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his Reply, refer wholly to my

friend's literary character. He Or Mr. W. Jones's Reply

has not repeated his charge of

Misrepresentation ;" and, on VINDICATION

this account, I trust he has seen

reason to doubt of the propriety DR. ROBERT WALKER.

of urging what was the most offensive accusation against the re

putation of my deceased friend. To the Editor's of the Baptist Magazine. I am so far satisfied; and I thank

MR. WILLIAM JONES has him for this instance of his canbeen pleased to reply to a “Vin- dour. I can easily acquit Mr. dication of the late Dr. Robert Jones of personal animosity to Walker,” published in the July Dr. Walker. Indeed I never Number of your Work.

charged him with it, but attriMay I beg, as an additional fa- buted his conduet to the want of vour to that already conferred,

correct information. It now apthat

you will print the following pears that I was not mistaken in few remarks on that Reply?

this. The sources of the knowI trust I can readily and ledge of Dr. Walker's character heartily forgive Mr. Jones for the possessed by Mr. Jones, are “ contempt with which he treats me. ly his writings, and the reports of Indeed I have little to boast of; others.” The first is truly a leI have not procured to myself gitimate source of knowledge; any great distinction in the world, but the other, or hearsay, is not and my obscurity in the metro generally admitted to be satisfacpolis may be pleaded for him in tory evidence.

I am, Gentlemen, I must observe, however, that Your obliged and humble Mr. Jones is mistaken when he

servant, asserts that I took care to let him

WILLIAM BROWN. know I was a Doctor. This was

Edinburgh, 46, Hanover-street,

October 2, 1818. no care of mine. My doctorate is now too old to be an object of attention. It has long ceased to minister to my vanity. Mr. Jones CAUSE AND CONSEQUENCES will surely excuse me when I ask, whether in this instance, he bas

BACKSLIDING, not made an assertion somewhat rash, and unfavourable to his


BACKSLIDERS Notwithstanding the proof adduced by Mr. Jones to the con- YOUNG CHRISTIANS, trary, I must still say, that Dr. Walker's talents and literary acquirement were respectable. I What are the circumstances cannot admit that the judgment which lead the soul astray from of the Monthly Reviewers is e. God? and what the result of such cisive of the value of his book on conduct, on the part of the backSmall Pox.

slider ? are questions of vital imI am happy to observe, that portance to the welfare of the the observations of Mr. Jones, in Christian. I intend not, how






ever, to enter into a minute in- sin which besets the soul. These vestigation of the subject, but excuses are, for the most part, merely to throw out a few ideas, drawn from the infirmity of huwhich must occur to the mind man nature, and the lapses of

any one who should sit down some eminent Christians. to consider it, and which, I hope, 5. The door being thus thrown will be of service to some of your open to sin, it enters with all its readers who have but little time force, and the backslider 'is hurfor reflection.

ried on to the gratification of his The backsliding state of the depraved appetite. And as sin heart is not at first openly mani- is of a hardening nature, Heb. iii. fest. It begins in secret, and fre 13, by benumbing the conscience, quently is a long time before it and weakening its power to rebreaks out to the view of others. buke and alarm, the backslider It resembles a fire, which first feels less resistance from this incommences with a spark, and ward monitor; and consequently gradually spreads itself till it less difficulty in the repetition of bursts forth in a widely extended his sin. He therefore indulges blaze. It begins,

himself in his beloved lust, ap1. In an abatement of the af- parently without remorse or comfections towards God and divine punction. things, which increases till the In this state of accumulated heart becomes quite unaffected guilt and awful insensibility he by those discoveries of God, and remains, unless God send a NaChrist, and his grace, which, at than to rouse his sleeping conone time, filled it with unspeaka- science, and to proclaim his disble delight.

pleasure; or, by some alarming 2. This is followed by the neg- providence, or afflicting dispensalect of the more private duties of tion, open his


to see the prereligion, such as closet prayer, cipice upon which he stands, and and meditation. There is an ab- awaken him to a sense of his guilt sence of that fervent desire for and danger. those duties which was once felt; The consequences of this backand excuses are framed to pacify sliding, are : conscience for the neglect of 1. Loss of peace of conscience. them.

