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Self-abnegation and self-forgetfulness were the charac- of that “passionate charity which dives into the darkteristics of his life.

est recesses of misery and vice,” to dispel their gloom, and Although a man of grave and earnest disposition, carry joy and gladness in its train. there was nothing austere in his piety. The brave are A few practical reflections press upon us ere we close. always tender. His thoughtful love for little children First: How great are the obligations of the world to was evinced by the invariable hamper of foreign toys Christianity! In classic times, as now in heathen lands, that accompanied his return from his many wanderings philanthropy was an unknown word, and charity at best to England. He had a shrewd, practical method, too, a mere capricious fancy. Misanthropy was the universal in his inspection of prisons. His eagerness was incom- creed. Not the gospel of forgiveness, but the law of reprehensible to the jailer mind, as he accurately measured venge, was everywhere preached and faithfully practised. the length, breadth, and height of the cells, examined The life of Howard was but the outward expression, the the quality of the rations, and drew forth a pair of scales visible incarnation of the spirit of Christianity. It was from his pocket to ascertain if the quantity tallied with his strong sense of responsibility to God, and trust in his the regulation allowance.

providence, that nerved his soul for his unceasing toils, Howard was no sycophant of the great. The sturdy and cheered him in all his wanderings. Puritan bated not a jot of his dignity before monarchs. Again : What good can be accomplished by a single His outspoken honesty and vehement indignation at earnest worker! Every prisoner in Europe, from his own wrong bent not to the complacent etiquette prescribed day to the present, has felt the benefit of his self-denying for courtly circles. Yet his society was sought, and not labours. He has smitten galling fetters from their always successfully, by the chief potentates of Europe. limbs, and banished torture from the penal code. He He declined to dine with the Grand Duke Leopold be- has admitted light and air to their gloomy cells, and has cause it would detain him three hours on his journey ; | brought the more glorious light and joy of the gospel to -but, on another occasion, he accepted the hospitality of their darker and more glooniy hearts. He has raised the Empress Maria Theresa. To avoid public notice he the culprit from a condition of abject misery, and resentered St. Petersburg disguised and on foot, but he cued him from the treatment of a beast. He has abwas discovered and invited by the Empress Catharine ridged the sum of human suffering, mitigated the rigour to visit the Court. He refused, on the ground that his of the criminal code, and, as experience has shown, mission was to the dungeons of the prisoner and the lessened the amount of crime. abodes of wretchedness, not to the houses of the great, We may learn, too, that much personal toil and selfnor to the palace of the Czarina.

denial is the necessary and inevitable condition of a life At the urgent request of Pius VI. he visited the of beneficence. It is for evermore a truth of widest Vatican. As he was about leaving, the venerable Pon- meaning, “He that would save others, himself he cantiff laid his hands upon his head, saying, “ You Eng. not save.” He that would walk in the footsteps of the lish care nothing for these things, but the blessing of an Divine philanthropist, who gave himself a ransom for old man can do you no harm." And thus the Puritan many, must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow heretic received the Papal benediction.

in the same thorny path of pain and trial. But it is also While residing at Vienna, in small lodgings in a by- true that he who would save his life by ease, or sloth, or street, he received a summons from the palace to visit indifference to the sufferings of his fellow-men, shall lose the Emperor Francis Joseph II. “Can I do any good it,ignobly, basely, shamefully lose it. And whosoever by going ?” he asked. Being assured that he could, he will lose his life, will sacrifice ease, and comfort, and enwent. Seldom do monarchs hear such pungent truths joyment, for the welfare of his fellow-men, shall gloriously and such stern counsels, as while the friend of the cap- and for ever save it. tive and the oppressed pleaded their cause in the pres- Active beneficence, moreover, is a consolation in afflicence of their sovereign.

tion, and an antidote to morbid grief. Howard underThe magnetic influence of his strong will was strikingly went a dreadful baptism of suffering before he was preevinced in his quelling a muting in the Savoy prison. pared for his life-work. His own body must first lanThe rioters, two hundred strong, had broken loose, guish in prison, his own heart must first be wrung with killed their keepers, and defied the authorities. Howard, anguish before he could sufficiently sympathize with the unarmed and alone, entered the prison, heard their sufferings of others. His blameless life and Christian grievances, calmed their fury, and led them back to their character did not save him from sorest trial and heartcells.

