Obrázky na stránke

least misrepresentation. Most “Memorandum.-Though siscertainly, his attachment to what ter Dechamps was so lame and dishe considered as Christian truth abled as to be carried down into was insuperable, and had led lim the water, she went up out of it, to make very considerable world without the least help, rejoicing ly sacrifices. He lived beloved as Captain Langdon did at Plyand esteemed. by a respectable mouth.* Mrs. Dechamps had circle of worthy friends, and his been long disabled from walking memory is still preserved, with alone by a rheumatic gout; but, reverential affection, by the re- some time after, the Lord was maining few who enjoyed his ac- pleased to call her by his grace. quaintance. Surely Mr. Jones She told the writer of this, she did not know him. Surely, if I was convinced that baptism, by may be forgiven for the remark, immersion, was both her duty Mr. Jones has not taken Luke as and privilege. He endeavoured a model, in writing biography. to dissuade her from it, as not Luke, relating the dissension of absolutely necessary to salvation; Paul and Barnabas, says, that but, not being satisfied with his s the contention was so sharp arguments, she, after some time, between them, that they departed solemnly demanded it of him, as asunder, one from the other.” a minister of Christ! Upon this He indeed mentions one circum- the church was consulted ; and, stance which influenced the con- after solemn seeking the Lord, it duct of Paul; but he modestly was agreed, if she persisted in refrains from interposing his own

the demand, it should be comjudgment; and is far from assert- plied with. With this the pastor, ing, that the arguments produced A. G. was forced to comply, by the one,

« shrunk into con- though with great reluctance, tempt under the hand” of the fear, and trembling, lest it should other.

be attended with any ill consequences. To this she said, “ Do not you be afraid, I am persuaded

God will prevent any scandal or A WONDERFUL APPEARANCE

reflection.” Accordingly, the ordinance was administered; when,

though she was carried down PROVIDENCE AT BAPTISM. lame, she went up out of the

water well : rejoicing and tri

umphing in the Lord Jesus. The following remarkable Ac- Blessed be his name!

count, which I copied from the Records of the church in Eagle

“ Witness, A. GIFFORD, street, is printed for the pur

who baptised her." pose of encouraging persons to follow the dictates of conscience and the path of duty. See a like iniraculous appearance of the

* Dr. Gifford has subjoined, in a note, J. Ivimex. Lord's owning his own ordinance in the

healing of Captain Langdon, as related " JUNE 19, 1748, Mrs. De minister at Plymouth. See the account

by the Rev. Abraham Cheer, Baptist champs made a confession of faith ; of it in MS. among the collection of and her conversion was attested Miraculous Cures." by brother and sister Deut, VOL. X,

2 L



[ocr errors]


Juvenile Department,

PHILOSOPHICAL to them. Thus Pliny, Seneca, &ca REFLECTIONS.

as the olive, the fig-trec, and the layrel, are less frequently affected by

lightning than trees more replete No. XVIII.

with aqueous juices, concluded that THE ELECTRIC FLUID AND and, ultimately, the superstitious

they were exempted from its stroke; LIGHTNING.

employed them as preservatives from " What is that light that darts across my eyes? the effects of the storm. The lower And whence that awful noise that fills my ears? The ancients tell they're marks of wrath that orders, in France, have long been flash,

(crash: accustomed to procure branches of And fearful signs from heaven, in peals that olive, which, being blessed by their Nor dar'd they ask their pature or their use, Or touch the victim, or the place they struck:

clergy, they keep in their houses, But Nature now is better understood,

place them on the tops of steeples, Kind when she thunders, as when zephyrs play and burn them during thunderAnd favour'd man, by heaven-bornScience taught, Learns to avert, direct, or use the shock;

storms; that they may escape the Sees the electric fluid earth pervade,

direful effects of lightning, by sharDisturbs, collects, amusingly applies, Or usefully employs to ease his pains:

ing in the supposed privileges of this And who can say what greater uses still

tree. Heaven shall permit the future sage to show?"