Isä. xlviii. 18. 3. Some besetting sin is se- 2. Anticipations of Divine cretly cherished in the heart. wrath. Psalm vi. 1. The imagination feasts upon it, 3. Loss of character. Lam, and it is acted over in the mind, iv. 1. again and again ; in consequence 4. Injury as to outward temof which, a familiarity ensues, and poral circumstances. Rom. vi. 21. the deformity of it insensibly, di- 5 Grief and distraction of minishes, and the guilt and dan- mind. Psalm li. 8. ger of actually committing it Thus the backslider is filled vanish,

with the bitter fruit of his own Vice is a monster of such hideous mien, ways. And if the mercy of God As to be hated, needs but to be seen; were not higher than the heavens, But seen too oft, familiar with its face, and he himself had not conWe first begin to pity, then embrace.” descended to address persons in

4. Excuses are invented for those circumstances, and invited the indulgence of the particular them to return to him, with the promise of healing their back- be completely enslaved by it, and slidings, there would be no hope : led captive by the devil at his the wrath of God would drink will. Let him hear the voice of up their spirits; and they would infinite mercy calling upon him to sink under the weight of their forsake his evil ways, and to reguilt, and perish.

turn unto the Lord, with a proBut the case of such persons mise that he will receive him requires a remedy, and God has graciously, and love him freely.” mercifully provided one in the But let him not dare to presume, atonement of Christ. The blood from the forbearance of God, to of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth indulge bis depraved appetite from all sin ! “ And if any man a little longer, with the hope sin, we have an Advocate with that he may afterwards return; the Father, Jesus Christ the righ- for if he do this, he will never teous.” To this blessed Advo- know when to stop; for the longer cate must the backslider bring sin is indulged, the more difficult his case, and to the fountain it will be to abandon it, and conopened for sin and for uncleansequently the case becomes more ness must he repair to wash his dangerous, and ultimately hopesins away. For there is no other less. Let me give a few admoniremedy for him than that from tions to the


Christian. which he first obtained relief. 1. Presume not to say,

" This His case is indeed far worse will never be my case: I shall now than it was then; for he has never backslide.” But rather pray sinned against light and know to God that you never may. ledge, and against numberless "The heart is deceitful above all proofs of the goodness of God. things ;” and “ he that trusteth But still there is no other remedy, in his own heart is a fool,” and and this is proposed for his relief has no correct views of human when every other would be inef- nature, of human depravity, and fectual.

of the utter insufficiency of all It will be well for him if he is means of preservation which are not given up to hardness of heart, not connected with a steadfast and to slight this remedy; and to dependance upon the God of all go on from bad to worse. But grace.

“Be not high-minded," let him pause a moment, and re- says the apostle, “but fear.And

flect, that every step he takes in again, " Let him that thinketh he this dangerous course, leads him standeth, take heed lest he fall.” farther from God, and nearer to 2. Nip sin in the bud. It first hell. Let bim reflect upon what appears in the imagination. That Christ suffered to save his people is the forge where all those sins from their sins ; upon the injury are wrought which “ pierce the which he is doing to the cause of soul through with many sorrows,” truth and holiness by his base and When an unholy thought, or imungrateful conduct; upon the loss pure desire, is felt rising in the he has experienced in his own mind, instantly cry to God for soul in consequence of it; and sanctifying and sin subduing grace. upon the inevitable result if God Create in me a clear heart, O should be provoked to say, “ He God, and renew a right spirit is joined to idols, let him alone;" within me.” and should so far give him up to 3. Cultivate secret devotion, the power of sin, as that be should meditation, and prayer, Let the VOL. X.

subjects of meditation be (1.) The forgiveness?"--only ten lines, conexceeding sinfulness of sin. (2.) sisting of the definition, are to The beauty and unspeakable the purpose ? All the rest only blessedness of holiness. (3) The shows what it is not, and in what love of Christ in dying for us. circumstances its exercise would (4.) The claims of gratitude aris- beimpracticable," and“unsafe.ing from what God, and Christ, 2. Are the “ circumstances of and the Blessed Spirit, have done disagreementwhich PETER has for us. (5.) The inestimable value stated to “ exist between Divine of a good conscience (6.) The and Christian forgiveness” corawful consequences of sin, as rect? Let us inquire. witnessed in the case of back- 1. “ Divine forgiveness is sovesliders in general. (7.) The day reign. • He hath mercy on whom of death, and the day of judg- he will have mercy.' On the ment, when the least sin will contrary we are commanded to appear inexpressibly great and forgive, under a penalty of receivheinous.

