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But I could not do that. I must share the ness gathered round my heart. But then--oh! danger. Again I clung to his arm, saying, “No, with what unutterable gratitude and joy I saw no! I cannot, I cannot ! I will not leave you in a tall dark figure moving steadily through the
mist that had spread over my eyes. That sight But again he drew his arm away, exclaiming, dispelled it. I looked again, and saw it now walk"Your staying does not lessen my danger. Every ing rapidly; in another moment it was by my side. instant's delay increases it. I shall not stir till “Thank God—thank God! you are safe,” I you are out of range. Go, Léonie."
murmured, as he took my outstretched hands in There was something in his eye and voice I a close firm grasp. I could say no more, the could not disobey. All this had passed in less revulsion of feeling was too strong—the deadly than half a moment. I turned,-my failing limbs faintness returned, and but for Conrad's strong almost refused their office--my head swam--my arm throwy round me, I should have fallen. sight failed, but I comprehended that on my But I did not faint. Conrad seated me on the speed depended my friend's only chance of low wall, still supporting me with his arm, and escape, and staggered blindly forwards down the speaking low gentle words of soothing and stony path, stumbling with every step.
Again rang out the sharp bang of a gun. My “ We are safe now, Léonie,” he said, as after mind took it in with vivid, terrible distinctness; but a few moments I raised my head and withdrew I still tottered on, every sense absorbed in the one from his encircling arm; “ within our own lines, fearful perception of imminent danger; not to you need not fear now.” myself—I never thought of that—but to my But I still trembled with dread and excitement. friend. At last I reached a low stone wall that “Oh, let us go home !” I exclaimed, rising. “I stretched across the hill just above the plantation. cannot feel safe even here." Now I knew how far I had come-that I might “ Yes, if you are able ; but, believe me, there stop. I leant against it, turned, and with a is no danger now." He drew my arm through desperate effort looked up the hill towards the his, and supported my nervous, hurrying steps as spot where I had left Conrad.
we hastened through the plantation, across the At first I could see nothing, lights danced paddock, and until we passed through the little before my eyes, bells rang in my ears, a deadly sick- gate and stood in our own garden.
NE of the companions of my childhood was And one of the deep things of God is his Word. No
a little brook that ran near the homestead. fathoning-line has ever touched its bottom. No conIt was my playmate. Sometimes so trans- sumption of its pure refreshing waters has ever lowered
parent that I could see every pebble on its it an inch. Within it play the leviathans. Its sublime bed-sometimes so shallow that it scarce covered my utterances are as the sound of many waters. “Deep foot ; when it got rains from heaven it ran full, but calleth unto deep." And in its profound bosom lie all “what time it waxed warm it vanished away.” That manner of pearls and precious stones ; any one of them little shallow short-lived brook is to me a picture of is worth all the pebbles of earthly streams. That single humanity. Just in view of our house was a deep pure pearl, “ God is love,” outweighs the globe in value. lake, double the size of the Sea of Galilee. In its glassy Just compare, too, all the human books ever written with surface the clouds were mirrored ; over it our skiffs this one Book as the subject of pulpit and private study. floated, but no man ever saw its bottom. That deep Upon this one Book the most cultured and devout placid lake, unchangeable in summer and in winter, minds have been engaged for eighteen centuries. Milinexhaustible, and hiding everything in its silent bosom lions of spiritual and soul-saving discourses have been --that lake was to me an emblem of “the deep things drawn out of it. And the Bible is as fresh and faithful of God." Man is easily fathomed and soon drieth up. as when Augustine explored it twelve hundred years God is the unexhausted sea. His ways are past finding ago. Men run dry; but the Bible, never. out.
