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so also by the justice of one, unto 10 For in tha he died to stu he. all men to justification of life. died once : but in that he liveth, he

19 For as by the disobedience of liveth unto God. one man, many were made sinners ; 11 So do you also reckon that so also by the obedience of one, you are dead to sin, but alive unto many shall be made just.

God in Christ Jesus our Lord. 20 Now the law entered in, that 12 Let not sin therefore reign in sin might abound. And where sin your mortal body, so as to obey abounded, grace did more abound. the lusts thereof.

21 That as sin hath reigned to 13 Neither yield ye your memdeath : so also grace might reign bers as instruments of iniquity unto by justice unto life everlasting, sin : but present yourselves to God through Jesus Christ our Lord. as those that are alive from the CHAP. VI.

dead, and your members as instruThe Christian must die to sin. ments of justice unto God.

THAT shall we say then? 14 For sin shall not have domimay abound ?

der the law, but under grace. 2 God forbid. For we that are 15 What then ? Shall we sin, dead to sin, how shall we live any because we are not under the law, longer therein ?

but under grace? God forbid. 3 Know you not that all we, 16 Know you not, that to whom who are baptized in Christ Jesus, you yield yourselves servants to are baptized in his death ? obey, his servants you are whom

4 For we are buried together you obey, whether it be of sin, unto with him by baptism into death : death, or of obedience, unto justice. that as Christ is risen from the dead 17 But thanks be to God, that by the glory of the Father, so we you were the servants of sin, but also may walk in newness of life. have obeyed from the heart, unto

5 For if we have been planted that form of doctrine, into which together in the likeness of his death, you have been delivered. we shall be also in the likeness of 18 Being then freed from sin, wo his resurrection.

have been made servants of justice. 6 Knowing this, that our old 19 I speak an human thing, beman is crucified with him, that the cause of the infirmity of your flesh. body of sin may be destroyed, to For as you have yielded your memthe end that we may serve sin no bers to serve uncleanness and inilonger.

quity, unto iniquity ; so now yield * For he that is dead, is justified your members to serve justice, unfrom sin.

to sanctification. 8 Now if we be dead with Christ, 20 For when you were the serwe believe that we shall live also vants of sin, you were free men to together with Christ.

justice. 9. Knowing that Christ rising 21 What fruit therefore had you again from the dead, dieth now no then in those things,

of which you more, death shall no more have do- are now ashamed? For the end of minion over him.

them is death.

Chap. 5. Ver. 20. That sin might abound. Not as if the law were given on purpose for sin to abound : but that it so happened through man's perversity, taking occasion of sinning more, from the prohibition of sin.

Ver. 6. old man-body of sin. Our corrupt state, subject to sin and concupiscence com ing to us from Adam, is called our old man (as our state reformed in and by Christ, to the now mon.) And the vices and sina, which then rulled in us, are banned the day to

22 But now being made free from. 7 What shall we say then ? sín, and become servants to God, the law sin ! God forbid. But I you have your fruit unto sanctifica-did not know sin, but by the law; tion, and the end life everlasting: for I had not known concupiscence,

23 For the wages of sin, is death. if the law did not say : Thou shalt But the grace of God, life everlast- not covet. ing, in Christ Jesus our Lord. 8 But sin taking occasion by the CHAP. VII.

commandment wrought in me all We are released by Christ from the manner of concupiscence. For law.

without the law sin was dead.

9 And I lived some time withK Spex you het, brethren, (for)

speak to them that know the out the law. But when the comlaw) that the law hath dominion mandment came, sin revived. over a man, as long as it liveth ? 10 And I died.

And the com2 For the woman that hath an mandment, that was ordained to husband, whilst her husband liveth life, the same was found to be unto is bound to the law. But if her death to me. husband be dead, she is loosed 11 For sin, taking occasion by from the law of her husband. the commandment seduced me,and

3 Therefore, whilst her husband by it killed me. liveth, she shall be called an adul 12 Wherefore the law indeed is teress, if she be with another man: holy, and the commandment holy, but if her husband be dead, she is and just, and good. delivered from the law of her hus 13 Was that then which is good, band : so that she is not an adul-made death unto me? God forbid. teress if she be with another man: But sin, that it may appear sin, by

4 Therefore, my brethren, you that which is good, wrought death also are become dead to the law by in me: that sin by the commandthe body of Christ; that you may ment might become sinful above belong to another, who is risen measure. again from the dead, that we may 14 For we know that the law is bring forth fruit to God.

spiritual, but I am carnal, sold un5 For when we were in the flesh, der sin. the passions of sins which were by 15 For that which I work, 1 unthe law, did work in our members, derstand not, for I do not that to bring forth fruit unto death. good which I will, but the evil

6 But now we are loosed from which I hate, that I do. the law of death, wherein we were 16 If then I do that which I will detained : so that we should serve not, I consent to the law, that is in newness of spirit, and not in the good. oldness of the letter.

17 Now then it is no more I that

Ver. 1. It liveth, or as long as he liveth.

