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there were, in 1870, 163 separate schools, with saloon, a regular religious service was conducted, 20,652 pupils; while there were at least 40,000 and I was delighted to see that it was attended Roman Catholic children attending the public by the entire body of passengers. I addressed schools. It thus appears that a vast majority of them, giving some account of my researches Roman Catholics prefer the public to the separate in Palestine, and showing how Bible history school system.
is illustrated by the present state of that
country. HIGHER EDUCATION.
Early next morning we were among the famed There are above a hundred High Schools in the Thousand Isles. Innumerable islands, large and province of Ontario, with an aggregate of about small, most of them wooded, stud the bosom of 8000 pupils. They are supported by Govern- | the great river. There is no grandeur in the ment, and provide liberal training in classics, scenery; but there is a pleasing mixture of richlyscience, and modern languages. There is, be-tinted foliage, smooth gray rocks, curved and sides, a great Central Normal School in Toronto, deeply indented shore-lines, tortuous channels, specially designed for the training of teachers, and broad sheets of water that mirror all around and having a large library, an educational museum, and above. Here and there a log-hut, or an and, in fact, every requisite to secure the most ornamental wooden house, or a small scattered efficient training for those who devote themselves village, appears to break the solitude. to the noble profession of teaching. I was taken We landed and dined at Prescott, and then through it, and had the pleasure of meeting there took the train for Ottawa, passing, at the rate of the Chief Superintendent of Education, who ten miles an hour, through a region of dismal kindly furnished me with a complete set of the swamps and trackless forests, and then emerging public documents regarding education.
where, on the picturesque bank of the river On Sunday, June 2, I preached in John Knox Ottawa, the palaces of the new capital of Canada Church in the morning, and in the evening in rise before one like a vision of paradise. Cooke Church. In the latter I felt a special interest, as it was named in honour of the late
OTTAWA. Rev. Dr. Cooke of Belfast.
The situation of Ottawa is fine. The river
which gives its name to the city, after rushing THE THOUSAND ISLES.
down a series of rapids in sheets of foam, imOn Tuesday the 4th I was joined by my son, mediately expands, and glides swiftly round the and we set out together for Ottawa.
base of a lofty isolated cliff, on whose southern were anxious to see the great St. Lawrence and side is a deep glen, which has been made, by a the beauties of the Thousand Isles, we took the series of locks, the opening of the Rideau steamer for Prescott. We left Toronto at two P. M., canal. A mile or so further down, the Rideau and as the afternoon was wet, and little to be river falls into the Ottawa over a high ledge of seen on the lake, I retired to the saloon, hoping rocks, forming one of the grandest cascades in to secure a long night's rest, which I greatly Canada. On the level summit of the aboveneeded. We found a crowd of clergy on board : named cliff stand the new Parliament Houses some Presbyterian, going to the Assembly of the and other government buildings-a magnificent Kirk at Kingston ; others Wesleyan, going to pile of Gothic architecture. The town is built the Conference at Montreal. Towards evening on the sloping ground behind, while on the the captain, with half-a-dozen ministers, came to opposite side of the river is the rising suburb of me, requesting on the part of the passengers that Hull. The sides of the river, both above and I would give an address. It was an odd request below the rapids, are thickly studded with sawon board a public steamer ; but then one must mills and huge piles of “lumber.” expect odd things in America. So I consented, Parliament was in session, and by the kindthough with considerable mental reluctance. ness of the Hon. Mr. Currier, member for Ottawa, Arrangements having been made in the grand I was admitted to the floor of the House, and
placed in a seat close to the Speaker's chair. I I train was a very small one, and on getting out of was soon joined by my countryman Sir Francis the car a gentlenian came up and said, " Can Hincks, the Premier, Sir John Macdonald, and you tell me whether Dr. Porter is in this train ?" other prominent members, whose genius and “I am Dr. Porter," was, of course, my answer. administrative talents have largely contributed It was Mr. Court, who, having telegraphed to to raise the Dominion of Canada to its present Ottawa, learned that I had left by the morning's state of prosperity. I was greatly impressed steamer, and had very kindly come to meet me, with the dignity of the assembly, which presented and to conduct me to the hospitable mansion of a marked contrast to the House of Representa- Mrs. Redpath, which was my home during my tives at Washington, and, in my mind, even short stay in Montreal. rivalled our own House of Commons.
