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REMINISCENCES

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the other case the two sister churches would orders in the mere hope that they would be have worked together in Christian fellowship. accepted. Men who could not get compa

I have described this threatened division nies at home came alone or in squads to the in the church at greater length than the im- rendezvous and joined in the general clamor portance of the event may seem to justify, to be taken. Within a week the quota of but it is not without its significance. A friend Indiana was filled more than twice over. A of mine tells me of an address which he once camp was organized in the outskirts of Terre heard at an ordination service. The speaker Haute, where on the 27th of May I preached said there was one statement in the New a sermon on the text, “In the name of our Testament which he had always found it diffi- God we set up our banners.” The choir sang cult to believe: the statement that the devil at the opening of the service “ The Starentered into a man and made him dumb. Spangled Banner.” The Democratic paper “When,” he said, " the devil enters into a advised them the next time I officiated there church, he sets the people a-talking. If he to conclude the service by singing " Yankeeonly made them dumb, there is scarcely a Doodle-Doodle-Do.” I wrote for the“Congrechurch quarrel of any description which would gational Herald” of Chicago—a paper which not heal itself in three months.” The leading I believe is no longer in existence—defining men in the Terre Haute church were dumb the issue before the country : “We have wisfor three months ; and three months of dom to make our own laws; have we the power silence sufficed to close the threatened breach. to enforce them, or is our country, which has Dr. Jewett never resumed the pastorate. I been strong to defend itself against foreign find in the history of the church the state- aggression, to drop to pieces at last of its own ment that “from the date of his severance weakness ?” The Congregational Association of his final connection with this church he held its annual meeting in Indianapolis about divided his time between his home here, his four weeks after the attack on Fort Sumter. farms, and his sons, and died at the home of It adopted resolutions declaring it to be the his sons in Paris, Texas, 1879, in the seventy- Christian duty of all men to rally to the supfifth year of his age.”

port of the country. On my motion these resoIn the midst of this threatened division of lutions were amended by adding one declaring the church came the assault on Fort Sumter that the object of the war against the Union and the President's call for volunteers. “the perpetuation and extension of a Before that call had come Governor Morton system of slavery, which is as antagonistic to had sent to the President the following tele- the plainest principles of humanity and the gram: On behalf of the State of Indiana, I simplest principles of the Gospel as it is at last tender to you for the defense of the Nation, confessed to be to those principles of liberty and to uphold the authority of the Govern- which underlie our Nation, and to which, ment, ten thousand men.” All thoughts of under God, we are indebted for all its proscompromise were for the time being at an perity.” end. The slavery question was forgotten. In reading this chapter the reader must The only issue recognized by the people was, remember that I was only in my twenty-fifth Has the Nation a right to exist ?

year; that this was my first parish; that I was ervation of the country was the theme of a comparative stranger in a strange land; sermons in some churches, of prayers in that I had to acquaint myself with the spiritmany churches. Guards were necessary to ual and intellectual temper of a people quite protect some of the extreme Democratic different from those of New England, with newspapers from mob violence. Volunteers whom I was familiar; that the conditions both poured in upon the recruiting officers. The in the community and in the church were difficulty was to exclude those too old and new and strange; that I was far from my those too young for the service. The story old friends and advisers, and had to feel my was told of one boy in Terre Haute, under way aided by the advice of only two counthe necessary age and under the necessary selors, Mr. Ryce, who understood Terre height, a little fellow but lithe and eager, who Haute but did not understand me; and my found himself about to be rejected. They wife, who understood me but understood the asked him how much he weighed; he jumped people of Terre Haute better than I, only as up, clapped his feet together twice before he a woman's intuitions are quicker and more came down, replied, “ A ton and a half,” and trustworthy than a man's. Add to this that I got in. Companies came forward without had not learned that the minister needs one

was

summer.

rest day in the week as truly as the layman; ice. I judge that he thought I took the matI worked habitually every day. It is not, ter too lightly and needed a scare. He told then, altogether strange that my wife's ap- me he thought he could save my life, and prehensions were realized; and when the hoped he could save my arm, up which by summer came on, my church perceived that that time the pains were shooting to the I needed a respite and gave me a vacation, shoulder, but he doubted whether he could which I spent in the East. My father offered save my finger. Preaching on Sunday was a railway ticket to bring my wife and the two out of the question. Whether I could preach children to Farmington, Maine, and the hos- at all that summer was doubtful. I was to pitality of the old homestead there for the go home to my brother's and go to bed.

