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had been neglected, and passed over in the mat- But though the image put its decided negative ter of church preferment. But though now well upon any permanent change of residence, it is by stricken in years, he was ambitious of advance- no means averse to an airing upon occasion, or ment, and thinking the image from fellow-feeling when some great emergency demands its preslikely to befriend him, he betook himself to that ence. For example, should it happen that the quarter. One day, when on his knees before the drought is severe, and the harvest in danger of image, praying with more than usual fervour, perishing, the crucifix may be brought out of its that it might find for him, if not a red hat or a chapel and carried in procession, and rain will rich abbacy, at least a bishop's mitre, to his in- follow. But certain conditions have been inex. expressible delight he heard the image speaking orably prescribed in order to this ceremony. to him, and saying, “ Well, father, you see me The archbishop and chapter must give their conhere, in the midst of all this lumber; what have sent; the viceroy and magistrates are to assist you done for me?” For many a day after, the at the procession in robes of mourning; the image wore these words, Y tu que me ves a qui, priests and friars are to follow, with marks of que hazes por mi, round its crown of thorns as repentance and public penances; and last, but its motto. The suppliant, struck with remorse, not least, the day must be a cloudy one-a thing most penitently confessed his fault, and promised that rarely or never happens in Spain unless amendment. “Then,” said the image, mollified when it is going to rain-lest the good fathers by the father's assurances that it should not re- should sweat too much. main a day longer in this nasty place, “thou A traveller who witnessed the procession in shalt be a bishop.” As the image had promised, the year 1706 says: “I saw upon this occasion so it came to pass; the prebend soon became a as many as six hundred disciplinants. Their bishop. Meanwhile it was noised abroad that the blood ran from their shoulders to the ground. crucifix of the cathedral bad spoken. The image Many others with long heavy crosses, others had no longer any cause to complain of neglect. with a heavy bar of iron, or chains of the same, People flocked from all quarters to see the image hanging round their necks, were in the proceswhich had spoken. Of course they did not come sion. In the midst of these dismal objects were empty-handed, for the offerings of the first six twelve priests, dressed in black ornaments, bearyears were reckoned worth a million of crowns, ing the crucifix on their shoulders, and with and the good deed done the worthy prebend was great veneration carrying it through the streets, amply repaid the image itself. If the canon had the eunuchs singing the litany.” The miracugot a mitre, the crucifix had got a million of lous powers of the image are very great, and in crowns, and as much popularity as would bring the opinion of the people of Saragossa beyond it ten times that sum in years to come.

cavil, seeing they have again and again been The history of the miracle places this occur- proved before their very eyes. They never have rence in the year 1562, and further says that the a procession without a miracle following; nay, chapter had intended to build for the image a sometimes it begins to rain before the ceremony beautiful little chapel in one corner of the cathe- is well ended. On these years the chapter is dral, in which it might stand with becoming sure to receive double tithes; for everybody decency and veneration. But for some reason willingly gives two out of ten of the fruits which or other the image did not approve of this pur- he has gathered, seeing that, but for the image, pose of doing it honour. It spoke again to its the harvest would have been wholly lost. old friend, and said: "My pleasure is, to continue To come nearer our point, and touch on the where I am till the end of the world.” Its wish political uses to which such images are somewas sacredly complied with, but the canons set times turned : When the war between King Philip about gorgeously adorning the little chapel in and King Charles broke out, the crucifix of St. which it was pleased to make its abode; as well Salvator and the Virgin of the Pillar took differthey might, considering what sums it daily ent sides! It is not recorded that the crucifix brought them.

spoke a third time, but somehow it came to be

noised that it was a Butiflero; that is, that it had which this new devotion of the “ Sacred Heart” declared itself on the side of King Philip. is founded. A few sentences will suffice to reStraightway all the admirers and worshippers fresh their memory. The scene of the legend is of the crucifix were on the side of King Philip laid in the centre of France, at the little town of too. But the Virgin of the Pillar, what of her Paray-le-Monial, on the banks of the Loire. In politics? She was proclaimed an Imperialist, that town there lived, two hundred years ago, á and carried all her devotees over to the party of poor visionary of the name of Marie Alacoque. King Charles. The two rivals thus received The Saviour appeared to her one day, as she each very important and celestial succours; for thought, and asked her to make him a gift of her the deities of the Papal empyrean, like the gods heart; not the love and homage of her soul, of the Pagan firmament, have their favourites, which is the Scripture meaning of the phrase, whom they help in battle. It was now a trial but the fleshly organ. This she at once did, of strength, not so much between Philip and though how the operation was performed the Charles, as between the two deities of Saragossa. legend leaves us ignorant. When Adam's side It was not who was the better warrior, but who was was opened, a “deep sleep” was made to fall the more powerful god. The crucifix of St. Sal- upon him from the Almighty. Whether Marie vator could give rain; that was no mean proof Alacoque was wrapped in a similar slumber, we of strength. But the Virgin of the Pillar had are not told. But in whatever manner the operabeen seen fighting in the air with the Moors, tion was accomplished, Marie's side was opened, and she claimed to have, on one occasion at least, her heart was extracted, and received into union put them to rout. This would seem to say that with the heart of Christ. Of this Marie had from the Virgin might be expected the more ocular demonstration; for the Saviour opened the efficient aid, and that her favourite would be the old wound in his side, and permitting the devotee successful competitor for the crown of Spain. to look within, Marie saw the heart of Christ as It did not, however, so turn out. The day re- it were a blazing furnace; and she could discern mained with Philip and the crucifix of St. Sal. her own heart floating in the flame-undergoing, vator. The confidence of the Spanish people, doubtless, a process of refinement-and being for however, despite this untoward occurrence, was