Montreal occupies one of the grandest sites in A keen debate was proceeding, which showed America. It stands on the gentle slope of Mont the ability and eloquence of some of the speakers. Real—"the Royal Mount”-overlooking the When it closed, the House went into committee, great St. Lawrence, here nearly five miles wide, and the Speaker left the chair. A few minutes and a vast expanse of wooded plain beyond, afterwards the Premier brought me an invitation bounded in the far distance by the pale blue from the Speaker to meet him in his private mountains of Vermont. And the city is worthy
This was an honour I had not expected, of its site. Its quays are crowded with ships, and for which I cannot sufficiently express my its streets thronged with an enterprising people, grateful thanks, as it gave me an opportunity of and the delightful slopes of its Royal Mount meeting several of the leading politicians of studded with the palaces of its merchant-princes. Canada, and of hearing their views on matters in On Saturday my kind hostess drove me to the which I felt a deep interest.
Magill University, where I had the advantage of I found a good deal of religious life in Ottawa; inspecting a noble collection of objects of natural and Presbyterianism is making considerable pro- history and geology, formed mainly by the gress. One of the principal merchants-Mr. Hay labours of its distinguished president; then to the -is a power in himself. There are several fine Geological Museum, which contains many most churches in the city; and since my visit a new interesting American fossils; afterwards through one has been organized in Hull, in the establish- the leading streets of the city. ment of which my son has taken an active part. On Sunday I was busy as usual. I preachei
in the morning for Dr. Burns, and in the evening MONTREAL.
in Erskine Church. The sail down the Ottawa river was pleasant. On Monday Mrs. Redpath planned a delightThe banks are densely wooded, and though low ful drive round the Mount, through the splendid at the water's edge, they rise gradually toward new Cemetery, and back by the eastern suburb. ranges of hills in the background. We stopped | I dined with my friend Mr. Mackay, and met at an Indian village, where the little houses Mr. Puncheon, president, and a large number of struck me as being placed after the manner of an members of the Methodist Conference, then Arab encampment. We “shot" the rapids at sitting. In the evening I lectured in Erskine the western opening of the river Ottawa into the Church. St. Lawrence, and finally landed at La Chene, as On Tuesday I bade farewell to Canada ; but our steamer could not venture to pass down the while I live I shall cherish the memory of the La Chene rapids. Entering a very dirty railway Christian kindness and courtesy of the many car, half an hour brought me to Montreal. Our friends I met there.
CONVERSION OF COUNT GASPARIN.
DOLPH MONOD, one of the most gifted evangelical sermons. But he was a man who discharged
and faithful evangelical ministers of the faithfully the duties of his office. It was necessary that present century, preached Christ crucified the sermons should be read. He came to his wife with
and his free grace to his church in Lyons. the manuscripts in his hand, complaining that he would One Sabbath, preaching from the text, “God so loved have to give up the whole evening to this irksome and the world, that he gave his only begotten Son,” &c., protracted labour. She offered, as her husband's worthy he spoke of the person of Christ as the true God-man. helpmeet, to read the sermons with him, so that the He announced at the same time that the next Sabbath task might seem to him less tedious. They began. he should show how men could be saved through faith They read the first. With every page they grew more in this God-man. But the authorities of his church and more interested. They forgot that it was evening were full of Catholic and other errors, and opposed to a and night. That which was at first an official duty doctrine so truly evangelical. Hence, they informed became a service of the heart. They finished the first, Monod that if he did not omit the sermon he had an- and eagerly grasped the second. And what was the renounced they would have him arrested, and brought sult? As a magistrate—as a prefect-Gasparin was before the prefect, and dismissed from his office. Monod, forced to deprive Monod of his place, because all the notwithstanding, preached his sermon, and the autho- authorities demanded it. But he and his wife became rities made their complaint. The prefect demanded the evangelical Christians; yes, living, joyful and happy two sermons of the accused, and Monod sent them to believers in Christ. They found that night the pearl of him. The prefect was a Catholic count-Count de Gas- great price, and it has remained in the family. Their parin. He came home at evening to his wife, and found son, Count Agenor de Gasparin, has long been the head the sermon. He had never liked sermons, especially and pillar of the evangelical party in France.
