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CONTENTS.

Pagr.

1

The Life of Dryden

Poems

Upon the Death of Lord Hastings

To his friend John Hoddesdon

Heroic Stanzas on the Death of Oliver Cromwell

Astræa Redux: a Poem on the Restoration of Charles II,

To the Lord Chancellor Hyde

Satire on the Dutch

To her Royal

Highness the Duchess of York

Annus Mirabilis ; the Year of Wonders, 1666

An Essay upon Satire

Absalom and Achitophel-Part I.

Part II.

The Medal

Rcligio Laici; or a Layman's Faith

Threnodia Augustalis: a Funeral Pindaric Poem

Verses to J. Northleigh

The Hind and the Panther

Britannia Rediviva; a Poem on the birth of the Prince

Mac Flecknoe

Epistles.

Epistle the First. To Sir Robert Howard .

Epistle the Second. To Dr. Charleton

Epistle tho Third. To Lady Castlemain

Epistle the Fourth. To Mr. Lee

Epistle the Fifth. To the Earl of Roscommon

Epistle the Sixth. To the Duchess of York

Epistle the Seventh. To Sir George Etheredge

Epistle tho Eighth. To Mr. Southerne

Epistle the Ninth. To Henry Higden, Esq.

Epistle the Tenth. To Mr. Congreve

Epistle the Eleventh. To Mr. Granville

Epistle the Twelfth. To Mr. Motteux

Epistle the Thirteenth. To John Dryden

Epistle the Fourteenth. To Sir Godfrey Knollor

Elegies and Epitaphs

To the Memory of Mr. Oldham

To the Memory of Mrs. Anne Kelligrew

Upon the Death of the Earl of Dundee i

Eleonora

On the Death of Amyntas

On the Death of a very young Gentleman

Upon young Mr. Rogers

On the Death of Mr. Purcell

Epitaph on the Lady Whitmore

Epitaph on Sir Palmes Fairbone's Tomb in Westminster Abbey

On the Monument of a Fair Maiden Lady

On Mrs. Margaret Paston

On the Monument of the Marquis of Winchester

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129

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131

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137

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138

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199

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140

ib.

Songs, Odes, and a Masque

The Fair Stranger

On the Young Statesman

A Song for St. Cecilia's Day

Farewell, Fair Armida

The Lady's Song

Song

Song

Song

Song to a Fair Young Lady

Alexander's Feast

Veni Creator Spiritus

The Secular Masque

Song of a Scholar and his Mistress

Songs in the Indian Emperor

Song in the Maiden Queen

Songs in the Conquest of Granada

Song in the Sea Fight, in Amboyna

Incantation in Edipus

Songs in Albion and Albanius

Songs in King Arthur

Song of Jealousy, in Love Triumphant

Prologues and Epilogues

Prologue to the Rival Ladies

Prologue to the Indian Queen

Epilogue to the Indian Queen

Epilogue to the Indian Emperor

Prologue to Sir Martin Marrall

Prologue to the Tempest

Prologue to Tyrannic Love

Epilogue to the Wild Gallant

Prologue

Epilogue to the Second Part of the Conquest' of Granada

Prologue to Amboyna

Epilogue to Amboyna

Prologue spoken at the opening of the New House

Prologue to the University of Oxford

Prologue to Circe

Epilogue .

Prologue to Aurengzebo

Epilogue to the Man of Modo

Epilogue to All for Love

Prologue to Limberham

Epilogue to Mithridates

Prologue to Edipus

Epilogue to Edipus .

Prologue to Troilus and Cressida

Prologue to Cæsar Bargia

Prologue to Sophonisba, at Oxford, 1680.

A Prologue

Prologue to the University of Oxford, 1681

Prologue to his Royal Highness

Prologue to the Earl of Essex

An Epilogue for the King's House

Prologue to the Loyal Brother

Prologue to the King and Queen

Prologue to the University of Oxford

Epilogue

Epilogue

Prologue to the University of Oxford

Prologue to the University of Oxford

Prologue to Albion and Albanius

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152

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153

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154

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155

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156

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157

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158

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159

ib.

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160

ib.

161

ib,

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102

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163

164

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165

ib.

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187

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190
192

Epilogue to Albion and Albanius

Piologue to Arviragus and Philicia

Prologue to Don Sebastian

Prologue to the Prophetess

Prologue to the Mistakes

Prologue to King Arthur

Epilogue to Henry II.

