« PredošláPokračovať »
We have not the vocal, but The religious constitution of we have a written oracle, which this nation, besides the injuncby its moral instructions and tion of moral duties, which it solemn sanctions is to guide and considered as of principal iminfluence the conduct both of ru- portance, required a great mullers and citizens.
titude of ceremonial observances Though there is a similarity and periodical festivals, for the in some respects, yet in other administration of which a coinrespects there is a difference petent number of officers were between the Jewish and the appointed. The ritual law deAmerican governments. In the scends to many minute particu. latter there is a power of making lars, some of which appear trivilaws and imposing taxes. In al and useless, and were attendthe former the laws were already ed with considerable labour and made, and the taxes, or means expense. But, as our author of supporting religion and gov- has clearly shewn, they were ernment, were permanently fixed wisely adapted to the habits and and ascertained by divine author. circumstances of that people, ity. The whole nation was a and to their peculiar situation, body of soldiers, and every man, and were the best guards, that when called forth to war, went could be devised, to secure them at his own expense.
The chief from the idolatries and superbusiness of the government was stitions of surrounding nations, to deliberate and determine on by whom they were always in matters of peace and war, pub- danger of being corrupted; and, lic defence, and other great pa- on the whole, they were happily tional concerns.
calculated to preserve the knowThe discontents of the people ledge and worship of the one under their free government, supreme God, to promote peace changed it, in a course of years, and union among themselves, into a monarchy. Foreseeing' and to enforce the practice of all this change, God expressly or- moral duties. dered, that whenever they should On circumcision, which, as a set a king over them, they should seal of God's covenant, was inselect for the kingly office one of stituted under the patriarchal, their own people; and that he and continued under the Jewish should write out for himself a dispensation, and on the week. copy of the divine law, and keep ly Sabbath, which began at the it by him for his direction in creation of man, and was revived the administration of his gov- by Moses and placed among his ernment. Under the monarchy, moral precepts, our author treats which the people were anxious more largely, than on some othto obtain, they were, for the er institutions, and points out greater part of the time, very their usefulness and their conunhappy; for their kings were tinuation in substance, though generally wicked, unprincipled, with some variance of form, unirreligious men, and the people der the dispensation of Christ. were easily corrupted by so high He next shews the importance an example.
of God's early and visible manifestations of himself to his people, These “ Lectures on Jewish and the manner in which these Antiquities” were to have been manifestations were made ; the followed by a course of Lectures nature and use of the tabernacle on “ Ecclesiastical History.” and temple; the appointment We painfully regret that this and qualifications of the minis- design was arrested in the begin. ters of the sanctuary ; their in- ning by the hand of a righteous duction into office, and their re- and sovereign Providence. spective duties; and he answers Particular extracts from the several inquiries relative to the work, which we have reviewed, Jewish priesthood.
we thought unnecessary, as we He explains particularly the trust the whole work will be exduties of the prophets, the man- tensively read; and in a work ner of their education, and the so uniformly important and inuse and design of their ministry, structive, and in which there is which was to reprove the people so little preference of one part for their corruptions, warn them to another, it is difficult to make of impending judgments, call selectior them to repentance, shew them Of the style and manner we the subservience of the ceremo- need say no more than this : nial to the moral law, and predict Doctor Tappan has written like the grand events which related himself, with perspicuity, corto posterity, to the Gentiles, and rectness and energy. to the gospel dispensation ; and The Lectures were happily he subjoins a vindication of the adapted to the design of their character and writings of the institution; and are well worthy prophets against the cavils and of the perusal of ministers, stuobjections of infidels.
dents in divinity, and Christians He gives a better account, in general. They cast light, than can easily be found else- not only on the subjects chosen where, of the several sects, which for elucidation, but also on many appeared among the Jews, in and obscure passages of the Bible. near the time of our Saviour, They lend their aid to display and shews their rise and origin, the evidences of the divine origin and their distinguishing tenets both of the old and new Testaand manners.
ment, and give a full answer to He shews how the numerous the cavils of infidels against the rites and ceremonies of the He- divinity of the Mosaic institutes. brew ritual gradually unfolded As the Doctor studied conthe more perfect dispensation of ciseness, he has, in a summary the gospel.
way, passed over some matters, Lastly; he compares the on which, we think, he might character and institutions of the have enlarged to advantage. Hindoos with those of the He- The conquest of Canaan, and the brews; and proves, that the in• extermination of its inhabitants stitution of the Hebrews could he justifies by the warrant given not be derived from the Hin- to the Jews by bim, who is the .doos, or from any other human Sovereign of the universe. source.
