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tents—thus, The Boy and the Brook, The Town tain removable obstacles to the better realizaMeeting (of fishes), Among the Northern Pines, tion of man's possibilities, and to suggest a few The Bully of the Oswegatchie, are a few. Mr. reforms tending to increased social sanity, effiCrandall is minister, fisherman, essayist, and ciency, and happiness. His book, in short, is observer all in one. His book will give much a thoughtful and thoroughly understandable pleasure to many readers.

treatise in social psychology, and it compleGaunt Gray Wolf (The). By Dillon Wallace.

ments admirably his previously published "HuThe F. H. Revell Company, New York. $1.25.

man Nature in Politics." It is the work of a Mr. Wallace's Labrador experiences have close observer, a clear thinker, and a real been unusual. Out of his close personal knowl-humanitarian. edge of the Far North he has made a stirring Christian Faith (The). By Theodore Haering, boys' book, in which trapping and adventure D.D. Translated by John Dickie, M.A., and George are much to the fore, with an old friend,

Ferries, D.D. In 2.vols. The George H. 'Doran Com.

pany, New York. $6. “Ungara Bob,” among the actors.

Professor Haering is a conservative theoloDr. Llewellyn and His Friends. By Caroline gian of the Ritschlian school and a prominent

Abbot Stanley. The F. H. Revell Company, New
York. $1.25.

representative of the movement to readjust the A wholesome, pleasantly told story of a little

old Lutheran theology to modern requirements. Missouri town. There is close and amusing

These volumes will interest those who are not presentation of Negro character and talk, and

yet prepared to regard the theology of the also of neighborhood life in what was Upper

Reformation period, whether Luther's or CalLouisiana before Missouri became a State.

vin's, as hopelessly broken down. An elaborate

introduction deals with the difficulty implied by Comte de Gabalis. By Abbé N. de Montfaucon de Villars. Published by The Brothers. Henry

their title. It concedes that “no dogmatic of B. Haines, 527 W. 110th Street, New York. $2.50. any age is identical with the saving truth of the This book, originally published in 1670, has Christian faith," and that “it passes away with long been scarce for English readers. Its last the age to which it belongs ” into the history of English translation was issued in 1714. The dogma. Professor Haering's work presents the present volume is a translation from the first New Lutheran view of "the Christian Faith as French edition. It was a famous book in its a Coherent System” of theological doctrines. time. Its author was a man of letters and a Among thiese, for example, is the origin of wit, the Abbé de Villars, and it had a great run sin. After discussing several theories-what is in the salons as a wonder-book, and much more transmitted from the first sin, and how it is than that. Its sub-title in the French ( Dis- transmitted-he states “the remodeled doctrine courses on the Occult Sciences”) indicates its

of the Church," and remarks that it “is not re. character. The poet Pope said of it. two cen- garded as a perfectly satisfactory solution even turies ago that it gave the best account of the by all who accept it. . . . An ultimate enigma Rosicrucians that he knew of. It professes to presents itseif.” Following this several pages be a book of hidden mystery and power," are devoted to “The Concept of the Devil," pro addressed to “the student who seeks to illumi- and con, leaving it an open question. It is diffinate his intelligence by the torch of his own cult to resist the impression that this labored divinity."

work of nearly a thousand octavo pages is Great Society (The): A Psychological Analysis. essentially misleading. It tends to obscure the

By Graham Wallas. The Macmillan Company, New vital distinction, always to be insisted on, be-
York. $2.
The soundness of Mr. Graham Wallas's main

tween Christian faith, the consent of conscience

and will to follow Christ in faithful struggle for contentions in this psychological study of mod

the righteousness of God, and theological belief, ern civilization is not impaired by the shocking events of the past few weeks.

Rather they go

the assent of the intellect to religious doctrines to confirm his view that the “Great Society "is

Historical Christ (The). By Frederick C. Cony

beare, M.A., F.B.A. The Open Court Publishing not properly organized to give adequate expres- Company, Chicago $1.50. sion to the instincts of love and pity which he A theory recently set afloat, that Jesus is a deems basic in human nature. His criticisms wholly mythical person, identified with an (alof the existing order of things-and particu- leged) Sun-god, "Joshua," worshiped by an —

“ larly of the incidental militarism—will appeal (alleged) Jewish sect, has drawn more attention with special force at the present time. Not than it deserved. Dr. Conybeare's pungent and that he specifically outlines a system of politi- smashing treatment of it as "preposterous,'' a cal theory and a form of government which in product of " mingled temerity and ignorance," his opinion will correct the evils he deplores. possible only to “obstinately shut eyes," is the He is too wise a man to attempt anything of more crushing because coming from a critic the sort. All that he seeks to do is to analyze outside of Church interests, and motived only by and make clear the fundamental facts in the the scorn for pseudo-scholarship that fulminates psychic make-up of mankind, to indicate cer- through his pages.

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The New York “Sun” is to move from the old brick building on the corner of Nassau and Frankfort Streets, which it has occupied for half a century and which is one of the landmarks of the city, to the American Tract Society Building, corner of Nassau and Spruce Streets. `How the “Sun” could keep at the head of the journalistic procession amid the changes of fifty years and still find room for its production in the old-fashioned home of its youth has been one of the mysteries of newspaperdom.

