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" acceptable year of the Lord.” We have had many from what they do now; they were more like a family. prognostics, many skirmishes at the outposts, as the But just in the measure that those who are at the head leaders of our opponents have themselves said. There- of large industrial concerns are true Christians, willing fore I am pressed in spirit, as I have so long seen this to serve the best interests of their workmen, to love danger coming, and now behold it hastening on us them, to bear them on their hearts before the Lord, just faster than I could have believed possible. I feel I am in such measure will the human relations be re-estabbound to do all that in me lies to turn away the threat-lished which threaten to vanish from industrial life. ening danger.
In the path of full and devoted Christianity alone is An“ acceptable year"-a glorious day—may be com- there help in this matter, and through that it seems to ing, yea, in any case, shall come; but whether we must me still possible that the fearful eneny who confronts pass to it through a day of darkness and woe, or whether us may be overcome. But for this purpose it is needful our way to it may be smoothed and hindrances gently that more hearts should be ready to enter on the service removed, remains yet to be seen, and in some measure of love. may depend on our own actings.
One hears it constantly said now-a-days that capital In the manufacturing world and in industrial life it must cease, that it must pass into the hands of the becomes every day more evident that great businesses working-classes, either by the interposition of the state, can only be carried on by associations, in which each or, if it is not possible in that way, by revolution. But member must do his part. So every year we have more this much bave I learned by my own experience in our of companies, combined for every imaginable purpose. institution, that if men stand together, and are true to Single men are no longer able to undertake the large each other, and devote their strength to the service of concerns which are needed in order to carry on business love, they can acquire capital for themselves. prosperously.
Yes, real workers may and must acquire it, if they Now, if those who thus work together did but under- are Christians and act as Christians; but it must be real stand the love of Christ in their hearts—if they had | Christians, whole-hearted entire Christians, such as the learned that we are all but stewards for the benefit of Saviour desires us to be, and not half-in-half. If others, our fellow-men, each according to the endowments which who have only their selfish interest at heart in their God has given him; and if those who stand at the head business, give themselves the greatest trouble, and labour of such concerns were animated by the spirit of love, early and late, in order to attain the largest amount of if they were willing ever to put themselves last, and to gain possible, why may not I, for love of outcast children, be first only in serving others, so that all their fellow- for love of the poor, seek to make as much as possible ; labourers must feel that their leaders do not desire to and if we work as truly, are as circumspect, as attenlord it over them, do not seek only their own advantage, tive, as prudent, as diligent as those others, then why but desire to serve others, and have their temporal and may I not expect as great returns ? And a great deal spiritual well-being ever before their eyes—then the stum- would be gained and a great danger averted if it could bling-block against which the workman continually kicks, thus be proved to demonstration that it is not necessary the feeling of his being a dependant, would be removed. to wrest capital from its possessors. No, with the workIt would become every day more clear to him that he is ing-man himself lies the possibility of acquiring what a fellow-labourer with those at his head, and as such will maintain him in a noble existence. loved and valued ; that he is not an oppressed depend- This is all possible if Christianity be developed in her ant, but free, and that freedom and order must ever go full might and glory. together.
It may be that there are many among us who feel In the small business concerns of old days the rela- | inclined to try to do good. Let me remind them that tions of man to man did not disappear, as in the great our times are such that results and victory can only be hives of industry of our times. Masters and journey- reached if we practise Christ's commands in the fullest men stood in quite a different relation to each other sense of the words.
THE ENEMY IN-DOORS.
BY THEODORE L. CUYLER, D.D.
FEW Saturday evenings since, Boston
which soon sprang into a horrible harvest of conflagration. Boston's enemy was within.
home to get ready for the Sabbath. "NowThis is the physical illustration of the moral truth
external danger alarmed her. No hostile a truth that quotes itself to me oftener than almost any fleet lay off her harbour ; no enemy's batteries threat- text in the Bible—that “a man's foes shall be they of ened her from Dorchester Heights. But a little secret his own household.” This truth has a thousand appli. seed of fire was nestling under one of her own roof-trees, I cations. It applies literally to the domestic household. Where do most men find their greatest help or their childhood and youth ought to have becomes their foe, greatest hindrance to success in their business? At the home becomes the “starting-post" for moral ruin. home! Frugality there commonly means prosperity. A godless house is a poor school to train up souls for Extravagance there commonly means vexation, tempta- Heaven. tion to business gambling, and to eventual ruin. Half What is true of the domestic household is equally and the married men who practise swindling are pushed on even more true of that inner household, the heart. to it by an extravagant wife and family. A man's wife The Word of God likens a human being to a “taberis either his best friend or his worst enemy.
