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All his right side : then Satan first knew pain,
And writh'd him to and fro convolv'd; so fore
The griding sword with discontinuous wound
Pass'd through him: but th’ethereal substance clos'd,


observe how finely great geniuses Mortalis mucro, glacies ceu fusi: jmja e one another. There is a lis, iciu mioft brautiful fallage in Homer's Difuit: fulva resplendent fraglliat, II. 363. where the sword mina arena. of Menclaus in a duel with Paris breaks in pieces in his hand; and And this beauty being more im:the line in the original is fo con

tab.e in our language than the uiv’d, that we do ive only see the 53'Xtzte x• TsTyaZice of Homer,

the excellent translator of home ačiion, as Euftathias remarks, but alnost iancy we hear the soul.d of has here rather copied Virgil than

translated Homer, the breaking sword in the found of the words,

The brittle steel, unfaithful to his

hand, Τριχθατε και τετραχθα διατρυφεν

Eroke fnort: | the fragments glit. εκπεσε χειρό.

ter'd on the sand. As this kind of beau:y could hardly The sword of Satan is broken as be equal'd Ly Virgil, he has with well as these of Paris and Turnus, gieat judgment sublituted another but is broken in a different manner, of his own, and has artíully mace and coniequently a different kind a break in ihe vere to expreis the

or beauty is proper here. Their's breaking sort of the sword of biokc thárt

, and were Matier'd into Turnus againit the divine armour various fragments; but the twort of Aneas, Æn. 211. 731 &c. of Michael was of that irresistible --at perfidus ensis

Marpness, that it cut the sword of Fragilur, i in niedioque arden- Satan quite and clean in two, and tem deteritičtu.

the diviuing of the sword in half

is very well expreís'd by half a But he did not think this stfficient, veile, as likewile the worú deiredo he was sensible that liomer had ing is plac'd aumirably to express

the ienie. The reader cannot read ftili the advantage, and therefore goes on alter feening to have done it over again without perceiving with it,

this beauty. Neither does Milton

liop here, but carries on beauties - poflquam arma dei ad Vulcania of the same kind to the description Ventum til,

of the wound, and the verses seen


Not long divisible; and from the gash

331 A stream of necta’rous humor issuing flow'd Sanguin, such as celestial Spi'rits may bleed, And all his armour stain'd ere while so bright.


almoft painful in describing Satan's га

Ιχως διησπερ τε ρεει μακαρεσσι θε :



-deep entring shar'd Homer's Gods when wounded bled All his right side : then Satan first Ichor, different from human blood, knew pain,

and peculiar to them. And MilAnd writh'd him to and fro con ton makes his Angels bleed the volu'd; fo fore

lame humor, that has no other The griding Tword with discontinu- name. He gave it therefore

Cus wcurd
Pass'd through him.

A stream of ichorous humor isuing

Eentley. 329. The griding fuord with dis

continuous wound) Dilonis I should have thought that an atnuous wound is said in allution to tentive reader cou'd not have miís'd the old definition of a wound, that observing that the stream which it fcparates the continuity of the Milton ipeaks of was not of necparts, vulnus eft jolutio continui : tarcus l'umor only, but of nettarous And griding is an old word for cut- humor sanguin, that is, converted ting, and used in Spenfer, as in into what celestiul Spirits bleed: Faery queen, B. 2. Cant. 8. St 36. and what is that but the same That through his thigh the mortal which Homer expresies by one steel did gride.

word Icbor? If this was the poet's meaning, the Doctor's objection is

wide of the mark. Besides, if 332. A ftream of nell'arcus humer fuing floud

nečiarous was wrong, yet ichoroas Sanguin, ] Fiere's an odious blun- would not seem to be right, because der. Nector is the drink of the the middle fyllable of it should be Gods; and was Satan's humor or

long, according to the prosody of

the word from which it is deriv'd. blood a proper drink? But the

Pearce. next line thows what the author dictated,

The passage wherein Satan is deSanguin, such as celestial Spi'rits scribed as wounded by the sword

of Michael is in imitation of Ho

mer. Homer tells us that upon 'The whole distich is word for word Diomedes wounding the Gods, Laken from a vesse in Homer. there flow'd from the wound an



may bleed,

Forthwith on all sides to his aid was run

335 By Angels many and strong, who interpos’d Defense, while others bore him on their shields Back to his chariot, where it stood retir'd From off the files of war; there they him laid Gnashing for anguish and despite and shame, 340 To find himself not matchless, and his pride Humbled by such rebuke, so far beneath His confidence to equal God in power.


Ichor, or pure kind of blood, For not the bread of man their which was not bred from mortal life sustains, viands; and that tho' the pain was Nor wine's inflaming juice up. exquisitely great, the wound foon

plies their veins.

