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ed thee, that I may shero my power called the sons of the living God. in thee; and that my name may

be 27 And Isaias crieth out condeclared throughout all the earth. cerning Israel : If the number of the

18 Therefore he hath mercy on children of Israei be as the sand of whom he will ; and, whom he will the sea ; å remnant shall be saved. he hardeneth.

28 For he shall finish his word, 19 Thou wilt say therefore to and cut it short in justice : because a me: Why doth he then find fault ? short word shall the Lord make upon for who resisteth his will ? the earth.

20 O man, who art thou that re 29 And as Isaias foretold : Unpliest against God? shall the thing less the Lord of Sabaoth had left us formed say to him that formed it, a seed, we had been made as Sodom, why hast thou made me thus ? and we had been like unto Gomorrhał 21 Or hath not the potter power

30 What then shall we say ? over the clay, of the same lump, to That the gentiles, who followed not make one vessel unto honour, and after justice, have attained to jusanother unto dishonour ?

tice, even the justice that is of faith. 22 What if God, willing to shew 31 But Israel, by following after his wrath, and to make his power the law of justice, is not come unto known, endured with much pa- the law of justice. tience vessels of wrath, fitted for de 32 Why so ? because they sought struction,

it not by faith, but as it were of 23 That he might shew the riches works. For they stumbled at the ofhis glory on the vessels of mercy, stumbling stone. which he hath prepared unto glory? 33 As it is written : Behold I lay

24 Even us, whom also he hath in Siona stumbling stone and a rock called, not only of the Jews, but al- of scandal : and whosoever believeth so of the gentiles,

in him, shall not be confounded. 25 As in Osee he saith : I will

CHAP. X. call,

that which was not my people, The end of the law is faith in Christ. beloved, beloved : and her, there mand BRETHREN, the will of my

heart, indeed, and my prayer not obtained mercy, one that hath to God, is for them unto salvation. obtained mercy.

2 For I bear them witness, that 26 And it shall be, in the place they have a zeal of God, but not acwhere it was said unto them, you are cording to knowledge. not my people : there they shall bel 3 For they not knowing the jus

60 be damned: But foreseeing his obstinacy in sin, and the abuse of his own free-will, he raised him up to be a mighty king, to make a more remarkable example of him ; and that his power might be better known, and his justice, in punishing him, published throughout the earth.

Ver. 18. He hardeneth. Not by being the cause, or author of his sin ; but by withholding his grace, and so leaving him in his sin, in punishment of his past demerits.

Ver. 21. The potter. This similitude is used only to shew that we are not to dispute with our Maker ; nor to reason with him why he does not give as great grace to one as to ano. ther : for since the whole lump of our clay is vitiated by sin, 'tis owing to his goodness and mercy, that he makes out of it so many vessels of honour; and 'tis no more than just that others in punishment of their unrepented of sins should be given up to be vessels of dis. honour.

Ver. 27. Aremnant. That is, a small number only of the children of Israel shall be con. verted and saved. How perversely is this text quoted for the salvation of men of all religlons, when it speaks only of the converts of the children of Israel.

Ver. 8. The justice of God. That is, the justice which God giveth us through Christ : as on the other hand the Jews own justice is that which they pretended to by their owa

op by the obnorvteco of the law, without faith in Chirhat.

tice of God, and seeking to establish, unless they be sent ? as it is writtheir own, have not submitted ten: Howo beautiful are the feet of themselves to the justice of God. them that preach the gospel of peace,

4 For the end of the law is of them that bring glad tidings of Christ, unto justice to every one good things. that believeth.

16 But all do not obey the gos5 For Moses wrote, that thejus- pel. For Isaias saith : Lord, who tice which is of the law, the man hath believed our report? that shall do it shall live by it. 17 Faith then cometh by hearing:

6 But the justice which is of and hearing by the word of Christ. faith, speaketh thus : Say not in thy 1, 18 But 1 say: Have they not heart, Who shall ascend into hea- heard ? Yes, verily, their sound ven ? that is, to bring Christ down: hath gone forth into all the earth,

7 Or who shall descend into the and their words unto the ends of the deep? that is, to bring up Christ whole world. again from the dead.

19 But I say : Hath not Israel 8 But what saith the scripture ? known ? First Moses saith : I will The word is nigh thee, even in thy provoke you to jealousy by that which mouth, and in thy heart. This is is not a nation ; by a foolish nation the word of faith which we preach. I will anger you.

9 For if thou confess with thy 20 But Isaias is bold, and saith : mouth the Lord Jesus, and believe I was found by them, that did not in thy heart that God hath raised seek me : I appeared openly to them him up from the dead, thou shalt that asked not after me. be saved.

21 But to Israel he saith : All 10 For, with the heart, we believe the day long have I spread my hands unto justice; but, with the mouth, to a people, that believeth not, and confession is made untó salvation. contradicteth me. 11 For the scripture saith :

CHAP. XI. Whosoever believeth in hin, shall not God hath not

cast off all Israel. be .