nacle," a "temple," an earthly house," &c.; and it is Where lies the sorest sorrow that disturbs the heart- no violence to compare the inmates of our own hearts peace and spoils all the lustre of worldly gains or pro- to a “household.” What a curious family of faculties, motions? It is in the worm at the root of the home-life. thoughts, and affections is living inside of every one of It is nothing to a man to be prosperous in his store, or us! An unconverted heart is a habitation of the Evil his office, or even in his pulpit, if he is wretched at his One, with his brood of unholy desires, tastes, and pasown hearth-stone. Nor does the neglect or the social sions. Conversion is a spiritual house-cleaning. A injustice of a whole neighbourhood cut so deeply as the genuinely renewed heart is a reformed household, with treachery or neglect of those nearest and dearest to us. Christ dwelling in it and controlling it. Out of the A wife can bear to be ignored by all her neighbours, if heart are “the issues of life;" yes, and of death. The her husband is only loving, and her children are affec-only enemies that we ever need to be afraid of are tionate and obedient. But a husband's unkindness is a within ourselves. dry sorrow that drinks her very heart's blood. Our Did you ever know a good man or a pure woman severest wounds are often inflicted by the hands which utterly ruined by outside attacks upon their reputation? ought to clasp our own the most closely. The betrayal I never did. The abuse of a good man is commonly the of family secrets, the starting of damaging rumours, head-wind that fans the fire of his own furnace and often proceed from some long, loose, limber tongue in gives him the greater headway. No true man was ever our own household.
put down and kept down while he was true to conscience There, too, lurks the most frequent stumbling-block and to God. When character is destroyed, it is never to religious improvement. The Divine Teacher spoke murder; it is suicide. Kind reader, the only person in about fathers being at variance with their own sons, and the universe that can put you down is one that lives in about mothers striving to keep their daughters out of your own heart-house. If the living Jesus lives there his “ kingdom.” Well, it is just as true now as it was and rules there, you are safe. You will be kept by the then, that one's spiritual “foes may be they of his own power of God through faith unto salvation. household.” A parent's piety is often reproduced in If your safety is from an indwelling Christ, so is your his children. But so are a father's bad habits or down-danger from indwelling sin. The “world” never harms right irreligion. Saying nothing about the hereditary a Christian so long as he keeps it out of his heart. taint of drunkenness and licentiousness, which often Temptation is never dangerous until it has an inside goes in the blood, there is a legacy of sin bequeathed accomplice. Sin within betrays the heart to the outside by a father's example. In looking over my circle of assailant. The reason why Joseph did not fall was beacquaintance, I find that, while several good parents
cause he kept the sin out of his soul. The reason why have bad children, there are not many prayerless, un- David did fall was that the sin within him ignited at godly parents who have converted sons. The pull of the view of a wicked opportunity. The inward lust the parents downward is too strong for the upward pull conceived and brought forth death. of the pulpit and the Sabbath school.
There is a pretty sharp practical sermon in that old If the father chiefly talks “money, money” at home, familiar fable of Æsop about the countryman who dishe generally rears a family in the worship of the al- covered the frozen snake in his field. There was no mighty dollar. If he talks mainly horses, games, and danger from that benumbed serpent while left out in races, he breeds a batch of sportsmen. If fashion is the the cold. But the foolish man carried it into his own family altar, then the children are offered up as victims house and laid it beside the fire. He domesticated it. upon that altar. If a man makes his own fireside at- And as soon as the reptile thawed out, it began to slide tractive, he may reasonably hope to anchor his own about among the children, and to shoot in its deadly children around it. My neighbour Q- makes him- | fang. self the constant evening companion of his boys. The Ah! it is the snake that we bring into our hearts and result is, that his boys are never found in bad places. warm there that stings us! Sin without us is harmless. But if a father hears the clock strike eleven in his Sin within us poisons and kills. Our foe is of our own club-house or the play-house, he need not be surprised household. This is the scriptural way of putting the if his boys hear it strike twelve in the gaming-room or homely aphorism that “every one is his own worst the drinking-saloon. If he puts the bottle on his own enemy.” This truth often comes to my door in the table, he need not wonder if a drunken son staggers in person of a broken-down creature, whose ill-flavoured by-and-by at his front door. When the best friend that I garments and bloated face are hanging-out signals of distress. I knew him in his better days. He has a all the best teachings of childhood, and has driven away doleful story about “losing his situation,” and “having the Spirit of God, and given up his soul to the dominion no friends," and "everybody turning against him." of the devil. Of such an one it is awfully true that Poor victim of his own sin, he may well say that he has “his house is left unto him desolate." no friend, when he is his own deadly enemy. His Al- Beware of yourselves-watch your own heart-door! mighty Friend in Heaven cannot help him so long as lie When you are tempted, imagine that you hear Satan determines to be his own destroyer. Even the loving trying at the latch. Slide in the bolt of prayer. The Saviour of sinners will keep no man out of Hell so long devil is harmless while locked out; it is only the in-door as he keeps a hell in his own depraved heart. Oh! enemy that destroys the house. That heart alone is there is no more pitiable spectacle on Earth than that securely guarded for all eternity that has the Lord of the person who has exiled all his best impulses and Jesus Christ dwelling within it and keeping the keys.