The identity of lightning, and the So awful, and yet so beautiful an electric fluid, is among the discoveappearance as lightning, could not ries of modern philosophy, for which fail to arrest the attention of the be- we are indebted to Dr. Franklin. holder, in every age of the world. The origin and progress of the To the uninformed, it has ever been sciences among us are very interesta source of wonder and terror; and | ing subjects of consideration; and, to the philosopher, it has long been with regard to several, seem to have an object of reverential enquiry, and been connected with the apparently serious admiration.

accidental observance of certain The Greeks and Romans beheld facts; which, however long they it as sacred, and, as sent to execute may have existed and operated, wero some work of divine vengeance; either altogether unknown, or but hence, persons who fell by its stroke very partially known to us. This were thought obnoxious to their di- appears to have been the case, with vinities, and were either interred a- regard to electricity and galvanism. part from others, lest their ashes The term electricity, the classical should pollute contiguous bodies, or youth is aware, was derived from were left to rot on the spot where the word niektpov, amber; the electhey died; when no one, for fear of tric property of whjeh was known to pollution, chose to approach them. Thales 600 years before our æra. Those places that were struck with Yet, all that the ancients knew was, lightning were fenced in; either as that amber and jet would, after rubsacred to the supreme divinity, or as bing, attract light substances. Elecspots distinguished by the marks of tricity may therefore be considered his displeasure. Where the advan- a modern science, particularly tages of revelation are not enjoyed, brought to notice by Gilbert, in there is no end to the errors of the 1600. From that period, to the human mind: the imagination be- present, successive philosophers comes the ruling faculty in religious have appeared, who, giving the subconcerns, and one extravagance ject great attention, have progressucceeds another, according as strik sively afforded us our present inforing circumstances occur to give rise mation..

Although we are now so familiar them to divide bodies into two with the effects of the electric fluid, classes : electrics or non-conductors, it is manifest that but little is known and non-electrics or conductors. of its nature, from the various opi- Or, in other words, those substances nions of philosophers concerning it. that, when rubbed, will exhibit the It is considered, however, to pervade electric matter, but non-conduct it; the earth, and all bodies with which and those which, however rubbed, we are acquainted. While these bo- produce no such effects, yet readily dies.contain only their natural quan- permit the fluid to pass through tity, no signs even of its existence them in regaining its natural state. are perceivable; which readily ac- or the first class are glass, silk, cot. counts for its having remained so ton, amber, resin, sulphur, precious long undiscovered. Accidental ex-stones, feathers, oils, &c.; of the secitations, in the first place, betrayed cond, metals, charcoal, water, espeits existence; and, the bold and cu- cially salt water, earthy substances, rious mind of man detecting the se- the fluids of the animal body, &c. cret, at length eagerly set about the From an observation of these examination; and now, by friction, facts, electrical machines were incommands all its known appear- vented; which are mere convenient ances and effects at pleasure. applications of electrics and non

Friction, then, is the method em- electrics; and those are necessarily ployed to interrupt the tranquillity the best, that will enable us to colof the fluid ; by which means, the lect the largest quantity of the fluid body rubbed takes from the adja- with the greatest readiness and ease, cent substance a part of its natural These machines are now either comquantity; and, on contact, imparts posed of a large cylinder, or plate of the same to some other matter. glass; which, in revolving on their Thus, a glass tube, rubbed quickly axes, press against rubbers placed by a hand which is dry and warm, for the purpose ; and this powerful will alternately attract and repel friction excites the fluid which is small pieces of paper, thread, gold collected in a metal receiver; which leaf, &c. And if the knuckle be being mounted on legs of glass, reapplied to the glass so rubbed, a tains the fluid for experimental pursensation, like the pricking of a pin, poses. The most amusing and inwill be felt, accompanied by the informing experiments are thus easily stantaneous motion of the electric practised, which our limits will not matter, which then passed from the allow us even to name. tube to the hand. "If this experi- The very appearance of electrical ment be made in the dark, not only sparks, as drawn from the prime will the touch and hearing be al conductor of a good machine, reseme fected, but the passage of the fluid bles that of lightning; and the effects will be evident to the sight. And of the fluid, in setting fire to spirits here we may remark, that it may be of wine and gunpowder, in perforatmade discernible to all the senses; ing paper and glass, fusing goldfor, when electrical experiments are leaf and forcing it into the pores of performing, it is strongly smelt by glass, the shock with a single Leythose about the machine ; and if a den phial, and the powerful effects stream of the fluid be permitted to by batteries, (which may be made to touch the tongue, a peculiar taste is destroy animal life, *) all attest the at ovce perceivable.