We did not accept the offer, partly He did save my finger, but I doubt whether because the long journey with two children I have ever had, except for the scarlet fever was a serious undertaking for the mother; in my childhood, an illness more serious than partly because I was engaged to preach in that caused by this little incident. The New York and depended on the income of scales showed that I lost ten pounds in three the preaching for my own expenses, so that weeks—and I have never had any flesh to if she had come we should have been but

spare. But I was kept out of the pulpit only little together; but chiefly, I suspect, because one Sunday. Fortunately, I was able to do she rightly felt that a journey with the chil- some literary law work for my brother Austin, dren would have added to my cares, from which made up for the deficiency in my which she wished to relieve me. An incident finances caused by not preaching the first insignificant in itself, but which might have Sunday. The experience showed that I was been very significant, proved my need of the somewhat run down, but also that I had a vacation.

constitution which possessed a considerable On the Friday before I started for the resisting power. East I saw a mouse in my study, went out The only other incident in this vacation of into the yard, picked up a cat which be

any interest

to the general reader was a longed to us but was imperfectly domes- perplexity which illustrates an aphorism of ticated, and attempted to bring her in to my brother Austin's which I have found comintroduce her to the mouse. She objected, forting in some of life's trying experiences : struggled to get free, scratched, and finally "Perplexity is generally a choice of blessput her tooth into my finger. Then I let her ings. My Uncle John had put my name go. My wife wanted me to see a doctor. I before a vacant Congregational parish in laughed at her, but so far yielded to her per- Meriden, Connecticut. At their invitation I suasions as to wash out the little wound, preached for them, and received a call to setwhich scarcely bled at all, and then dismissed tle there. There was much to attract me in the matter from my mind. But by Saturday this call. The church was a large one, numthe finger had swollen and the hand was bering about three hundred; the Sundaypainful. I then went to the doctor. The school was large and flourishing ; there was no germ theory of disease was unknown. Of debt; there was a probable salary of twelve infection I had never heard. The doctor ex- hundred dollars and a parsonage, a very plained the condition of my hand by saying pleasant two-story house, apparently roomy that the bite of an angry animal was poison- and commodious.” If I had accepted the call, ous, “ from the bite of a cat to the bite of a we should have been brought back to our old woman," and justified his expression by tell- friends, and to our immediate and even remote ing me that when he was a police surgeon family relations. This last would have counted in Baltimore a woman arrested on the street for much, for the Abbotts have always been by a policeman had bitten the policeman on a united family, and the reader will rememthe shoulder, and he died from the poison. ber that my wife was an Abbott on her On Sunday I preached with my hand in a mother's side. We should have been in an poultice and my arm in a sling. Monday I intellectual and social atmosphere congenial traveled on with friends, spent a day in con- to us, and in a climate certainly better for siderable discomfort at Niagara Falls, and, on my wife's health. The summers of Terre arriving in New York, went straight to the Haute were long and hot. The nights doctor there. I was to preach the following seemed hotter than the days, for what breeze Sunday in the Broadway Tabernacle, and there was went down with the sun. Often wished to be in good condition for the serv- my wife would put her pillow on the window

1914

REMINISCENCES

219

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sill and sleep with her head as far out as was Terre Haute, known as Strawberry Hill. safe, in order to get a breath of air. Sleep- One afternoon my wife and I were invited ing porches were unknown. I was not set- to take tea at Strawberry Hill; accepted the tled in Terre Haute, but employed only for invitation ; rode down, but expected to walk the year. I should have been permanently back. Tea was hardly over before the young settled in Meriden. The church was appar- man of the household brought word that an ently more spiritually active than the church omnibus was outside waiting to take us home. in Terre Haute, was a better working force, It had come, he said, by his order, but he and had better prayer-meetings. The slavery was surprised that it had come so soon. We question was not so perplexing. I wrote to proposed that he should dismiss it and leave us my wife that in New England all loyal sup- to go home on foot, as we had expected to do. porters of the Government were anti-slavery, This proposition our hosts would not enterand this was far from true in Indiana.

tain, and we got into the omnibus and drove But all these were questions of secondary off, rather surprised that our friends were so importance. My wife, in a letter to me, put the ready to speed the parting guests. The whole question in a sentence: “It seems to me omnibus had hardly got out into one of that both places are attractive, and the question the parallel avenues before it stopped and is, Where can we do the most good ?" It seemed the driver got down, apparently to attend to to us both that we could do the most good some defect in the harness.

He presently by remaining where we were and by trying repeated the operation. To my question, to make the Terre Haute church more spirit- What is the matter ?” he replied, “ It is all ually active, to improve the attendance at and right now," and droveon; but when he reached interest in the prayer-meeting, and to do the first cross street, he turned down into the what little I could to make the loyal supporters parallel avenue, and when he came to the of the Government also lovers of liberty next cross street he turned back again, and for the slave as well as for themselves. I so went zigzagging back and forth to our therefore declined the call, with my wife's house. When we reached it, the house was hearty approval. In reaching this decision I dark. My wife proposed to go around to the was helped by an aphorism of my grand- kitchen and arouse the maid. I said, “Wait; father's which I have before quoted: “When perhaps I can arouse her with the bell.” I you do not know what to do, do nothing." began pulling the bell handle back and forth. To use the lawyer's phrase, the presumption Instantly the front door was flung open, our is always against a change, the burden of host and hostess of the evening stood in the proof is always on the advocate of a change. open door to admit us to our home, the This may seem strange doctrine for one who before darkened house was ablaze with light has always been a progressive, but it states and was filled, hall, stairs, parlors, with memthe principle on which I have always acted, bers of the congregation. One of our friends

