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Mezerai's account of the great ignorance of the French
bishops and clergy - -

THE NINTH CENTURY.

Great corruptiom of the English people Hovedem
Great contentions in the Eastern Church about images
Under the pressure of persecutiom a great apostasy from the
faith in Spain - - - -

Distracted state of the French Church

Great moral corruption in Belgic Gaul. -

A schism between the Greek and Romam Churches -

Pope John VIII. complains of the perversity of the wicked

within the Church - - -

Confession of the Council of St. Macara of the general sin-
fulness of the bishops, priests, and people -

The decrees of the Councils of Mentz and Mayence against

priestly immorality - - -

Pleuri's account of the moral corruption at Rome
Denina ascribes almost all the civil wars between the
descendants of Charlemagne to the exorbitant power
ofthe bishops - - - -
Some of the Italiam bishops appear in arms Denina
Pope Formosus affirmed that heresies and schisms sprang
up on all sides in the Roman Church - -
The outrage committed by Pope Stephen VII. upom the
corpse of Pope Formosus - - -

Some of É religious controversies of this century

Platina's account of the Papal and general corruption

Baronius calls it am iron and leadem age - -
Baronius states that monsters were intruded into the Papal
seat; - . - - -

Genebrard says, that for about 150 years, of fifty Popes,

all but five of them were apostatieal, rather than

apostolical - - - .

Baronius shews that the Papal succession from St. Peter
was completely destroyed - . -
Am account ofTthe wicked Pope Servius from Labbæus?
Councils . - - - -
The corruptstate of the French Church in the tenth Century
Disorderly state of the French monasteries •
Immorality of the French priests -
Gross French episcopal and clerical ignoramce . -
Election to the Papal chair of the Wicked Pope John X.
Labbæus' Councils
The general ignorance in Italy and its evil consequences .
Irregular election of Pope J Ä; XII. Labbæus

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152

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157

158

160

PAGE.
The Romam Council in which John XII. was deposed for
immorality and sacrilege - •. ... 160
The epistle of the above Couficil to John XII., in which
they accuse him of homicide, perjury, and incest . 168
The Román Council called by John XII. which denounces
the above Council . - '•. . 163
Pope Benedict VI. is strangled by Boniface, a cardinal, who
sat as Pope for a yéar and one month ... 165
Baronius calls tfiose whd occupied the Papal chair in this
century robbers and highrvaymen - . 167
Great elerical immorality, especially of the Italiam Clergy
Dupin 168
Immorality of the English Clergy - Labbæus 169
THE ELEVENTH CENTURY.
Schism in the Romam See - - Dupin 170
Baronius' account of the Papal Cerberus 172

Great tumult at the election of Pope Alexander Ii. Dupiii 173
Great ignorance of the clergy - . Fleury 178

Great simony among Romam ecclesiastics - . 174

Pope Alexander II.Tsaid that in the Church at Lucca, the
Church and its belongings were exposed to sale like
merchandise • - - . 175

Extracts from Pope Alexander II.'s letters descriptive of
clerical immoralities . - - 176, 7

Great decline ofpiety amongthe English before the Normam
Conquest

(William of Malmesbury and Henry of Huntingdon) 178
Baronius compares the Roman clergy tofoxes, wolves, lions,
and scorpions • - - . 179
-^ Gregory VIIth's picture of the corruption of the Church
Baronius and Labbaeus 180
Gregory VIIth's description of the corruption in France . 181
Gregory VIIth's account of episcopal corruption and of the

desolation qf the Christiam religion - . 182
Waltram, bishop of Naumberg's account of the evils arising

from the disputes between the Pope and German

Emperor . • - - - . 183
Genebrard's account of priestly depravity - . 183
The Bishop of Mans' de$cription ofthe Court of Rome . 184
Matthew Paris describes a schism in the Church . 184
Fleuri's account of Papal ambition . - . 185

Rome and Italy infestéd by cut-throats
(William of Malmesbury) 186
Muratori proves that Gregory VI. obtained the Popedomi
by simony - - - . 187
He shews that simony was general throughout Italy . 188

pace.

Character of the eleventh Century from the * Giornale de'

letterati” . - - - . 189
Outrage and tumult at Milan, the Archbishop was bastina-

doed - - - - . 190
The Council of Clairemont enjoins priestly celibacy and

fasting - - . . 19]

THE CORRUPTIONS OF THE TWELFTH CENTURY.

