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We shall mention two or three examples to show that than we, there are not so many accidents. The reason these ice accidents proceed almost always from the same is, that in these climates the winter is long, and the cause, and are repeated from year to year in the same frost severe. The ice soon grows a foot thick, and there form, because the yonng are not sufficiently instructed is no thaw till spring. Horses and carts go safely on and warned.
the ice, and in ordinary circumstances there is no Two years ago, a case of thrilling interest happened danger. The ice continues very strong till the spring, on a lake in the interior of the country, the scene of when it suddenly breaks up altogether. stirring events in Scottish history. Three sisters were In our country there is not much frost. And, bewalking about on the narrow belt of firm ice that ran cause those who are fond of skating and sliding do not along the shore, followed by a small dog. The little often enjoy the sport, they are eager to try it whenever creature, in its sport, ventured too far out where the it seems possible. Thus they are very often induced to ice was thin, and fell through. One of the young ladies entrust themselves to the ice too soon, lest the thaw ran to its assistance, and fell in. Her sister imniedi- should return and disappoint them. ately advanced to the spot, and got hold of her by the So many precious young lives are lost every winter in hand; but as soon as her weight was increased by the our country, that it becomes an urgent duty to make attempt to draw her sister out, the ice under her feet sure that all children shall be clearly taught where the gave way, and she too was thrown into the water. The danger lies, and how they may avoid it. Forewarned third and only remaining sister, yielding to the sudden is forearmed. We think that if it were enjoined on all impulse of her love, without counting the cost, ap- teachers to give their scholars specific and full lessons proached, in turn, the fatal spot, and sank with the rest. on the subject once every year at the approach of These three daughters of one house were carried home winter, the result would be the preservation of many cold, stiff corpses! Who shall tell—who can conceive lives. There would, alas ! be no difficulty in explaining the agony that their parents endured? Who shall tell and enforcing the warnings by a detailed narrative of what a horror of great darkness came over the light and fearful examples. The lesson would be listened to with life of that family in one day?
rapt attention, and it could not fail to be effective. On the 16th of last month, on a small lake called Young people should make a rule not to venture on Auchenreoch, near Castle-Douglas, six children in suc- ice over deep water at all by themselves. They should cession sank through the ice, and were drowned. One absolutely abstain from stepping on it till they see men boy, twelve years of age, ventured too far, and fell of mature age on before them, and further on than thes. through the ice. His sister, aged ten, ran to his assist- Grown people have experience, which the young lack. ance. and sank beside him. Three other girls, aged It should be written on children's minds as a first prinrespectively thirteen, twelve, and eight, followed, all to ciple of self-preservation, and of duty to their parents, save those who had fallen in, and all sank in deep water. not to venture on ice where the water is deep, except Another boy, brother of two sisters who had fallen in, on the footsteps of men who are of full understanding. sent by his father to bring the children home, arrived Further, children should be clearly warned that, in at this moment on the scene. He also rushed to the case of one falling through, they should not venture rescue; but, as soon as he caught his sister's hand, the near the lip of the broken ice to give assistance with ice gave way, and he sank with the rest. All were their hands. Even though the ice at the edge could drowned : three of one family, two of another, and one bear your own weight, the moment you begin to draw of a third. Of these, five lost their own lives in the out the one who is in the water you double the reight effort to save the lives of others.
on the spot where you stand, and the result will be that On the day following, 17th February, two boys were you will throw away your own life too. What then ? drowned on the ice in a quarry near Cupar in precisely In such a case should se render no help to the perishthe same way: one was sliding on too slender ice, and ing ? Yes, give help. Before you go upon the ice, get sank; the other, rushing to the rescue, sank beside some long pole or branch, and keep it near. If an achin). Both were drowned.
cident occur, stretch it out so that the one who has Grown people are not so often drowned in this way, fallen in may grasp it, and hold till more assistance because they have more experience, and take better care. arrive. But on no account go forward to help with your In the northern countries of America and Europe, hand ; for that is only to throw away your own life, and although there the people go much more upon the ice do no good to your neighbour.
T is not our part to write the life of might at other times and places luxuriate over
Dr. Guthrie: we leave that task for luscious fruit served at the tables of the rich, fitter bands, and a future day. Yet little knew of the dark, damp depths of human
we would not willingly forego the vice and suffering into which the preacher had pensive pleasure of uniting with a great number plunged, and out of which he drew his power. scattered over this and other lands in paying an If he had not gone down so deeply into the lower articulate tribute to his worth, and reverently strata of society, he would not have towered so casting, as it were, a wreath upon his grave. high in the view of its elevated classes. Such was his moral and social stature, that his We think the chief element of Dr. Guthrie's form was seen from afar. There is probably no power sprang from his compassion. The affecScotchman now living in any sphere whose re- tions of his heart gravitated to the lowest, in moval would leave so large a blank.
