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Of fiery darts in flaming volies flew,
Shakespear, the fubftantire is fome- his original, as he has done in this times to be conítrued adjectively particular. Hefiod says that the when governing a genitive case. Titans were overshadowed with Aristophanes in Plut. 268. 2 Xiy darts, Theog: 716. σον α/γειλας
Other cho telleft me a gold of words, that is
-κατα δ' εσκιασαν βελεεσσι golden words. Sir Philip Sidney's
Τιτηνας, Arcadia, p. 2. opening the cherry of her lips, that is cherry lips. So here but Milton has improved the horthe hiss of darts is hiling darts.
ror of the description, and a shade
of darts is not near so great and 214. And flying vaulted either bojt dreadful an image as a fiery cope or
with fire.] Our author has vault of framing darts. frequently had his eye upon Hcficd's giant war as well as upon 229.-though number'd such &c.] Homer, and has imitated feveral Each legion was in number like aa passages; but commonly exceeds army, each fingle warrior was in
Had not th' eternal King omnipotent
trength like a legion, and though the left to the right; the files are
None ftoop'd a thought to base 236. The ridges of grim war :]
inglorious Aight. Pope. A metaphor taken from a plough'd field; the men answer to the ridges, And Iliad. XXIV. 216. between whom, the intervals of the
ουτε φοβα μεμνημνον, υτ' ranks, the furrows are. The ridges αλεωφης. . of grim, fierce frightful looking, war; that is the ranks of the army, 2:9. As only in his arm the mothe files are implied. The ranks mient lay are the rows of soldiers from flank Of victory : 1 As if
his to fank, from side to side, from single arm had depended the whole
Were done, but infinite; for wide was spread That war and various, sometimes on firm ground A standing fight, then soaring on main wing Tormented all the air; all air seem'd then Conflicting fire: long time in even scale
245 The battel hung; till Satan, who that day
weight of the vi&tory. The mo But how much stronger is it in ment, the weight that turns the ba- Milton, that the war lance, as the word fignifies in La
Tormented all the air; all air tin. Ter. Andr. I. V. 31. Dum in feem'd then dubio eft animus, paulo momento
Conflicting fire ! huc vel illuc impellitur: And as he has employ'd here the metaphor It would be entring into too mi. of the weight, fo of the feale, a
nute a detail of criticism to mene little afterwards-long time in even tion every little circumstance that scale The battel hung-using as a is copied from Homer; and where metaphor what Homer makes a he does not directly copy from Hofimile of, Iliad. XII. 433. mer, his ftite and coloring is still Αλλ' εχον, ώσε ταλαντα γυνη
very much in Homer's manner;
and one may see plainly that he Ως μεν των επι 100 piaxn TETATO
has read him, even where he does ΠολεμG- τε.
not imitate him. Wonderful as his As when two scales are charg'd drawn the battels of the Angels fo
genius was, he could hardly have with doubtful loads So itood the war, till Hector's the Iliad; and Homer taught him
well without first reading those in matchless might
to excel Homer. With fates prevailing turn'd the scale of fight. Pope.
242. That war and various, fome.
times on firm ground And in several particulars he has Aftanding fight, then foaring &c.] had his eye upon Homer, and com The syntax and sense is; The war monly exceeds his master. Ho was sometimes a standing fight on mer lays that the Greeks and Tro- the ground, and sometimes the war jans fought like burning fire :
soaring on main wing tormented
all the air, Pearce. Ως οι μεν μαρναντο, δεμας συρο. αιθομενοιο.
244. Tormented all the air;] Here Iliad. XIII. 673. Milton takes the same liberty of
Prodigious pow'r had shown, and met in arms
249 Saw where the sword of Michael sinote, and fell'd Squadrons at once with huge two-handed sway Brandish'd aloft the horrid edge came down
applying the word formert, which 251.with huge trvo-handed the Latin poets d'd before him in Jway &c.] It shows how using the term vexare. So Marino entirely the ideas of chivalry and describing Neptune raising a storm, romance had posseired him, to make Adon. Cant. I. St. 123.
Michael figlit with a two-handed
sword. The fame idea occafion'd e d'Aquiloni
his expressing himself very obscureCol fulmine dentato (emulo a ly in the following lines of his LyGioue)
cidas, Tormentando la terra, il mar commoue. Tiyer.
But that two-handed engin at the
Stands ready to smite once, and So Spenser in the Mourning Muse
smite no more. of Theftylis, speaking of Æolus, Who letting loose the winds
These are the last words of Peter Toit and 101 mented th' air.
predicting God's vengeance on his church by his ministry. The mak
ing him the minister is in imitation 247.
and met in arms of the Italian poets, who in their No equal,] · The poet feems al- fatiric pieces against the church almost to have forgotten how Satan ways make Peter the miniiter of was foil'd by Abdiel in the begin- vengeance. The two-handed engin ning of the action : but I fuppose is the two-handed Gothic sword, the poet did not consider Abdiel as with which the painters draw him. equal to Satan, tho' he gain’d that Stands ready at ihe door was then a accidental advantage over him. common phrase to signify a thing Satan no doubt would have prov'd imminent. To furite one and Jmite an overmatch for Abriel, only for no more lignines a final deltruction, the general engagement which en but aliude to Peter's single use of fued, and broke off the combat his sword in the case of the High between them.
Priett's servant. Warburton. Vol. I.
Wide wasting; such destruction to withstand
Author of ev'il, unknown till thy revolt, Unnam'd in Heav'n, now plenteous, as thou seest These acts of hateful strife, hateful to all, Though heaviest by just measure on thyself 265 And thy adherents : how hast thou disturb’d Heav'n's blessed peace, and into nature brought
255. Of tenfold adamant,] In more for the ensuing combat beother poets the Angels are armed tween Michael and Satan. in adamant, and in Tallo there the practice likewise of Honer and is particular mention of an ada- Virgil, to make their heroes difmantin fhield, Cant. 7. St. 82. courie before they fight; it renders Scudo di lucidissimo diamante : But the action more solenn, and more Milton's is Itronger, of tenfold ada- engages the reader's attention.
275. Hence then, and evil aiib 262. Aurlor of evil, &c.] These
Thee along Speeches give breath as it were to Thy of spring, to the place of evil, the reader after the hurry of the Hell, general battel; and prepare his Thou and thy wicked.crew; bere mind, and raise his expectation the mingle broils,] Imitated from