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1916

A PLEBISCITE IN ALSACE-LORRAINE

881

pire. That there are those in these border pro-Germans in Alsace make him lose sight provinces ready to throw themselves in the of some of the primary rights of his people. arms of the French is an illusion.” It This idea of a reintegration and not annexamust be true-Dr. Lentsch affirms it !

tion is as if these past forty-five years could Gothein, also a Radical in the Reichstag, be arbitrarily stricken off the calendar, and as unconsciously declared a principle which if if, for example, the three hundred thousand applied inversely would work in direct con- Germans who live there did not exist. Its tradiction with German policy. “We Ger- simplicity is only in abstraction. mans can consider ourselves very well satisfied To deny the peoples of Alsace-Lorraine a that French pacifists, in event of victory, voice in their future would be to disregard would not let the Alsatians have a right to one of the fundamental principles of the vote and dispose of their own existence. They French Republic-freedom for small peoples. must indeed have little hope in the result of Were a vote taken in Alsace, I am convinced such a vote. What concerns the French are that a majority of the people would choose to not the rights of man but only their revenge return to France. But this is another quesand the increase in their power." Would tion, and one apart from the political princiGothein turn this the other

way
and
say that,

ple involved. Freedom for the oppressed, a unless Germany recognizes the rights of the reawakening of the old Revolutionary tradiAlsatians to express an opinion concerning tion, is the inspiration of many French liberals their future, the Empire as much as con- in this war.

The Socialists use the expresfesses that there is no kindred feeling between sion daily in their press. Jean Longuet, them?

grandson of Marx and editor of “ L'HumanWhat have the Alsatians to expect from a ité," declared vigorously : victorious Germany? From the discourses “ I am in accord with the recent Socialist of Government leaders, there is no indication convention in London for the consultation of of any intention to open the Alsatian question. those interested—that is to say, the people of Even in the most liberal circles, despite a Alsace-Lorraine. If the desire to be French certain inclination to talk of freedom of peo- did not exist, we would have absolutely no ples, it seldom goes to the point of concrete right to dispose of them against their will.”. application in so far as Alsace is concerned. Looking at the plebiscite as a practical During the last half-century the people of issue, its necessity is obvious. In 1871 Gerthese border provinces have enjoyed few con- many denied the people of Alsace a voice in cessions from the Empire. From a victori- their lot. Since then the sympathies of the ous Germany they would have scant reason

world have been with this unhappy people. to expect more.

To-day, were the vote disregarded, there The attitude in France is that the return would be a repetition of history. Germany of Alsace-Lorraine to the Mère Patrie is the

See the poor Alsatians tied to sine qua non of any peace. More than this France against their will," and there would is an idea which has become current that be sufficient opposition in these provinces to these provinces are an integral part of give color to the reproach. Grumbach, an France, only cruelly separated for a time, but Alsatian Socialist, makes an eloquent appeal, now to be taken back into the fold. • For first to Germany, then to France. In the us to consult the population of Alsace-Lor- first, that heed be paid to the wishes of the raine as to their wishes wouid be as super- people, he confesses that he has not great fuous as to consult the people in the invaded hopes; but in the second he says : “ If they departments of the north of France whether are republicans who respect the political liberty or not they want to come back.” This seems of the individual, they are under obligation to be the official view, and is certainly that to demand a consultation of the people of approved in most influential circles—the uni- Alsace-Lorraine. Not with fear nor with versities, commercial and industrial centers. unhappy hesitation will they do this, but More than this is the support given it by the frankly and with an enthusiasm inspired by so-called Alsatian Nationalists (the former the firm conviction of accomplishing an act Catholic Alsatian Center), represented in of political wisdom, an act which will give to France by Preiss and the Abbé Wetterlé. I Alsace, to France, to Germany, and to all of have talked with Wetterlé over this very Europe a rare example destined to be a question, and am convinced that his desire to stepping-stone to a higher democracy." see Germany punished and his hatred of all Paris, France.

would say,

TWO BOOKS OF VERSE

BY HAMILTON W. MABIE

T

\HE “ New Poetry Series ” is largely ness for originality, and the new freedom

experimental ; its hospitality to ad- which they vociferously claim turns out to be

venturers in verse commends it to a mere assertion of the mob spirit. Diseorlovers of the art which more adequately dant cries and uncouth tones are as empty as than any other save music expresses the the most mechanical mid-Victorian jingles human spirit in the whole range of its expe- and more offensive to the ear. But these rience and endeavor. The decline and dis- " battle cries of freedom " do not drown the appearance of poetry as a literary form has voices of a new springtime; there are fresh been a standard article of faith in some liter- voices and tones of deep and vital sweetness ary creeds for two generations. Fifty years in the air. The qualities which give this new ago, when the scientific movement was in its poetic activity its charm and its significance early and enthusiastic stage, there were many are fresh feeling for the beauty in familiar predictions that literature itself had run its things, intimate joy in nature and in human course and that henceforth men were to live relations, sensitiveness to the image and the by knowledge and dismiss the dreams of the meaning of the symbol. · Mothers and imagination ; that the age of reason had at Men”) is a first venture in verse, and its notes last arrived and the fairy tales of the poets are struck in the title. Mr. Pulsifer has would henceforth go to the back shelves. opened a vein of deeper love than young The only novel future generations would poets often find, in his celebration of the tolerate would be the novel of fact. The love that waits and serves at the threshold drama, it was pointed out, had already had and blesses life with the serene devotion, units day and become as extinct as the prehis- selfish in its selfishness, which is deeper than toric monsters.

