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21 Because that, when they knew 32 Who, having known the jusGod, they have not glorified him as tice of God, did not understand God, or given thanks : but became that they, who do such things, are vain in their thoughts, and their worthy of death: and not only they foolish heart was darkened. that do them, but they also that

22 For professing themselves to consent to them that do them. be wise they became fools.

CHAP. II. the incorruptible God , into the like. W usable, Oman,

whosoever 23 And they changed the glory of The Jews are censured. ness of the image of a corruptible man, and of birds and of four-footed thou art that judgest. For wherebeasts and of creeping things. in thou judgest another, thou con

24 Wherefore God gave them up demnest thyself. For thou dost the to the desires of their heart, unto same things which thou judgest. uncleanness, to dishonour their 2 For we know that the judgown bodies among themselves : ment of God is according to truth

25 Who changed the truth of God against them that do such things. into a lie : and worshipped and

3 And thinkest thou this, O man, served the creature rather than the that judgest them who do such Creator, who is blessed for ever. things, and dost the same, that thou Amen.

shalt escape the judgment of God? 26 For this cause God delivered 4 Or despisest thou the riches of them up to shameful affections. his goodness, and patience, and For their women have changed the long-suffering? knowest thou not natural use, into that use which is that the benignity of God leadeth against nature.

thee to penance ? 27 And in like manner the men 5 But according to thy hardness also, leaving the natural use of the and impepitent heart, thou treawomen, have burned in their lusts surest up to thyself wrath, against one towards another,men with men the day of wrath and revelation of working that which is filthy, and the just judgment of God. receiving in themselves the recom 6 Who will render to every man pence which was due to their error. according to his works.

28 And as they liked not to have 7 To them indeed, who accordGod in their knowledge; God de- ing to patience in good work, seek livered them up to a reprobatesense, glory and honour and incorruption, to do those things which are not eternal life : convenient,

8 But to them that are conten29 Being filled with all iniquity, tious, and who obey, not the truth, malice, fornication,avarice, wicked-but give credit to iniquity, wrath ness, full of envy, murder, conten- and indignation. tion, deceit, malignity, whisperers,

9 Tribulation and anguish upon 30 Detractors, hateful to God, every soul of man that worketh evil, contumelious, proud, haughty, in- of the Jew first and also of the ventors of evil things, disobedient Greek : to parents.

10 But glory and honour and 31 Foolish, dissolute, without af-peace to every one that worketh fection, without fidelity, without good, to the Jew first and also the mercy.

Greek. Ver. 26. God delivered them up. Not by being the author of their sins, but by withdraw. ing his grace, and so permitting them, in punishment of their pride, to fall into those shame.

ful sing.

11 For there is no respect of you is blasphemed among the gen persons with God.

tiles, as it is written.) 12 For whosoever have sinned 25 Circumcision profiteth indeed without the law, shall perish with- lifthou keep the law: but if thou be out the law: and whosoever have a transgressor of the law, thy cir sinned in the law, shall be judged cumcision is made uncircumcision. by the law.

26 If then the uncircumcised 13 For not the hearers of the keep the justices of the law: shall law, are just before God: but the not this uncircumcision be counted doers of the law shall be justified. for circumcision ?

14 For when the gentiles who 27 And shall not that which by have not the law,do by nature those nature is uncircumcision, if it full things that are of the law; these the law, judge thee, who by the having not the law, are a law to letter and circumcision art a transthemselves :

gressor of the law ? 15 Who shew the work of the law 28 For it is not he is a Jew, that written in their hearts, their con- is so outwardly, nor is that circumscience bearing witness to them, cision which is outward in the flesh, and their thoughts between them 29 But he is a Jew that is one selves accusing, or also defending inwardly; and the circumcision is one another,

that of the heart, in the spirit, not 16 In the day when God shall in the letter: whose praise is not of judge the secrets of men, by JESUS men, -but of God. Christ, according to my gospel.

CHAP. III. 17 But if thou art called a Jew, The advantages of the Jews.

CHAT thy boast of God,

18 And knowest his will, and ap- circumcision? provest the more profitable things, 2 Much every way. First indeed, being instructed by the law, because the words of God were

19 Art confident that thou thy- committed to them. self art a guide of the blind, a light 3 For what if some of them have of them that are in darkness, not believed ? .shall their unbelief

20 An instructer of the foolish, a make the faith of God without efteacher of infants, having the form fect? God forbid. of knowledge and of truth in the 4 But God is true: and every man law.

a liar, as it is written: That thoro 21 Thou therefore that teachest mayest be justified in thy words, another, teachest not thyself: thou and mayest overcome when thou art that preachest that men should not judged. steal, stealest :

5 But if our injustice commend 22 Thou that sayest, men should the justice of God, what shall we not commit adultery, committest say? is God unjust, who executeth adultery: Thou that abhorrest idols, wrath. committest sacrilege :

6 (I speak according to man. 23 Thou that makest thy boast God forbid; otherwise how shall of the law, by transgression of the God judge this world? law dishonourest God.

