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by the congregation, and highly esteemed throughout all the town and neighbourhood. His labours were extenfively bleft in the awakening of sinners: it is even supposed, that in the few years he preached at Reading, he had not much less than two or three hundred seals to his ministry. But so mysterious are the ways of God, and so unfathomable his designs, that, in the prime of life, and in the midst of usefulness, he was suddenly removed to glory. For just as he was setting out for London, on a visit to his friend, the present Earl of Dartmouth, he was requested to pray with a lick person, from whom he caught a contagious fever of which he died, within a few days after his arrival in town, at the house of the late Mr. Wilberforce.

This circumstance foon transpired, and deeply affected his congregation. Mr. Hallward had been recently appointed curate, and was much esteemed; but no hopes were entertained of procuring the living for him, or any other clergyman of evangelical sentiments. For a while, the flock was to be scattered abroad; but God had a merciful design of railing up for them a faithful shepherd of no less eminence, who ihould feed them with knowledge and understanding

St. Giles's is one of the best crown livings at the Chancellor's dispofal; and, consequently, applications for it were likely to be numerous. But Lord Bathurst, who was then passing through Reading, in his journey to or from Bath, unsolicited, felt an inclination to confer it on Mr. Cadogan: and, being informed that his grand-father was then at Cavershain, he refolved to go himself, and make the offer in person. Finding the door open, he walked directly into the kitchen, and desired to ipeak with Lord Cadogan. The servants, seeing him plainly dressed, had no fufpicion of his quality, and, not daring to introduce a stranger, replied, his Lordship was not at home. He aiked for some paper, and, as no one offered to thew himn into a room, he wrote a note, at the kitchen dresser, to the following purs port. “ The Lord Chancellor presents compliments to Lord “ Cadogan, and, understanding he has a grandson in the “ church, begs his condescending acceptance of the vicar, “ age of St. Giles's, which he has just heard is become va“ cant.” As foon as he was gone out, they perceived their mistake, and with trembling hafte took the note to their mafter, włro went immediately after the Chancellor, to apologize for the ignorance of his servants, and to thank him for his intended favour, which he confessed would be Vol. VI.



desirable on account of its contiguity to the family seat; but lamented that his grandson was not yet ordained, nor of fufficient age to hold church preferment. This difficulty being obviated by the polite offer of the Chancellor to preserve the living for him, till he was capable of holding it, it was thankfully accepted.

The people heard of the appointment with grief; but there was no remedy. Their only hope was, that the new vicar, being a young gentleman of noble family, he would feel no difpofition to do the duties himself; and that Mr. Hallward might be continued in the curacy. With this view, a petition was drawn up by the most serious inhabitants of the place, and, being figned by a great number of the parishioners, was prefented to hiru in the vear 1775, when he firit came to the living. But, at that time, he was fo inimical to the faith he afterwards preached, and the people who profeffid it, that lie threw tlie petition into the fire, and declared he would not comply with it, had it been signed by every individual in the parish ; and that Mr. Hallward should never preach in his pulpit again, upon any confidcration.

Had he been indifferent to all religion he might have been lefs violent. But he was a Pharisee. His zeal was great, but it was not according to knowledge. He thought he did God service by manifetting displeature at those who fought falvation by faith in Chriit, and not by the works of the law.

'i ne old congregation soon dispersed among the various meetings. The Baptist ininifter, being by far the most lively preacher, attracted the greatest number, who, defiring full communion, where they protited moft, fuccellively joined his church, till it became, in point of numbers, one of the largeit focieties in the kingdom, of the Baptist denomination

Some, not satisfied with the doctrine preached at the church, nor thc forin and discipline of the mectings, appli. ed to the Countess of Huntingdon, and, having taken a place, which would contain two or three hundred people, opened it as a chapel.

Others, unwilling to leave the church altogether, and thinking they perccived in his conduct and preaching, marks of lincerity, attempted to set him right. initead of convincing him of his errors, their frequcnt letters only made his fpirit more acrimonious. Good Mrs. Talbot, however, incurred his deepest re


sentment. She considered it her dutv not to remove from the spot, where her husband's labours had been so signally blessed; but to comfort and strengthen the numerous young converts, who daily flocked to her for instruction. Like a true mother in lfrael, her houie was opened for religious exercises ; Mr. Romaine, Mr. Newton, and other ministers, who visited her, expounded to the people; and prayer was continually offered up, under her roof, for the conversion of Mr. Cadogan.

Highly offended at such conduct, he vehemently remonstrated. Various letters paffed. To all his bitter reproaches, the returned answers to full of meekness and wildom, that, at length, he fell at the feet of accumulat-, ed kindness, humbled and subdued ; and, to the lait moment of his life confessed, to the praise and glory of God, that Mrs. Talbot's letters and example, were the principal ineans of leading him to the saving knowledge of Chrift.