Dogwood and persimmon, formerly regarded as worthless woods, are, according to a writer in the “Country Gentleman,” now supplying the shuttle market of the world, entirely superseding the boxwood of the East for this purpose.

A theatrical journal says that in a new farce playing in New York real refreshments are consumed, the list reading: Fifteen cents' worth of radishes, twenty-five cents' worth of celery, a portion of fish, a plate of toast, one quart of Rhine wine, one magnum of champagne (the genuine article), four bottles of seltzer, and eight cups of tea. The pièce de résistance seems to be inadequate to sustain the libations of this particular menu.

Professor Bliss Perry, in the “ Youth's Companion,” deplores the lack of serious reading on the part of college men. “ Their ignorance of the great books of the last three hundred years, even in their own literature,” he says, “is amazing.” When it comes to the classics, Professor Perry says: “I do not believe that there are twenty-five undergraduates of either Yale or Harvard who have read, during the past academic year, twenty-five pages of a Latin or Greek book simply for their own pleasure and profit in reading and without reference to the demands of the curriculum."

The "Evening Telegram," of New York, which contains many pages of “exchange advertisements, occasionally prints some curious announcements from those who have things they do not want. This, for instance, from a recent issue: “ Three old freight cars for sale ; have been used for shipping hogs." Who would buy this man's wares, even among the heterogeneous readers of a daily paper ?

During the year 1913, throughout the world, a total of 542 vessels of over 100 tons were lost or condemned—295 steamers and 247 sailing vessels. These figures, according to “ Lloyd's Reg. ister of Shipping,” are lower than for several years. During the previous year 720 vessels were lost.

Handing out religious tracts by colporters in the large cities does not seem to be so common as it once was; but one occasionally receives a

souvenir of this description. A tract that was distributed in a trolley car recently showed the influence of the newspaper headline artist. In large, bold letters the first page announced : “END OF THE WORLD IN 1914." In smaller characters underneath one read: “Not the View of nor of

(the editor and publishers).

The Geological Survey reports that the number of working days at the anthracite mines last year was the largest on record-257. The average number of men employed was 175,745, an increase of about 1,700 over the previous year. Owing to the increase in the use of artificial gas and coke, says the report, there is little probability that the production of anthracite will show any marked increase in the future.

“ The French Revolution " seems a trite subject for a magazine feature ; yet in the opening chapter on that topic by H. Belloc in the September“Century” one finds freshness and insight. Here is a sentence that illustrates M. Belloc's knowledge of his own countrymen: “The French do things themselves, a point in which they differ from the more practical nations. For instance: MacMahon, the soldier and president, used to brush his own coat every morning."

When the London “ Times" sold for sixpence -or was it threepence?—the poet Tennyson, according to the Montreal “ Witness,” hired it for a penny an hour. On being expostulated with by a friend for a cold reception, Tennyson, so this story goes, said: “I am a poor man and can't afford to buy the 'Times,' so I have it from the stationer for an hour, for which he charges a penny. Why will people select just that hour to come and call on me?"

“ Now that we have the railroads down,” says a newspaper correspondent, “why not go further and make them furnish Pullman cars lined with asbestos to keep them cool? The present steel sleeper is a furnace.” The tradition that the cars should be “comfortable,” with heavy plush upholstery, is probably responsible for the uncomfortableness of the Pullmans in summer. Some inventor should design seats with removable upholstery, so that the cars could be adapted for either hot or cold weather.

A once familiar figure in army and political life passed away in the recent death of General Powell Clayton at the age of ninety. General Clayton served in the Civil War, first as captain and later as brigadier-general. He was successively Governor of Arkansas and United States Senator. A close friend of General Grant, he was one of the “ 306” who became famous for their devotion to that leader in the Chicago Convention of 1880.

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Redondo Bea Public Libran

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The Outlook

SEPTEMBER 16, 1914

HAMILTON W. MABIE, Associate Editor
R. D. TOWNSEND, Managing Editor




HE principal news of the fifth week Fabius. But perhaps cool-headed English

of the war—September 2 to 9—is advice added to the lessons of their earlier

of great changes in the alignment of reverses have persuaded them that discretion
the opposing forces in northern France. is the better part of valor. It is hard to be-

The advance of the German Army of the lieve that they have retreated so far volun-
Right swept on to within sight of the outer tarily. But it seems sairly certain that they
fortifications of Paris. The heavy line of have always retired rather than risk a defeat
forts from La Fère to Rheims did not cause which would cripple them.
any noticeable halt. What happened to
these forts will be one of the most interesting

questions to be answered when the “fog of On the 5th of September came the sur-
war” has lifted.

prising news that the German Army of the
The Russo-Japanese War and the Balkan Right, which had been rolling steadily south-
War led all military men to believe that mod- ward towards Paris, had suddenly turned
ern fortifications, if not impregnable, could at east.
least be counted on to impede an advancing It was manifestly unwise for the Germans
army for weeks or months. Liège, Longwy, to attempt to invest Paris with an active
and Mauberge resisted stubbornly. But Huy, army still in the field.