What human production could have survived such a constant process of search and “sounding”? Plato are revealed belong unto ourselves and to our children," was the wisest of the ancients, but Plato's brook is and these vital truths let us spend our short lives in easily forded. Shakespeare is the acutest of modern studying and obeying. It will be time enough to underintellects ; but Shakespeare does not contain religious stand the Trinity and Predestination when we "zach truth enough to fill a pint measure ; the little that he the high-school of heaven. has, he dipped out of God's Word. Just imagine all There are deep things of God that belong also to his the ministers in Christendom trying to preach for a life- daily providence. I have stood lately by two coffins time out of Shakespeare-substituting “Hamlet” for that were to me "past finding out.” Why a loving St. John, or “ Macbeth” for the Psalms of David ! God permitted those premature deaths, was to our eyes God only loaned to Shakespeare a narrow rivulet of the darkest of mysteries. Verily he is a God that hideth thought, and that too was often riled and mudded with himself; his way is in the sea, and his footsteps are not impurity. But “the sea is his, and he made it !” he known. I cannot pretend to fathom the mystery of a "giveth his people to drink as out of the great depths.” thousand seeming failures of great and holy under
Ah! there is precious fishery in the Bible. We are takings ; no, nor the mystery of tens of thousands of all the time commanded to "launch out into the deep, sick chambers, or early graves, or shattered hopes and and to let down our nets for a draught." When we have broken hearts. We puzzle and torment ourselves over this done, we have not been able to draw the net to these enigmas until brain and heart ache. How often land for the multitude of the fishes. The most needful we call our loving Father cruel! How often we have truths are easy of reach ; they lie near to the surface. been tempted to murmur, “O, I could have borne A child can apprehend them. Nothing can be simpler this trial a little later, or a little sooner, but just than--"Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy now it is so hard. If God had taken my property and left soul," or Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou to me my wife-or if that particular child had not died shalt be saved.” But there are other truths of profound -or just this blow had been spared me, I could have mystery--such as Creation, the Trinity, the Incarnation, submitted better.” So we foolish children talk. But a the Divine Decrees, the Resurrection, &c.—that go down wiser spirit replies in sharp rebuke, “Thou fool; be many leagues below our longest lines. These are the still and know that he is God.” Our blind, selfish deep things of God.
ignorance is sure to err, and scan his work in vain. Our congregations sometimes tell us ministers that We shall read these hard and trying chapters of our our preaching is tantalizing ; it stops just at the point lives with very different eyes when the light of eternity where they wish to know more, and to go deeper. Our illuminates the tear-blotted page. It will be one of the answer must be that there is a limit to all human fish joys of heaven to find out some of these deep things of ing-lines and fathoming-lines. For example, the doctrine God. of Election is too deep for my fishing-tackle. And if For, after all, the deepest of God's deep things will any unconverted sinner is wasting his precious time in be his unfathomable LOVE. Into this infinite ocean our trying to find out whether he is “elected to be saved,” lines sink without reaching bottom. It is deeper than or even what God's secret decrees may be, he is more human depravity or human wretchedness. When man likely to be caught in the devil's net than he is to catch fell he sank fearfully low, but not beneath the reach of much truth in his own net. There are a great many redeeming love. O the breadth and the depth of that things which no father tells to his own children. The passion, which dredges the uttermost deeps of human “ secret things belong unto God ; but the things which I depravity to bring up lost pearls for Iinmanuel's crown!
IMPRESSIONS OF CHRISTIAN LIFE AND WORK IN AMERICA.
BY PROFESSOR J. L. PORTER, AUTHOR OP “THE GIANT CITIES OF BASHAN,” ETC.
COLLEGIATE EDUCATION FOR NEGROES.
were not satisfied with providing a aim of Christian statesmen. The task is difficult
so than people in general would coloured races.
By doing so, they imagine. The main difficulty lies here, that the might, it is true, prepare the freedman for dis- two races will not associate. The white man charging the ordinary duties of citizenship; but will not permit his children to mix, in school or a higher training, or, at least, some mode of elsewhere, with the children of the negro ; and, obtaining it, was requisite to raise him to an so far as I was able to learn, the negro appears to have almost as great an objection to associate marked out plainly enough by deep trenches cut with the white. The feeling is as intense and as in the soft soil. There was nothing, however, to wide-spread in the Southern States as ever it distinguish the space between the trenches from was; indeed, it would even seem to have deepened the fields and wilderness outside, except a little since the war. The negroes must have their own more unevenness of surface, caused by ruts and schools, and hotels, and railway-cars. No negro holes here and there, which it required careful will venture to enter a railway-car or other public piloting to avoid. Two or three times we enconveyance with a white man, except in the capa- 1 countered a ravine running at right-angles to our city of a servant. As society is constituted at route, and filled with mud of unkuown depth. present in the old Slave States, it would be vain | We halted to survey, and I gave it up as hopeto attempt to introduce coloured students to any less. Not so my enterprising friend. His quick, of the colleges. Even in the North—in Harvard, experienced eye caught sight of a break in the Yale, Princeton, Amherst, with all their boasted boundary dyke; he went at it, and with a cheery freedom, I did not see one. There may be “Gee up” cleared it. I fully anticipated an upsome. I am not aware that there are any rules set and general smash : but nothing of the kind; :0 exclude them ; but among the crowds of the high wheels and light body of the “ buggy” students I did not notice a single coloured face. seemed specially adapted for such work; and This is a sad state of matters. It is one of the the only inconvenience I experienced was rising bitter fruits of a pernicious system long fostered a foot or so into the air, a momentary sensain the heart of a noble nation. It cannot easily tion as of flying, and then a descent upon the or soon be eradicated; and yet the most thought- seat again with a “thud.” It is a little exciting. ful of American statesman see in it grave elements There is a spice of romance in it unknown in of disturbance, and even danger to the country. prosy old England. Fortunately the country is Five millions of people educated apart, living wide; trespass never thought of; and if one apart, to some extent labouring apart, and all the have only enough of time and pioneering skill, he while cherishing, as we know they do, a deep usually reaches his destination in safety. We sense of past wrong and present social degrada-did; and after the last stiff climb up a natural tion, must be a source of weakness and danger bank, not particularly smooth, I felt amply repaid. to the constitution. The two races, I fear, will The site of Howard University is splendid. never amalgamate ; but education and Christian- It stands on the crown of a graceful hill, projectity may draw them closer together, and prevent ing from a wooded ridge, and some three huna collision which conscious weakness on the part dred feet high, commanding the whole plain on of the negro has alone averted hitherto.