Ver. 8. Sin taking occasion. Sin, or concupiscence (which is called sin, because it is from sin, and leads to sin) which was asleep before, was wakened by the prohibition: the law nor being the cause thereof, nor properly giving occasion to it: but occasion being taken by our corrupt nature to resist the commandment laid upon us.

Ver. 13. That it may appear sin; or that sin may appear, viz. to be the monster it is, which is even capable to take occasion from that which is good to work death.

Ver. 15. I do not that good which I will, &c. The apostle here describes the disorderly mo. tions of passion and concupiscence; whic oft

in us get the start of reason : and by means of which even good men suffer in the inferior appetite what their will abhors; and are much hindered in the accomplishment of the desires of their spirit and mind. But these avil motions (though they are called the law of sin, because they come from original sin, and violently tempt and incline to sin) as long as the will does not consent to them are not sins,

Qumo they are not voluntary.

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TO THE ROMANS. do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. not according to the fleste but 18 For I know that there dwelleth cording to the spirit. pot in me, that is to say, in my 5 For they that are according to flesh, that which is good. For to the flesh, mind the things that are will, is present with me, but to ac- of the flesh; but they that are accomplish that which is good, 1cording to the spirit, mind the things find not.

that are of the spirit. 19 For the good which I will I 6 For the wisdom of the flesh, is do not; but the evil which I will death: but the wisdom of the spirit, not, that I do.

is life and

peace. 20 Now if I do that which I will 7 Because the wisdom of the flesh not, it is no more I that do it, but is an enemy to God: for it is not sin that dwelleth in me.

subject to the law of God, neither 21 I find then a law, that when can it be. I have a will to do good, evil is 8 And they who are in the flesh, present with me.

cannot please God. 22 For I am delighted with the 9 But you are not in the flesh, law of God, according to the in- but in the spirit, if so be that the ward man:

spirit of God dwell in you. Now 23 But I see another law in my if any man have not the spirit of members, fighting against the law Christ, he is none of his. of my mind, and captivating me in 10 And if Christ be in you; the the law of sin, that is in my members. body indeed is dead because of sin,

24 Unhappy man that I am, who but the spirit liveth because of jusshall deliver me from the body of tification. this death?

11 And if the Spirit of him, that 25 The grace of God by JESUS raised up JESUS from the dead, Christ our Lord. Therefore I my- dwell in you; he that raised up

JEself, with the mind, serve the law of sus Christ from the dead, shall God; but with theflesh, thelawofsin. quicken also your mortal bodies, CHAP. VIII.

because of his Spirit that dwelleth There is no condemnation of them in you. that are in Christ.

12 Therefore, brethren, we are WHERE is now therefore no debtors, not to the flesh, to live acare in CHRIST JESUS, who walk not 13 For if you live according to according to the flesh.

the flesh, you shall die. But if by 2 For the law of the spirit of life, the spirit, you mortify the deeds of in CHRIST JESUS, hath delivered the flesh, you shall live. me from the law of sin and of 14 For whosoever are led by the death.

Spirit of God, they are the sons of 3 For what the law could not do, God. in that it was weak through the 15 For you have not received the flesh; God sending his own Son, in spirit of bondage again in fear; but the likeness of sinful flesh, and of you have received the spirit of adopsin hath condemned sin in the flesh, tion of sons, whereby we cry: Abba,

4 That the justification of the law (Father.) might be fulfilled in us who walk 16 For the Spirit himself giveth

Ver. 16. The spirit himself, &c. By the inward motions of divine love, and the peace of conscience which the children of God experience, they have a kind of testimony of God's fa. your ; by which they are much strengthened in their hope of their justification and salvation: buss yet not so as to pretend to an absoluto assurance · which is not usually granted in te

testimony to our spirit, that we are 27 And he that searcheth the the sons of God.

hearts, knoweth what the Spirit de17 And if sons, heirs also : heirs sireth: because he asketh for the indeed of God, and joint heirs with saints according to God. Christ: yet so if we suffer with him, 28 And we know that to them that we may be also glorified with that love God, all things work tohim.

gether unto good, to such as ac18 For I reckon, that the suffer- cording to his purpose are called to ings of this time are not worthy to be saints. be compared with the glory to 29 For whom he fore-knew, he come, that shall be revealed in us. also predestinated to be made con

19 For the expectation of the formable to the image of his Son : creature, waiteth for the revelation that he might be the first-born of the sons of God.

among many brethren. 20 For the creature was made 30 And whom he predestinated : subject to vanity, not willingly, but them he also called. And whom he by reason of him that made it sub-called ; them he also justified. And ject, in hope:

whom he justified; them he also 21 Because the creature also it- glorified. self shall be delivered from the ser

31 What shall we then say to vitude of corruption, into the liberty these things ? If God be for us, who of the glory of the children of God. is against us?

22 For we know that every crea 32 He that spared not even his ture groaneth, and travaileth in pain own Son; but delivered him up for even till now.

us all, how hath he not also, with 23 And not only it, but ourselves him, given us all things? also, who have the first fruits of the 33°Who shall accuse against spirit, even we ourselves groan the elect of God? God that jus within ourselves, waiting for the tifieth. adoption of the sons of God, the 34 Who is he that shall condemn! redemption of our body.