breaking bereavement. But in the effort to relieve and And Howard's influence ceased not with his life. Of benefit others, his own grief was lightened, his own soul him, as of every noble worker in God's world, is it true was blessed. that, being dead, he yet speaketh. The taunt conveyed Howard exemplified in his life the spirit of Him who in the heartless sneer of Carlyle, that he abated the jail- came to seek and to save that which was lost, not to be fever, but caused the far worse benevolent-platform fever, ministered unto but to minister, and to give his life a now raging, is his highest glory. It was his to show the ransom for many. He fulfilled that Scripture, “He mnost illustrious example, since the time of the apostles, that is greatest among you shall be your servant.” His reward is on high. As a dream when one awaketh will commendation, “I was an hungered, and thou garest be the memory of all his toil and travail, as from the me meat: I was thirsty, and thou gavest me drink: I Lord he loved he receives the crown, and hears the blessed was sick, and in prison, and thou visitedst me."

The @hildren's Treasury.





IN tracing these lessons for the benefit of my and songs were instructive and exhilarating; and the

younger readers, my occupation, I find, is company, old and young, male and female, were full of very like that of the geologists. The crust happiness. As I had a walk of three or four miles

of the earth into which the geologists dig before me, I retired some time before the assembly broke in search of fossils, and the memory into which I dive up. After leaving the hall, I experienced some diffifor past facts and feelings, are as like each other as any culty in steering my way past the separate and irregutwo things can be. The one is material, and the other larly placed structures connected with a large calicomental; but there the diversity ceases. In all other printing establishment. The night was not very dark; points the two spheres and the two operations are but as my eyes had accommodated themselves to a glare precisely the same.

the hallthe effect of the change was

interesting analogy. The episode will impart some got upon a straight dry path at last, but it was very measure of variety to our speculations. The two spheres rough, and caused me frequent stumbles. Casting about are similar, in that the more ancient forms and facts are for some smoother footing, I observed that a low grassy generally better preserved than the more recent. In wall or ridge, about eighteen inches in height, ran along the strata of the earth, the plants and animals that have one side of the path, separating it, as I supposed, from been extinct for ages are, as a general rule, much more a broader and better road. On the other side of that completely preserved than specimens of a later age. diminutive ridge indeed the way seemed very inviting: While every bone and muscle of the creatures that it was level and smooth, and in the dim starlight almost walked the earth or swam the sea before man came glittering in its smoothness. Why should I stumble on upon the scene can be seen entire, the creatures that a rough place while a pleasant path lay invitingly near have lately passed away have left no trace behind.

Without further thought, I made a hearty leap This is similar to our experience in the faculty of over the grassy ridge on my right, and instead of standmemory. Those who have lived long find that the ing on a beaten footpath, as I expected, I found myself events which happened in their youth can be much more up to the neck in water. perfectly recalled than those which are only a few years It was a reservoir for the use of the factory. Its old. Accordingly, for my own part, when I sally forth shining surface in the defective light had deceived me. to search the records of memory, as the geologist goes, I scrambled out again, shook myself like a Newfoundhammer in hand, to the hills or quarries, I prefer to go land dog, and trudged homeward, a cooler and a wiser down to the more ancient specimens. Those that have man. At the price of a cold ducking, I bought a little lain longest in their bed are best kept. The type of wisdom that night, and it has turned out a good investthose pages that were printed first is larger and clearer; ment. It is nearly forty years ago, and I have not once accordingly, I like best to read my lesson from the be- leaped into a sheet of water with my clothes on since. * ginning of the book. Long, long ago I had occasion to attend a large social

* It may not be amiss to give here a parallel case from more

recent experience, that out of the mouth of two witnesses the meeting in a manufacturing village on the evening of lesson may be better confirmed. the New Year's Day. It was a feast prepared for the A boy from the country was invited to spend some days with working-people in the interests of sobriety, at a period

a family who occupied a fine villa in the outskirts of Edinburgh.

