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Glad was the Spi'rit impure, as now in hope 630
To find who might direct his wand'ring flight
To Paradise the happy seat of Man,
His journey's end and our beginning woe.
But first he casts to change his proper shape,
Which else might work him danger or delay : 635
And now a stripling Cherub he appears,
Not of the prime, yet such as in his face
Youth smild celestial, and to every limb

diffus’d, so well he feign'd :


est years,

634. But first he casts &c.] He here by the pen of Milton. In contiders. The metaphor seems to Spenser there is a similar descripbe taken from casting the eye a tion of a young Angel. Faery round every way. Spenser has the Queen, B. 2. Cant. 8. St. 5. fame expression, Faery Queen, B.1. Cant. 11. St. 40.

Beside his head there sat a fair

young man, Hle cast at once him to avenge for Of wondrous beauty, and of freshall.

Whose tender bud to blossom new And Milton himself again. XII 43. began,

Richardjon. And forih fair above his equal

peers : 636. - a firipling Cherub] The liis Inowy front curled with golevil Spirit, the better to disguise den hairs, his purpose, assumes the appear

Like Phobus' face adorn'd with ance of a tripling Cherub, not of

funny rays, one of those of the prime order Divinely shone; and two sharp and dignity, for such could not so winged shears, well be supposed to be ignorant of Decked with diverse plumes, like what Satan wanted now to be in painted jays, form’d. And a finer picture of a

Were fixed at his back, to cut his young Angel could not be drawn

aery ways. . by the Pencil of Raphael than is


Under a coronet his flowing hair
In curls on either check play'd; wings he wore

many a color'd plume sprinkled with gold,
His habit fit for speed succinct, and held
Before his decent steps a silver wand.
He drew not nigh unheard ; the Angel bright, 645
Ere he drew nigh, his radiant visage turn’d,
Admonish'd by his ear, and strait was known
Th’ Arch-Angel Uriël, one of the seven
Who in God's presence, nearest to his throne,


In Taffo likewise, when the Angel representing the Angels; but I ra. Gabriel is sent to rouze the Chri- ther understand it that the wings ftian

army, he appears as a stripling. he wore were his habit, and they Cant. I St. 13

were certainly a habit fit for Speed

Succinct, but succinct I underitand Tra giovane, e fanciullo eta con- with Dr. Pearce, not in its first and fine

literal sense girded or tuck'd ze ; Prese, et ornò di raggi il biondo but in the metaphorical sen'e riady crine.

and prepar'd; as Fabius in Inti.

Orat. II. 2. says, Proni succinctiA ftripling seem'd he thrice five que c.

winters old, And radiant beams adorn'd his 644. His decent pers] The word locks of gold.

Fairfax. decent in its common acceptation in

our language will, I think, scarcely But there doth not seem to be any come up to what our poet is here particular reason for it in that describing, and therefore we cught place, as there is in the passage be- in juitice to him to recur to its fore us.

Latin Original. Hor. Od. II. 643.His habit fit for Speed succinc,] If the author meant that Satan had Antequam turpis macies decentes clothes on as well as wings, it is Occupet malas, Ther. contrary to his usual manner of

650. — and



Stand ready at command, and are his eyes 650
That run through all the Heav'ns, or down to th’Earth
Bear his swift errands over moist and dry,
O'er sea and land : him Satan thus accosts.

Uriel, for thou of those seven Spi'rits that stand
In fight of God's high throne, gloriously bright, 655
The first art wont his great authentic will
Interpreter through highest Heav'n to bring,
Where all his sons thy embassy attend;
And here art likeliest by supreme decree
Like honour to obtain, and as his eye

660 To visit oft this new creation round; Unspeakable desire to see, and know All these his wondrous works, but chiefly Man, His chief delight and favor, him for whom All these his works so wondrous he ordain’d,



650. and are his eyes &c.] which fignify God is my light. He An expreílioo borrow'd from Zech. is mentioned as a good Angel in IV. 10. Thole Jever, they are the the second Book of Efdras, chapeyes of the Lord, zench run to and ters 4 and 5; and the Jews and fro ihrough the whole earth. The fome Chriitians conceive him to be Jews therefore believed there were an Angel of light according to his joven principal Angels, who were name, and therefore he has proche capcains and leaders as it were perly his station in the sun. of the heavenly hoft. See Tobit XII.


Rev. I. 4. V. 6. VII. 2. 663. - but chief Man, 654. Uriel,] His naine is de His chief delight and fazor, bin rived from two' Hebrew words for whom &c.] Dr. Bent

Hath brought me from the quires of Cherubim
Alone thus wand'ring. Brightest Seraph, tell
In which of all these shining orbs hath Man
His fixed seat, or fixed seat hath none,
But all these thining orbs his choice to dwell ; 670
That I may find him, and with secret gaze

admiration him behold,
On whom the great Creator hath bestow'd
Worlds, and on whom hath all these graces pour’d;
That both in him and all things, as is meet; 675
The universal Maker we may praise;
Who justly hath driven out his rebel foes
To deepest Hell, and to repair that loss
Created this new happy race of Men
To serve him better: wise are all his


680 So spake the false dissembler unperceiv’d;


ley reads and favorite for whom, and Scelus quem hic laudat. And Vir: says that Man bis chief favor is not gil. Æn. V. 541. Englih. But, as Dr. Pearce re Nec bonus Eurytio prælato inviplies, by favor surely may be meant dit honori. the object of his favor ; as by de honori is the honourable person, light is piainly meant not his de- prælato which was preferr'd before light itself but the object of his de- him. light. And, as Mr. Upton ob


that loss] This is Milserves, it is only using the abstract ton's own reading in both his edifor the concrete. So Terence uses tions. Dr. Bentley and Mr. Fenscelus for scelestus. Andria, Act V. ton read not so weil their lofs. R 3

683. Hy

For neither Man‘nor Angel can discern
Hypocrisy, the only' evil that walks
Invisible, except to God alone,

By his permissive will, through Heav'n and Earth :
And oft though wisdom wake, suspicion sleeps
At wisdom's gate, and to simplicity
Resigns her charge, while goodness thinks no ill
Where no ill seems : Which now for once beguild
Uriel, though regent of the sun, and held 690
The sharpelt fighted Spi'rit of all in Heaven ;
Who to the fraudulent impostor foul
In his uprightness answer thus return’d.

Fair Angel, thy desire which tends to know
The works of God, thereby to glorify

Work-master, leads to no excess
That reaches blame, but rather merits praise.



683. Hypocrify &c.] What is said the evil Spirit did not pass wholly here of hypocrify is censur'd as a uudiscover'd, for though Uriel was digreflion, but it seems no more not aware of him now, yet he than is absolutely necessary; for found reason to fufpect him afterotherwise it might be thought very wards from his furious gestures in

range, that the evil Spirit Mould the mount. pafs undiscover'd by the Arch-An 686. And aft though zvisdom wake gel Uriel, the regent of the fun, &c.] He must be very critically and the sharpef-lighted Spirit in fplene ic indeed, who will not parHeaven, and therefore the poet don this little digressional observaendevors to account for it by say. tion. There is not in my opinion ing, that hypocrisy cannot be dif a nobler sentiment, or one more cern'd by Man or Ángel, it is invi- poetically express'd, in the whole fible to all but God, &c: But yet pocm. What great art has the


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