7 For if the truth of God hath 24 (For the name of God through more abounded through my lie, un

Ver. 4. God only is essentially true. All men in their own capacity are liable to lies and errors : nevertheless God, who is the truth, will make good his promise of keeping his church in all truth. See St. John xvi. 13.

and restest in the law, and makest WHAW, of what is the profit of

to his glory, why am I also yet|being witnessed by the law and the Judged as a sinner?

prophets. 8 And not rather (as we are slan 22 Even the justice of God by dered, and as some affirm that we faith of Jesus CHRIST, unto all and say) let us do evil, that there may upon all them that believe in him : come good? whose damnation is just for there is no distinction.

9 What then? Do we excel them? 23 For all have sinned ; and do No, not so. For, we have charged need the glory of God. both Jews and Greeks, that they 24 Being justified freely by his are all under sin ;

grace, through the redemption that 10 As it is written: There is not is in CHRIST JESUS, any man just,

25 Whom God hath proposed to be 11 There is none that understandeth, a propitiation, through faith in his there is none that seeketh after God. blood, to the shewing of his justice,

12 All have turned out of the way, for the remission of former sins, they are become unprofitable toge 26 Through the forbearance of ther: there is none that doth good, God, for the shewing of his justice there is not so much as one. in this time: that he himself may be

13 Their throat is an open sepul- just, and the justifier of him who is chre, with their tongues they have of the faith of JESUS Christ. dealt deceitfully. The venom of asps

27 Where is then thy boasting? is under their lips.

It is excluded. By what law? Of 14 Whose mouth is full of cursing works? No, but by the law of faith. and bitterness :

28 For we account a man to be 15 Their feet swift to shed blood. justified by faith without the works 16 Destruction and misery in of the law.

29 Is he the God of the Jews 17 And the way of peace they only? Is he not also of the gentiles? have not known :

Yes, of the gentiles also. 18 There is no fear of God before 30 For it is one God that justifi

eth eircumcision by faith and un19 Now we know that what circumcision through faith. things soever the law speaketh, it 31 Do we then destroy the law speaketh to them that are in the through faith? God forbid : but law: that every mouth may be we establish the law. stopped, and all the world may be

CHAP. IV. made subject to God.

Abraham was not justified by works. 20 Because by the works of the WH

WHAT shall we say then that law no flesh shall be justified be Abraham hath found, who is fore him. Forbythe law is the know- our father according to the flesh ? ledge of sin.

2 For if Abraham were justified 21 But now without the law the by works, he hath whereof to glory, justice of God is made manifest ; but not before God.

their ways :

their eyes.

Ver. 10. There is not any man just. By virtue either of the law of nature, or of the law of Moses, but only by faith and grace.

Ver. 28. By faith, &c. The faith, to which the apostle here attributes man's justification, is not a presumptuous assurance of our being justified, but a firm and lively belief of all that God has revealed or promised : Heb. xi. A faith working through charity in Jesus Christ, Gal. v. 16. In short a faith which takes in hope, love, repentance, and the use of the sacra. ments. And the works which he here excludes, are only the works of the law; that is such as are done by the law of nature, or that of Moses, antecedent to the faith of Christ : but by no means such as follow faith and proceed from it. Ver. 2. By works. Done by his own strength, without the grace of God, and faith in him,

Ver. 2. Not before God. Whatever glory or upplause such works might procure from men, they would be of po value in the sight of God.

grace of God.

8 For what saith the scripture ? 12 And might be the father of Abraham believed God, and it was circumcision, not to them only that reputed to him unto justice. are of the circumcision, but to them

4 Now to him, that worketh, the also that follow the steps of the reward is not reckoned according faith that is in the uncircumcision to

grace, but according to debt. of our father Abraham. 5°But to him that worketh not, yet 13 For not through the law was believeth in him that justifieth the the promise to Abraham, or to his ungodly, his faith is reputed to jus- seed, that he should be heir of the tice according to the purpose of the world; but through the justice of

faith. 6 As David also termeth the 14 For if they who are of the law, blessedness of a man, to whom God be heirs; faith is made void, the reputeth justice without works: promise is made of no effect.

7 Blessed are they, whose iniquities 15 For the law worketh wrath. are forgiven, and whose sins are co-For where there is no law; neither vered.

is there transgression. 8 Blessed is the man to whom the 16 Therefore is it of faith, that acLord hath not imputed sin. cording to grace the promise might

9 This blessedness then doth it be firm to all the seed, not to that remain in the circumcision only, or only which is of the law, but to that in the uncircumcision also ? For also which is of the faith of Abrawe say that unto Abraham faith ham, who is the father of us all. was reputed to justice.

