will easily descend
walk and conversation, instead to the lowest. There is no such violent tendency to abstraction and sub
of conduct, actions, and defortlimity in the minds of the generality ment ; flesh, instead, sometimes, of readers and hearers, as to render of body, sometimes of natural init necessary to take any great pains clination ; and partly by using for the purpose of retaining their
such combinations of words as ideas in some small degree of alliance with matter."
make uncouth phrases ; as
sense of divine things, instead of Another cause of this aver- an impression of religious subjects. sion to evangelical religion is The second is the use of a class the peculiarity of language in of words peculiar in themselves ; the discourses and books of but which, at the same time, are its teachers ; a peculiarity offen- not different in their mcaning sive to that classical standard of from others in general use. phraseology, which best The words godliness, tribulation, writers have so distinctly settled, lusts, carnal; might certainly and which every man of taste ale give place to piety, affliction or ways realizes, if he is not able to distress, passions, sensual. The define it. This peculiarity is word blessedness might often, but shiefly owing to the use of a bar- not always, give place to happibarous diction, wholly foreign ness. Edification think from the standard itself; should hardly be made to give much so, that were an enlight- way to instruction or improveened foreigner, after having be- ment. In the scriptural sense come familiar with the writings of the word they would be sorry of Dryden and Addison, to hear a substitutes. discourse formed in this manner,
The third distinction of the he would instinctively exclaim, theological dialect is the use of “ In what remote corner, placed words, which are properly techbeyond the authority of criticism nical, such as sanctification, and the circulation of literature, grace, covenant, salvation. Alwhere a most dignified language though the reasons vrgel by stagnates into barbarism, did this Mr. F. for the disuse of these man study his religion and ac- and similar words have weight, quire his phrases? or by what still we are unwilling to give