The drawing-room of the house is on the ground floor, and the when such evening parties were not so common as they windows look out on a lawn studded with flower-plots

. The are now. The hall was brightly illuminated and deco stranger, standing in the drawing-room alone, suddenly observed

some of his companions on the lawn, and made a bound to join rated ; the provisions good and abundant; the speeches them. The windows were filled with very large pieces of piste

me ?

Such is the fossil dug up from the lower strata of a my belief would have done for me what my sincerity in human memory, and is it of any use now that we have error could by no means do : it would have saved me got it? Can we obtain from it any lesson that may re- from punishment. pay us for our labour ?

So, you see, we are reading a useful lesson from the We may. This simple fact, rightly applied, might fossil fact found in the lower folds of memory. In my demolish a good deal of the philosophy that is fashion- case there was an erroneous judgment; it was sincere, able in some quarters at the present day. It is a fond and yet I was punished for it. The judgment was conceit of certain speculative minds, that it matters not erroneous, because it was rashly formed without due to a nian what his belief may be, provided he be sincere. inquiry. I did not examine the circumstances; I did Now, if this be a wrong principle, it is of importance to not feel niy way. I made a leap in the dark, and I paid expose it, for a good many people entertain it. They for it. It was a small thing indeed; but in this life we don't like doctrines such as the Bible lays down. They are constantly exercised in small things, that in these don't like to be told that their acceptance with God and we may discover dangers, and learn to walk wisely in their salvation depend on certain doctrines being great things. The sanie material law that controls a received and professed. They say we can't help our drop, controls also the ocean. The Creator of all things belief, and if we be sincere in holding it, we shall not be does not apply one law to a small quantity, and a difpunished for it, even although it should turn out to be ferent law to a large quantity. In the same manner, mistaken.

his moral law is one, and ranges over all. If I rashly One fact is stronger than ten thousand fancies. On and through prejudice or indolence form an erroneous that cold winter night long ago, I, for one, learned that judgment on a small matter, I suffer for it. What right a man suffers from an erroneous opinion, although he have I to think that the rule of Divine Providence will


If, on the other side of the grassy ridge; but my sincerity caused by looking too long and too intently on the hot did not protect me from a dacking. If the water had garish glare of worldly pleasures and profits, a man miss been deeper, and I unable to swin, my sincerity would the way of life, made known in the gospel, and plunge not have kept me from drowning. One thing would over the lip of life with a lie in his right hand, what have kept me right. If, distrusting appearances, in the right has he to expect that it will be well with him on absence of guiding light, I had knelt down, and stretched the other side ? my hand over, and touched the supposed smooth hard No. “Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also footpath, I should have discovered that it was water, reap.” “Seek, and ye shall find.” “I am the way, and would not have leaped into it. My opinion-the and the truth, and the life; no man cometh unto the result, in that case, of honest, painstaking inquiry, Father but by me." “ I am the light of the world.” “Bewould have been a correct opinion, and the soundness of lieve in the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved.”


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Suggested by a paragraph in an Edinburgh newspaper, which mentioned that the old bell of Earlstoun Church bears on its crown the

inscription-“Soli Deo Gloria. Jan Burgerhys me facit 1609." Glory be to God alone. John Burgerhys made me, 1609." The information is added that John Burgerhys was a Dutchman, and a celebrated bell-fonnder.

IGH up in the old church tower,
With its turrets gray and hoar,

I swing to and fro,

Flinging sounds of weal and woe,
Out o'er hill and dale,
Meadow sweet, and dusky vale;
Pealing forth to high and low,
Words of weight which well I know-

“Glory be to God alone.”
Though thus high aloft I hang,
And my glad deep anthems clang:

Once far underground,
Buried deep in gloom profound,

Hid from light of day,
'Mid “stones of darkness” low I lay;
Silence reigning all around;
Yet e'en silence has a sound-

“Glory be to God alone."
Then hard, troublous days went by,
Moulding me for life on high.

First when dug as ore,
Many heavy blows I bore,

glass, so perfect that he thought the space was vacant. Judging, by the absence of all visible lines or wrinkles, that nothing harder than pure atmospheric air intervened between him and his play. fellows, he made a great leap to join them. The glass was broken to shivers, and the boy was severely wounded. Had one of the

fragments gone a little deeper, or struck on another spot, he would have been killed. His sincere belief that no resisting medium stood before him, did not in any measure shield from the consequences of his mistake. He acted on a false judgment, and suffered accordingly.