While this question was under considera- afterwards said that my wife acted like a crazy tion the church brought no pressure to bear woman and I like an idiot. When at the on either of us to remain, although occasional supper table, for in hospitable Terre Haute expressions made it clear what they generally there was always a supper on such occasions, felt. After the decision was made we were I tried to make a speech, I broke down comoverwhelmed with expressions of appreciation pletely and ended my address with the conand gratitude. The culmination of these ex- junction “and.” pressions was reached a little after Christmas, When, the following day, I attempted to

The residential section of Terre Haute- express my thanks in a note to the daily for in Terre Haute, as elsewhere in America, paper, I found myself almost as much at a the homes of the wealthy were called resi- loss as I had been in my impromptu address dences, the homes of the poorer were called of thanks the night before. I finally hit houses—consisted of two parallel avenues upon the plan of writing a fanciful descriprunning from the center of the city in a tion of an invasion of my home by a body of southerly direction, and connected by cross burglars who had gained access to the house streets. At one end of these avenues, on one during the afternoon, had brought with them of the cross streets, was our home, a plain a great quantity of plunder, evidently taken but comfortable brick house, into which we from other houses, not only bread, cake, jellies, had now moved. At the other extremity, a ham, and other like articles, under the weight mile away, was one of the finest places in of which my substantial dining-table bent

a

(literally bent, so that it had to be supported ministerial experience in this mid-Western in the center by a dry-goods box), but also a parish, where my salary was promptly paid, magnificent silver water-pitcher and coffee where I was treated justly and even generurn." They also left behind them, I said, ously by the tradesmen, where I preached $225, and a great variety of other articles temperance in a community cursed by drink of every description. The local readers, and liberty in a community pervaded by proknowing the facts, understood the letter, but slavery prejudices and “nobody got up and when a prosaic reporter in the East made a went out of the church," where my people paragraph out of it, treating the incident vied with each other in hospitality, and where quite seriously, I received from Eastern I was writing this letter surrounded by friends some letters of condolence, and, to Christmas fruits—“ books for my library, silcorrect misapprehension, wrote for the New ver both elegant and beautiful for my table, York “Independent" a description of my toys for my child, food for my larder."

COMMERCE AND

AND FINANCE

A WEEKLY ARTICLE BY THEODORE H. PRICE

AUGUST BANK CLEARINGS—THEIR ENCOURAGING

SIGNIFICANCE

T

are

\HE Business Barometer of denial of business depression, which the bank

Bank Clearings is not indicative clearings bespeak, and make plain the basis

of any widespread trade depression for optimism that they afford. in the United States. Special attention should Those who have the patience to examine now be paid to this gauge of American busi- the figures closely will probably be surprised ness activity. Because the figures are not to learn that outside of New York the "total generally published in detail, and, when pub- turnover” of business for the month of Aulished, are rarely understood, the returns for gust as indicated by the checks drawn is only the month of August as compiled by the four and eight-tenths per cent below last year. • Commercial and Financial Chronicle" The decrease in New York is, it is true, given in full on the following page. They thirty-two per cent; but this is in a large

. include the clearings at one hundred and measure due to the closing of the Stock and thirty-seven American cities, and enable one Cotton Exchanges and the embargo thereby at a glance to measure the relative business put upon speculative and financial operations activity of each important locality or section. which involve large transfers of money but

There is no other country in the world are not wealth-creating in the same sense as that is supplied with such a sensitive and are industry, agriculture, and distributive trade accurate record of the volume of trade as in merchandise. these clearing-house returns afford. Paris, Examining the figures even more closely, for instance, has no clearing-house, and even we are enabled to submit the following comin the countries where the clearing-house parison :

“ principle" is applied checks are heavily

Clearings at taxed and much less generally used than in New York.

$4,581,200,595 $6,762,194,504 the United States. In America, everything

505,557,676 560,581,228 Chicago...

1,163,781,093 1,245,128,185 bought at wholesale, and probably seventy

720,099,483 762,986,526 five per cent of the things bought at retail, Total of above... $6,970,638,847 $9,330,890,443

All other cities..... 2,971,608,319 3,060,543,029 are paid for by check. Unless the buyer and seller use the same

$9,942,247,166 $12,391,433,472 – 19.8 bank the checks so drawn pass through This shows that, if we eliminate the three some clearing-house, and the aggregate of great cities that are most affected by the the checks thus cleared is called “bank clear- closing of the Stock Exchange, and the ings.” This is elementary, but it is well just Southern States, where the stagnation of the now to repeat it, in order to emphasize the cotton market is a restrictive influence, we

1914.

1913.

Boston...

Decrease.

32.3

9.8 - 6.6

5.6

All Southern cities.

- 26.4

2.9

Total.......

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