Prologue to Albumazar

An Epilogue

Epilogue to The Husband his own

Cuckold

Prologue to the Pilgrim

Epilogue to the Pilgrim

Translations from Theocritus, Lucretius, and Horace

Preface to the Second Miscellany

Translations from Theocritus

Amaryllis

The Epithalamium of Helen and Menelaus

The Despairing Lover

Translations from Lucretius

The First Book

The Second Book

The Third Book

The Fifth Book

Translations from Horace

The Third Ode of the First Book

The Ninth Ode of the First Book

The Twenty-ninth Ode of the First Book

The Second Epode of Horace

To His Grace the Duke of Ormond

Preface prefixed to the Fables

Tales from Chaucer

Palamon and Arcite

The Cock and the Foz

The Flower and the Leaf

The Wife of Bath, her Tale

The Character of a good Parson

Translations from Boccace

Sigismonda and Guiscardo

Theodore and Honoria

Cymon and Iphigenia

Translations from Ovid's Metamorphoses

The first Book

The Golden Age

The Silver Age

The Brazen Age

The Giant's War

The Transformation of Daphne into a laurol

The Transformation of Io into a Heifer

The Eyes of Argus transformed into a Peacock's train

The Transformation of Syrinx into Reads

Meleager and Atalanta

Baucis and Philemon

The Fable of Iphis and Ianthe

Pygmalion and the Statue

Cinyras and Myrrha .

Ceyx and Alcyone

Æsacus transformed into a Cormorant

The Twelfth Book of Ovid's Metamorphoses wholly translated .

The Speeches of Ajax and Ulysses

The Story of Acis, Polyphemus, and Galatea

Of the Pythagorean Philosophy

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THE

LIFE OF DRYDEN.

BY

THE REVEREND JOHN MITFORD.

The biography of Dryden was not compos- diligence of inquiry has hitherto been able to ed by any of his contemporaries, nor were any discover with exactness the place or date of materials collected by them which could throw his birth. He has himself told us, that he was light on his opinions and sentiments, which born in a village belonging to the Earl of Execould inform us of his personal habits, or afford ter, and A. Wood has added, that the village familiar sketches of his private and domestic mentioned by Dryden was Aldwinckle, in character. The little that is to be found in the Northamptonshire, not far from Oundle. His narratives of his life has been gleaned from age is best ascertained from a passage in the occasional notices in party pamphlets, and preface to his fables, where, speaking of a gensatirical libels, or from what has incidentally tleman of eighty-eight years of age, he observes been mentioned by himself. Doctor Johnson, that, by the mercy of God, he had already who composed the first authentic life of our come within twenty years of that number. This poet,* complained that nothing could be known preface was probably written in November, of Dryden beyond what casual mention and 1699, thus placing his birth in the latter end of uncertain tradition supplied. Since that time the year 1631. The family was originally many mistakes have been rectified, and omis- settled in Cumberland*—a marriage of John sions supplied, by the diligent researches of Dryden, of Staff hill, with the daughter of Sir Malone; and we are now probably in posses- John Cope, in the early part of Elizabeth's sion of all the information which it is possible reign, brought them into possession of Canonsto produce. Sir Walter Scott has justly Ashby, in Northamptonshire ;t and, subsefounded his narrative on the facts recorded in quently, in the reign of Charles the First, they Malone's biography; while he has taken a were proprietors of the Chesterton estate in more comprehensive view of the genius and Huntingdon. John Dryden, the poet's cousinwritings of the poet, and the influence which german, frequently represented that county in he exercised on the literature of the age. parliament, between 1670, and 1707. When we therefore consider the fairness and Dryden received the earlier part of his edufelicity of Johnson's critical disquisitions; the cation at the small school of Tichmarsh. He truth elicited, or errors rectified by Malone's was afterwards removed to Westminster, and diligence; and the lively, interesting, and in- admitted a king's scholar, but at what period structive narrative of Scott, we may justly is not exactly known. He remained some consider that Dryden has been fortunate in his years under the tuition of the venerable patribiographers. It is to be hoped, that in the pre- arch of schoolmasters, old Busby, was then sent more compendious memoir, the facts are elected to one of the scholarships of Trinity stated with accuracy, and that the opinions on College, Cambridge, where he was admitted the different productions of the poet are formed under the Rev. Mr. Templer, and was matriwith the care, and delivered with the tempe- culated on the 6th of July following. rance and respect which are due to the reputa- During the time he was at Westminster, he tion of so great a writer.

• David Driden, or Dryden, married the daughter John DRYDEX, the poet, was the eldest son

of William Nicholson, of Staff hill, and was the

great-great-grandfather of our poet. of Erasmus Driden, and Mary, daughter of the

+ A. Wood says, that John Dryden was a school. Rev. Henry Pickering. It is supposed that he master, and that the great Erasmus stood godfather was born on the 9th of August, 1631, but no

for one of his sons. He appears to have been a puritan; in his will, he bequeaths his soul to his

Creator, with this singular expression - The Holy • The life of Dryden, in the Biographia Britan. Ghost assuring my spirit that I am the elect of nica, preceded that by Dr. Johnson, being published God.' These puritanical principles descended to In 1747-66.

his family.

a

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