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thou united."

ing man; shall I then fear to own Saviour, if he could hope to share myself a sinner, guilty and worthy in the benefit of his mediation. of death, lest I should discover If this can be their meaning, I a particle of righteousness, and must say, so trust the less to Christ? It is

“ O my soul, come not thou into their secret ; a righteous thing to love God, Unto their assembly, mine honour be not shall I not ask this disposition

R. from God, lest I should make a righteousness of my love to him? P.S. On reading these remarks A man cannot do unto others as to a friend, he suggested the idea he would that they should do that the intention of the person, unto him, without a particle of who offered up this prayer, migiit righteousness; but may I not ask be only to refer to the act of jusGod' to incline and enable me so tification as already past; if so, to do?

surely the sentiment was expressI could name a preacher who ed obscurely and ambiguously, borrowed some money sixty years and liable to be misunderstood ago, and replied, when he was by others, as well as by me. asked to return it, “ The Lord Why should a particle of righwill pay you.” Verily no one teousness be mentioned, as though should lend these men any thing, the obedience of Christ could be unless they can trust to their divided into atoms? native honesty, independent of Had it been said, “ We do not all divine influence, since they ask thee to accept us for the sake say that they will not ask for a of Christ's righteousness, for we particle of righteousness from are accepted already in the BeGod.” Whence then is any one loved," I should have understood to derive any confidence, that that the reference was solely to they will abstain from unrigh- the righteousness by which a sinteousness?

ner is justified; and did not neI cannot conceive how it is cessarily import that no rightepossible that any man should' rely ousness need to be imparted. on the righteousness of Christ, Yet to this I should object, without seeing an excellency in especially as a prayer offered in that law which he magnified by public, and consequently not his obedience and vicarious suf suited to all who were present. ferings; nor can I conceive how And if it were supposed to rea he should see the worth of Christ's fer to individuals, either as bex righteousness, without desiring a lievers, or as ille elect, I should particle of conformity to it. Surely think it unscriptural. they cannot mean, that all the Nothing can ascertain to us excellency of his righteousness the election of any one, who is at consists, in his delivering them present an unbeliever. from the rigor of a bad law, to And certainly believers themwhich they were and still are selves are not taught in the Word enemies, and never desire to be of God, to tell him that they subject to it, in any form what need neither pardon nor accept ever. If this be the case, which ance, because they have them God forbid, they may well deny already: they are there reprethe work of the Spirit, for the sented as continuing to look-unto devil himself, without any change Jesus for both, and not as satisof disposition, would love such a fied with having done so once for

all. Our Lord taught us to pray which is emphatically termed for forgiveness as regularly as for the Lord's Day, Rev. i. 10, to our daily bread.

wbich we have the undoubted testimony and example of Christ's disciples and apostles conse

crating this day to his worship, ON THE SABBATH.

and Christ sanctioning their

meeting by his presence in On reading Philosabbaton on John, xx, 19; and the next first the Christian Sabbath, in your day of the week, they met Magazine, I felt constrained to again, verse 26, and Jesus with shew

you mine opinion,” which them; and it is very remarkI take the liberty of presenting able, Acts, xx. 7, when Paul by your means to Philosabbaton, visited the disciples at Troas, he if you

should think it of any tarried with them seven days; weight. I remember reading a but we read of no solemn meettreatise, published some years ing till the first day of the week, past, by the Rev. Herbert Jones, which was the last of the seven, on this subject, wherein he stated, the most inconvenient for Paul that the Cliristian Sabbath, which to have spent, continuing his we celebrate on the first day of speech until midnight, when the the week, is the real seventh next morning he had to take his from the creation, and the very long journey from them, which day which God sanctified to is a proof what deference they Adam in Paradise; and which paid to this day. was altered at the departure of According to this hypothesis, the Israelites from Egypt to the on the very day which God sixth day of the week (which he rested from all his work of creashewed from a chronological tion, on which he blessed and table drawn from Scripture, in sanctified'it, is also the day which his publication)—and the Sab- our Redeemer made, when he bath was observed on that day burst open the barriers of the as a commemoration of their de tomb, and cut the massy bars of liverance from Egypt, but which death in sunder, and opened the still ruled the week, and was kingdom of heaven to all be. called the seventh day: this cir- lievers, overcoming sin, death, cumstance is mentioned in the hell, and the grave, and rested on recapitulation of the decalogue, in the third day from all his work; the fourth command, Deut. v. 15, for the resurrection of Christ is, and which day is still observed in a sense, the completion of this by the Jews even to the present great work, and the whole gostime, but our Redeemer rising pel appears to rest upon it, 1 Cor. from the dead on the morrow

xv. 15.-0 how ought we to reafter this sabbath, to which refer- joice when the dawning light ence is giveri, Lev. xxjii. 11, 15, bring the return of this sacred 16, refering particularly to the morning.Day of Pentecost, the first day