17 (As it is written: I have made 10 How then was it reputed ? thee a father of many nations) beWhen he was in circumcision, or in fore God, whom he believed, who uncircumcision ? Not in circumci- quickeneth the dead; and calleth sion, but in uncircumcision. those things that are not, as those

11 And he received the sign of that are. circumcision, a seal of the justice of 18 Who against hope believed in the faith which he had being uncir- hope ; that he might be made the cumcised : that he might be the father of many nations, according father of all them that believe being to that which was said to him: So uncircumcised, that unto them also shall thy seed be. it may be reputed to justice: 19 And he was not weak in faith;

Ver. 3. Reputed, &c. By God, who reputeth nothing otherwise than it is. However, we may gather from this word, that when we are justified, our justification proceedeth from God's free grace and bounty, and not from any efficacy which any act of ours could have of its own nature, abstracting from God's grace.

Ver. 4. To him that worketh, viz. As of his own fund, or by his own strength. Such a one, says the apostle, challenges his reward as a debt, due to his own performances: whereas he who worketh not, that is, who presumeth not upon any works done by his own strength: but seeking justice through faith and grace, is freely justified by God's grace.

Ver. 7. Covered, &c. This covering, and not imputing, means that our sins are quito blotted out by the blood of the lamb, who taketh away the sins of the world : So that we are no longer to be charged with them, because they are no more.

Ver. 9. In the circumcision, &c. ' That is, is it only for the Jews that are circumcised? No, says the apostle, but also for the uncircumcised gentiles; who by faith and grace may come to justice ; as Abraham did before he was circumcised.

Ver. 14. Be heirs. That is, if they alone who follow the ceremonies of the law be heirs of the blessings promised to Abraham; the that faith which was so much praised in him, will be found to be of little value. And the very promise will be made void, by which he was promised to be the father, not of the Jews only, but of all nations of believers.

Ver. 15. The law worketh wrath. The law, abstracting from faith and grace, worketh wrath occasionally, by being an occasion of many transgressions, which provoke God's wrath.

neither did he consider his own/rity towards us : because when & body now dead, whereas he was yet we were sinners, according to almost an hundred years old, nor the time, the dead womb of Sara.

9 Christ died for us : much more 20 In the promise also of God he therefore being now justified by his staggered not by distrust; but was blood, shall we be saved from wrath strengthened in faith, giving glory through him. to God:

10 For if, when we were enemies, 21 Most fully knowing that what we were reconciled to God by the soever he has promised, he is able death of his son: much more being also to perform.

reconciled, shall we be saved by his 22 And therefore it was reputed life. to him unto justice.

11 And not only so: but also we 23 Now it is not written only for glory in God, through our Lord him, that it was reputed to him unto Esus CHRIST, by whom we have justice,

now received reconciliation. 24 But also for us, to whom it 12 Wherefore as by one man sin shall be reputed, if we believe in entered into this world, and by sin him that raised up Jesus Christ death : and so death passed upon our Lord from the dead,

all men in whom all have sinned. 25 Who was delivered up for our 13 For until the law sin was in sins, and rose again for our justifi- the world : but sin was not impucation.

ted, when the law was not. CHAP. V.

14 But death reigned from Adam The grounds we have for hope in unto Moses, even over them also Christ.

who have not sinned after the simiEING justified therefore by litude of the transgression of Adam, through our Lord JESUS CHRIST.

2 By whom also we have access 15 But not as the offence, so also through faith into this grace, where the gift. For if by the offence of in we stand, and glory in the hope one many died : much more the of the glory of the sons of God. grace of God and the gift, by the

3 And not only so; but we glory grace of one man Jesus Christ, also in tribulations, knowing that hath abounded unto many. tribulation worketh patience : 16 And not as it was by one sin, 4 And patiencetrial; and trial hope. so also is the gift. For judgment 5 And hope confoundeth not: be- indeed was by one unto condemnacause the charity of God is poured tion: but grace is of many offences, forth in our hearts, by the Holy unto justification. Ghost who is given to us.

17°For if by one man's offence 6 For why did Christ, when as death reigned through one : much yet we were weak, according to the more they who receive abundance time, die for the ungodly? of grace, and of the gift, and of jus

7 For scarce for a just man will tice, shall reign in life through one one die; yet perhaps for a good man Jesus Christ. some one would dare to die.

18 Therefore as by the offence of 8 But God commendeth his cha-one, unto all men to condemnation:


Ver. 12. By one man. Adam, from whom we all contracted original sin.

Ver. 13. Not imputed, i. e. Men knew not, or made no account of sin : neither was it inputed to them in the manner it was afterwards, when they transgreased the known written law of God

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