But the gay city has
Namur, and the La Fère forts, supposed to been the object of so many invasions that it had
be the strongest of all, seem to have fallen settled down to the hardships of a protracted
ingloriously Lille was evacuated without a siege. Suddenly, without any explanation,
blow. It is of course possible that no serious the French War Office announced that the
effort was made to defend them. But this Allied Army, instead of being to the north of
matter of the forts is the prime mystery of the ciiy, was in touch with the Germans in
the war, so far.

the valley of the Marne to the east. The
fear of a siege was premature.

We have been told only the facts of this
The advance of this German Army of the move; we can only guess at its cause.
Right is not so impressive when the fortifica-
tions are left out of the reckoning. It is evi-
dent that the Allies have not regarded any More than a week ago we heard that
of the lines they have abandoned as the English marines had occupied Ostend in
proper position for a decisive battle. They force. Then the censorship closed with a
have stubbornly contested every German ad- snap and no more news came of operations
vance, but they have not resisted with that in that vicinity. There could be no reason
desperate determination which in case of de- for this move except to hold the place as a
feat means utter rout. Alway's so far they base for the landing of troops.
have retired in good order. And, in military It was obvious that if the Allies could
parlance, their forces are still intact.” conjure up an extra army there was no place

It is hard to conceive of the impetuous they would rather have it than somewhere
French accepting the dilatory tactics of along the coast of the Channel, where,


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operating in conjunction with the plucky through Luxemburg towards Verdun. It is veteran army of Belgium, it could harass the here that the French anticipated the main German rear and cut their lines of commu- attack. At the time of the outbreak of hosnication.

tilities the French War Office published a But where were the troops to come from? map of “The War Zone,” showing which England had already sent her available force. districts were under “martial law." It indiFrench regiments might be brought up from cates clearly where they expected the fighting the south. Portugal is bound by treaty to to be. fight beside England. Then there is the Although we have heard, little definite French army in Morocco. But all these pos- news from this 66

theater,” it is probable that sible sources were at least problematic and the greatest number of soldiers have been at most not very numerous.

The English concentrated there by both sides. We know Colonial troops were far off.

that this French Army of the Center attempted For the last few days rumor has followed extensive offensive movement. They rumor that Russian troops have been brought advanced at least as far as Givet, and probably by the Arctic Sea from Archangelsk to Scot- to Namur. The Germans drove them back land, by rail to Dover and across the Chan- to Verdun, and here the French have held nel to Ostend. A newspaper in Rome fast. There has been no news of


serious printed a story that a quarter of a million change of front here for a fortnight. We Russians are now with the Allies in France. will very likely learn later that the most Any one who has ever ridden on the jog- desperate and murderous fighting has been ging Russian railway from Moscow up to in this neighborhood. Archangelsk—it is single-tracked, as I remem- The German Army of the Right, operating ber—will be very doubtful whether Russia from Aix-la-Chapelle through Belgium, was could get so many troops up to the Arctic. And evidently trying to crush the Allies' Left or the transporting of them to Scotland would to break through between it and their Center. be too slow an operation to give this story In this it has apparently failed, but it has credibility. But where there is so much succeeded in getting to the south and west smoke there is likely to be some fire. And of the Verdun position. Now, if it can adeven fifty thousand Cossacks might cause vance due east, it will strike this Center Army the Germans much trouble. And in the five of the French, which its own Center has weeks since war was declared there has been battered in vain, on the flank. ample time to bring up native troops froni Verdun is the apex, of an acute angle. India, the small force of British regulars in The right wing of this French Army of the the West Indies, and part, at least, of the Center extends in a southeasterly direction Canadian forces. It is not at all improbable to Nancy; its left wing, southwesterly to that a hundred thousand or more trained sol- Vitry-le-François. The Germans from Metz diers have been landed at Ostend.

are pounding somewhere on the right wing That the Germans have turned a large between Nancy and Verdun. From Luxemforce in this direction is indicated by Belgian burg they are throwing all their available despatches.

weight near the apex—the fortress of Verdun. So it may be that the German Army of Now, if the German Army of the Right can the Right, finding its lines of communication crush into the other side of the angle—the through Belgium seriously threatened, had had left wing of this French Center—it may well to move east to assure supplies by the valley force the defenders to give somewhere. And of the Meuse. If this should prove to be once this front is broken, it would be excessthe true motive for the German shift, it is a ively hard for the French to pull out without very serious matter for them.

a crushing defeat.

But such an attempt by the German Army THE ARMIES OF THE CENTER

of the Right would be exceedingly dangerous. But another guess is at least as probable. It leaves out of the counting the Allied The easiest road for a German invasion of Anglo-French Army of the Left, which, in France is that now occupied by the oppos- spite of its losses and continued retirement, ing Armies of the Center. From their has been heavily reinforced, and has had at great base at Metz the Germans would least two days of rest. Its forces are reported advance up the valley of the Moselle, to be still “ intact." If there is any offensive and from Trèves they would come down left in them after their long retreat, they

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