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Relations dear, and all the charities
Of father, son, and brother first were known.
Far be’ it, that I should write thee sin or blame,
Or think thee unbefitting holiest place,
Perpetual fountain of domestic sweets, 760
Whose bed is undefil'd and chaste pronounc'd,
Present, or past, as faints and patriarchs us’d.
Here love his golden shafts employs, here lights
His constant lamp, and waves his purple wings,
Reigns here and revels; not in the bought smile 765
Of harlots, loveless, joyless, unindear'd,


756.- and all the charities] love may be condemned as a diCharities is used in the Latin figni- greffion, yet it can hardly be call'd fication, and like caritates compre a digression, when it grows fo nahends all the relations, all the in- turally out of the subject, and is dearments of consanguinity and af- introduced so properly, while the finity, as in Cicero De Officiis, I. action of the poem is in a manner 17. Cari sunt parentes, cari liberi, suspended, and while Adam and propinqui, familiares; fed omnes Eve are lying down to sleep; and omnium caritates patria una com if morality be one great end of plexa elt. It is used likewise in poetry, that end cannot be better this manner in the Italian, and by promoted than by such digressions Tasto in the place which our au as this and that upon hypocrisy at thor is here imitating, Ma la cha- the latter part of the third book. rita del fglivolo, e del padre.

765. Reigns here and revels;] 761. Il'ycle bed is undefild and What our author here says of mar

shafte pronounc'd,) In allu- riage Marino applies in the same fion to lieb. XIII. 4. Marriage is terms to Venus in his description honorable in all, and the bed undefiled. of her, Adon. Cant. 2. St. 114. And Milton must have had a good and 'tis probable that Milton alopinion of marriage, or he would luded to this and other such extranever have had three wives. And vagances of the poets, and meant tho' this panegyric upon wedded to say, that what they had extra


Casual fruition; nor in court amours,
Mix'd dance, or wanton mask, or midnight ball,
Or serenate, which the starv'd lover sings
To his proud fair, best quitted with disdain. 770
These lull’d by nightingales embracing slept,
And on their naked limbs the flow'ry roof
Show'rd roses, which the morn repair'd. Sleep on,
Blest pair ; and O yet happiest, if ye seek
No happier state, and know to know no more. 775

Now had night measur'd with her shadowy



vagantly and fallly applied to loose and in another of his odes he has wanton love, was really truc of that preserved a fragment of one of passion in its state of innocence. these songs, Od. I. XXV.7. Quiui Amor fi traftulla, e quindi Me tud longas pereunte noctes, impera. Thyer,

Lydia, dormis.

769. Or serenate, wbicbabeslarv'd 776. Now bad night measur'd with lover fings] We commonly

ber hadowy cone] A cone is say serenade with the French, but a figure round at bottom, and lefMilton keeps, as usual, the Italian sening all the way ends in a point. word serenare, which the starv'd This is the form of the shadow of lover fings, farv'd as this compli. the earth, the base of the cone ment was commonly pay'd in je standing upon that fide of the globe reno, in clear cold nights. Horace

where the sun is not, and consementions this circumstance, Od. III. quently when 'tis night there. This X. 1.

to those who are on the

darken'd side of the earth, could Extremum Tanain fi biberes, Lyce, it be seen, would mount as the Sævo nupta viro, me tamen af- fun fell lower, and be at its utmost peras

highth in the vault of their hea. Projectum ante fores objicere in ven when it was midnight. The colis

shadowy cone had now arisen half Plorares aquilonibus: way; consequently fuppofing it to VOL. I



Half way up hill this vaft fublunar vault,
And from their ivory port the Cherubim
Forth issuing at th' accustom'd hour stood arm’d.
To their night watches in warlike parade, 780
When Gabriel to his next in pow'r thus spake.