identity of the fluid and lightning: the But althouglı we have said, gene- one is on a minute, the other on the rally, that friction excites the electric grand scale of nature. Nor is this fluid, it is not to be understood, that an idle discovery, but has led to the the rubbing of any kinds of matter most beneficial results; particularly together, promiscuously, will produce to the contrivance of conductors, these effects,-far otherwise: infinite wisdom has not left the opera

** This was unhappily proved by the tions of so powerful a fluid to such death of professor Richmann, of Petersaccidental circumstances. The ex- burgh, which happened by a stroke from perience of philosophers has led his large battery.

which are now so common on maga: Falling stars, the aurora borealis, zines, steeples, and valuable build and the ignus fatuus, have also, by inys, as scarcely to need description. many, been progressively considered When the analogy between this as electrical phenomena. It is prinfluid and lightning was imagined, it cipally in fine weather that these was very natural for electricians to are seen; for the atmospheric eleca. conclude that, as when a pointed tricity not being then very powersubstance is presented to the con- ful, becomes thus pleasingly visible ductor of a machine, the fluid is con- in its passage, according to the vaveyed to the earth without those rious conducting substances that ocsnapping sparks that acoompany the cur. That the aurora borealis is an presentation of the knuckle, or an electrical appearance has been conobtuse substance; so, if it could be sidered more evident from the readi: proved that lightning was of the same ness with which it is imitated by nature, pointed rods, presented to means of a flash, nearly exhausted thunder clouds, might convey the of air ; which being presented to the alarming fluid to the earth, and pre- electrical apparatus, the most beau. vent those dire effects often witness-tiful corruscations are seen, corre ed, when the lightning strikes spondont to the zodiacal lights. This the lofty summits of buildings; and, phenomenon appeared in this coun: meeting with obstractions to its free. try, in great perfection, in Oct. 1804; passage, escapes by shattering when, for several hours, the atmosó the steeple, or throwing down the phere was finely illuminated, as in obstacle. The method employed by strong twilight. Dr. Franklin to identify these fluids, though hardly safe for the most ex

« Silent from the north perienced electricians to try, is most A blaze of meteors-shoots ; evsweeping first

The lower skies, they all at once converge convincing. He elevated a kite, hav- High to the crown of heaven; and all at once ing tied to the end of the string that Relapsing quick, as quickly reascend,

And inix and thwart, extinguish and renew, held it a silken uord, which being a

All'ether coursing in a maze of light." non-conductor, insulated the kite;

Thomson: and at the junction of these strings, he attached a key as a conductor, from The ignus fatuus is also easily which he might, if his supposition imitatod by chymists; and it apshould be verified, obtain the elec-pears, that as the phenomenon octric spark. One thunder-cloud passed curs about bogs and marshy places, without effect; but he soon perceivo the inflammablc air emitted is ined that the small loose threads of the flamed by the electric spark. Waters hempen string were in motion, as spouts,have been considered bymany they would have been affected by as electrical phenomena ; and the cirthe common electrical' apparatus. cumstance of seamen having sucHe then applied his knuckle to the ceeded in dispersing them, by brankey, and "reccived a spark; and dishing their swords at their comwhen the rain had wetted the string, meucement, has strengthened the he obtained the fluid copiously. opinion : the swords being viewed