St. Bernard depicts the incapacity and ambition of theclergy 191
St. Bernard's account of the horrid and disgusting depravity
of the clergy - - - . 192
St. Bernard's description of the luxury and vanity of the
monks, and of the devices by which, through the
richly decorated relics, they obtained money ; the
spiritual powerty of the Church . - 194-5
His description of the pomp of the Abbots - . 196
His account of the peóple of Rome, in which he says that
the Roman pastüres are rather those of devils than
of sheep - - - - -
The general prevalence of simony in the French Church
Baronius 197

197

The unhappy state of the Normam Church Baronius 198
Pope Gelasius, when driven out of Rome, denounces it as
IBabylon • - . 199

Indiscipline in the Irish Church for fifteen generations
Baronius 199
Many of the Roman Cardinals were bribed by the King of

England . - - - . 200
St. Thomas (a Becket) says that every one of the great men
(potentum) fornicates with Rome - -
The venality of the priests and indiscipline of the monas-
teries - - - . Dupin 201

Honorius Augustodunensis calls Rome, Babylon .
The venality of the clergy and desolate aspect of the Church
St. Bernard 203

John of Salisbury's character of the Roman Church . 203
St. Elizabeth reproaches the prelates for their pomp and
luxury 204

The corrupt state of Christiaiiity at Jerúsalem Muratori £?
Pope Paschal states that the greater part of the English

priests were the sons of priests . Labbæus 205
Certain of the English priests return to their wives and

concubines . • - Labbæus 205
Conciliar decrees against clerical immorality . 206-7

The second General Council of Lateran issues a decree
against priests who were married or had concubines 207
The ordinations of the Antipope Peter Leo and others are

declared to be void 208

pa G e. The ordinations of Octaviam declared to be void by the Council of Turin - - . 208 The decree of the third General Council of Lateran against immoral priests - - - . 208 The general prevalence of dissensions and scandals in Christendom • - Labbæus 208 Simony and other abuses in Swedem and Gothland 209 The prevalence of heresy in France, Spain, Italy, and Germany • - - - . 210 Schisms in the Papacy at the close of the eleventh and beginning of the twelfth century . 211, 212, 213 Evils resulting from these schisms in Germany, scarcely any£. ordained priests to be found there 214 St. Bernard's description of the evils of these schisms 215 Rebellion of the Romans in the time of Arnald 216 Earonius' account of the schism and mutual Papal excommunications, an. 1159 - - 217 Evils of the schisms as related, I.abbæus' Councils 218 Fleuri's account of the schism 220 THE THIRTEBNTH CENTURY. Innocent III. laments the corruption of the clergy and Church in general, an. 1215 - 223-4 Honorius III. laments the corruption of the clergy and the negligence of the prelates • - . 225 Gregory IX. describes the evils under which the Church laboured • - • . 227 Gregory IX. depicts the decrease of faith and the increase ofiniquity . • - - . 227 A dreadful heresy in Germany - - . 228 Pope Innocent IV. at the Gêneral Council of Lyons says much respecting the irregular conduct of the prelates and of those who were subiect to them . . 229 Awful description of the É corruption of the priests and laity given by the Bishop of Lincoln, Grossetète, before the Pope and his càrdinals at the General Council of Lyons • - - . 230 Pope Alexander IV. laments the corruption of the priests and people - - - . 233 Grossetête'§ account of the gross ignorance of many of the priests - • • - . 235 Pope Gregory X. speaks of the general subversion of morals in priests and people . - - . 236 At the second General Council of Lyons, the Pope says that the prelates were ruining the whole world . 237 Fleury; account of the unhappy state of Western Christen- 7 Om -• - . - . 23

Ipag e.

The Pope wishes to confer the best English benefices on Italians - - - . Fleury 238 Sad state of the Church in Germany . . Fleury 238 General incontinence of the clergy . . Fleury 240 Certain abuses in the French Church . . Fleury 240

Extracts from Matthew Paris' History:—

The pride and avarice of the Pope 241
The venality of the Roman Court . 241
Disorders in the monasteries of Canterbury . 243
Decay of faith and simony in the English Church 244
Great disorders and venality at Rome - . 245

The Church of Rome as a bold harlot sets everything
to sale - . . - . 246
Insatiable cupidity of the Roman Church 246
Extortions of the Papal legate 247
Complaint of the whole of England 248
England's grievances . - - . 249
The ambition of the preaching brethren - 251-2
The French disgusted with Papal rapacity . . 253
The King of France distrusts the avarice of the Pope . 254
The King of England complains to the Pope . 254

All respect for the Roman Church and the Papal Court
gone in England • . 255

Disputes between the religious orders

255-6

Fleury's account of the misconduct of the religioiis orders 257-8

Muratori's description of the unhappy state of Italy and
Germany I . - - - -
Various decree§ of Provincial Councils to suppress priestly
immorality:— .

The Council of Paris, an. 1212
The Council of Rouen, am. 1214
The fourth Council of Lateram, an. 1215 . •
The Constitutions of the Bishop of Salisbury, an. 1217
A Scotch Council, an. 1225 - - -
The Council of Metz, an. 1225
The Council of Rouem, an. 1231 . -
Ancient precepts of the Diocese of Rouem, an. 1235
Constitutions of the Archbp. of Canterbury, an. 1236
The Council of Sienna, an. 1239 -
The Synod of Worcester, an. 1240
The Council of Wetzlar, an. 1246 . ' -
Constitution for the diocese of Maestricht, an. 1247
The Council of Cologne, an. 1260 .
The Council of Wienna, an. 1267
The Council of London, an. 1268 .
The Council of Sienna, an. 1269 .
The Council of Langeois, an. 1278

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