the time one with the heart of Jesus. We benot materially shaken in Mary. She continued, hold a new sort of incorporation, or metamorand still continues, to be the supreme tutelar of phosis, or transmigration ; for we are at a loss to their country. She is the “ Lady of Victories,” say which is the proper phrase by which to desigthe "Mother of Providence," the “Supreme nate the very extraordinary and unwonted ocBeauty," the "Fountain of Celestial Light," &c.

It is difficult treating such themes Do we not fancy we hear the Pagan poet -- without an apparent air of levity, and it may be Hominum divůmque æterna potestás,

of profanity; but for this we must not be held

responsible. The Greek legends were at least The spirit of Paganism breathes through all distinguished for their beauty. When their those effusions addressed to the Lady of Vic- gods and goddesses changed their form, and tories and the Supreme Beauty. M. Michelet underwent metamorphosis, it was into the lovehas quaintly observed, that “ God became a liest of flowers or the noblest of animals. Not woman in the middle ages.” France accepts so the Romish legends ; beauty they have none; the inheritance, and strives at this hour to place they retain only the grossness. Their gods and its whole territory under the guardianship of the goddesses are always redolent of the cell, being Virgin. This is what they call, doubtless, re-only monks and monkesses, standling very much maining “ true to the faith of their fathers.” in need of the cleansing and healthful applica

tions of soap and water.

After undergoing this incorporation with the Our readers do not now need to have re- heart of Christ, the heart of Marie Alacoque was counted to them the particulars of the legend on given back, and replaced within her breast. But


Alma Venus !"


it was no longer the same; it had been taken heart," and if the “heart” be not present, he is into union with the Saviour; it was in a sense worshipping simply the dead bones and the wax. the heart of Christ, and so was to be worshipped. We know of no one who can answer this quesAs the flesh and blood of the Saviour are wor- tion, and the pilgrim is forbidden to look within shipped in the consecrated wafer, so the fleshly and satisfy himself. He cannot be assured that heart of Christ is worshipped in the person of the “heart” is there; he cannot be assured that Marie Alacoque. This is the new devotion. even the dead bones are there. He is sure but

The phrase is selected with the usual felicity of one thing—that he is standing before an image and tact of Rome. It is not the “new idol," of wax. Pitiable and sad it surely is to see at but the "new devotion.” First of all, there was this day thousands upon thousands-nay, crowds a religious reason for wakening Marie Alacoque from Christian England-bowing down in worand her legend from their sleep of two centuries. ship before such a thing as this. When will men The scoffers in France had taunted the priests hear the voice of the angel who cried, saying, with having quite forgotten the Son, in their “Worship Him who made the earth, and the sea, universal and absorbing worship of his mother. and the fountains of waters ” ? Their reply to the taunt is the worship of the “Sacred Heart." They enshrine the heart of

RENAN AND TIIE PRIESTS. Christ in the person of this ecstatic devotee, It is instructive, further, to mark how these and then they say that in worshipping Marie scenes at Paray-le-Monial bring strikingly and Alacoque they are worshipping Christ. It re- most affectingly out the unconquerable and inmains, nevertheless, the undeniable fact that their curable inclination of Rome to turn away from worship is paid at the feet of a woman. It is the “one Mediator.” Even when forced, by the before her that they bow down; it is her they taunt of the infidel, to come back in a fashion to kiss in adoration-or would, did the glass frame the worship of the Son of God, it is with equiin which she is enclosed permit them; and it is vocation and delusion.

vocation and delusion. The priests deftly and her intercession with God for which they make cunningly substitute a woman, after all. They request, with supplications, with tears, with will run the risk of laying themselves still more alms. The pilgrims who, rosary in hand, and open to the infidel's scoff, as going the longer the singing canticles, have found their way to the deeper into materialism, rather than permit their little town of Paray-le-Monial, have been made flocks to come to God by " the man Christ to pass in solemn procession before Marie Ala- Jesus.” Renan gave the priests of the whole coque.