Christ Jesus that died, yea that is 24 For we are saved by hope. risen also again, who is at the right But hope that is seen, is not hope. hand of God, who also maketh inFor what a man seeth, why doth he tercession for us. hope for ?

35 Who then shall separate us 25 But if we hope for that which from the love of Christ? shall triwe see not: we wait for it with pa-bulation ? or distress? or famine? tience.

or nakedness! or danger? or per26 Likewise the Spirit also help-secution ? or the sword ? eth our infirmity. For, we know 36 (As it is written: For thy sake not what we should pray for as we we are put to death all the day long. ought: but the Spirit himself ask- We are accounted as sheep for the eth for us with unspeakable groan- slaughter.) ings.

37 But in all these things we over

mortal life; during which we are taught to work out our salvation with fear and trembling. Phil. ii. 12. And that he who thinketh himself to stand, must take heed lest he fall, 1 Cor. x 12. See also Rom. xi. 20, 21, 22.

Ver. 26. Asketh for us. The Spirit is said to ask, and desire for the saints, and to pray in us; in as much as he inspireth prayer, and teacheth us to pray.,

Ver. 29. He also predestinated, &c. That is, God hath pre-ordained that all his elect should be conformable to the image of his Son. We must not here offer to dive into the secrets o. God's eternal election ; only firmly believe that all our good, in time, and eternity, flows omignolla from God's free goodness; and all our evil from man's free will.

I lie hot, My conscience


oomebecause of him that hath loved] 7 Neither are all they, that are the ús.

seed of Abraham, children: but in 38 For I am sure that neither Isaac shall thy seed be called. death, nor life, nor angels, nor prin 8 That is to say, not they that cipalities, nor powers, nor things are the children of the fesh, are the present, nor things to come, nor children of God: but they, that are might,

the children of the promise, are’ac39 Ņor" height, nor death, nor counted for the seed. any other creature shall be able to 9 For this is the word of promise: separate us from the love of God, According to this time will I come ; which is in Christ JESUS our Lord. and Sara shall have a son. CHAP. IX.

10 And not only she. But when The apostle's concern for the Jews. Rebecca also had conceived at once, SPEAK the truth in Christ, I of Isaac our father.

11 For when the children were me witness in the Holy Ghost. not yet born, nor had done any good

2 That I have great sadness and or evil (that the purpose of God accontinual sorrow in my heart. cording to election might stand.)

3 For I wished myself to be an 12 Not of works, but of him that anathema from Christ, for my bre- calleth, it was said to her : The thren, who are my kinsmen aceord- elder shall serve the younger. ing to the flesh,

13 As it is written : Jacob I have 4 Who are Israelites, to whom | loved, but Esau I have hated. belongeth the adoption as of chil 14 What shall we say then ? Is dren, and the glory, and the testa- their injustice with God ? God ment, and the giving of the law, forbid. and the service of God, and the 15 For he saith to Moses : I will promises :

have mercy on whom I will have 5 Whose are the fathers, and of mercy, and I will shero mercy to whom is Christ according to the whom I will shew mercy. flesh, who is over all things, God 16 So then it is not of him that blessed for ever, Amen.

willeth, nor of him that runneth, 6 Not as though the word of but of God that sheweth mercy. God hath miscarried. For, all are 17 For the scripture saith to not Israelites that are of Israel : Pharao: To this purpose have I rais

Ver. 38. I am sure, that is, I am persuaded : as it is in the Greek, mínioUQI.

Ver. 3. Anathema, a curse. The apostle's concern and love for his countrymen, the Jews, was so great, that he was willing to suffer even an anathema, or curse for their sake; or any evil that could come upon him, without his offending God.

Ver. 6. All are not Israelites, &c. Not all, who are the carnal seed of Israel, are true Israelites in God's account : who, as by his free grace he heretofore preferred Isaac before Ishmael, and Jacob before Esau, so could, and did, by the like free grace, election, and mercy, raise up spiritual children by faith to Abraham and Israel, from among the Gentiles, and prefer them before the carnal Jews.

Ver. 11. Not yet born, &c. By this example of these two twins, and the preference of the younger to the elder, the drift of the apostle is, to shew that God, in his election, mercy, and grace, is not tied to any particular nation, as the Jews imagined, nor to any prerogative of birth, or any foregoing merits. For as, antecedently to his grace, he sees no merits in any, but finds all involved in sin, in the common Jump of condemnațion; and all children of wrath; there is no one whom he might not justly leave in that lump: So that whomsoever he delivers from it, he delivers in his mercy; and whomsoever he leaves in it, he leaves in his justice. As when, of two equally criminal, the king is pleased out of pure mercy to pardon one, whilst he suffers justice to take place in the execution of the other. Ver. 16. Not of him that willeth, &c. That is, by any power or strength of his own,

ab. stracting from the grace of God.

Ver. 17. To this purpose, &c. Not that God made him on purpose, that he should sin and

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