But light and power are diftinct things. So difficult was it for an aspiring man, wbofe father was mafter of the Mint, in high favour at court, and connected with the leading men in power, to renounce all hopes of preferment, and take up his cross and follow the Lord Jesus Christ, that he, was not able to come out boldly and preach the Gospel for inore than two years after he knew it. This is the more remarkable, because, while he retained his pharifaic notions, his courage was undaunted; and be actually endured perfecution for the methods he took to inforce the obiervance of moral duties.

Soon after he was ordained, he had been inducted to the living of Chelsea ; the presentation being in the gift of the fainily, who, through marriage, inherited the ample estate of Sir Hans Sloane.

His time was, then, about equally divided between the two parishes: but he began to expend a large sum ut money on the Parfonage at Chelsea, intending, as it was the genteelest place, and near town, to make it his principal refidence. Seeing the Sabbath shamefully violated there, and finding that the perfons he wished to reclaim, would not attend his preaching, he determnined to put the laws of the land in force against them. With this view, he went binifelf round the parish, and insisted on having the shops fhut; charging the parish officers to aid him in fupprefling this

• See his Sermon on her Death.
B 3


Thameful prattice. He found it however impossible to accomplish his design; nor could his rank secure him from the abuse and fury of the mob, which his zeal had provoked ; but his life was more than once endangered by the butchers, and others, whole traffic he endeavoured to interrupt.

But what the law could not do, being weak through the fleth, the preaching of Christ crucified easily effected. For soon after he began explicitly and earnestly to preach the gospel, he had the pleasure of seeing many, whom law and terrors only hardened, melted down under a sense of

mercy; and so sweetly constrained by the love of Christ, as to for, sake every evil work, and run with alacrity and delight in the ways of God's commandments.

During the first two years of his ministry he had been perfectly legal; for the next two years, or more, he had been held in bondage to the beggarly elements of this world ; but now, being set at liberty, he boldiy commenced his useful and honourable course, under many favourable circum, stances of experience and knowledge.' for having previously written about three hundred fermons, with the help öf no other book than his Bible before him, and his concordance by his side, he foon became a good textuary and an accurate speaker. But, from this period, he made no use whatever of these discourses: he deemed a written fermon, brought into the pulpit, unprofitable lumber at beft, or a proof of timidity or weakness, if not a mean artice to avoid the reproach of Christ, by compliance with a fhameful innovation, introduced by certain popular minifters who preached against the government in the time of the civil wars, and tolerated by the people for political reasons; and which, though prohibited by a university ftatute at the request of Charles II. gradually increased fill it became a general custom.

Nor did he reason any longer with flesh and blood upon the consequences of declaring himseli so openly; but, folļowing the example of St. Paul, he went and joined himself to the people of God, and sought an intimacy with those ministers of the gospel who were most distinguished for their fidelity. He dildained that crooked carnal policy of standing aloof from all serious characters, especially if they are poor, as though to be claffed with the humble followers of the Lamb would be a disgrace. Nor did he dare attempt to keep back or soften the offensive parts of the word of God, under the fpecious pretence of keeping off prejudice, by introducing light gradually anong his hearers.Had he,

indeed, indeed, acted upon this plan, fo repugnant to the practice of the Apostles, and so disgraceful to the ministerial character, he might have kept on good terms with some of the wealthy and pharifaic of his pock; he might have preserved the friendihip and interest of his noble relations and connexions; he might have proceeded Prebendary and Dean; and about the time of his departure to another world, he might have been placed on the list for a vacant see ; but then, it is probable, his preaching would never have been so much blessed as it was in turning many to righteousness, and in feeding, as a true shepherd, the church of God incarnate, which he hath purchased with his own blood; nor would he have lived to beloved by listening thoufands,, or died so justly lamented by all descriptions of people.

The first minifter he applied to, was Mr. Hallward. With Christian humility he ackuowledged the injuriousness of his past conduct, preiled him to return to his former situation, and assured him his heart, his house, and his pulpit were open for his reception, and thould never again be Thut against him. Mr. Hallward, at the time, was promoted by his friend, the Rev. Mr. Gurdon, to the living of Afon, and therefore could not accept the curacy; but, diffolved in thankfulness to God for the wonderful change his grace had produced in one so qualified, by talents and situation, for eminent usefulness, he determined to go and converse with him, and it-engthen his resolutions; and to rejoice with the people at the dispersion of the cloud which had so long brooded over them, and the bright profpe&t now opened for their future comfort and instruction. Welcomed in the moft expressive and affectionate inanner by Mr. Cadogan himself, and those of the congregation, who once deplored his loss as the greatest calamity, he continued among them fix months; and then, being obliged to return to bis own flock, he left them with feelings the very reverse of those he had fortnerly experienced.

It was about this time, also, his intimac commenced with Mr. Romaine, who ever after paid him an annual visit, and encouraged him by frequent correspondence. Theil mutual affection was great ; their religious fentiments were fimilar; they were both Hutchinsonians and Hebreans, and their pulpits were always acceffible to each other. Mr. Newton,'Mr. Hill, and many other popular clergymen whom he had invited to his house, preached for him occasionally; and, indeed, he took too decided a part to be athamed of his new connexions.


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