condition and character, as water gravitates to the While he was, in full conviction and frank pro- lowest in place. But it was lis nature to seek fession, a Presbyterian and a Free Churchman, he ever downward, as a root seeks downward, not for was so large-hearted and liberal that he was ac- the sake of being down, but in order by the deknowledged as a brother in all the branches of scent to draw up and spread abroad an abundant the great Christian family. His liberality was wealth of reformation and comfort and charity. not a policy ; it was a nature and a passion. He At one time the ministers of the Church of Scotcould not have acted the role of a narrow Church- land and their families, suddenly ejected from man, whatever might have been the strength of their manses over all the land, and suffering for the motives presented. That was not in the man, want of homes, attracted his heart and opened and could not have been drawn out of him. his lips. Into that work he threw his whole soul
In the earlier years of his ministry his great for the time. He traversed the country, and insuccess was due to a combination of two qualities noculated it with his own passion. As a result, -great eloquence in preaching, and great pains there arose in a short time, as if by magic, the in excavating. But these two were in secret comfortable manses that stud the country, side allied to each other, like the supporting roots and by side with the Free Churches, contributing not the supported tree. The tenderness of heart a little to the loveliness of the Scottish landscape. which sent him into the dwellings of the poor, It is believed that the effort then made sowed the and the experience that he obtained there, went seeds of the disease which shortened his work and as constituent elements into his oratory. Indeed, his days. bis sympathy with sufferers, and his efforts to At another time, it was the sin and misery of alleviate human misery and arrest human sin, drunkards that took hold of his heart and held were the real roots which nourished the power of him. He laboured in the fires with these men, his public ministry. Those who flocked on the and for them. His spoken and printed appeals Sabbath to his church, that they might luxuriate for these classes largely contributed, with the in the fervour and pathos of bis sermon, as they | kindred efforts of fellow-workers, to generate the more healthy public opinion, of which we now into which they were falling. For our part, we begin to enjoy the benefit. In connection with frankly give the secularists credit for the magnathe profligacy or poverty of the parents, he was nimity that rejoices over such facts, by whomsobrought into contact with the sufferings of the ever brought about. But while their hearts reneglected little ones; and hence sprang what be- joice in the facts, their minds are puzzled to came the largest and most characteristic labour of account for them. They must have a theory, and his life—the Ragged School. The story of Dr. here it is. In a dry and sultry season they have Guthrie's life will exhibit, in a large measure, the seen a canal led over the pasture fields, full of vise and progress of these institutions. They water to the brim, and refreshing all the ground need not become permanent in our educational by its beneficent overflow. Well done the canal ! system.
The national measure now enacted they exclaim. Canals for ever! They do all ought, in process of time, to supersede them. the real work. But, don't you see, the water But they have served a mighty purpose in the must leave the springs and the rivers behind transition state. They have done much to save when it does any good to the ground. Up with the nation from sinking altogether in the horrors the canals, but down with the springs and rivers: of the middle passage. Indeed, the efforts made they are useless. But oh, my philosophic brother, to save the lost little ones went far to reveal the how could the canal ever have done any good to numbers and wretchedness of the outcasts, and so the parched land if it had not been filled from to arouse the nation from its supine slumber, and the spring and the river. You think Dr. Guthrie compel it to put forth its own arm to save. Dr. had to leave his dogmatic religion behind when Guthrie's Ragged School, and the passionate he came forth upon the field of human misery to appeals whereby he supported it, did much to save the perishing. Yes; but it was the dogma wring the national system of education from the he believed that pressed him out to that work of sectarianism and the parsimony of a short-sighted benevolence, and kept him going. His faith was generation.
the fountain of his charity. We observe that the organs of the more secular It pleased the Lord to give to his servant--as he sections of the community admire the talents and sometimes even in this climate gives to his suncharacter of Dr. Guthrie, and pay a hearty tribute a brilliant and beautiful setting. Some eminent of respect to his memory. Some of them, at the and devoted Christians are permitted to set under same time, through a mental perversity, allied to a cloud or in a storm. Even so, Father, for so it colour-blindness, refuse to recognize the fountain seemeth good in thy sight. Their rising in the where the stream of his charities sprang. They morning of eternal life will not be a whit less own the greatness of his benevolent work, but glorious because of the mists that hung on the knowingly intimate, that in order to perform horizon the evening before. In this case, howthese blessed services to the community, he came ever, the mists cleared away before sunset, and out of his theological circle, and left his Calvinism this good servant could see clearly around him, behind him. This is precisely the contrary of the and could be seen by the surrounding circle detruth, The stream of his benevolence flowed parting in blessed peace and joy. He waited from the well-spring of his faith. It was the love wakeful, expectant, and joyful, with his loins girt of Christ that constrained him to visit the widows and his lamp trimmed, for the Bridegroom's and orphans in their affliction.