which the city of Washington lies in outline, Under such circumstances, it is clear that if with long reaches of the broad Potomac beyond, the coloured people are to get collegiate training, backed by the verdant heights of Arlington, and they must have colleges of their own. Men of the picturesque uplands of Virginia, which exinfluence and wealth know this, and they have tend far away along the whole southern horizon. determined to supply the want. The first-fruits It struck me as if there were something symbolic of their labours are now seen at Washington, in in that site of the first college ever erected in
America for the coloured races-looking down on HOWARD UNIVERSITY.
the capital of the great and now free Republic ; Having been invited to visit this remarkable looking beyond, across the Potomac, to Mount institution and address the students, I gladly Vernon, where Washington lived, and where his consented. At an early hour on Monday morn- ashes sleep; and looking to Virginia, where they ing, a friend called for me in his carriage at the and their fathers felt the galling chain.
As they Arlington. For half an hour or so the road was look and study there, will the freedmen not have tolerable, but matters soon changed. The road constantly impressed upon their minds the that is, what is designed at some indefinite thought of what they were, what they are, and period in the future to be a road—is wide, and what they may attain to ?
The college consists of a main building, four dead letter, and it is, I fear, likely long to constories high, plain, but substantial, containing tinue so. No child of white parents has ever library, chapel, class and lecture rooms for the entered it, though the professors and teachers, preparatory and collegiate departments. Bebind with one exception, are whites. That exception it, at right-angles, on the one side are chambers is a remarkable one. There is something of rofor a full staff of professors and three hundred mance in it,-something, too, which shows in a resident pupils : on the other side is the new very striking manner the strong prejudices still medical school; and surrounding the whole lies felt against the coloured people ; and, on the a park of seventy acres, now being laid out with other hand, the determination occasionally extaste and care.
hibited by them to triumph over all opposition, “The originators of this institution,” we are and to assert their full manhood. I give it as I told, “were a small band of men, earnestly en- find it in the Report :listed in the work of elevating the coloured races. “ The medical department was organized by They were all Northern men, and nearly all of the election of three members of its faculty in them connected with the new Congregational the early part of May 1868; and in the month Church and Society of Washington. The credit of September a fourth professorship was filled. of originating the scheme belongs to the Rev. B. In September, also, Dr. Alexander T. Augusta, a F. Morris of Cincinnati, who was at that time distinguished coloured physician of Washington, in the government employment in the district of was elected as Demonstrator of Anatomy. Dr. Columbia He was son of Thomas Morris, a Augusta is a gentleman of decided abilities, and native of Virginia, who, while a Senator in Con- is thoroughly educated in his profession. He is gress from Ohio, was one of the foremost cham- a native of Norfolk, Virginia ; free-born, and pions of freedom. The original idea of the Rev. served his apprenticeship as a barber in that Mr. Morris was to train coloured men for teachers city, subsequently working as a journeyman at and preachers.
bis trade. In his boyhood he learned by stealth “On the 20th November 1866, the first meet- to read a little, and subsequently acquired, while ing was held which initiated this great educa- working at bis trade, some additional knowledge. tional enterprise. Some twenty were present. At a later period he read medicine for a time in The views of Mr. Morris were adopted. In the the office of a respectable physician in Philadel. course of the meeting, General Howard offered phia ; but he could get no access to the medical to build a seminary structure from the educa- college of that city, by reason of his colour. He tional funds of the Freedmen's Bureau, if the went to California to get money to prosecute bis association would furnish a site ; and Mr. purpose, and was highly successful. On his Brewster thereupon gave his verbal guarantee return he made another effort to find entrance that the site should be secured."