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AN a boy be a hero? Of course he can, if he “Sir,” said the boy, “I have never refused to obey

has courage, and a good opportunity to show the captain's orders, and have always tried to do my
it. The boy who will stand up for the duty as a soldier faithfully; but I must refuse to drink

right, stick to the truth, resist temptation, rum, because I know it will do me an injury." and suffer rather than do wrong, is a moral hero.

“ Then,” said the major, in a stern tone of voice, Here is an example of true heroism. A little drum- in order to test his sincerity, “I command you to mer-boy, who had become a great favourite with the take a drink; and you know it is death to disobey officers, was asked by the captain to drink a glass of orders !”

But he declined, saying, "I am a cadet of tem- The little hero, fixing his clear blue eye on the face of perance, and do not taste strong drink.”

the officer, said, “Sir, my father died a drunkard ; and “But you must take some now," said the captain. when I entered the army, I promised my dear mother “You have been on duty all day, beating the drum and that I would not taste a drop of tum, and I mean to marching, and now you must not refuse. I insist upon keep my promise. I am sorry to disobey your orders, it.” But still the boy stood firm, and held fast to his sir; but I would rather suffer anything than disgrace integrity.

my mother, and break my temperance pledge.” Was The captain then turned to the major and said, “Our not that boy a hero ? little drummer-boy is afraid to drink. He will never The officers approved the conduct of that noble boy, make a soldier.”

and told him, that so long as he kept that pledge, and “How is this ?” said the major in a playful manner. performed his duty faithfully as a soldier, he might ex. “Do you refuse to obey the orders of your captain ?" pect from them their regard and protection.

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Much beautiful, and excellent, and fair
Was seen beneath the sun; but nought was seen
More beautiful, or excellent, or fair,
Than face of faithful friend.”—POLLOK.

October 23. affection for Léon, and interest in all that con-
ARL ERHARDT is to come to us cerns him, draw out our hearts towards him.

this evening after dusk, lest any When I entered the dining-room this morning, I annoyance should be caused him by found Arnaud had surrendered at discretion. He

the people. The effects of the siege was perched on the arm of Lieutenant Erhardt's are becoming daily more palpable and distressing. chair, listening with intense eagerness to some The very poor are now rationed, and are pro- story he was telling him. He had declared he bably as well off as ever ; but it is the respect. would not speak to, or sit down with, the able middle class that suffers most. So many “wicked Prussian," and yesterday, with the trades are at a stand-still, and many sources of pertinacity of a spoiled child, he kept to his purincome entirely cut off. It is a comfort that pose. To-day all was changed. He hung about winter is approaching. That, every one says, our guest until we feared he might be troublemust bring peace. Oh! that it may come with some, but, poor child, his life has been such a out more blood!

dull one of late that any change is welcome. October 24.—Karl Erhardt arrived last night; And Lieutenant Erhardt says it is so pleasant to the shaking of the cab had exhausted him, and share family life once more. It has taken off he retired at once to his room. To-day, mamma the feeling of strangeness and awkwardness to could not leave hers on account of severe head- hear him speak of his home, his parents, his sisters ache, so I have been occupied with her, and seen and brothers; names last heard by us from little of our guest. Nina and he seem good friends beloved lips upon which the dust of death is already. I am thankful for anything that may too probably lying now. rouse her out of her utter and morbid melan- I think Lieutenant Erhardt understands about choly.

Nina. He treats her with a tender, grave October 25.-Yesterday, in consideration for reverence, differing widely from his manner to our guest, Uncle Lucien did not as usual bring the rest of us. Perhaps there is one mourning in one or two brother officers on his return from over his unknown fate-even as she is over night duty on the ramparts. Something to this Léon's. Certainly, the similarity of his position effect having been said before Lieutenant Erhardt and that which Léon may be occupying, if-oh! to-day, he begged his presence might be no that dreadful if linked with every thought of restraint. “ You may trust me,” he said smiling. him—if indeed he escaped death that fatal day, And I am sure we can, and do. His warm

a stranger and captive in a hostile land, draws

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