approach. One of his sayings when the end was There is an aspect of childishness in the move- near, besides constituting evidence that his faith ments of the secularists in presence of such a life. and hope remained firm and clear to the last, strikes Here are the facts, which cannot be denied. A
us as a fine proof that Dr. Guthrie's constant devout believer in Christ, a great preacher of the and affluent employment of natural analogies in gospel, actually has done more than any of his his discourses was not an art which he cultivated contemporaries to cloth the naked and feed the for effect, but a nature to which he yielded—that hungry, and in every way to snatch the victims the spring of analogy lay in his being, and he of their own or others' wickedness out of the pit | simply left it to flow without obstruction as an
element of power for his work. It has been It reminded us of a tender scene that we had publicly intimated—and we doubt not the intima- seen in the domain of nature. A sensitive plant tion is completely authentic—that when it was exhibits a large fine leaf like a fern, consisting of discovered, in the progress of the disease, that his one central stem with beautiful frondlets extendeyesight was partially impeded by spots and mists, ing in pairs on either side with elegant regularity. and when an attendant expressed the opinion that Such is the nature of the plant, that if you touch the symptom was of little consequence, “ Ah,” the great leaf generally the whole folds and droops, said the dying man, “it has much meaning. every joint falling as if in a faint. But if you When land-birds begin to fly round the rigging, touch very gently only the first pair of twin and alight upon the spars, the passengers know leaflets at the root of the leaf stem, that pair only that, though the land is as yet invisible, the land will collapse and fold into each other's embrace, is near.” He loved to remain here and work, for and lie down in a slow and pensive manner and his presence was needful on the field; but he swoon away Let now a small caterpillar be loved also to depart and to be with Christ, which introduced, and let it creep slowly up the leaf is far better. Blessed balance : willing to wait, stem in the hollow between the two opposite but ready to go.
rows of leaflets; these leaflets will collapse, pair by In the decease of Dr. Guthrie the community pair, in succession as the head of the caterpillar has suffered a great bereavement; and the com- advances to touch their roots. Before the moving munity, as represented by the citizens of Edin insect, the leaves stand erect and still, each oppoburgh on the day of the funeral, fully acknow- site its mate; opposite the insect, the leaves have ledged the fact. The road from the house to the fallen as dead; behind it, after a brief interval, cemetery, a distance of about three-quarters of a they begin to stand erect again. mile
, consists for the most part of one long straight Such was the scene as the mortal remains of street of considerable breadth, running through a this great philanthropist moved slowly through succession of villas and gardens. This telescope the ranks of the citizens. Sensitive to the prepassage was lined through all its length, and on sence of the honoured dead—not by signal or both sides, by a very great number of the citizens. prearrangement, but by silent instinct—they bent The sea of faces was an impressive and encourag- their uncovered heads. We have thought it ing sight. Much soundness remains at the heart worth while to record the fact, for we considered of a community that can spontaneously and to the symptom good and reassuring. such an extent appreciate its own loss, and com- On either side of the grave the Lord Provost bine to pay a fitting tribute to the illustrious dead. and Magistrates of the city, in their official robes, This seemly act we look upon as a symptom of were ranked; and close by stood in two groups soundness, and a means of further good. It will the children of the Ragged School, each boy wearreact with a favourable influence upon society. ing a small belt of crape on the arm of his white
As we walked immediately behind the pall- fustian jacket. It seemed a large family of helpbearers we had an opportunity of observing the less orphans mourning the loss of a father. The demeanour of the spectators, who found themselves municipal authorities, with the insignia of their successively in the immediate presence of the dust office, and the Ragged School children in their that they had assembled to honour. . As the vehicle coarse and cheap, but clean and whole attire, conthat bore the bier, exposed to view under an open stituted the two extremes of society, and seemed canopy, advanced in slow procession along the silently representative of society at large mourning telescopic avenue, the crowd on either side seemed their bereavement and honouring the dead. to be stricken by some mysterious influence, and The sun shone brightly, and the air was bent their heads like flowers on their stalks. absolutely still. The prayer offered at the grave Many hats were raised, and many moistened eyes was distinctly heard by the great assembly; and bent down. The whole line seemed instinct with the “Happy Land," sung by the poor children, reverence for the dead, and drooped in succession closed the simple ceremonial. The throng then as the body passed by.
gently and silently melted away.
A WATCHWORD FOR THE NIGHT.
"It is I; be not afraid.”_MARK VI. 45–51; John vi. 16-21 ; MATTHEW xiv. 22-27.
Unto the bright shore linked safely and fast!
Tempest-tost sailor on life's troubled sea,
From Galilee's lake this voice speaks to thee,
Through night's shrouding gloom thy watchword to be.
What though stars shine not; though raging winds
Safety hangs not on thine own straining oar.
One treads the wild wave to save as of yore!
Whelm thy faint spirit. On, list to that cry,
"Be not afraid ; it is I, it is I!”
Not till man's efforts had ceased in despair,
Fell those sweet tones on the chill morning air-
Fling overboard all thy cargo of care !
Fear not, that Pilot will steer to the last;
Soon will the day dawn, the night watch be past;
IMPRESSIONS OF CHRISTIAN LIFE AND WORK IN AMERICA,
BY PROFESSOR J. L. PORTER, AUTHOR OF
THE GIANT CITIES OF BASHAN," ETC
THE TOMB OF WASHINGTON.
T seven o'clock on a cloudless morning, eyed men, who were standing apart and intently
early in May, I embarked at the port scanning the shores of Virginia. "They are going
mond. The sail down the Potomac estates of ruined planters at a tenth of their value,"
Carpet - baggers,” whispered a Southern calamities upon their country.