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815

Vengeance is his, or whose he sole appoints :
Number to this day's work is not ordain'd
Nor multitude; stand only and behold

810
God's indignation on these Godless pour'd
By me; not you but me they have despis’d,
Yet envied; against me is all their rage,
Because the Father, t’whom in Heav'n supreme
Kingdom and pow'r and glory appertains,
Hath honor'd me according to his will.
Therefore to me their doom he hath assign'd;
That they may have their wish, to try with me
In battel which the stronger proves, they all,
Or I alone against them, since by strength 820
They measure all, of other excellence
Not emulous, nor care who them excels;
Nor other strife with them do I vouchsafe.

So spake the Son, and into terror chang'd His count'nance too severe to be beheld, And full of wrath bent on his enemies.

At

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longeth vengeance and recompense. and superfluous. I suppose he unDeut. XXXII. 35. Vengear.ce is derstood it thus, And full of zerarb mine, I will repay it, faith ihe Lord. bent his course, went on his enemies; Rom. XII. 19

this is said afterwards, ver. 831. 826. And full of wrath bent on He on his impious foes right onward

bis enemies.] Dr. Bentley is drove, &c. "But it may be underfor rejecting this verse as mean itood thus, He cbang'd his counte

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At once the Four spread out their starry wings
With dreadful shade contiguous, and the orbs
Of his fierce chariot roll'd, as with the found
Of torrent floods, or of a numerous hot. 830
He on his impious foes right onward drove,
Gloomy as night; under his burning wheels
The stedfast empyréan shook throughout,
All but the throne itself of God. Full soon
Among them he arriv'd, in his right hand

835 Grasping ten thousand thunders, which he sent

Before

rous hoft.

nance into terror, and bent it fo Of corrent floods, or of a numechang'd and full of wrath upon his enemies; and I cannot see how this is either mean or fuperfluous. Or. And when the living creatures wert, rather bent may be a participle in the wbeels went by them; and wbiz this construction--bis countenance too they went I beard the noise of their Jevere to le behold, and bent full of wings, like the noise of great waters, wrath on his enemies.

as the noije of an boji. I. 19, 24. 827. At once the Four &c.] When 832. Gloomy as night;] From ever he mentions the four Cheru- Homer, Iliad. XII. 462, where biin and the Melliah's chariot, he the translator makes use of Milton's still copies from Ezekiel's vision.

words.

-d'ag'ic 99pe Cardius. Exlw, At once the Four spread out their

Νυκίθοη αταλα13- υπωσια.
Atarry wings
With dreadful shade contiguous,

Now rushing in, the furious chief

appears, Their wings join'd together made Gloomy as night! Pope. a dreadful thade ; and Ezekiei says, And again, Ody 1. XI. 605. Their wings were join'd one 10 ano

аргут

yuxli - and the orbs

Gloomy as night he flands. Broome. Or his fierce chariot rollid, as with

833. The ftedfaf? emoyrian fook the found

throughout,] The pillars of

thir. 1.9.

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Before him, such as in their souls infix'd
Plagues; they astonilh'd all resistance loft,
All courage; down their idle weapons dropt;
O'er Thields and helms and helmed heads he rode
Of Thrones and mighty Seraphim prostráte, 841
That with’d the mountains now might be again
Thrown on them as a shelter from his ire.
Nor less on either side tempestuous fell
His arrows, from the fourfold-visag'd Four
Distinct with eyes, and from the living wheels

Distinct

845

Heaven fremble, and are astonish'd His city's wall, and lay his tow'rs at his reproof: Job. XXVI. 11. proitráte.

Hume.

And Spenfer, I think, commonly 838. Plagues;] The pause resting pronounces it in this manner, Faery so upon the first syllable of the verte Queen, B. 2. Cant. 8. St. 54. makes this word very emphatical.

Whose carcases on ground were The reader may see beauties of the fanie kind in IV. 350, and the note

horribly proftrate. there,

And B. 3.

Cant. 12. St. 39.
--Others on the grass
Couch'd, and now fiilid with pa-

Before fair Britomart she fell profture gazing fat.

Atráte. 841. Of Thrones and mighty Sc

842. That wish'd the mountains rapbim proftrate, ] Milton commonly pronounces this word, as we Rev. VI. :6. They said to the moun

row might be again &c.] So do, with the accent upon the first fyllable. See I. 280. X. 1097. the face of bim that fit th on the

tains, Fall on us, and hide us from 1099.