“ This is the glorious day of the week, or morrow after the

That our Redeemer made, &c." Jewish Sabbath, but the real seventh day from the creation, “ To thy great name, almighty Lord,

These sacred hours we pay; which Christ sanctified by his

And loud Hosannahs shall proclaim, resurrection from the dead, and

The triumphs of the day."


It is remarkable that all the / and set it in a clear light, this gentile nations are included in humble effort will not be in the sanctification of this day, vain. namely, the “ Stranger within thy | Hammersmith,

S. M. gates,” which includes the gen- April 21, 1818. tile world, and is binding on all nations throughout all genera

ON PEACE SOCIETIES. tions, see Isaiah, lvi. 3, 4, 6, and 7; Ezek. xliv. 24, which latter scripture refers to the spi- To the Editors of the Baptist Magazine: ritual reign of Christ, in the latter HAVING been always day, when Jew and gentile shall friend to Peace, I have read, with become one body in Christ. If the considerable interest, the publiabove statement can be fully cations that have fallen in my proved, it will not only afford an way on the subject of war; additional pleasure and satisfac- among the rest, the pamphlets tion to the mind respecting the of the Peace Society, and the sabbath, (which the writer has papers in your Magazine; one for some years enjoyed from of the latter I have just finished conviction of judgment,) but re- perusing, and I cannot help obmove no small stumbling-block serving, that your correspondent, out of the way of the Jews; and C. M. W.L. does not appear to the writer enjoys a strong, though me to have done justice to one humble opinion, that it will be part of the subject. set in a clear point of view be- Fairly objecting to those argufore, or when their conversion ments in favour of the lawfulness takes place (as a body), as all of war, which are derived from God's works are in the strictest the character of ome pious men, majesty of order and regularity; who have engaged in it, C. M. and this, as a part of the will of W. L. has gone no further; but I God, would, in the mind of a Jew, apprehend it is possible to shew, have a peculiar energetic force where we can have access to the in beholding Christ, as the very secret feelings of the heart, that sum and substance, and end of however eminent in piety a man the sabbath. As it is of impor- may have been as a soldier, he tance to understand the will of would have been still more emiGod in this, as well as every nent had he been engaged in any other truth of his Word, surely other calling. the time would not be misem- Of the life of Colonel Gardiner, ployed, if some able hand should, I have now but an indistinct reto use Solomon's term, dig, or la- collection, not having the book, bour after it.

nor having read it within the P.S. Respecting the geogra- last five-and-twenty or thirty phical difficulty which Philosab- years; his biographer has not, I baton states, there is an easy an- think, given us any extracts swer, i.e. that God has appoint- from his private papers, but the ed the sun to rule the day in biographer of Colonel Blackader, every degree of longitude through has given us many extracts from out the world.

his diary. In page 103, Col. B. N.B. If this feeble attempt referring to what he describes to should induce any able master have been as bloody a battle of the subject to enter into it, as ever was fought," speaking of


2 K

his own religious enjoyments on other works I always read, though that day, remarks, "I never had commonly some time after puba more pleasant day in my life. lication, the Christian Observer, Where was his humanity ?--Agreeing to differ with the conwhere his compassion for souls ductors of that excellent work thus hurried into eternity, pro- on the subject of ecclesiastical bably in the exercise of the most establishments, I generally read vindictive passions ?--Ah! how it, I trust, with edification as well unlike to Him who wept over the as with pleasure; but I confess devoted city of his bitterest ene. I was more amused than edified mies ! We cannot help feeling by the letter of X. Y.Z. on Peace that here we recognize no re Societies, in the Number for semblance between the disciple January last. and his Master.

