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the successful conduct of military opera- “ the country will never be prepared for detions.”

fense until we do as other great nations do This suggestion is somewhat similar to one that have large interests to guard. ... made more than a year ago by Commodore “ There is no reason why one woman's R. G. Denig, and reported in The Outlook. should go out and defend Commodore Denig advocated the establish- trained to defend another

and ment of a preparatory school to serve both her son who refuses to take training or West Point and Annapolis, and to have a one- give service. The only democratic method year course which would be the equivalent of is for every man in his youth to become the first year of training at the two National trained in order that he may render efficient Academies. Such a course, Commodore service if called upon in war." Denig pointed out, would weed out the unfit General Scott asserts that universal miliwho now to some extent cumber the enter- tary training “ has been the corner-stone" of ing classes at West Point and Annapolis. every republic in the history of the world, and

Secretary Baker's proposal is much more that it was intended by the makers of our comprehensive than the suggestion of Constitution to be a part of our system, but Commodore Denig in that it would build that their intentions were frustrated by the up a larger reserve of men. The question growth of the doctrine of States' rights. The has been raised whether the ends that Chief of Staff thinks that " we have fallen Secretary Baker has in view would not be away from the teaching of the fathers," who more economically reached by the develop- held that “every man owes a military as well ment of military training in schools already as a civil obligation to his Government.” existing The subject deserves wide dis- General Scott believes that military training cussion.

would benefit the youth and his parents as

well as the country. GENERAL SCOTT'S PROPOSALS

To prove that the Hay National Guard It

to us, however, that the system has been a failure, General Scott cites principal objection to Secretary Baker's figures showing that on July 31, 1916, scheme is that it does not go far enough. there were 151,096 Guardsmen on the The reform which goes the whole way,

border and in State mobilization camps, a and one which we have long advocated, number 4,083 under the authorized minimum was outlined by Major-General Hugh L. peace strength, and below war strength Scott, Chief of Staff, in his annual report by 97,350 men. From eleven States in made public the day after Secretary Baker's which complete returns are at hand thirtyreport was issued. This reform is universal seven per cent of the aggregate strength of military training, and General Scott gives it the militia at the date of call either failed to his unqualified indorsement.

report entirely or were dismissed for failure Among army men General Scott has never to pass physical examination. A month and been considered a militarist.

All the more,

a half after the call to the Guardsmen was therefore, should the General's arraignment issued only 110,957 officers and men were of the volunteer system be taken to heart by on the border out of 151,096 mustered into every one who thinks that that system will service for the President's call. Finally, so still suffice for this Republic. After calling cold was the response of the American public attention to the fact that several months after to the call for recruits, even in a National a call for recruits in a grave National emer- emergency, that in twenty-five days twenty gency was issued many of the organizations of recruiting stations in Massachusetts enlisted the National Guard have not yet · been raised only 189 recruits, while in New York during even to minimum peace strength, and like- a period of slightly more than a month the wise the units of the regular army have not recruiting was so slow and the cost of the been recruited to the minimum peace strength recruiting propaganda so great that the averauthorized in the new National Defense Act,” age expense of getting each recruit was General Scott goes on to say that this failure forty dollars. " should make the whole people realize that We hope it is not true, as General Scott the volunteer system does not, and probably intimates, that the fine volunteer spirit of will not, give us either the men we need for our fathers is moribund.” But certainly training in peace or for service in war. the evidence produced by the Chief of Staff

"In my judgment," says General Scott, as to the impracticability of our militia system

ought to be convincing. Even aside from the question of patriotism, as General Scott adds, the present militia system stands condemned when judged even by the standard of “ dollars and cents.”

" It was raining torrents and a black dusk had fallen upon the troubled waters. The boy clung desperately to the side of the pier, meanwhile trying to unstep his mast and furl his fapping sail. . .

“ Then a man came out of the dark and said that all shipwrecked mariners were his guests, and would the boy stay to dinner ?

• Forthwith the world came to rights. The youthful adventurer was escorted into the house, was outfitted with sweaters and other extemporized raiment, and went down to dinner feeling like a character out of some thrilling novel of the sea. There were a dozen people seated at the table, all in evening dress and very brilliant. But the boy had donned a high wing collar, which, despite the fact that it was several sizes too large for him, nevertheless established him as inured to the niceties of civilization. ... So that he soon became one of that pleasant company

" And after a dinner that was like romance in half a dozen chapters, the boy was sent home in one of his host's stately motor craft--with the chastened sailboat in tow. And the man who made guests of shipwrecked mariners stood on the pier in the rain and waved his hand to the boy.

“ The writer of this paragraph was that boy and George Boldt was that man. And it is entirely human and sad and regrettable that we have never been able to thank him."



The recent sudden death of Mr. George C. Boldt, proprietor of the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, New York City, brought into print many interesting stories of his remarkable career. He crossed the Atlantic when not much more than a boy to seek his fortune in this country, and, beginning very modestly, became the foremost hotel expert in the United States, if not in the world, as well as a very wealthy man. His administrative ability is measured not merely by his success in hotel building and management, but by the fact that he was a director of a large number of important enterprises outside of his own particular field. That he was a trustee of Cornell l'niversity and recently received an honorary degree from that institution indicates the wide range of his interests.

He was modest, kindly, thoughtful, and refined, and these qualities greatly counted in his business success. Among the many tributes that have been paid to him we have seen none with a deeper human interest than the following by Dana Burnet, which was published in the well-known - Sun Dial” column of the New York Evening Sun," nor do we think there was one which would have given Mr. Boldt greater pleasure if he could have seen it :

George C. Boldt is dead and there are many to pay him tribute ; but we have our own memory of the man.