OUR FATHER'S LOVE: A STORY OF LONDON STREETS.
WILL SHE CONQUER?
FTER Elfie and Susie had been kept some and when they had got out into the street, she burst
hours in the dull gloomy prison cell, a police into tears. “O Susie, you don't deserve to be called man came and took them into another part of a thief,” she sobbed.
the building where a magistrate was sitting, Susie tried to soothe her, but explained that she and the policeman stated why Elfie had been taken up. was afraid people would think her one if they remained He had not seen her take the boots himself, however, together, and she did not alter. and the man to whom they belonged said he did not “Oh, I will, I will,” said Elfie; “I can't bear to think wish to send the child to prison; and so the magistrate, of you loving me, and God loving me, and being so warning her that if ever she was taken up again, she wicked all the while. Susie, ask him to forgive me, would not get off so easy, let her go. Against Susie and let me say 'our Father' when we go home," she there was no charge, and so the two were allowed to added. As soon as they reached their room, they went leave together, the policeman telling them never to in and shut the door, and kneeled down and said the steal any more, or they would be sent to prison for a Lord's Prayer together, and then Susie prayed in simple month.
words that God would forgive Elfie for the sake of “Susie never did steal,” said Elfie, indignantly turn- Jesus Christ, and help her by his Holy Spirit to lead a ing round upon the man as she spoke.
new life-to be honest and truthful, and make them both "Hush, Elfie, never mind,” whispered Susie, who was love each other, and be patient, and gentle, and kind. anxious to get away now.
Elfie was still crying, when Susie got up from her “But I shall mind. You never did steal in your life, knees, and she did not lift her head for some time-not and it's a shame to say you did,” retorted Elfie. until the fire was blazing under the tea-kettle, and Susie
“But don't you see I was with you, and so I mustn't had begun to get the tea ready. “Shall we go to mind what they say,” replied Susie.
school to-night?" asked Susie a little timidly, when Elfie looked at her in silence for a minute or two, Elfie drew near the table.
“To-night ain't Sunday," said Elfie.
at going there again, and Susie quite exultant at tue “No; but they have school to-night, and it would thought of taking her. help us both to learn a little more,” said Susie in the Elfleda, have you come back again ?" said the same gentle tone.
teacher in some surprise, when Elfie paused before the “I don't know nothing," said Elfie with a sigh. desk. Only a day or two before she had told Susie she did not It was the first time Susie had ever heard Elfie's want to learn any more, and would not go to school. proper name, and she hardly knew who was addressed, “You'd like to learn to read, wouldn't you, Elfie ?" said until she heard her companion say, “ Please, I'd like to Susie ; "and it'll be nice to go to school of a night, I come back, if you'll let me come with Susie." think.”
The teacher glanced at Susie, wondering whether she “Yes, I'll go,” said Elfie; "they'll know me there, would be as troublesome. but you won't let 'em turn you agin' me, will you ?" she “Have you been here to school before ?" she asked. added.
“Not on a week-day, ma'am, but I come on Sundays," “They won't try, Elfie, when they know you're want- said Susie. ing to be a different girl,” said Susie. “Come and “Well, you must try and come regular, on week-day have some tea now,” she added, “and I'll tell you how I as well as Sunday," said the teacher, looking at Susie. came to be in the street where you was took up." It was quite useless to speak to Elfie, she thought; she
Elfie had forgotten to ask about this in the fright had tried her so many times before, and she did not and excitement. “How did you get there ?" she asked expect she would come to school above once a week.
