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ial death ; a governing temper of soul, which bespeaks it dead to all true goodness.

(2.) Spiritual-mindedness is life; because a man of this disposition is fitted for the enjoyments and happiness of the spiritual life. The foul has peculiar pleasures of its own, independent on the body ; and they are the most sublime, and excellent, and satisfying of all others, of which we are capable. These pleasures of the foul refult from the fense of God's favour; from the apprehension of the pardon of fin, and the hope of immortal blefl. edness ; from a consciousness of the regulari. ty of its own actings, and of victory gained over disorderly appetites, affections and. pasdions ; from the approbation of his own mind upon serious examination and reflection from the pleasure of doing good, of honouring God, and of serving a man's generation ; from the joyful sense of the light of God's countenance, and of communion with him in holy meditation and in the various exercises of religion. Such things as these are the juftest entertainments of the foul: and he who is fpiritually minded, seeks chiefly after these ; and has a principal relish and delight in these, when he can perceive them: and in propor: tion to the degree of his renovation, he is fitted for them, and has his share in them at preSent. This is life indeed. A good man is thus fatisfied from himself, Prov. xiv. 14. while a Stranger intermeddles not with his joy, ver. 10.

But a .man under the power of a carnal mind, is incapable of that peace and pleasure which are so relishing to a spiritual mind. VOL. I. L


He is but ill-disposed to discern and take in that which is fit to adminifter the highest delight to the foul.

Such a mind has scarce any room for {piritual joys to enter ; and no ins clination to perform those acts by which communion with God is-maintained, and the foretastes of heaven are received. The frame of his mind is set quite otherwise. He wants fuch a principle of lively faith, as gives that realizing view of spiritual objects, which fills with joy unspeakable, a Pet. i. ;8. Nor is he acquainted with that life and fervour in religious exercises, or that purity of heart, which are necessary to prepare for God's gracious manifestations to the soul.

Or suppose he should be able to discern the grounds of spiritual pleasure, yet he is no way difpofed to relish them, or to be made happy by them.

Instead of delighting himself in God, " he says unto God, depart from me, I desire not the knowledge of thy ways.

What is the Almighty, that I should serve him ? and whatprofit should I have, if I pray unto him ?” Job xxi. 14, 15.

He tastes not the sweetness of a pardon ; he values not the dignity of being a child of God. A Saviour has no form or comeliness in his eye, that he should desire him ; nor are all the glad tidings.of the Gofpel so welcome to him, as it would be to hear of an estate fallen to him, of a successful bargain, or any other present gratisication which his heart is set upon. The very vision and enjoyment of the blessed God' in heaven, would be an insipid thing to a man, the turn of whose soul is wholly to earth.


itinds account it no better than folly in other people, when they express a delight in God's ordinances, or speak of such a thing as “hungering and thirsting after righteousness.” The reason is, that either matters of a spiritual nature are in their account merely imaginary, without substance and reality ; or some prefent good is much more suitable to their taste and inclination. Thus “ folly is joy to him that is destitute of wisdom;" Prov. xv. 21.

In the nature of the thing then, and at prefent, what the apostle says evidently holds true.

2. This is farther true in respect of God's fentence and constitution. To be carnally minded is death; or the way to death, to everlàsting wrath and misery : 'but to be spiritually minded, is life and peace; or the way to eternal life and happiness.

(1.) The carnal mind must issue in everlafting death. Not that the future punishment will be an extinction of being ; happy would it be in comparison for the men of this world, if that was the cafe : but while they continue in being and sense, their condition will justly deserve the character of death, the fecond death. In the future state their spiritual death will be fixed and consummated. The enmity against God, which is now the prevailing 'character of a carnal mind, will then rise to its utmost height. All the remains of virtuous inclination, or of good nature, as we call it, which might seem to be in men here, will be totally extinguished, when they leave the world in their fins


and " he that was filthy, will be There will be an intire end of all

that if.

filthy ftill.?"

that looks like felicity :. For they will be strips ped of all the sensual enjoyments, in which they placed their happiness on earth ; not so much as a drop of water to cool the tongue will be found there, Luke xvi. 24. And for the true happiness of the heavenly state, they nei, ther will be admitted to a share in it, nor will: have any taste for it, if it was. within their reach. And besides, this, all which can make misery confummate, will be inflicted. The wrath of a living God, the fire of hell, the worm of an accusing conscience, and the soci. ty of devils and wicked men, then ungrateful enough, shall concur to their everlasting def. truction. The Scripture uses many phrases and emblems to describe that misery in its horrible nature ;, and, among the rest, this of death in particular, as the most formidable thing to nature. “ Sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death," Jam. i. 15.“ The end of these things is death,” Rom. vi. 21. “ The wages of fin is death,” ver. 23.

So here, " to be carnally minded is death,” that is,

Without repentance, and a change before they leave the world, men of this character are doomed to eternal death by God the judge of all. If ye live after the flesh, says the apostle in this chapter, ver. 13. ye shall die. This is the sentence which God has published against all such; which he will never reverse, and none else can.

Such indeed, by their present temper, are fit for no other issue of things than this. They are “ vessels of wrath, fitted for destruction" In no fitness to take delight in a better world,

if they should be allowed a place there, where all is holy and heavenly ; but of a temper already prepared for the miserable world : For they breathe a difaffection to God, which in the height of it is the very temper of the devils.

And sometimes men of this make have the beginnings of this second death, even while they continue in the body. This is evidently the case of some, when they are given up to strong delusions, to their own hearts lufts. And sometimes they are made to feel the lively forerunners of divine wrath in their consciences, and leave the world with the blackest presages of approaching misery.. On the other hand,

(2.) The spiritual' mind shall'issue in ever-lasting life and peace; that which deserves indeed to be ftiled life. The spiritual life is to be perfected. There is a perfekt day, to which the path of the.just, like the shining light, is tending more and more, Prov. iv. 18. What the author of a good work had begun, will then be performed, Phil. i. 6. All tears shall be wiped away from faints, and every uneasiness cease, for they shall enter into rest ; and be admitted to fulness of joy in God's presence, and to pleafures for evermore at his right hand, Pfal. xvi..

This is to be the end of a spiritual mind; and therefore it may juftly be said to be life

By the tenor of the gospel-covenant, all of this character are entitled to this life. “There is no condemnation to such as walk after the Spirit,” ver. 1. “ If ye by the Spirit morrify the deeds of the body, ye shall live," v. 13;


and peace.

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