The air is a very bad conductor, in the light of conductors. but replete with the electric fluid, The subject is well worthy the atwhich its perpetual motion, and va- tention of the enquiring yonth, and rying density, cannot but affect. lie will obtain much information This fluid is occasionally accumu- from Dr. Franklin's letters, and Dr. lated in different parts of the atmos- Priestley's history of electricity; but, phere, and conveyed by thunder- above all, let him devoutly pray, clouds from one part to another; in- that every accession of knowledge tended, it has been supposed, by may lead him to a more ardent love consummate wisdom, to restore the of the great Creator, and a conseequilibrium between such places as quent devotedness of every talent, have too much, and others that have and advantage to the promotion of too little of the fluid; which takes his glory. place when the lightnings dart.

N. N.


MR. GEORGE BEAN, respecting his son and sister; lue

concluded that his son should be Many Years a Deacon of the Baptist taken away by death, but that his Church in Shrewsbury.

sister should recover. His thoughts were shortly confirmed, for his son

died, but his sister recovered. Under Mr. Bean 'terminated his mortal the powerful impression of the above career on the 8th of April, 1818, in words, he went into the fields; but the 79th year of his age. He was such was their force on his mind, extensively known, and much re- that he actually turned to look be spected, as a man and as a Christian, hind him, thinking that they were for his liberality, piety, and firm ad- uttered in an articulate voice. Those berence to the cause of the Re- important words, together with the đcemer. He had, many years since, death of his son, made a lasting imselected a passage for a funeral ser- pression upon his heart, which was mon, if it should be thought proper never erased. He was led to reflect to say any thing of him after his upon his own state; and by the light decease: the passage was, Hosea, which shone into his soul, he imme, xiii. 9, “ O Israel, thou hast destroy- diately perceived that he had hitherto ed thyself, but in me is thine help.” lived a stranger to experimental reThese words were verified in his ex- ligion, though he had been strictly perience, and exhibited to his view moral. He saw the insufficiency of what he was by nature, and the hope his own righteousness, and his need of salvation by the grace of God. of an union with Christ; he cried for The manner he became acquainted mercy and salvation, God heard with himself is rather singular. Mr. him, and gave him an experience of Bean was born at Knighton, Rad- his pardoning love. He lived at this norshire, in the year 1739, of pious time in Bishop's Castle ; but there, parents, who gave their son a reli- to his great sorrow, he bad no religious education. At the age of 14, gious friends with whom he could he was put out as an apprentice; he associate. So full was his heart of served his time to the great satisfac- the love of God, and so much did tion of his master; at the age of he long for the society of his saints twenty-two he married, and some on earth, that he removed from the time afterwards had a son; in the former place to Shrewsbury, entirely year 1765, this beloved son was for the sake of enjoying the means taken ill of the small-pox. At this of grace and religious society. On time he had a sister living with him, Feb. 3, 1769, he was baptized, upon who had been ill for many years: he a profession of faith in Christ, by a was more concerned about his sister Mr. Pyne, and continued an honourthan about his son, because he able member of the Baptist church thought the Lord would recover his there, until the day of his death. son, but take his sister to himself. Some time after he became a mem

One day he read the third chapter ber he was chosen deacon, which of the Lamentations of Jeremiah, office he discharged with judgment, the thirty-seventh verse struck him faithfulness, and punctuality. with peculiar force, where it is asked, He had many afflictions by the " Who is he that saith, and it comoth loss of near and dear relatives, to pass, when the Lord commandeth Death often cut asunder the most it not?” These words produced an| tender ties; he had many trials from immediate change in his sentiments a deceitful world, and pretended

« PredošláPokračovať »