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The writer must express his great obligation to Dr. E. Sommer, whose “Manuel de Style," has furnished him with much of the preceptive matter contained in this book.


January, 1872.





L-On the Three qualities essential to Clearness; viz.,

Grammatical Correctness, Propriety of Terms,

and Proper Construction of Sentences. The qualities of style: some essential or general, others par. ticular. The essential qualities. Clearness the most important. Our end in speaking or writing not to be attained without clearness. What constitutes clearness.

P. 28—80. II.-On the Second Requisite for Clearness : Propriety

of Terms. On synonymes. An acquaintance with various languages neces. sary, accurately to distinguish the exact meaning of synonymous expressions. In case of doubt, reference to a dictionary of synonymes recommended.

P. 81-39. III.-On the Third Requisite for Clearness : The Pro

per Construction of Sentences. Sentences to be generally neither very long nor very short. What constitutes a sentence long or short. Incidental clauses defined. Inconveniences resulting from a multiplicity of these. Model extract from De Quincey. The same marred by trifling alterations. Rules of construction deducible from the passage.

P. 84-38. IV.-On those points of Syntax that present most

difficulty to young Writers. -On the Article and the Personal Pronoun. The chief uses of the article. Before nouns. Before adjectives. On the use of Pronouns. Examples of confusion from looseness in the use of them. On the pronoun 'it.'

P. 40-43. V.-On the Relative Pronoun. The Proper use of

'that.' The Place of the Adverb. The common error of using the objective case of the relative instead of the nominative and vice versa. On the use of the relative that.' Professor Bain's theory thereon. Examples of the proper use of that;' of the improper substitution of who for that.' On the position of the adverb. Sentences rendered heavy and disagreeable from an injudicious placing of adverbs or adverbial adjuncts.

P. 45-47. VI.-On the Subjunctive Mood.

The verb “to be the only verb possesssing & subjunctive form. The two moods, the indicative and subjunctive, often used indiscriminately. On the proper use of the word “if. P. 49–5%.

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XI.-On the Studies necessary to the attainment of a

good Style.
The use of Exercises in Composition. Grammar stands at the
head of the requisite studies. Next comes history. An ac-
quaintance with the history of our own country most important.
Its uses. After history, mathematics. Their effect on the mind.
Next the natural sciences. The use of this knowledge. After-
wards the reading of good books. How these should be read,
and why. Learning by heart. The kind of compositions re-
quired from young people in the ordinary walk of life. These
demand a ftir amount of literary talent. Excellence attainable
by docility, good-will, and perseverance. Speaking well aná
writing well, the roads to distinction.- -G. Washington Moon's
eloquent panegyric on the English language.

P. 63–67.

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