But here the accent is upon brone, and from the wrath of the the last fyllable, and so Fairfax uses Lamb: which is very applicable it in his translation of Tailo, Cant. here, as they had been overu helm1. St. 83.

ed with mountains. See ver. 655. He heard the weitern Lords would What was fo terrible before, they undermine

wish'd as a fielter now.

Distinct alike with multitude of

eyes ; One Spirit in them rul’d, and every eye Glar'd lightning, and shot forth pernicious fire Among th' accurs'd, that wither'd all their strength, And of their wonted vigor left them drain'd, 851

Exhausted,

853. Yet balf his frength be put the like circumstances of horror.

not forib, &c.] There is no The thouts of armies, the rattling question but Milton had heated his of brazen chariots, the hurling of imagination with the fight of the rocks and mountains, the earthGods in Homer, before he enter'd quake, the fire, the thunder, are upon this engagement of the An- all of them employ'd to lift up gels. Homer there gives us a scene the reader's imagination, and give of men, heroes, and Gods, mix'd him a suitable idea of so great together in battel. Mars animates an action. With what art has the the contending armies, and lifts up poet represented the whole body of his voice in such a manner, that it ihe earth trembling, even before it is beard distinctly amidit all the was created! thouts and confusion of the fight.

All Heav'n resounded, and had Jupiter at the same time thunders

earth been then, over their heads ; while Neptune

All earth had to her center fhook. raises such a tempest, that the whole field of bat el, and all the In how sublime and just a manner tops of the mountains shake about does he afterwards describe the them. The

poet

tells Pluto himfelf, whose habitation whole Heav'n shaking under the

wheels of the Meffiah's chario:, was in the very center of the earth, was to a frighted at the with that exception to the throse shock, that he leap'd from his of God! throne Homer afterwards de --Under his burning wheels fcribes Vulcan as pouring down a The stedfalt empyrean shook form of fire upon the river Xan

throughout, thus, and Minerva as throwing a

All but the throne itself of God. rock at Mars; who, he tells us, cover'd seren acres in his fall. As Notwithstanding, the Mefliah apHoner has introduced into his pears clothed with so much tér. barrel of the Gods every thing ros and majesty, the poet has itill that is great and terrible in na found means to make his readers ture, Milton has filled his fight conceive an idea of him, beyond of good and bad Angels with all what hehimself wasa blclo desciile.

Exhausted, spiritless, afflicted, fall’n.
Yet half his strength he put not forth, but check'd
His thunder in mid voly ; for he meant
Not to destroy, but root them out of Heaven: 855
The overthrown he rais'd, and as a herd

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Yet half his strength he put not his anger away, and did not fir up forth, but check'd

all his wrath. And it greatly exHis thunder in mid voly; for he ceeds Hesiod, who makes Jupiter

upon a like occasion exert all his Not to destroy, but root them out strength. Her. Theog. 687. of Heaven.

Ουδ' αρ' ετι Ζευς σχεν εoν μεν, αλλα

ур тэY:
In a word, Milton's genius, which
was so great in itself, and so Ειβαρ μεν μενες πληλο φρενες, εκ δε
strengthen'd by all the helps of
learning, appears in this book

φαινε βιην
every way equal to his subject,
which was the most sublime that 856.

- and as a herd could enter into the thoughts of a of goats &c.] It may seem strange poet. As he knew all the arts of that our author amidit so many affecting the mind, he knew it sublime images should intermix so was necessary to give it certain low a comparison as this. But it resting places, and opportunities is the practice of Homer; and we of recovering itself from time to have some remarkable inttances in time: he has therefore with great the second book of the lliad, where address interspersed several speeches, in a pompous description of the reflections, similitudes, and the like Grecians going forth to battel, reliefs to diversify his narration, and amidst the glare of several and ease the attention of the reader, noble similitudes, they are comthat he might come fresh to his pard for their number to flics about great action, and by such a contrast a shepherd's cottage, when the milk of ideas have a more lively taste of moistens the pails; and after he has the nobler parts of his deicription. compar'd Agamemnon to Jove, and

Addison. Mars, and Neptune, he compares

him again to a bull. But we may Yet half his firength he put not forth, observe to the advantage of our &c. This fine thought is somewhat author, that this low fimile is not like that of the Pfalmift, LXXVIII. app!y'd, as Horner's, are, to the 38. But he being full of compassion, persons he meant to honor, but to forgave their iniquity, and destroyed the contrary party; and the lower bem not; yea, many a time turned be the comparison, the more it.exe

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