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Of fiery darts in flaming volies flew,
And flying vaulted either host with fire,
So under fiery cope together ruth'd

Both battels main, with ruinous assault
And inextinguishable rage; all Heaven
Resounded, and had Earth been then, all Earth
Had to her center shook. What wonder when
Millions of fierce encountring Angels fought 220
On either side, the least of whom could wield
These elements, and arm him with the force
Of ail their regions: how much more of power
Army' against army numberless to raise
Dreadful combustion warring, and disturb, 225
Though not destroy, their happy native seat;


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Shakespear, the fubftantire is fome- his original, as he has done in this times to be conítrued adjectively particular. Hefiod says that the when governing a genitive case. Titans were overshadowed with Aristophanes in Plut. 268. 2 Xiy darts, Theog: 716. σον α/γειλας

Other cho telleft me a gold of words, that is

-κατα δ' εσκιασαν βελεεσσι golden words. Sir Philip Sidney's

Τιτηνας, Arcadia, p. 2. opening the cherry of her lips, that is cherry lips. So here but Milton has improved the horthe hiss of darts is hiling darts.

ror of the description, and a shade

of darts is not near so great and 214. And flying vaulted either bojt dreadful an image as a fiery cope or

with fire.] Our author has vault of framing darts. frequently had his eye upon Hcficd's giant war as well as upon 229.-though number'd such &c.] Homer, and has imitated feveral Each legion was in number like aa passages; but commonly exceeds army, each fingle warrior was in


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Had not th' eternal King omnipotent
From his strong hold of Heav'n high over-ruld
And limited their might; though number'd such
As each divided legion might have seem'd 230
A numerous host, in strength each armed hand
A legion, led in fight yet leader seem'd
Each warrior single as in chief, expert
When to advance, or stand, or turn the sway
Of battel, open when, and when to close

The ridges of grim war: no thought of flight,
None of retreat, no unbecoming deed
That argued fear ; each on himself rely'd,
As only in his arm the moment lay
Of victory: deeds of eternal fame

240 Were

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trength like a legion, and though the left to the right; the files are
led in fight was as expert as a com. from front to rear. Richardson.
mander in chief. So that the An-
gels are celebrated first for their 236.--no thought of flight,] So
number, then for their strength, and Homer, Iliad. XI. 71.
lastly for their expertne/s in war. Ουδ' ετεροι μνωνοντολοσιο φοβοιο.

None ftoop'd a thought to base 236. The ridges of grim war :]

inglorious Aight. Pope. A metaphor taken from a plough'd field; the men answer to the ridges, And Iliad. XXIV. 216. between whom, the intervals of the

ουτε φοβα μεμνημνον, υτ' ranks, the furrows are. The ridges αλεωφης. . of grim, fierce frightful looking, war; that is the ranks of the army, 2:9. As only in his arm the mothe files are implied. The ranks mient lay are the rows of soldiers from flank Of victory : 1 As if


his to fank, from side to side, from single arm had depended the whole

Were done, but infinite; for wide was spread That war and various, sometimes on firm ground A standing fight, then soaring on main wing Tormented all the air; all air seem'd then Conflicting fire: long time in even scale

245 The battel hung; till Satan, who that day


weight of the vi&tory. The mo But how much stronger is it in ment, the weight that turns the ba- Milton, that the war lance, as the word fignifies in La

Tormented all the air; all air tin. Ter. Andr. I. V. 31. Dum in feem'd then dubio eft animus, paulo momento

Conflicting fire ! huc vel illuc impellitur: And as he has employ'd here the metaphor It would be entring into too mi. of the weight, fo of the feale, a

nute a detail of criticism to mene little afterwards-long time in even tion every little circumstance that scale The battel hung-using as a is copied from Homer; and where metaphor what Homer makes a he does not directly copy from Hofimile of, Iliad. XII. 433. mer, his ftite and coloring is still Αλλ' εχον, ώσε ταλαντα γυνη

very much in Homer's manner;

and one may see plainly that he Ως μεν των επι 100 piaxn TETATO

has read him, even where he does ΠολεμG- τε.

not imitate him. Wonderful as his As when two scales are charg'd drawn the battels of the Angels fo

genius was, he could hardly have with doubtful loads So itood the war, till Hector's the Iliad; and Homer taught him

well without first reading those in matchless might

to excel Homer. With fates prevailing turn'd the scale of fight. Pope.