“What!” our readers ask, " the rerit- Roman world mortal offence, ten years ago, by able Marie ?" Not altogether. Her bones have his “Life of Jesus." Do our readers know why? been disinterred we hope there has been no His book put prominently before his Romanist mistake, as has sometimes happened in the case readers the fact that Christ was true man. Our of bones which have been long in the grave, Lord's humanity has been hidden from the memor as when bones, not even human, have been bers of the Romish Church-deeply, profoundly mistaken and made to do duty for those of the hidden. The priests always speak of him, and saints—her bones, we say, have been disinterred, teach their flocks to think of him, only as God. and embalmed in a beautiful image of wax, True, they have his flesh and blood in the sacrawhich, gorgeously apparelled, and bedecked with ment; but as "the man Christ Jesus," at the jewellery, and wearing the benign countenance right hand of the Father, he is never seen or of Marie Alacoque-at least, it is presumed so, thought of. With what, then, do they replace for there is no one now living who saw her-is the humanity of our Lord ? Mary supplies the set up upon a throne, that the pilgrim may bow human side of Christ. Mary is the fountain of down to it and worship it. The reader inquires grace, of compassion, of fellow-feeling, of forfurther," Is the 'heart' enclosed in this image ?” giveness. Christ occupies the throne of judg. This is a point of some moment; for the devotee ment; Mary sits upon the mercy-seat : Christ is taught that he is worshipping the “sacred thunders against the sinner; Mary says, " Come unto me, all ye that are weary and heavy laden, , world. Anything more daring than this it is and I will give you rest." The former holds the impossible to imagine. Moses and all the probolt of vengeance, and stands with uplifted arm, phets are compelled to assemble, as it were, at ready to launch it; the latter throws herself the foot of this pillar, and to avow that it was between that uplifted arm and the trembling of her whose image crowns its top that they all sinner, and shields him from the stroke. At spake; that it was Mary, and not Christ, whose Mary's feet, then, is the penitent taught to throw incarnation, and victory over Satan, and redemphimself. She is the mediator between God and tion of lost men, were the theme of their promen. Over the portal of one of the churches in phecies. It is an attempt to make prophets and Rome, in the neighbourhood of the Vatican, is apostles partners with Rome in her awful guilt. written on marble the words,

" Let us come

Not only men on earth does she strive, by her boldly to the throne of the Virgin Mary, that we screws and racks, her axes and burning piles, may find grace to help us in our time of need.” to cause to blaspheme; but the very saints in The writer read them there but a few years ago, glory, the spirits who are now casting their and he does not doubt that they are there still. crowns down at the feet of the Lamb, does she

think to compel to join her in the horrible PILLAR OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION. affront which she offers to the Son of God. But there is worse in Rome. The present With what emphasis does the Holy Spirit, when Pope erected a pillar in the Piazza di Spagna to portraying by the Apocalyptist the awful scene commemorate the decree of the Immaculate Con- of her overthrow, pause to utter these words : ception. There it stands, topped by an image “Rejoice over her, ye holy apostles and prophets; of the Virgin, with, of course, the glory round for God hath avenged you on her.” ” her head. But the blasphemy at the summit is Whether the blasphemy has been thrown down completely eclipsed by the blasphemy at the since the Italians entered Rome, we cannot say. foot of the column. The choice prophecies spoken We trust it has not, and that it stands there still, of Christ have been culled from Holy Scripture, and that it will survive even the system itself, and woven into a chaplet, and laid at the feet of and be to coming ages an incontestable monuMary. Engraven upon the pedestal of the pillar ment of the otherwise incredible impiety and are the predictions in Genesis, in Isaiah, and the wickedness of Rome, and form, as it were, the other prophets, which relate to the coming and justification of God in the terrible plagues with the work of Christ, but all applied to Mary. which he has already visited that system, and She is the " divine woman,” she is the promised the yet greater, constituting the final stroke, by seed,” who was to "bruise the head of the ser- which he will sweep Rome and all her abominapent," and to accomplish the redemption of the tions from the face of the earth.

Syrian Nissions.




