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which has hitherto attended their ef. both waggon, team, and people from forts. Their exertions will be con- destruction. tinued-will be increased. But the After travelling about 300 hours situation of the State, and the in- from the Cape, or as we suppose about crease of students, require that their 800 English miles in the direction of plans should be extended, and their N. E. or thereabouts, which would means enlarged. And should the bring them within two degrees of the wealthy and benevolent think proper Tropic, they came to the capital of to contribute their assistance in en- the Boetzuanas, containing about larging the sphere of instruction in 1,500 houses, and 7,000 inhabitants. this infant Seminary, and thus aid the The name of the city is Likitow. cause of learning and piety, they So vast an assemblage of dwellings, shall receive the warmest gratitude of exceeding the number of those in all the present patrons of the Insti. Cape Town, with a population equal, tution.
if not superior, excluding the slaves, By order of the Board.
makes it more than probable, that Seth STORRS, Secretary. the inhabitants have not only attained March 31, 1807.
a very considerable pitch of civiliza. tion, but it implies also a more than ordinary degree of industry in the
cultivation of the arts, and the purs FOREIGN.
suits of agriculture. Surrounded by
a barren country, and bordering to CAPE TOWN,
the northward on other tribes of peo.
Feb. 27, 1802. ple, remaining in a fixed and sedenThe dispatch that arrived last tary life, and deriving little or no week from the gentlemen of the com- support from commerce, we are entire. mission sent by government into the ly at a loss to conceive in wbat man. interior of this country contains the ner they contrive to subsist so great a most pleasing and satisfactory ac- multitude. The details of their po. counts of the good understanding that litical and domestic economy must invariably prevailed between them furnish new and highly interesting and the natives of every part of the matter to add to the history of savage country through which they passed in nations. It would be equally unac. the progress of their journey to the countable, that in the course of 160 Briequas, improperly it seems, so years, no correct information of the called, the real name of this nation Boetzuanas should have been obtain. being Boetzuanas. The commis- ed, if it did not occur to us, that no sioners speak in the highest terms of single discovery has been effected, applause of the conduct of the mis. nor any account of the southern angle sionaries settled among the natives of Africa been made public, except inhabiting the country near the by occasional and foreign visitors. Orange River ; and also of the poor It may be further added, that the Hottentots, Bastards, and Bosjesmen, country within the limits of the col. whom they are endeavouring to in- ony has been better known and more struct in the precepts of Christianity, travelled by Europeans or settlers and at the same time to accustom to within the last tive years, than in the the habits of useful labour. From whole period of its colonization prior these, and indeed from the natives in to the time we mention. At the cap. general, the expedition received the ture of the colony, no part of the very most friendly and ready assistance. extensive district of Graaff Reynet In crossing the Gariets, or Orange appeared in any of their charts, er. river, the rapidity of the stream cept Zwart Kop's Bay; nor swept away one of the waggons, there then three men in the whole which, with the whole team of oxen, Cape, who could point out, with any must inevitably have been lost, had degree of accuracy, where it was sit. not the savages, as they are called, nated. This dreadful journey of a on the opposite bank, perceiving the long month is now become familiar, distressed situation of those belong- and accomplished by a Britislı officer, ing to it, plunged into the stream, with two or three horses, in six and by their active exertions saved days.
With regard to the Boetzuanas, ations of such lawless miscreants as their name, their numbers, their situ. these. To such are owing the nu. ation, and resourses, were all falsified merous hordes of Bosjesmen, who, in the accounts given by those who driven by imperious want to assail the pretended to a knowledge of this na. habitations or the flocks of the colontion.
ists, are hunted down by the latter with The literary world will derive no more eagerness, and destroyed with small degree of gratification from the less remorse, (for their destruction is labours of the present expedition. the cause of triumph) than the vilest Besides a variety, or perhaps a new
or most obnoxious beast of prey. species of Rhinoceros, no less than The natural disposition of the dif. four animals of the Antelope and Bo- ferent tribes of Hottentots is mild, vine genus, hitherto undescribed, peaceable, and cheerful; and, by gen. have been discovered, among which, tle usage, might be moulded into any one is stated to be allied to that sin- shape. The babits of life in which gular animal the Gnoo, and another they have been brought up, naturally in some degree to the Hartebeest. incline them to a fondness of liberty, And the fine arts will be enriched by and render them impatient of contine. the pencil of the very able artist who ment and restraint ; but tbey are, per. accompanied the expedition.
haps, of all the people in the world who Notwithstanding the great distance have been accustomed to a roving that the Boetzuanas are removed life, the easiest broken in to constant from the Cape, they complained labour, and reconciled to a' fixed grievously of certain persons on the abode. As a proof of this, we need frontiers of the colony committing de- only refer to the exertions of the predations on their cattle, and ill missionaries, whose endeavours in treating their people. They particm. this country have been crowded with larly mentioned a man of the name of better success, than perhaps in any Jan Blom, who with his gang had of other. Degraded as this people have late years very much infested them ; stood in the page of history, and repand they concluded, naturally enough, resented as they have generally been that all the colonists were like Jan at the foot of the scale of rational anBlom; and of course they were at imals, we are doubtful whether any first guarded and distrustful of the nation or tribe of men, falling under present commission; which, howev. the usual denomination of sarage, are er, by a residence nearly of a month, possessed with more natural endow. sufficiently convinced them that all
ments, or more apt to acquire those Christians were not of the same de- ofart, than the Hottentots. We could scription as Jan Blom and his gang. enumerate various instances in sup.