to a medical college, and was repulsed both in On fuller consideration, the plan of the pro- Philadelphia and Chicago. He finally went to posed institution was enlarged so as to include a the University of Toronto, and was cordially preparatory and collegiate department in arts for welcomed to the medical college of that very both males and females ; also departments of distinguished institution, second to no university law, medicine, and theology; and it finally re- in British America ; and after some balf-a-dozen ceived its charter under the name of the Howard years of laborious academic-classical as well as University. The original idea was to reserve it professional-study, he received the degree of for the coloured races exclusively : to train Bachelor of Medicine, with the full honours of teachers, preachers, and missionaries, both for the college. During the war he was a surgeon America and Africa. In this respect, too, the in the army; and while stationed at Savannali, plan was ultimately extended, and it was re- Georgia, in charge of a hospital, he was resolved to open the doors of the university to all, peatedly associated in professional relations with without distinction of race or colour. Hitherto, medical gentlemen of the first eminence in that however, this latter liberal enactment has been a city, who treated him with uniform courtesy. They often came into his hospital to observe contrasted heathen and Christian lands—the cases interesting to the profession, and to join East, whence they sprang, with the West, where with him in uncommon surgical operations, they were being trained—and then attempted facts honourable alike to both parties. (1) Dr. to press home their duties and their responsibiliAugusta is the only coloured gentleman con- ties. I left with the conviction that there, in nected with the medical faculty so far as it has Howard University, the first decided step is yet been organized; and for this reason, as well being taken to solve one of the grand problems as for the essential interest which marks his which now lie before the United States, How to career, reference is here made to him. It is a elevate and utilize the coloured population. This suggestive fact that, after such struggles to gain will be effected, not merely by providing elementaccess to a medical school for his own culture, ary instruction for the masses, but, above and he should thus be called as a teacher in the first along with this, by raising up among themselves school of medical science founded for his race in men who, from their talents, and intellectual and America."
moral culture, will be capable of taking and holdI may just add that it is a hopeful fact to finding their places in the nation. such a narrative as this embodied in a special Report drawn up by the Commissioner of Educa
DEAF-MUTE COLLEGE. tion, and submitted to the Senate of the United Another steeple-chase drive lay before us—worse States in the year of grace 1870.
even than the former, for our route lay along the As arranged, I fortunately reached the uni- slope of a low ridge, furrowed by ravines having versity in time to join in morning prayers. The lively torrents and miry torrent-beds, but no whole establishment-principal, professors, pupils, bridges. It was passed, and we entered the and servants—assemble in the chapel every morn- grounds of “the Silent College”-one of the ing at eight o'clock. It is reckoned a necessary
most remarkable educational establishments in part of the daily exercises, and is attended, as I the world. learned, there and elsewhere, with the happiest re- America is at this moment setting an example sults. All are taught, at the commencement of to mankind in her plan of educating deaf-mutes. each day's labour, to acknowledge the existence and The history of her efforts is instructive. Some presence of an almighty though unseen Being-sixty years ago, Dr. Gallaudet visited Europe, to the Author and Sustainer of life—the Source glean information as to the mode there pursued of of blessings temporal and spiritual. Some are imparting knowledge to the deaf and dumb. He deeply impressed; all are solemnized by it. tried in vain to get access to English schools.
About four hundred were present, and among They were private establishments, and their work them not a single white face except the teachers. was a monopoly. Going over to Paris, every The females sat on one side ; the males on the facility was afforded him of accomplishing his other. I watched them closely. From my posi- purpose. Returning to the United States, he tion on the platform I could command the entire opened a school at Hartford, which was for a congregation ; and I was struck with the aspect time supported by private subscription. Its of intelligent, devout attention which character- success was such as to attract public attention. ized every one.
I soon recognized the peculiar Enlightened statesmen soon saw that the establishfeatures of three Japanese youths, and one from ment of similar schools throughout the country China, who, like the others, bowed their knees to would tend to elevate a class of persons hitherto the Christian's God. A hymn was sung with a burden upon the community into a position of much taste-one of the coloured pupils playing independence and permanent benefit; and they an accompaniment on the harmonium. Then a therefore concluded that it was the duty of the lesson from the New Testament was read, and State to undertake their support and management. prayer offered. At the close, I was requested to This was done,—done on thoroughly, that official address the audience; and I shall not soon forget returns for 1871 show thirty-three fully equipped with what deep interest they listened while I institutions and five day-schools for deaf-mutes,