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Crawshay, William. By the Editor

Foley, Admiral Sir Thomas.

Jones, Rev. Canon Powell, B.D. By J. Wyndham Lewis
Rees, Rev. W., D.D. (Hiraethog). By Hiraethus ar ol Hiraethog
Thomas, Daniel. By the Editor
Williams, Roger. By Tal-a-Hên

Cardiff, Reminiscences of. By John. Howells

Carlyle's Holidays in Wales. By John Howells

Caves and Castles of Gower. By C. H. Perkins

Dream Faces. By May Church


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Ethel. By Welshwoman...

Funeral Customs of Wales. By W.R.H.
Glamorgan Revel, The. By John Howells

Gleanings of Social History from the Old Laws. By the Editor
Gower, Caves and Castles of. By C. H. Perkins

Grammar, An Old. By Charles Hanbury Williams

"Hamlet." By John Jones

Huntsman's Leap. By Howell Davies ...

Leaves from a Criminal Note Book (with illustrations). By Merlin

Land Nationalisation. By J.

Land Question. By G. W. Morris

Library Books, Marginal Notes on

Literary and Art Notes of the Month

London's True Drinking Fountain. By R. D. Green
My Professor. A Woman's Love Story. By E. P.
On the Point of a Pin. By Ruby




97, 193






333, 461, 553

95, 192, 286, 381, 478, 573








57, 163, 247, 342, 451

87, 185, 280, 375, 470, 564
92, 189, 292, 378, 474, 568




66, 170


153, 255


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Storming of Moirosi's Mountain. By Welshman
Scene from a Welshman's Life in Pondoland. By Ensenguize
Sir Joshua Reynolds at the Grosvenor Gallery.
Stonehenge and Avebury, The Monuments of.
Storm Waif, A. By Howell Davies
Story of an Envelope. By Denzil Vane
Tanwyn, an old Welsh Legend. By C. E. O.
WELSH CHARACTER SKETCHES-with Illustrations.. By Ap Adda.

The Blacksmith

The Cardiganshire Herring Dealer..

The Welsh Farmer

By Frederick Cooper
By J.H.

The Old Welsh Stocking Knitter

Welsh Members of Former Administrations
Welsh Poetry in English Dress

Welsh Sculpture at the Cardiff Exhibition. By Jeannie Jones
What Cannot Love Do? A Tale of Two Friends.












32, 237, 323
79, 270

By John Saunders

19, 119, 206, 293, 403, 488

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According to a Welsh proverb, "Every country breeds brave men," and "little Wales" has bred a few, certainly not many if tested by an imperial gauge, but a multitude, which it would take some considerable time to count if tried by local and national measure. Of this host many might have been advantageously known beyond Offa's Dyke if they had not been "cribbed, cabined, and confined" by their own language, which restricted to a narrow strip of land the service of brain, tongue, and pen. One of the most effectual barriers between nations is language, an invisible fence, not made with hands, yet insurmountable. One of the many evils produced by the isolation it creates is the tendency to worship idols, and to miss the expansion and elevation begotten of intercourse with life-giving and inspiring god-men. Of the few-very few, alas!-of Wales's brave great men, the majority of Welsh people know little more than their names, and some not even that much, although they can be counted on the fingers of one's hand. John Penry, the initial founder of the American Republic; Roger Williams, the first man who legislated for freedom of conscience in matters of religion; James Howell, the author of "Familiar Letters ;" and John Rowland, better known as Henry M. Stanley, the celebrated African traveller and discovererthese four, taking timely advantage of "a tide" in their surroundings, were carried by "the flood" to heights of distinction not otherwise to be reached.


The biography of great men is, as a rule, tantalisingly brief. The most condensed is that of Enoch, which could have been inscribed on his tombstone-" And Enoch walked with God, and he was not for God took him." Of markless (dinôd) men who write their names on the sand, speedily to be erased, there are bulky memoirs containing, among other equally perishable items, long lists of all the ills and ailments to which their vulgar flesh was heir, chronologically registered, and which to peruse would constitute very severe penal servitude, and which to endure, without curses loud and deep, a larger measure of Job's proverbial grace than that grand old

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philosopher-poet ever had any occasion to call to his aid. Utterly unavailing contests with death's chief obliterator, Oblivion, are these petty biographies of petty men, engaged in petty work, and on a petty scale. Far better is it to go "down into silence" as a voluntary act, and thus cheerfully anticipate the inevitable fate awaiting the majority of men and women. Ceiriog is right when he says that the

"Dinôd sydd yn marw.”*

It is a somewhat singular, and perhaps significant, fact that nine of the greatest benefactors Wales has had since the establishment of the Protestant Reformation may be formed into groups of three as to dates of birth and places of residence. At Cefnbrith, a farmhouse to the north-east of Llandovery, and within twelve miles of it, was born, in the year 1559, the martyr John Penry; and twenty years later, in 1579, was born at Llandovery the eminent Rhys Prichard, who was fourteen years old when Penry suffered. In 1606, four years after Prichard had commenced his public ministry, there was born at Maestroiddynfawr, in the parish of Conwil Gaio, about fourteen miles to the south-west of Llandovery, Roger Williams, the subject of this biographical sketch. Group the second consists of the learned translators of the Scriptures into the Welsh language, namely, Bishops Morgan and Davies, with the scholarly layman, William Salesbury--all three connected, either by birth or residence, with the lovely valley of the Conway. Group the third consists of the first systematic teachers of the Principality, namely, Griffith Jones, of Llanddowror, Thomas Charles, and William Bevan - all three connected, either by birth or residence, with the neighbourhood of St. Clears. It was indirectly by his efforts, in setting up a boundary fence between the provinces of civil and Christian law, that Williams may be said to have served his native country. His advanced views on this subject have, however, become the common property of all separatists from all churches established by Parliamentary law.

Who and what was Roger Williams? How came he to emigrate to America? Why was he persecuted in that boasted land of liberty, and by the Puritans above all other people, since they themselves had fled thither in consequence of the persecution which they had suffered in England? And what was there in his conduct as the founder of Rhode Island State which entitles him to thankful mention, and the unqualified admiration of all advocates of freedom of opinion in matters of religion? To answer these questions as fully as is compatible with the limited space allotted to magazine articles is the object of the following biographical sketch. Roger Williams * It is the markless (nameless ?) who die."

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