ing judgment without mercy."" Let no day pass without spend-1-But here is no “disagreenient ing at least one hour in com- between Divine and Christian formunion with God, by prayer and giveness ;" the variation respects reading the scriptures. Blessed the parties who exercise it. "Man is the man," saith the Psalmist, is under obligation to forgive, but “ that meditateth in thy law day God is not. and night;" and again, “ They 2.“ Divine forgiveness is the that wait upon the Lord shall spontaneous effusion of love to renew their strength.” Thus your man,” and not “ beneficial” to way will be prosperous; your God. .“ On the contrary, while mind will be peaceful; and you Christian forgiveness is our duty, will escape those miseries which it is also highly advantageous to many have brought upon them- ourselves;" that is, it promotes our selves by forsaking God, and welfare. —And ought not Chriswalking in forbidden paths. tian forgiveness to be “the sponWallingford.

I. T. D. taneous effusion of love to man?"
Should it be said,

selfinterest" should not operate as

the motive, still the exercise of CHRISTIAN FORGIVENESS. Christian forgiveness is “insepa

rably” connected with our inTo the Editors of the Baptist Magazine. terest, that is, our happiness; I

I LATELY read to some friends would then ask, Does not ihe Peter's essay on the subject of Divine Being delight in the exerChristian Forgiveness, in your

cise of forgiveness? Magazine for August, request.

3. “ Divine forgiveness is ining their opinion concerning it. variably accompanied by reconciWhatever shades of difference liation, and a restoration to former there were in our opinions, there friendship ;but Christian for

a general dissatisfaction, giveness, it is said, is not.-Is which

gave rise to the following there then an instance in the New queries.

Testament, in wbich Christian 1. Is it not extraordinary that, forgiveness is either enjoined or in nearly two pages in answer to practised, without reconcilation ? the question, "What is Christian


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Juvenile Department,

PHILOSOPHICAL Dr. Galvani was a professor of

anatomy, and attending one evening
to electrical experiments, on a table
on which were some frogs that had

been skinned, one of the party acciNo, XIX.

dentally touched the principal nerve THE ELECTRIC FLUID. of a frog at the same time that he (CONTINUED.)

took a spark from the prime conduc

tor of the electrical machine; Gal" How very dull the intellect of man:

vani's wife observed that the musTrifling his knowledge of the works of God!

cles of the little animal were strongThe little kuown he gains by slow degrees, And often owes to seeming accident:

ly convulsed, and this observation of Thus ages rollid before th' electric fire,

hers led the professor to make a vaThough universally diffus'd around, At all was understood and longer still

riety of experiments both on dead Before its ever-working influence,

and living frogs; from which he (Now Galvanism called) where friction's aid İs neither known nor needed, met his eye.

found, that these convulsions might Wondrous power! that silently performs

be excited without the aid of the Its destined chemical effects, and proves electrical machine, merely by makAfresh the being of a God!"

ing a communication between the Besides the excitation of the elec nerves and muscles with substances tric fluid by friction, it has been of that are conductors of electricity. late discovered, that certain combi- Similar experiments being tried on nations of matter produce the same

other animals with equal success, it effects, though in a different degree, was suspected that there was an by mére chemical action on each electricity peculiar to animals. other, which method of operation is It now appears, however, that the called Galvanism.

effects produced result from the cheIt is not often that we can form a mical agency of the substances emcorrect idea of the nature of any ployed on each other. If the youth science, from the term by which it is place a piece of zinc under his distinguished. The thinking youth tongue, and half-a-crown upon the will at once perceive that these tongue, so that he may cause the names are very arbitrary, and some- outer edges of these two metals to times originate in apparently acci- touch each other, he will perceive a dental circumstances. On the pre- disagreeable taste, occasioned, it is sent occasion, instead of a term de- supposed, by the decomposition of scriptive of the idea, we have a ter- the particles of saliva; and, if the mination affixed to the name of the experiment be made in the dark, he discoverer, Galvani, a native of Bo- may observe a faint flash of light; logna, who first observed some phe- or, when the light is excluded from nomena which gave rise to this his room, the flash may be caused science, and of which he published by placing a slip of tin-foil upon one an account in 1791. And though it of the eyes, and a piece of silver in could be wished that there had been his mouth, and causing the two subsome general rule by which names stances to touch each other at their should have been apportioned to extremities. newly-discovered sciences, &c.either A variety of facts had long been all pointing to their discoverers, or, reported, apparently not sufficiently what would have been better, all interesting to deserve minute indescriptive of their nature, all we quiry, some of which indeed were can do is, regret the irregularity and far from generally believed, that yet adopt the custom.

indicated some peculiar effects aris

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