Humanity shudders in contemplat- port of this opinion, were it necessary ; ing the deplorable situation to which but they are now so well and so genthe bulk of the native inhabitants, and erally known, that such details sere rightful owners, of this country, have unnecessary been reduced by the arts and machin
List of New Publications. INTEGRITY explained and recom- short account of the prevailing remended. In a sermon preached at the ligions. Ornamented with a frontisnorth meeting house in Salem, at an piece, representing history conduct. Association Lecture, Sept. 8, 1807. ing patriotism, fortitude and wisdom, By Joseph Dana, d. D. one of the to the temple of fame ; personified by ministers of Ipswich. Salem. Pool Generals Washington, Green and & Pearly. 1808.
Hamilton; with three other plates, A Compendium of the History of by D. Fraser. New York. Alsop, all Nations, exhibiting a concise view Brannon & Alsop. of the origin, progress, decline and A Dictionary of the English Lanfall of the most considerable em- guage, compiled for the use of com. pires, kingdoms and states in the mon schools in the United States. By world, from the earliest times to the N. Webster, Esq. G. F. Hopkins. present period. Interspersed with a New York,
Secret History; or the Horrors of A Letter from the Hon. Timothy St. Domingo. In a Series of Letters, Pickering, a senator of the United by a Lady at Cape Francois, to Col. States from the State of MassachuBurr, late vice president of the United setts, exhibiting to his constituents a States. Philadelphia, Bradford & In- view of the imminent danger of an skeep. 1808.
unnecessary and ruinous war. Ad. A Narrative of the Rise and Pro- dressed to His Excellency James gress, with a brief explanation of sev- Sullivan, Governor of the said State. eral subjects, viz. Observations on Boston. Greenough & Stebbins. 1808. the practice of the laying on of hands, the scriptural mode of celebrating the An Essay on the Spirit and Influence Lord's supper, &c. with remarks on of the Reformation, by Luther: The Mr. Wm. Parkinson's past and pres- work which obtained the prize on this ent conduct, and observations on a question--Proposed by the National pamphlet, entitled the new theologi. Institute of France in the public set. cal scheme detected. By Ebenezer ting of the 15th Germinal, in the year Baptist Church. Also a letter to Mr. X.-" What has been the influence of William Parkinson, with a dialogue the Reformation by Luther on the affixed thereto, by John Inglesby. political situation of the different New York. Smith & Forman.
states of Europe, and on the progress A Discourse before the Society for of knowledge ? By C. Villars. Faithpropagating the gospel among the In- fully translated from the last Paris dians and others in North America, edition, by B. Lambert. Sold at No. delivered Nov. 5, 1807. By Eliphalet 47, Cornhill, Boston. Porter, D. D. pastor of the first The Works of Thomas a Kempis, church in Roxbury. 8vo. Boston. in two vols, 12mo. 81,50. New. Munroe, Francis, & Parker.
Bedford. Abraham Shearman, jun, A Discourse on the nature and de- The Wanderer of Switzerland; and sign, the benefits and proper subjects other Poems, by James Montgomery. of baptism. By the Rev. Robert Third American edition. To wlrich Finley, A. M. minister of the gospel is prefixed a Biographical Sketch of at Basking Ridge, New Jersey. Phil. the Author's Life. 12mo. Boston. adelphia. B. B. Hopkins & Co. 1808.
Belcher & Armstrong:
CHARACTER OF MRS. BIDWELL.
Died at Stockbridge, February tongue that spoke only to delight last, Mrs. MARY BIDWELL, consort and to console, and the hand that was of the Hon, Barnabas Bidwell, At- wont to scatter peace and blessings, torney General of this state.