The Icessons of Grace in the Taranguage of Nature.
BY THE EDITOR.
THE ANCHOR OF THE SOUL.
HEB, vi. 19.
rounds and laves our island home, blast and every billow. This moment she is
often be observed,-a ship riding at she sinks heavily into the hollow. anchor near a lee shore in an angry sea. She goes down beneath an advancing breaker, and has drifted, ere she was aware, too near a rock- she is lost to view in the spray ; but anon she bound coast: the wind is blowing direct on shore: emerges, like a sea-fowl shaking the water from there is not room to tack : whether she should her wings, and rejoicing in the tumult. As she point her prow north or south, she will strike a quivered and nodded giddily at each assault, you projecting headland ere she can escape from the thought, when first you arrived in sight, that bay. One resource remains,—to anchor where every moment would prove her last; but now she is till the wind change.
have watched the conflict long, it begins There she lies. Stand on this height and look to assume in your mind another aspect, and prodown upon her through the drifting spray. I mise another end. These motions of the ship scarcely know in nature a more interesting or now, instead of appearing the sickly movements more suggestive sight. The ship is dancing on of the dying, seem to indicate the calm, confident the waves : she appears to be in their power and perseverance of conscious strength and expected at their mercy. Wind and water combine to victory. Let winds and waves do their worst, make her their sport.
Destruction seems near ; that ship will meet them fearless, will hold her for if the vessel's bulk is dashed by these waves head to the blast, and maintain her place in upon the rocks of the coast, it will be broken defiance of their power. into a thousand pieces. But you have stood and What is the secret of that ship's safety ? No looked on the scene a while, and the ship still other ship is in sight to which she may cling : holds her own. Although at first sight she no pillar stands within reach to which she may seemed the helpless plaything of the elements, be moored. The bond of her security is a line they have not overcome—they have not gained that is unseen. The ship is at anchor. The line upon her yet.
She is no nearer destruction than on which she hangs does not depend on the when you first began to gaze in anticipation of waters, or anything that floats there ; it goes her fate.
through the waters, and fastens on a sure ground The ship seems to bave no power to resist the beyond them.
Thus, though the ship cannot escape from the may be combined together : they are so combined wild waters, she is safe on their surface. She here. “ The Hope set before us," is Christ cannot, indeed, take the wings of a dove and fly entered for us now within the veil; and the hope away so as to be at rest; but the sea cannot that "we have,” is the exercise of a believing soul cover her, and the wind cannot drive her on the when it trusts in the risen Redeemer, These beach. She must, indeed, bear a while the tem- two cannot be separated. The one is the grasp pest's buffetings; but she is not for a moment which a believing soul takes of Christ, and the abandoned to the tempest's will. The motto of other is the Christ whom a believing soul is that ship is the motto once held aloft in triumph grasping. These two run so close together that by a tempted but heroic soul: “We are perplexed, you cannot perceive where the joining is. "I but not in despair; persecuted, but not forsaken; am the vine, ye are the branches.” Even so, cast down, but not destroyed" (2 Cor. iv. 8, 9). Lord; and what human eye can tell the very
An immortal creature on this changeful life is line which marks where the branch ends and the like a ship upon the ocean. On the strength of vine begins ? Christians are members of Christ,that obvious analogy the apostle intimates, by a of his flesh and of his bones. “As he is, so are bold yet perspicuous figure, that we have “ we in this world.” “Saul, Saul, why persecutest anchor of the soul.” The soul, considered as a thou me?" “Which hope we have.” If you passenger on the treacherous sea of Time, needs ask me, whether does he mean, by hope, the an anchor; and an anchor “sure and steadfast” Christ on whom his soul is leaning, or his own is provided for the needy soul.