It was a little disappointment to Elfie that Susie was Susie thought for a minute or two, and then she placed in a different class; but Susie whispered that said, " I think God sent me, Elfie."
she would soon be able to read, if she only tried to learu, “Perhaps he did,” said Elfie, with drooping head, and then they could be together. And with this hope “for I'd made up my mind never to come back to you any in view, Elfie began that very evening, bending all her more when the policeman took me. I thought it was energies to master the difficulties of the alphabet-a all up then, and I might as well forget all you'd told task she had never even tried to conquer before, alme, for it only made me feel bad and miserable.” though she had had the books before her a good many
“ Then God sent me to bring you home, Elfie; and times. I've got a place too, I think,” said Susie joyfully,
No one who had known Elfie, and the disturbance “Got a place,” repeated Elfie.
she made in the school a short time back, could fail to “Yes, I'm to go every morning, and do all sorts of notice the difference in her now; and a few of her work, and learn to be a proper servant,” said Susie. companions teased her about it, calling her a " little
“But you'll come back every night?" said Elfie. saint,” and various other names, which Elfie did not
“Oh yes, I shall come back every night,” replied | take very quietly at first, and which would have led to Susie. “I shouldn't like to leave you now.”
a fight as soon as they got outside again, if Susie bad “No, don't leave me," whispered Elfie. “I do want not interfered. Poor Elfie had a great deal to learn. to love God, but I shall forget all about him if you go She could not understand at all, that getting into a
passion was almost as bad as being dishonest; and she “ But you could go to school and learn about him was half inclined to be cross with Susie for interfering. there," said her companion.
But by degrees she grew more calnı, as she listened to “Yes, they'd teach about him, and be kind, I know, the story of Jesus' life of patient suffering; and before but it ain't like loving you," said Elfie. “I can believe she went to sleep that night she said, “O Susie, I wish about God's love now a little because of yours, but I | I could be like Jesus !" never had any love before, and I don't want you to go “We must try to be like him," said Susie ; “it's hard away."
work sometimes, and we don't seem to get on a bit, but “And I don't want to go away,” said Susie. “I mother said we must never give up trying." mean to earn a lot of money. I shall get eighteenpence “You're trying, I know," said Elfie ; "and I'll try for going out every morning; and then of an afternoon too. I'll begin to-morrow." I can clean steps, and knives, and forks, at the other “I think you have begun, Elfie,” said Susie, kissing places."
her ; “and we'll help each other to keep on trying." “And I'll get some steps to do, and mind the baskets The next morning, both girls were up early-Elfie to again,” said Elfie.
go to the market in search of any odd job she could get; “Oh yes, do; God will help you, I know,” said Susie. and Susie to the grocer's, to know when she should And her heart beat high with hope as she showed Elfie begin her work there, for she made sure she should go. how to wash cups and saucers ; for of this necessary She had not given a thought to the possibility of the accomplishment Elfie was quite ignorant.
man seeing her with Elfie and the policeman, and After these had been put away, and their faces thinking them both alike dishonest. She bad not seen washed, they set off for school ; Elhe feeling rather shy him, and had forgotten all about going there in tlie
excitement caused by Elfie's arrest ; and so she started “Never mind, as long as I am not one really. God off without the least fear in her mind, but that she knows we are trying to be honest, and other people will should be taken on trial at least. When she reached be sure to know it too by-and-by.—What have you been the shop, the man said, “What do you want ?” and did doing, Elfie ?" she asked, by way of turning the convernot seem to recognize her at first, but when he lifted sation, bis head and saw who it was, he added, “You've come Elfie's face brightened. She had been very successful to see what you can pick up, I suppose.”
at the market this morning, and bad earned sixpence, “No, sir," answered Susie meekly; "the lady said I besides having a lapful of potatoes and turnips given to was to come to-day about the place.”
her. “I didn't take one of them, Susie,” she said, “ And do you think we'd have you ?" asked the grocer "and I've promised the man I'll never touch his things in astonishment. “Well, you must have a good stock again; and he says he'll give me a job now and then, ir of impudence, girl, to ask such a thing, and I saw you I keep honest.” only yesterday as I did.”