and smooth the rugged paths of life, While reviewing the melancholy are stiffened by death, we can find no catalogue of those, who though slum- consolation, but what flows from a bering in the tomb have left speaking recollection of virtues, and a convicrecords of their worth, we rarely ob- tion that they now enjoy their reward. serve a name so peculiarly calculated Mrs. Bidwell inherited great powers to excite the tenderest sympathies of from nature, and her mind was enthe heart, and to awaken the reflec. riched by judicious cultivation. In tions of the living, as the subject of the various spheres in which she was these few remarks. When blooming destined to move, she exhibited youth perishes before our eyes, and strength of understanding, and suavi. decrepid age gently slides into the ty of heart. Elevated by feeling grave, the poignancy of grief yields in above those cold maxims, that chill a measure to the reflection, that the the warmth of friendship by the affecloss of the former can be estimated tation of dignity, the softness of her only by a few acts of usefulness, manners and easy conversation, unwhile that of the latter proclaims the bosomed the most reserved, and facinevitable lot of nature. But when inated the most phlegmatic. With the vigour of life is torn from the full commanding and versatile powers, exercise of benevolence, when the she was qualified for every walk of
life, whether to sooth or enliven, to purest views, free from the lore of instruct or to reform. She could make applause, and desirous only to relieve. the old contented with their years, Sedulous in her attentions to the de. and enable the young to borrow the serving, she nourished every germ of wisdom of maturity. She could seize merit by protection, animated industhe affections of thie former by indulg- try by encouragement, and inspired ing the gravity of age, and engage the indolence with ambition. Her vir. love and respect of the latter by the tues, however, were not limited by amenity of her manners, and by invit- the circle that embraces only the re. ing them to court pleasure in the lations of society, and acknowledge form of improvement. But to know no higher obligation than friendship best, and, from veneration for worth, for our fellow creatures, and a theo tv yield her that respect and admira- retical reverence for that Being who tion her virtues deserved, we must gave us life : But to unspotted pracview her in the scene of domestic re- tical morality she united the purity of tirement, in the circle of a family, of vital religion. With a deep sense of which she was the centre, displaying the truths of Christianity, she ex. the love, duties, and attentions of a plained its precepts by practice, and wife, mother, daugliter, and friend. inculcated the duties of life by an unShe sustained the tenderest of ties interrupted display of religious sin. with the purest affection, watched over cerity, and a constant flow of chari. the infantile morals of her children table affections. She was a Christian with the warmest solicitude, and dis- not merely in the correctness of uncharged the debt of gratitude to an derstanding and truth of speculation, aged parent with more than filial but in activity to obey the mandates love and duty With a soul glowing of our Saviour, and to exemplify in a with benevolence, she largely distrib- pure and moral life, the high and soluted the favours fortune had shower- emn duties he enjoins. By such an ed upon her, and her disinterested example all around her were instruct. munificence is gratefully remembered ed. With such an assemblage of by many who experienced the kind- virtues, it is needless to add, she diness of her nature, and shared the ed leaving few able to appreciate her sympathy of her heart. Her ardent, virtues, but all deeply and sincerely yet inubtrusive generosity was the lamenting her departure. emanation of a soul actuated by the
TO CORRESPONDENTS. The Editors feel the nighest respect for the ability, seriousness, and piety displayed in the communication of Simeon. They tender him their sincerest thanks for his diligent and patient labour in this performance, which must have been very advantageous to himself, and wouki be immediately introduced into the Panoplist, were not the length of it incompatible with the gederal design of such a publication. We are not, however, prepared, at present, to lay it aside. Ai pia is approved ; and, with some abrigment, shall appear next month.
THELESL's is under consideration. We thank our Correspondent for his Extract concerning Rev. J. Brown of Haddington. Pastor in our next. Also the biographical Sketch of kev. Dr. Mc. Whorter.
The Report of the Congregational Missionary Society is in type for nest month : As are some obituary and other articles necessarily postponed.
The Editors are engaged in closing their accounts for the current year, and making their arrangements for the next. Agents and subscribers are requested to settle their accounts with the agent in Boston.
Erratum. P. 401, right hand column, line 17 from bottom, for “ watch, then," read " watch them.”
Doctor MACWHORTER was years at the university of Edinof Scotch extraction. His mater- burgh. At his solicitation, the nal ancestors were among the family removed to America, first emigrants from Scotland to about the year 1730, and settled the North of Ireland ; and the in the county of Newcastle, Del. family of his father removed to aware ; where his father became the same country about the time a distinguished farmer, and an of his father's birth. By his elder of the church, under the mother he had the honour of pastoral care at first of Mr. descending from martyrs. Both Hutchinson, and afterwards of of her maternal grandparents fell Mr. Rodgers, now Doct. Roda sacrifice to papal fury, in the gers of New-York. Alexander great Irish massacre of 1641, died before he had completed his while England was convulsed by studies, leaving a most excellent the civil wars of Charles I. character: and our future pastor, None of the family survived this being born about a month after, horrid scene except her mother, bore his brother's name. who, at that time an infant, was The second Alexander, the concealed by her nurse, and pre- youngest of eleven children, was served from impending death. born July 15, 1734, 0. s. It was On so minute a providence did his happiness to be blessed with the future existence of this lu- parents eminent for piety, and minary of the church depend. abundant in their labours to train His immediate parents, Hugh up their children in the nurture and Jane, lived in the county of and admonition of the Lord. It Armagh, in the North of Ire- was their custom to devote the land ; where his father was for evening of every Lord's day, many years a linen merchant. among other seasons, to this The eldest of their children, tender and interesting service ; whose name was Alexander, was a practice which was common a son of distinguished talents and among pious parents of that age ; piety ; and, being intended for would God it were as common the gospel ministry, spent two now! He remembered, till the Vol. III. No. 11.