act of leaning on Christ? I answer, both. You In many respects the world, and human life cannot have one of these without having both. on it, are like the sea. Itself restless, it cannot The branch has the vine; but it has also its own permit to rest any of the pilgrims that tread its living growth into the vine. And if it had not heaving, shifting surface. At some times, and in that living growth into the vine, it would not some places, great tempests rise ; but even in its have the vine. So the soul has Christ, and also ordinary condition it is always and everywhere its own living faith in Christ, wanting which it uncertain, deceptive, dangerous. Currents of air would have no Christ. and currents of ocean intermingle with and cross Mark well here what it is that renders a diseach other in endless and unknown complications, ciple safe and firm as he floats on the rushing bringing even the most skilful mariner to his tide of Time. It is not terror of the Lord in his wit's end-making him afraid either to stand conscience. Such terror may awaken a slumberer, still or to advance. On this heaving sea we must and make him flee to that which will keep him; all lie. Even our Father in heaven does not lift but the terror itself cannot keep him. Fear reup his own, and Christ the Son does not ask him pels : it is hope that holds ;-blessed hope ! so to do : “I pray not that thou shouldest take The anchor must not be cast on anything that them out of the world ; but that thou shouldest floats on the water, however large and solid it keep them from the evil.” The best that can be may seem. The largest thing that floats is an done for them, in this world, is to preserve them iceberg. But although an iceberg does not shake from sinking or striking on the shore. The soul like a ship, but seems to receive the waves and is tossed by many temptations ; but the anchor permit them to break on its sides as they break of the soul is sure and steadfast within the veil. on the shore, it would be ruin to anchor the ship Without are fightings, within are fears,—all these to it. The larger and the less would drift the are against us; but one thing will over-balance same way, and perish together. Ah! this stately and overcome them—“Our life is hid with Christ Church-this high-seeming and high-sounding in God.”
ecclesiastical organization, woe to the human Hope sometimes signifies the act of a human spirit that is tempted in the tossing to make fast spirit laying hold of an unseen object, and some- to that great imposing mass! It is not sure and times the object unseen whereon the human spirit steadfast. It is floating: it moves with the curin its need lays hold. These two significations rent of the world : it moves to an awful shore !
Not there, not there! Your hope, when you that, though the vessel go to the bottom, the imstretch it out and up for eternal life, must enter porter gets his own. The food and clothing of a “into that within the veil, whither the Forerunner wife and children, which formerly were left to is for us entered."
float on the uncertain waters of the husband and Nor will it avail a drifting ship to fix its anchor father's life, are made fast by insurance to an on itself. It would be very childish to try this anchor which holds them, although that life method; but I have seen full-grown people be- should glide away.
should glide away. Taking up the obvious take themselves with great energy to this foolish analogy employed in the Scripture, one of the shift. When a boat on a stream broke adrift insurance societies has adopted the anchor as its with a few unskilful people on board, I have seen them in their alarm grasp the gunwale and bend But the action of these anchors is limited to themselves and draw with all their might in the things seen and temporal. They cannot be condirection of the shore! In spite of their drawing, structed so as to catch and keep any spiritual the boat glided with them down the stream. In
In thing. They may hold fast a wife's fortune, when the concerns of the soul such childishness is even the life of the bread-winner falls in, but they canmore common. Faith in one's own faith or not maintain joy in her heart, or kindle light in charity is a common exercise among men. Be- her eye. Far less can they insure against the ware! Hope must go out for a hold; even as shipwreck of the soul. With these things they the ship's anchor must be flung away from the do not intermeddle. All the world may be ship. The eye is made for looking with, not for gained for a man, and kept for him too, and yet looking at. Away from all in ourselves, and out he is a loser, if he lose his own soul. Only one through all that floats like ourselves on this anchor can grasp and hold the better part of man shifting sea, we must throw the anchor of the —and that is the hope which enters into the soul through the shifting waters into Him who heavens, and fastens there in Jesus. holds them in the hollow of his hand.
The anchor-in as far as it indicates the object Mark, further, that hope in Christ is specifi- which hope grasps—the anchor is "sure and steadcally the anchor of the soul. Here, like draws to fast.” The expressions are exact and full. The like : spirit to spirit. God is a spirit, and they words are tried words. They are given in order that worship him worship him in spirit. There that we might have strong consolation who have is no anchor that will make our temporal posses- fled for refuge to the hope set before us. sions fast. Wealth, and friends, and even life, There are two cases in which one's hope may may drift away any day on the flood; and no be disappointed : the support you lean on may power on earth can arrest the movement. These unwilling or unable to sustain you.
In the one bodily things may or may not abide with a case it is deception; in the other, weakness. A Christian; but his anchor does not hold them. Christian's hope is not exposed to either flaw; it It is only an anchor of the soul, not an anchor of is both " sure and steadfast;" that is, the Rethe body. We must not expect from the Lord deemer, who holds them is willing and able. He what he never promised.
will not falsely let you go, nor feebly faint beneath There are contrivances not a few in our day your weight. He is true and strong—for these for fixing material property, so that it shall not are the words. He both will and can keep that drift away in the currents of time. The system which we commit to him against that day. of assurances both on life and property has With the same meaning, but by means of reached an enormous magnitude.. Amidst its another analogy, Christ is represented elsewhere great and manifold branches, the wicked have of in Scripture as a foundation; and it is intimated late years, like wild beasts in a forest, found that the foundation is a tried one. It has been cover for various crime. Things are now made put to the strain, and has stood the test. fast which our forefathers thought essentially un- In modern practice great importance attaches certain, like the currents of the ocean. Treasures to the trying of an anchor. Many ships have are insured while they cross the sea in ships, so been lost through accident or fraud in the manu