Uzziel, half these draw off, and coaft the south With ftricteft watch; these other wheel the north ; Our circuit meets full west. As flame they part, Half wheeling to the shield, half to the spear. : 785 From these, two strong and subtle Spi'rits he call'd


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be about the time when the days and of Heaven between the earth and nights were of equal length' (as it moon, and extends beyond the orwas X. 329.), it must be now about bit of the moon, as appears from nine o'clock, the usual time of the lunar eclipses. the Angels setting their sentries, as it immediately follows. This is

77 78. And from their ivory port marking the time very poetically. &c.) We cannot conceive that here

Richardson. is any allusion to the ivory gate of

sleep, mention'd by Homer and 777. Half way up hill] The ex- Virgil, from whence false dreams preffion' is fomething dark, but it's proceeded; for the poet could neright. Half way up hill, half way ver intend to insinuate that what towards midnight, the third hour he was saying about the angelic of the night; th' accuftom'd hour guards was all a fiction. As the for the first military watch to take rock was of alabaster, ver. 543. their rounds. Spenser, Faery Queen, so he makes the gate of ivory, B. 1. Cant. 2. St. 1.

which was very proper for an ea.

stern gate, as the fineit ivory comethi Phæbus was climbing up the ea from the east; India mittit ebur, stern hill. Bentley.

Virg. Gcorg. I. 57. and houses and

palaces of ivory are mention'd as 777,--this veft fublunar vault,] instances of magnificence in ScripFor the shadow of the earth sweeps ture, as are likewise doors of ivory as it were the whole arch or vault in Ovid. Met. IV. 185.


That near him food, and gave them thus in charge.

Ithuriel and Zephon, with wing'd speed Search through this garden, leave "upfearch'd no

nook ;

But chiefly where those two fair creatures lodge, 790
Now laid perhaps asleep secute of harm.
This evening from the sun's decline arriv'd
Who tells of fome infernal Spirit seen
Hitherward bent (who could have thought ?) escap'd
The bars of Hell, on errand bad no doubt : 795


Lemnius extemplo valvas pate 785. Half wheeling to the shield, fecit eburnas.

half to the spear.] Declinare 782. Uzziel,} The next com

ad baltam vel ad scutum. Livy. to manding Angel to Gabriel; his As all the Angels stood in the ca

wheel to the right or left. Hume.

stern God, as all God's mighty Angels the north, to the spear; their left

gate, their right hand was to are. Hume..

hand to the south, to the shield. 784: -As flame they pari,] From these that wheeld to the spear This break in the verse is excel Gabriel calls out two: He himself lently adapted to the subject. They then was in that company. Shield part as the flame divides into sepa- and spear for left hand and right, rate wreaths. A short fimile, but while the men are supposed in expressive of their quickness and arms, gives a dignity of exprefrapidity, and of their brightness fion, more than the common words and the splendor of their armour have. Bentley. at the same time. Homer in the second book of the Iliad compares

788. Itbariel and Zephon,] Two the march of the Trojans to the Angels having their names as inAlame, but this fimile is better suit- dication of their offices. It buriel ed to those beings, of whom the in Hebrew the discovery of God. beScripture says, He maker b bis angels phon in Hebrew a fecrai or fiarcher Spirits, and bij ministers a flame of of secrets. Hume. fore.



Such where


find, seise fast, and hither bring. So saying, on he led his radiant files, Dazling the moon; these to the bow'r direct In search of whom they fought: him there they found Squat like a toad, close at the ear of Eve, 800 Aflaying by his devilish art to reach The organs of her fancy', and with them forge Illusions as he list, phantasms and dreams, Or if, infpiring venom, he might taint Th’animal spirits that from pure blood arise 805 Like gentle breaths from rivers pure, thence raise At least distemper'd, discontented thoughts, Vain hopes, vain aims, inordinate desires,


796. and hit ber bring.) Dr. So Virg. Æn. VII. 351. where the Bentley reads thither to the opposit ferpent, that the fury Alecto had fide, the west; where the parting fung, upon Amata, creeps softly squadrons would meet after their over her, half circuits ; and accordingly (says he) they brought Satan thither, to Vipeream infpirans animam the western point, ver. 862. But Pertentat sensus. Richardson. there are twelve lines since the west was mention'd, and that was The construction is, Assaying to in another speech, at too great a reach the organs of fancy, and fo distance for thither to be referred to work upon her by phantasms to it. It is not mention'd in this and dreams; or (aslaying) if he speech, and I see no reason why might taint the animal spirits, we may not understand there words which arise from pure blood as soft with Mr. Richard'on, bring hitber, and gentle airs from clear rivers, that is to me wheresoever I hap- and by tainting the animal spirits peo to be.

might raise at least vain thoughts,

if not linful actions. 104. Orion piring ven917., &c)

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