HE death of Mousa Elias was a great blow Thus the twelve natives whom we have now officially

to the Rasheiya Mission ; especially as, in engaged as teachers and colporteurs, are all members a young mission like that of Damascus, the of our Church, and in the full enjoyment of all her ordi

supply of men whose teaching and example nances. Indeed, we prefer to leave places unoccupied, would be profitable was very limited. And it is a rule rather than to have in them men who would not fairly of the mission, founded on exp nce, and tested by represent us, or, rather, those who sent us. Rasheiya, time, to employ no agents who are not sincere Christians however, could not be left unoccupied; and so we reand decided Protestants, as well as competent scholars. I moved Abdulla from the 'Ain esh-Shara School on the

east of Ilermon, and made him successor to Mousa | prayed, Thy will be done," and we have given onr full Elias.

assent to the petition. And it is a most comfortable Abdnlla had neither the physical nor mental powers prayer so long as God's will coincides with our own, and of his predecessor, nor his ability to rouse the enthusiasm all things go well with us. But when the merchant of his followers, and rally them around him; but, never- sees the white-winged carriers of his wealth broken on theless, he has proved himself, in many respects, admir- rocky shores ; and when the husbandman looks over his ably fitted to succeed the valiant Mousa. He had little trim hedges, and sees his crops blighted, and his herds scholarship; but he had received in early life a course melt away before the angel of the plague; and when the of theological instruction, and he had a profound know- strong plough of adversity bears down through the budledge of the Scriptures, not gained from commentaries ding hopes of men- tearing up, and crushing down, and or other critical apparatus, but from a patient, prayerful covering over, with its relentless share, the things on study of the bare Word of God. He was a man not which their hearts were most proudly set; and when made to dazzle by fits and starts, or to become brilliant furrow follows furrow, until nothing is left to the empty, in a crisis ; but to shine and guide, in sunshine and in desolate heart,- then it requires the strong faith of the storm, by the steady glow of a blameless and benevo- Christian to say, “Thy will be done,” So, when we lently-active life. He is still our honoured evangelist read one of Christ's sayings-such as, “If they have in Rasheiya and the region round about.

persecuted me, they will also persecute you”-ve think The Protestants of Rasheiya thought they had some of the noble candour of the Saviour, who would have no claim on the church they had left, or, at least, that they disciples under false pretences. But the passage ashad a right to their yaults in the cemetery. But, fore- sumes a new meaning when we see men bleeding for seeing endless disputes, we advised them to give up all their attachment to their Saviour, and remember that their claims; and we subscribed to buy them a cemetery persecution is a condition of Christian living. “All and build new vaults. The formal withdrawal of the who live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution," Protestants from their claims, being interpreted as a is an unaltered canon of the changeless Word of God. sign of weakness, became the signal to their enemies But yet the reality, especially in a barbarous state of for making a murderous onslaught upon then, as they society, comes to us with a new and unpleasant force. considered them entirely unprotected. I shall never Our difficulty in getting any redress for our poor forget the feelings of indignation and pity with which I people arose from the utter and absolute corruption of saw the Rasheiya Protestants-men, women, and chil- the Turkish Government. We could not expect the dren, bruised and bleeding, pouring into my court in Turks would do justice, unless we outbribed the archDamascus. Their former co-religionists resolved that enemy of the Protestants, the man who had twice visthey would drive them from their homes. And when the ited Europe. And, as we had come to the country to infuriated mob fell upon them, the Turkish authorities teach the people a more excellent way, we could not, would give them no protection whatever; and they even to obtain justice, resort to their ways. We were were only shielded by the Druzes while they escaped to also naturally averse from going to the British Consul, Damascus. For thirty miles, hungry and torn, and as we did not wish our people to think that, by becomweak from loss of blood, they made their way to us in ing Protestants, they would be entitled to English proDamascuns through sleet and rain. Their enemies had tection. And, besides, the Consul could not interfere gained their point. The Protestants had closed their officially on their behalf; and even an unofficial intershops and locked their doors, and apparently abandoned ference might bring down a rebuke from the British the place. The school was closed, and the Sunday ser- Government. I am happy to say that we have now a vices and weekly prayer-meetings were no more; for the Consul at Damascus who, in such a crisis, would do his teacher was beaten with his flock, and, with his flock, duty and risk the rebuke-preferring to act in accordwas driven from the village.

ance with the sentiment of his nation, and with the apOur position was most distressing. Here was a body proval of his conscience, than in accordance with inof poor, industrious people, who, chiefly through our in-structions framed by superiors, who merely sought their strumentality, had been brought into such antagonism own aggrandizement and ease. In those days, English with their brethren, that they had driven them from the influence and interest in Turkey were intrusted to a homes of their fathers. I confess that more than once Bulwer; and in Damascus we had a man of the same I had grave doubts as to our right to bring these people stamp. We, however, requested the Consul to interinto difficulties from which we could not extricate them. cede with the Waly on behalf of our people, not on the But my want of faith was rebuked by their resignation, ground that they were Protestants, but because they and, I might say, by their joy to be counted worthy to were men, and had a right to protection in a state prosuffer for Christ.

tected by England. The Consul readily promised to use There are many passages of Scripture in which we his good offices in the matter, and made a note to that have delighted, which try us sorely when they are effect. But after waiting nearly three months, we had opened up to us in all their bearings. Every day of again to urge upon him the same petition, and with the cur lives, since we were able to lisp the words, we have same results. At last the people, weary of waiting idle

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