passion. In the eyes that are celebrated in But the prophets of evil have suffered a these verses there is that which brings men to disastrous eclipse. Literature survives in all their knees and sends them on the voyages its forms, and the works of the old masters, of honor and duty and service rather than on instead of going to the rubbish sales, are the adventures of passion. There is passion printed and reprinted in innumerable editions here, but it is the passion of one in whom stirs and distributed in every conceivable form ; it the sense of loyalty to the one woman who is true that the novels of fact are read if they brings each to the gate of life, and makes do not sacrifice reality to realism, but the later him aware that love and pain are akin, beromanticists practice the old art and com- cause love is not fulfilled unless it is sacrimand the old success; the drama has had a ficial. In this love the divine love is imaged: new birth in the interest of writers and readers as well as of lovers of the theater, and

" IN THE MANTLE OF GOD the present generation of prophets has raised “I pray to a God with a woman's face. the cry that it will soon expel the novel ;

(My mother's face is wondrous fair!) while the making of verse threatens to be

The wide world is an altar-place,

And love-in-life the only prayer. come a popular industry. The “ New Poetry Series is not a desperate device to attract I work for a God with a woman's hands. attention; it is a recognition of a widespread (My mother's hands are cool and strong !) interest as well as a growing activity. Pub

I sing for a God who understands lished in a form which suggests the maga

The worker's work and the singer's sorg. zine, these well-made, low-priced books evi- I live for a God with a woman's eyes. dence a vital impulse, a popular demand, and (My mother's eyes have made me whole!) a feeling that poetry is not the recreation of The very walls of paradise the highbrow, but of the man who must run

Are compassed in a single soul!" as he reads.

In this celebration of woman, the creator, Rawness and crudity, not so much of tech

virgin in her purity and divine in her mothernique as of taste, stamp a good deal of this current verse ; some of its practitioners are Mothers and Men. By Harold Trowbridge Pulsifer.

The New Poetry Series, Houghton Mifflin Company, mistaking lawlessness for liberty, formless- Boston, 50c.

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hood, the song flows on into a celebration of poems are almost autobiographic in the disthe manhood that courts no ease and knows tinctness of the individuality they disclose. no fear. The “ Conquest of the Air," a Mr. Shivell's sonnets, of which there are prize poem at Harvard, has a daring as bold many, do not read like sixteenth-century deas the magnificent achievement which it cele- vices to enable a man to pour out his heart brates :

while keeping its secrets inviolate ; they are “Soaring from the clinging sod,

obviously sincere and candid in their naive First and foremost of my race, assertion of the right to speak and the cerI have met the hosts of God

tain expectation of being heard in due time. Face to face :

This assertion is too frank to suggest ego. Met the tempest and the gale

tism ; it is the proud simplicity of the man Where the white moon-riven cloud who believes that the human voice is the Wrapt the splendor of my sail

voice of God: In a shroud."

" Bear thyself nobly and feel free to speak !" The impulse which gives the lines on

- The

If this is egotism, it rests not on belief in Riderless Horse " their moving appeal- individual gifts but on faith in racial great“ Close ranks and ride on!

ness. It reminds one of Emerson's superb The banner he bore

confidence in the authority of the human For God and the right

spirit. Such a confession of ambition as Never faltered before.

this sonnet is taken from the unpublished Quick, up with it, then !

liturgy of great souls :
For the right! For the light!
Lest legions of men

"IF I COULD TELL
Be lost in the night !".

“If I could tell what beauty I behold is not dead in the American heart, and

In this wild world so wonderful to me, young men still hear and answer that bugle The pale moon brightening o'er the twilight call, as Mr. Pulsifer's college mates have

sea, answered it in the sky of France. Such

Where ages heave and sigh-could I unfold poems as “ The Lusitania ” and Clarion”

How ships give up their sunset white and gold,

Blending themselves in blue immensity, need no foot-notes : they breathe the spirit

The sweet stars how come forth, how fair which the Nation, bidden to deny the impulse

they be, which is its very soul, has made eloquent on What secrets to my heart the deep hath fields where our battles are being fought by

told, others.

Could I instruct one backward human being “ Mothers and Men” shows little of imma- In the Love lore that in my soul I feel, turity in substance or in form ; its unabashed

My inmost spirit yearnings could impart, tenderness and its enthusiasm are noi blurred

Could but half utter what so many seeing by unfinished workmanship. It is a hearten

See not, because to them Heaven is not

real,ing book for those to whom the earliest and

My God, could I but bless one human heart!" oldest form of love and the patriotism that does not take count of the cost are dear.