242. That war and various, fome.

times on firm ground And in several particulars he has Aftanding fight, then foaring &c.] had his eye upon Homer, and com The syntax and sense is; The war monly exceeds his master. Ho was sometimes a standing fight on mer lays that the Greeks and Tro- the ground, and sometimes the war jans fought like burning fire :

soaring on main wing tormented

all the air, Pearce. Ως οι μεν μαρναντο, δεμας συρο. αιθομενοιο.

244. Tormented all the air;] Here Iliad. XIII. 673. Milton takes the same liberty of


Prodigious pow'r had shown, and met in arms
No equal, ranging through the dire attack
Of fighting Seraphim confus'd, at length

249 Saw where the sword of Michael sinote, and fell'd Squadrons at once with huge two-handed sway Brandish'd aloft the horrid edge came down


applying the word formert, which 251.with huge trvo-handed the Latin poets d'd before him in Jway &c.] It shows how using the term vexare. So Marino entirely the ideas of chivalry and describing Neptune raising a storm, romance had posseired him, to make Adon. Cant. I. St. 123.

Michael figlit with a two-handed

sword. The fame idea occafion'd e d'Aquiloni

his expressing himself very obscureCol fulmine dentato (emulo a ly in the following lines of his LyGioue)

cidas, Tormentando la terra, il mar commoue. Tiyer.

But that two-handed engin at the


Stands ready to smite once, and So Spenser in the Mourning Muse

smite no more. of Theftylis, speaking of Æolus, Who letting loose the winds

These are the last words of Peter Toit and 101 mented th' air.

predicting God's vengeance on his church by his ministry. The mak

ing him the minister is in imitation 247.

and met in arms of the Italian poets, who in their No equal,] · The poet feems al- fatiric pieces against the church almost to have forgotten how Satan ways make Peter the miniiter of was foil'd by Abdiel in the begin- vengeance. The two-handed engin ning of the action : but I fuppose is the two-handed Gothic sword, the poet did not consider Abdiel as with which the painters draw him. equal to Satan, tho' he gain’d that Stands ready at ihe door was then a accidental advantage over him. common phrase to signify a thing Satan no doubt would have prov'd imminent. To furite one and Jmite an overmatch for Abriel, only for no more lignines a final deltruction, the general engagement which en but aliude to Peter's single use of fued, and broke off the combat his sword in the case of the High between them.

Priett's servant. Warburton. Vol. I.


255. Of

Wide wasting; such destruction to withstand
He hasted, and oppos'd the rocky orb
Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield,

A vast circumference: At his approach
The great Arch-Angel from his warlike toil
Surceas’d, and glad as hoping here to end
Intestin war in Heav'n, th' arch-foe fubdu'd
Or captive dragg’d in chains, with hostile frown 260
And visage all inflam'd first thus began.

Author of ev'il, unknown till thy revolt, Unnam'd in Heav'n, now plenteous, as thou seest These acts of hateful strife, hateful to all, Though heaviest by just measure on thyself 265 And thy adherents : how hast thou disturb’d Heav'n's blessed peace, and into nature brought


255. Of tenfold adamant,] In more for the ensuing combat beother poets the Angels are armed tween Michael and Satan. in adamant, and in Tallo there the practice likewise of Honer and is particular mention of an ada- Virgil, to make their heroes difmantin fhield, Cant. 7. St. 82. courie before they fight; it renders Scudo di lucidissimo diamante : But the action more solenn, and more Milton's is Itronger, of tenfold ada- engages the reader's attention.

275. Hence then, and evil aiib 262. Aurlor of evil, &c.] These

Thee along Speeches give breath as it were to Thy of spring, to the place of evil, the reader after the hurry of the Hell, general battel; and prepare his Thou and thy wicked.crew; bere mind, and raise his expectation the mingle broils,] Imitated from



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