The alarm of the writer lest But lest we, who have never the people should 'grow too known the tumultuous feelings peaceable, appears to me ludiinspired by a field of battle, crous. But there are also serious where every thing concurs to objections to his paper. The kindle the passions, and to an- writer has 'not (doubtless frien nihilate every feeling that is in-haste and inadvertence) corcompatible with a desire for vic-rectly represented the objects of tory, censure with too much se- the first tract published by the verity, we should recollect, that Society. Had I read only that the apathy which Colonel B. account of it, I should have 'exmanifested, was the natural result pected to find it proposed an of “that fearful alternation of union among the people, to counmind between triumph and de- teract the government, and overspair,” and of that “ intensity of awe it by numbers.-So far fro effort to which all the energies this, the author says, expressly, of nature seemed to be wrought that he expects to see war de. up.” Indeed, on one occasion, stroyed by the dissemination of the Colonel himself seems to peaceable principles among peohave been aware of it, he says, ple of all ranks, in every coun“I find that the sight of a dying try. person makes a deeper impres- X. Y. Z. certainly, in his tresion on me now in cold blood, pidation of spirits, overlooked a than ten thousand did in Flan- paragraph in pages 20 and 21, ders at battles.”

where, after describing the inWhile we exercise great can- creasing prevalence of this knowdour in estimating the character ledge, the writer of the tract adds, of a good man, who fell, without " If suitable exertions should be consideration, into the evil, but made in this country (America) unquestioned habits of his the influence will not be boundtime, we should transfer an ab-ed by the Atlantic; it will cross horrence to the system that could the ocean, and find its way into so greatly injure and degrade a the Bible Societies, and other reman of exalted piety and amia-ligious societies in Great Britain, ble disposition.

and on the continents of Europe, Although I am not a member Asia, and Africa. Nor will it be of the Established Church, I do many years before it will find acnot confine my reading to the cess to the houses of legislation, productions of Dissenters, Among and the palaces of kings."

After eulogizing our govern- House of Commons must speak ment as being entitled to be con- the sentiments of the people; sidered, in a peculiar manner, as and, therefore, when the people appointed of God for the punish- universally disapprove of war, the ment of evil doers, and the praise House of Commons "could not of them that do well

, X. Y.Z. agree to it; and without their adds, " all that is required of us agreeing to it, as they hold the is, a dutiful subjection to the civil public purse, and unite in the government under which we live, vote for raising men for the army as unto God, in all things lawful.” and navy, it could not take place. Here the writer admits all that the However, I expect that pacific advocates for Peace Societies can principles will ultimately ascend ask. If we are bound to obey to thrones, and that rulers and only in things lawful, we must subjects will unite in the exterhave a right of determining what mination of war. is lawful, and what is not. Now, It has been, I think justly, re. as this writer admits, as every marked, that in many respects man of good sense and piety this case greatly resembles the must, that unjust wars are some abolition of the Slave Trade: the times waged by governments, be- few who began, we need not to be fore we can decide whether we reminded, were treated with con. are rendering obedience to go-tempt; they were called enthuvernment in what is lawful, or in siasts and sectaries; they were what is unlawful; in supporting a reviled as disaffected; they were particular war, we must institute tauntingly 'advised to leave the an enquiry, and come to a deci- matter to those who understood sion on the point; and therefore it better than themselves. It never I cannot conceive that X. Y. Z. boasted more than one royal pa can be right, when he asserts, tron,* it experienced the most “ that, as private Christians, it is determined hostility from princes, no part of our duty to usurp the and nearly all the nobles of the place of our superiors, by pre- land, and but few of the senators suming to determine whether any interested themselves in favour of particular war is avoidable or not." it for several years; many of them

The principles stated by this opposed it, both by argument author would suit the meridian and ridicule; and some of them of Constantinople; but in a free invented cant phrases, as terms of country, like ours, they will not reproach.t The knowledge, and be endured by those who 'under-the right feeling on this subject, stand, and justly appreciate, our travelled upward." Will it not do excellent civil constitution; nor, so in the case before us? and by in fact, are such principles ever the same means? the diffusion of acted on.

information, of just principles, Our government is in part re. and of a right spirit. presentative, and if the people It may be necessary to justify a find that a member does not speak remark i have ventured to make, their sentiments, they can avoid that the principle, that we have choosing him again. This was nothing to do with the decision of done, in some instances, during whether a war be just or unjust, the discussion of the abolition of the Slave Trade. Supposing the • The Duke of Gloucester. people to be represented, the + New fangled humanity, &c.

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