SAY then:Hath God cast away

of the Jew and the Greek : for the I also am an Israelite of the seed of same is Lord over all, rich unto all Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. that call upon him.

2 God hath not cast away his 13 For whosoever shall call upon people, which he foreknew. Know the name of the Lord, shall be saved. you not what the scripture saith of

14 How then, shall they call on Elias : how he calleth on God him, in whom they have not be- against Israel ? lieved ? Or how shall they believe 3 Lord, they have slain thy prohim, of whom they have not heard ? phets, they have dug down thy alAnd how shall they hear, without tars: and I am left alone, and they a preacher ?

seek my life. '15 And how shall they preach 4 But what saith the divine an

Ver. 9. Thou shalt be saved. To confess the Lord Jesus, and to call upon the name of the Lord, ver. 13. is not barely the professing a belief in the person of Christ : but moreover implies a belief of his whole doctrine, and an obedience to his law; without which the calling him Lord will save no man. St. Matt. vii. 21.

Ver. 15. Unless t'iey be sent. Note this against all new teachers, who have all usurped to themselves the ministry without any lawful mission derived by succession from the aposo ties, to whom Christ said, John xx. 21. As my father hath sent me, I also send you

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swer to him ? I have left me seven long indeed as I am the apostle of thousand men, that have not bowed the gentiles, I will honour my mitheir knees to Baal.

nistry, 5 Even so then at this present 14 If by any means I may protime also, there is a remnant saved voke to emulation them who are my according to the election of grace. flesh, and may save some of them.

6 And if by grace it is not now 15 For if the loss of them be the by works : otherwise grace is no reconciliation of the world ; what more grace.

shall the receiving of them be, but 7 What then? That which Israel life from the dead ? sought he hath not obtained; but 16 For if the first fruit be holy, the election hath obtained it, and so is the lump also : and if the root the rest have been blinded. be holy, so are the branches.

8 As it is written : God hath given 17 And if some of the branches them the spirit of insensibility; eyes be broken, and thou being a wild that they should not see, and ears olive, art ingrafted in them, and art that they should not hear; until made partaker of the root and of this present day.

the fatness of the olive tree. 9 And David saith: Let their ta- 18 Boast not against the branches. ble be made a snare, and a trap, and But if thou boast : thou bearest not a stumbling block, and a recompence the root, but the root thee. unto them.

19 Thou wilt say then : The 10 Let their eyes be darkened, that branches were broken off that I they may not see: and bow dowon might be grafted in. their back always.

20 Well : because of unbelief 11 l say then, have they so they were broken off. But thou stumbled, that they should fall ? standest by faith : be not highGod forbid. But by their offence, minded ; but fear. salvation is come to the gentiles, 21 For if God hath not spared that they may be emulous of them. the natural branches ; lest perhaps

12 Now if the offence of them he also spare not thee. be the riches of the world, and the 22 See then the goodness and diminution of them, the riches of the severity of God: towards them the gentiles; how much more the indeed that are fallen, the severity, fulness of them ?

but towards thee, the goodness of 13 For I say to you gentiles; as God, if thou abide in goodness,

Ver. 4. Seven thousand, &c. This is very ill alleged by some against the perpetual visibi. lity of the church of Christ : the more because however the number of the fathful might be abridged by the persecution of Jezabel in the kingdom of the ten tribes; the church was at the same time in a most flourishing condition (under Asa and Josaphat) in the kingdom of Judah.

Ver. 6. It is not now by works, &c. If salvation were to come by works, done by nature, without faith and grace, salvation would not be a grace or favour, but a debt : But such dead works are indeed of no value in the sight of God towards salvation. It is not the same with regard to works done with and by God's grace : for to such works as these he has pro. mised eternal salvation.

Ver. 8. God hath given them, &c. Not by his working or acting in them ; but by per. mission, and by withdrawing his grace in punishment of their obstinacy.

Ver. 11. That they should fall. The nation of the Jews is not absolutely and without remedy cast off for eyer ; but in part only (many thousands of them having been at first converted) and for a time : which fall of theirs God has boen pleased to turn to the good of the gentiles.

Ver. 20. Thou standest by faith, be not high-minded, but fear. We see here that he who standeth by faith may fall from it : and therefore must live in fear, and not in the rain presumption and security of modern sectaries.

Peser you should be wise in your I thren, by the mercy of God, that

otherwise thou also shalt be cut off the wisdom and of the knowledge

23 And they also, if they abide of God! How incomprehensible are not still in unbelief, shall be grafted his judgments, and how unsearchin. For God is able to graft them able his ways! in again.