This certainly is a sufficient Vol. III. No, 11,
These “ Lectures on Jewish ch these Antiquities” were to have been de; the followed by a course of Lectures bernade on “ Ecclesiastical History." intment We painfully regret that this
minis- design was arrested in the beginheir i- ning by the hand of a righteous heir re- and sovereign Providence. uswers Particular extracts from the to the work, which we have reviewed,
we thought unnecessary, as we ly the trust the whole work will be ex. cman- tensively read; and in a work nd the so uniformly important and innistry, structive, and in which there is people so little preference of one part them to another, it is difficult to make
call selections. them
Of the style and manner we remo- need say no more than this : redict Doctor Tappan has written like dlated himself, with perspicuity, cor
and rectness and energy. and
The Lectures were happily the adapted to the design of their the institution, and are well worthy and of the perusal of ministers, stu
dents in divinity, and Christians ount, in general. They cast light, else- not only on the subjects chosen lich for elucidation, but also on many and obscure passages of the Bible. vur, They tend their aid to display
in, the evidences of the divine origin les both of the old and new Testa
ment, and give a full answer to 6715 the cavils of infidels against the
Ie- divinity of the Mosaic institutes. Hed As the Doctor studied conof ciseness, he has, in a summary
way, passed over some matters,
tie on which, we think, he might
The conquest of Canaan, and the
justification. But we think the mane and kind institution, nor conquest may be farther vindi- pointed out its moral and religcated by the rules and usages of ious design. nations, not merely in that rude and barbarous age ; but also in 7 If some of our obliging our own more civilized times.
correspondents would faThe Doctor has mentioned vour us with a dissertation the appointinent of cities of re- on each of the subjects menfuge for the manslayer ; but has tioned by the Reviewer, he not assigned the reasons, arising would oblige the Editors, from the then prevailing cus- and, we believe, he would toms of the workl, for this hu- also gratify our readers.
UNITED STATES, Tenth meeting of the Congregational Missionary Society in the Counties of
Berkshire and Columbia. AGREEABLY to appointment, the Counties of the state of Vermont, and tenth annual meeting of the Congre. the new settlements west of Lake gational Missionary Society in the Champlain. His journal has been Counties of Berkshire and Columbia received, by which it appears, that was holden at the meeting house in he travelled 900 miles, preached 97 Pittsfield, Sept. 15th, 1807 ; at the times, attended 19 conferences and opening of which a sermon was de church meetings, and 8 lectures livered by the Rev. Silas Churchill of preached by other ministers. He New-Lebanon.
administered the sacrament of the At this meeting several new mem- Lord's supper twice, baptised 12 in. bers were added to the Society, fants and one adult, visited and conwhich was gratefully noticed, by the versed with nearly 200 families on friends of the missionary interest, as religious subjects, and received in a token of good from the Head of the contribution for the Missionary So. church.
ciety $10,2. The Trustees made a report of From Mr. Leavenworth's journal it their doings from the time of their appears, that he performed a mission appointment, viz. from Sept. 1806, to of 12 weeks in the Counties of Lu. Sept. 1307, which received the appro. zern and Wayne, that he rode 734 bation of the Society.
miles, preached 59 times, attended The Report is as follows :
conferences, and visited 153 fami. The Trustees of the Missionary lies and 4 schools. He received in Society request the attention of the contribution from the people among members to the following account of whom he laboured S26,6. missions for the last year, and of their Mr. Parsons' journal has been re. doings in the discharge of the trust ceived, from which it appears, that which has been committed to them. he performed a mission of 10 weeks
The missionaries, respecting whom in the western Counties of the state information is now to be communica. of New York ; that he rode upwards ted, are Rev. Nathaniel Turner, Mr. of 500 miles, preached 53 sermons, Ebenezer I. Leavenworth, Mr. Levi attended 5 conferences, visited 3 Parsons, Rev. Alvan Sanderson, Rev. schools, made numerous family visits, Enos Bliss, Rev. Azel Washburn, and received in contribution $12,76. Rev. Oliver Ayer, Rev. Jeremiah Os. From the journal of Rer. Alvan born, and Rev. Samuel Shepard. Sanderson, who performed a mission
Rev. Mr Turner's mission was for of 12 weeks in the north westerni 16 weeks in the north-western Counties of Vermont, it appears that