Pore. closed up and healed in those beings who are vested with immortality.


335:- to his aid was run] A

Latinism; so we have ventum eft in The reader perhaps would be plca- the lines just before quoted from

Virgil. sed to see the passage in Fiomer here quoted, Iliad V. 339.

-postquam arma dei ad Vulcaεεε δ' αμβροτον αιμα θεοιο,

nia ventum eft. Ιχωρ οιοσπερ τε ρεει μακαρισσι θε.

336.who interpos'd] Thus Ου γαρ σιτον εδεσ, 8 σινεσαιθοπα

Homer makes the chicf of the Tyvexavery oves svet, xat abaraton Trojans interpose between their

wounded hero when he was overκαλεοναι. .

borne by Ajax. Satan lighted out From the clear vein a stream im- of his sun-bright chariot at ver. mortal flow'd,

103. and according to the Ho. Such ftrean as issues from a wound. meric manner, is now wounded, ed God;

and borne (on the shields of SeraPure emanation! uncorrupted phim) back to it, where it was flood;

plac'd out of the



array Unlike our gross, diseas’d, ter- of battel, Iliad. XIV. 428.

restrial blood;

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Yet soon he heald; for Spi'rits that live throughout Vital in every part, not as frail man

345 In entrails, heart or head, liver or reins, Cannot but by annihilating die; Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound Receive, no more than can the Auid air: All heart they live, all head, all eye,

350 All intellect, all sense; and as they please, They limb themselves, and color thape or size


all ear,



-Τον δ' αρ' εταιρου

but most of them are not disagreeXipsın airgzoles (spor fx move, ope' able to those hints which are left us ix:o'n TV5

of these spiritual beings in ScripΩκεας, οι οι οπισθε μαχης ηδε τιολεΕρασαν, ηνιοχούτε και αρματα ποι 348. Nor in their liquid texture xixixoris &c.

mortal wound

Reccive, no more than can the fluid much more loose and redundant air :] The same comparison than our expreflive author. Hume. in Shakespear, Macbeth, Act V. 344. - for Spi'rits that live As easy may'lt thou the intren

throughout &c ] Our author's chant air season for Satan's healing so foon

With thy keen sword impress, as is better than Homer's upon a like make me bleed. occafion, as we quoted it just now. And we fee here Milton's notions 350. All heart they live, all head, of Angels. They are vital in every all eye, all ear, part, and can receive no mortal Al intelleér, all sense;] This is wound, and cannot die but by an expressed very much like Pliny's nihilation. They are all eye, all account of God. Nat. Hift. L. 1. ear, all sense and underhanding; c.7... Quisquis eß Deus, fi modo and can assumę what kind of bo- est' alius, et quacunque in parte, dies they pleate. And these no totus eft fenfus, totus visus, totus tions, if not true in divinity, yet auditus, totus animæ, totus animi, Furtainiy are very fine in poetiy; totus fui.


Affume, as likes them best, condense or rare.

Mean while in other parts like deeds deserv'd Memorial, where the might of Gabriel fought, 355 And with fierce ensigns pierc'd the deep array Of Moloch furious king; who him defy'd, And at his chariot wheels to drag him bound Threaten'd, nor from the Holy One of Heaven Refrain’d his tongue blasphemous; but anon

360 Down cloven to the waste, with shatter'd arms. And uncouth pain Aed bellowing. On each wing Uriel and Raphaël his vaunting foe,


of Ramiel.


355:- the mightof Gabriel]Aman- reader will casily observe, how Milner of expresion like the 11 compeono ton has kept all the horror of this Bon and Extopos tiros of Homer, as image, without running into the quored before in a note of Mr. ridicule of it. Audi/on. Hume's upon V. 371. We have the like a,ain in ver. 371. the violence With uncouth pain filed bellowving.

Uncoutb is a word very common

with Spenser; but Milton, 362. And_uncourh pain fiid bil. dcubi, 'in this particular applica

lowing ) I question rot but tion of it had in view the followMilton in his description of his fu. ing lines, Faery Queen, B. 1. Cant. rious Moloch flying from the bat Jl. St. 20. tel, and belloiving with the wound he had received, had his eye on

The piercing steel there wrought Mars in the Iliad ; who upon bis

a wound full wide, being wounded is represented as

That with the uncouth pain the retiring out of the fight, and mak

monfter loudly cry'd. Tvyer. ing an outcry louder than that of a whole army when it begins the 363. Uriel and Raphael] The charge. Homer adds that the speaker here is Ropbael; and it Greeks and Trojans, who were had been improper to mention engaged in a general battel, were himself as a third person, and tell terrify'd on each lide with the bel- his own exploits; but that Adam lowing of this wounded deity. The knew not his name. Had he


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