* It is a memory confused with the adventure of a foolhardy boy in a leaky sailboat ; with a wild bluster of wind and a certain tumult of waters. .

There was a storm from the northeast and the bosom of the placid St. Lawrence was heaving in majestic anger. The boy was abroad in his leaky boat, very much excited to be out in such a wind--his seamanship was still a matter for parental regulation and general doubt-but on the whole rather enjoying the show. Suddenly the boat staggered head first into a small hillock of water and came up half drowned. The navigator hauled about and put for home. But the wind smote him and sent him .sidling helplessly into the shelter of a stranger's pier. . .



Among those who share the tercentenary honors of this year with Shakespeare and Cervantes is that haunter of bookstalls, gatherer of pamphlets, and codifier and abridger of other men's labors, Richard Hakluyt, of Herefordshire. The New York Public Library has been doing him honor. on the occasion of this anniversary, by an exhibition of books, maps, and manuscripts. A strange claimant, at first glance, seems Hakluyt, to rites from posterity. But it is not given to every man to realize that great history is in the making in his own day and to constitute himself the effective recorder of it. This is Hakluyt's distinction. A map was a growing thing to him, something bred and nurtured by explorers, adventurers, freebooters, and traffickers in rare and costly stuffs. One of his treasures-trove among pamphlets had been printed “in Latin in Macao, a city of China,'on China paper, in the year, a thousand, five hundred and ninety and was inter

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* Well, my boy, the old story, I suppose—the fool of the family sent to sea ?” Oh, no, sir; that's all altered since your day.”


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cepted in the great Carack, called Madre de ample vent of our woolen cloth” in the dios, two years after, inclosed in a case of “manifold islands of Japan and the northern sweet cedar wood and lapped up almost an parts of China and the regions of the Tartars hundredfold in fine calicut cloth, as though it next adjoining,” he never uses the jejune had been some incomparable jewel.” Others vocabulary of the modern Philistine, who can he found“ miserably scattered in mustie put the very be-all and end-all of his existence corners and recklessly hidden in mistie dark- into the phrase, “ Business is business.”

All these, as the ingenious Thomas Richard Hakluyt, a clergyman and Master Fuller once put it, he embodied, as of Arts, set himself to perpetuate what Promany several ships," into “ three squadrons fessor Raleigh has called “individual obseror well-freighted volumes. This it is which vation and particular experiences," content to the historian Froude has called, with a rational let every man answer for himself, justify his enthusiasm, “ the prose epic of the modern reports, and stand accountable for his own British nation."

doings.” It was only when they invaded the Let one of these mariner-pamphleteers clergyman's province and sermonized, as tell us what he has to offer us :

they were too apt to do, on the providence How to proceed and deal with strange peo

of God and the sinfulness of man that he cut ple, be they never so barbarous, cruel, and them short, blotting out, no doubt, some fierce.

excellent phrases forever. Of himself he How a pilot may deal, being environed with says little, except in connection with some mountains of ice in the frozen sea.

patron who has furthered his labors or some How pleasant and profitable it is to attempt map which was of " high and rare delight to new discoveries, either for the sundry sights him." But we know that he was of old Engand shapes of strange beasts and fishes, the

lish blood, was early orphaned, was Oxford wonderful works of nature, the different man

bred, well versed in the languages, interested ners and fashions of divers nations, the sundry sorts of governments, the sight of strange trees,

in improving nautical education and enlarging fruit, fowls, and beasts, the infinite treasure of

the knowledge of tropical diseases and their pearl, gold, and silver, the news of new-found cure, no navigator, but enough of a traveler land, the sundry positions of the sphere.

to change parishes in England, ferret out How dangerous it is to attempt new dis- men and books in many shires, and see somecoveries either for ... new and unaccustomed thing of the fair land of France. elements and airs, strange and unsavory meats, temporaries valued him enough to rest his danger of thieves and robbers, fierceness of bones in Westminster Abbey. wild beasts and fishes, hugeness of woods, dangerousness of seas, dread of tempests, steepness

THE CARNEGIE PENSION FUND of mountains, darkness of sudden fallen fogs.

In The Outlook of May 6, 1905, we gave Who will ever discover the exact relation- some account of a Pension Fund provided by ship between the swelling sails of the auda- Mr. Carnegie for teachers in colleges, unicious English pinnace and the Elizabethan's versities, and technical schools. This fund cadenced and elated diction ? Was it one of was to be applied without regard to race, sex, cause and effect ? Were they both the result creed, or color, but it did not include secof a common origin? Did they react upon tarian institutions. We stated that “preone another ? Certainly the English mariner liminary to the gift experts were employed was a man of imaginative speech. Whether, to calculate the amount of revenue adequate on setting sail, he pictured the Pole as the for the purpose proposed, and their report blessed spot where men“ are in perpetual shows that the five hundred thousand dollars light and never know what darkness mean- annual income provided will be ample." It eth," or on returning, ill and weather-beaten, now appears that the report was over-sanhe described shores “beset with ice, a league guine ; that the five hundred thousand dolinto the sea, making such irksome noise as lars is not adequate to meet the demand that it seemed to be the true pattern of deso- already made upon it, still less to meet the lation,” he was always, in his own brief way, growing demand which will inevitably result a creative author. Whether he was a mere from the rapid growth of our colleges. adventurer or a warring Protestant eager to Bulletin No. IX of the Carnegie Foundawreak a robber's vengeance on the hated tion, published this year, indicates that in the Spaniard, a greedy seeker after Orient pearls judgment of Dr. Henry S. Pritchett, Presiand rich bullion, or satisfied to "find out dent of the Carnegie Foundation, any such

His con

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