“And you will, Elfie, even if the work' don't come “Please, sir, I hadn't been stealing,” said. Susie with always,” said Susie, speaking very earnestly. the tears in her eyes.
“I'll try, Susie ; I will try,” said Elfie. “ And the other girl had not either, I suppose you'll “And pray too; you must not forget that. God will tell me," said the grocer.
help you if you ask him,” said Susie. “ Yes, sir, Elfie had," admitted Susie with a heightened Two meals a day were all the girls could afford ; and so colour ; “but she's very sorry now, and won't do it it was arranged that the potatoes and turnips should be again."
boiled for tea, to save buying bread. Susie knew how “S
‘She won't have the chance, I suppose, for some time,” to cook them, for she had seen her mother do so many said the man ; " they'll keep her in prison, I hope.” times, and she promised to have them all ready by the
“She isn't in prison, sir,” said Susie ; "she's going time Elfie came home, for she was going out again to to try and get some work in the market, for she wants try and get something else to do. to be honest."
After she was gone, the tears came into Susie's eyes “Well, there, you can go; I don't want to listen to again. Somehow it seemed that she was bearing the your tales about a young thief,” said the man.
punishment of Elfie's wrong-doing, while Elfie herself was “O sir, won't you let me come and try to be your more than successful in her feeble attempts to be honest. servant ?” asked Susie anxiously.
It was hardly fair, she thought, and for a few minutes “Well, if ever I heard such impudence as that !” ex- her tears flowed fast; but gradually there stole into her claimed the grocer. “Do you think I'd have a thief to mind some words of her mother's, about the work God live in my house ? Be off, or I'll send for the police to intended her to do in the world, and she thought that you and have you locked up, and you shan't get off so this was the way. He intended her to help Elfie, pereasily as the girl did yesterday."
haps, and that thought made her more calm. Susie turned and went out of the shop with an al- At tea-time, when Elfie came in, cold, hungry, tired, most breaking heart, and sitting down on a door-step and rather cross, Susie was as che ful and gentle as near, she burst into tears. Her disappointment was ever. She had asked God to help her to love Elfie the more keen and bitter because she had felt so sure “through evil report,” and be patient with her, and he of success; and when at last, chilled and benumbed had answered her prayer. And it was no seeming cheerwith the cold, she turned back towards the main road, fulness, but real and heartfelt love, that she met her with she had no heart to inquire anywhere else. Everybody now, as she threw herself on the floor in front of the would look upon her as a thief now, because she had
fire. been seen with Elfie and the policeman; and full of this "We shall have a dinner-tea to-day," she said, as she thought, she turned into Fisher's Lane, and went home. turned the potatoes and turnips out into a dish. “Come
At dinner-time Elfie came back from the market to along, Elfie, and let us eat it while it's hot, and then know how she had got on. She was not so surprised as we'll go to school.” Susie thought she would be when she heard what had “I'm tired, I don't want to go to school to-night,” happened; but she hung her head with a sense of shame said Elfie crossly. she had never felt before, when Susie told her how it Susie did not take any notice of this, and before their was they would not even give her a trial.
meal was over Elfie began to look better tempered ; and, “It's my fault,” said Elfie. “O Susie, what shall I by the time the things were washed and put away, she do ?” and then she burst into tears.
was ready to go to school. “ There, don't cry; it ain't worth crying about,” said The teacher looked surprised to see her again so soon, Susie, trying to speak cheerfully. “I will go out again and whispered some words of encouragement when she presently, and perhaps somebody else will give me a saw how earnestly she was trying to learn. It was not trial."
lost upon Elfie. It seemed to give her renewed courage “But they'll think you're a thief because you go with and hope ; and the other girls, seeing she was in earnest me," said Elfie sadly.
in her efforts, thought they might as well try too, anel