34 For who hath known the 24 For if thou wert cut out of mind of the Lord ? Or who hath the wild olive tree, which is natural been his counsellor ? to thee : and contrary to nature, 35 Or who hath first given to him, were grafted into the good olive and recompence shall be made him? tree; how much more shall they, 36 For of him, and by him, and that are the natural branches, be in him are all things : to him be grafted into their own olive tree? glory for ever. Amen. 25 For I would not have you

CHAP. XII. ignorant, brethren, of this mystery Lesson of Christian virtues,

BESEECH you therefore, breown conceits) that blindness in part has happened in Israel, until the ful- you present your bodies a living ness of the gentiles should come in. sacrifice, holy, pleasing unto God,

26. And so all Israel should be your reasonable service. saved, as it is written : There shall 2 And be not conformed to this come out of Sion, he that shall deli- world; but be reformed in the new ver, and shall turn away ungodlinessness of your mind, that you may from Jacob.

prove what is the good, and the ac27 And this is to them my cove- ceptable, and the perfect will of God. nant : when I shall take away their 3 For I say, by the grace that is sins.

given me, to all that are among 28 As concerning the gospel, in-you, not to be more wise than it deed, they are enemies for your behoveth to be wise, but to be wise sake: but as touching the election, unto sobriety,and according as God they are most dear for the sake of hath divided to every one the meathe fathers.

sure of faith. 29 For the gifts and the calling 4 For as in one body we have of God are without repentance. many members, but all the mem

30 For as you also in times pastbers have not the same office: did not believe God, but now have 5 So we being many, are one obtained mercy, through their un-body in Christ, and every one membelief;

bers one of another. 31 So these also now have not 6 And having different gifts, acbelieved, for your mercy that they cording to the grace that is given also may obtain mercy.

us, either prophecy, to be used ac32 For God hath concluded all cording to the rule of faith. in unbelief, that he may have mer 7 Or ministry, in ministering; or

he that teacheth, in doctrine. 33 O the depth of the riches of| 8 He that exhorteth in exhorting, Ver. 22. Otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. The gentiles are here admonished not to be proud, nor to glory against the Jews; but to take occasion rather from their fall to fear and to be humble, lest they be cast off. Not that the whole church of Christ can ever fall from him ; having been secured by so many divine promises in holy writ: but that each one in particular may fall, and therefore all in general are to be admonished to beware of that, which may happen to any one in particular

Ver. 32. Concluded all in unbelief. He hath found all nations, both Jews and gentiles, in unbelief and sin; not by his causing, but by the abuse of their own free-will : 80 thai their calling and election is purely owing to his mercy.

cy on all.

he that giveth with simplicity, hel 3 For princes are not a terror to that ruleth with carefulness, ne that the good work, but to the evil. sheweth mercy with cheerfulness. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the

9 Let love be without dissimula- power? Do that which is good: and tion. Hating that which is evil, thou shalt have praise from the same. cleaving to that which is good. 4 For he is God's minister to thee,

10 Loving one another with the for good. But if thou do that which charity of brotherhood, with honour is evil, fear: for he beareth not the preventing one another.

sword in vain. For he is God's 11 In carefulness not slothful. In minister : an avenger to execute spirit fervent. Serving the Lord. wrath upon him that doth evil.

12 Rejoicing in hope. Patient in 5 Wherefore be subject of necestribulation. Instant in prayer. sity, not only for wrath, but also

13 Communicating to the neces- for conscience saké, sities of the saints. Pursuing hos 6 For therefore also you pay tripitality.

bute. For they are the ministers of 14 Bless them that persecute God, serving unto this purpose. you: bless, and curse not.

7 Render therefore to all men 15 Rejoice with them that re- their dues. Tribute, to whom trijoice, weep with them that weep. bute is due: custom to whom cus

16 Being of one mind one to-tom: fear to whom fear: honour to wards another. Not minding high whom honour. things, but consenting to the hum 8 Owe no man any thing, but to ble.

Be not wise in your own love one another. For he that loveth conceits.

his neighbour, hath fulfilled the 17 To no man rendering evil for law. evil. Providing good things not 9 For Thou shalt not commit adulonly in the sight of God, but also tery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt in the sight of all men.

not steal, Thou shalt not bear false 18 If it be possible, as much as is witness, Thou shalt not covet, and in you, having peace with all men. if there beany other commandment,

19 Not revenging yourselves, my it is comprised in this word, Thou dearly beloved, but give place unto shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. wrath, for it is written; Revenge to 10 The love of our neighbour me; I will repay, saith the Lord. worketh no evil. Love therefore is

20 But if thy enemy be hungry, the fulfilling of the law. give him to eat : if he thirst, give 11 And that knowing the season: him drink. For, doing this, thou that it is now the hour for us to rise shalt heap coals of fire upon his head. from sleep. For now our salvation

21 Bé not overcome by evil, but is nearer than when we believed. overcome evil by good.

12 The night is passed, and the CHAP. XIII.

day is at hand. Let us therefore Lessons of obedience to superiors. cast off the works of darkness, and

higher powers: for there is no 13 Let us walk honestly as in the power but from God : and those day, not in rioting and drunkenness, that are, are ordained of God.

not in chambering and impurities, 2 Therefore he that resisteth the not in contention and envy: power, resisteth the ordinance of 14 But put ye on the Lord JESUS God. And they that resist, purchase Christ, and make not provision to themselves damnation, for the flesh in its concupiscences.

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