The reader looks in vain in this book of Mr. Shivell is fortunate in the friends he verse for the egotism, the straining for novel has made ; Mr. Norton and Mr. Gilder were effects, the self-conscious defiance of moral keenly interested in his verse, and Mr. Bliss and literary conventions, which disfigure some Perry cared so much for it that he asked per- of the newest poetry. He finds harsh lines, mission to make a selection from it to bring crude rhymes, unpoetic phrases ; but he is to the attention of a wider circle of readers. consoled by passages of pure poetic quality, The widest circle of readers would find de- by the reserve of perfect simplicity, by that light in Stillwater Pastorals and Other confidence in the undying interest of comPoems."! Its author, Mr. Perry tells us, is mon things, of the experiences which furnish a real farmer who has made excursions in the universal language, but whose inner and other fields, and Stillwater lies east of - Spoon secondary meaning only the pure in heart River ” and southwest of " North of Boston.” understand, for they alone see God. Mr. There are reminders of both these localities Shivell says that “poetry bothers most peoin the volume, but there is no imitation. The ple," but this verse will bother no I Stillwater Pastorals, and Other Poems

who loves the poetry that is born, not of Shivell. The New Portry Series. Tionghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 750.

other poetry, but of nature and life. What

one

By Paul

could be more authentic than “ Winter Morning”?

The simplicity has the touching pathos of life; it has the quality of “ The Cotter's Saturday Night.”

" WINTER MORNING
“I rise and look out at the window, Love,

And all the stars are shining. While I dress
Lie thou and take thy needful morning sleep;
And I will tiptoe downstairs with the lamp,
And build the kitchen fire, the table set
For breakfast, and our patient creatures greet
With lantern in the stable where they chew
Meekly their fodder. Frosty are the nights,
Wholesome and stinging cold. When the

room's warm,

Or when thou wilt, come down and dress

thyself
By jealous lamplight, yellow in the dawn,
Leaving the wee ones to surprise us late,
When from their natural rest, bewilder'd half,
They wake and rub their sleepy eyes, looking
For us.

Then they'll grope down, and smile

"Good-morning,
And dress before the kitchen fire, and eat
Their porridge from their little porringers.
So we'll begin another busy day,
With thankful hearts lifting our prayer to

Heaven:
That thus may we ever be honest people,
And bring our children up to work and play
Contentedly and in the sight of God."

THE READER'S VIEW

ment.

THR STONEMEN, THE THIRD DEGREE, AND by those in charge of the Stonemen's move

CHURCH ORDINATION In the statements in The Outlook of September All self-respecting members of other churches, 27 about “ The Stonemen” it seems that a vital all who believe their own churches to be true point was overlooked, namely, that members of churches and their ministers truco ministers, other communions than the Protestant Episco- ordained and duly authorized to administer the pal, by submitting to the “laying on of hands

sacraments of the Christian Church, should look by a Protestant Episcopal bishop, surrender to at this matter clearly. They should honor their a rite that is at the very center of the contro- own churches and their own ministers by versy between the Episcopal Church and other

remaining loyally in their own communions, churches. The Episcopal Church claims that and they should decline to have any part in to have a properly constituted Church there the third degree of the Stonemen, which, in must be bishops in the line of Apostolic suc- effect, makes them members of the Episcopal cession, and that no minister is properly or- Church. dained unless ordained by bishops, and that no Certain

groups of people in the Greek Church layman is properly received into the church as have come under the Roman Catholic rule in the a member unless confirmed by a bishop. The

following way: The Roman Church has allowed Protestant churches in general deny this as an them to retain their own liturgy and language unproved theory.

in their services, their married clergy, and When an Episcopalian is initiated into the practically all their own ways and customs, on third degree of the Stonemen, he does not need one condition-namely, that they acknowledge the “laying on of hands,” since he has already the Pope as the head of Christendom. These been confirmed by a bishop. If he is a member Uniates are now Roman Catholics, although of another church, the bishop's hands are laid they are as they were before save on one point. on him, as in confirmation, and he is by this act They are Roman Catholics because they have given the privilege, not only of communion in acknowledged the Pope as the Vicar of Christ. his order, but of partaking of the Lord's Supper The Stoneman who takes the third degree of as administered in the Episcopal Church. The his order, being confirmed by the laying on of inevitable implication of this act, in spite of hands of an Episcopal bishop, actually becomes softened phraseology in accompanying state- an Episcopalian, no matter what he calls himments, is that as a member of the Methodist self or what church he attends. Every EpiscoChurch, for instance, this man had not been pal bishop and every rector in America knows rightfully and fully prepared to partake of the this. Apparently this knowledge is not in the holy communion. Also, a corollary is that the minds of some of the Stonemen themselves. Methodist minister who had first received this The Congregational clergyman quoted in your man into the church was not rightfully author- article states: “If it were a prerequisite that I ized and equipped to do so and to administer should be confirmed (in order to join the Stone. the Lord's Supper. This is the heart of the men], I see no reason why I should not make this matter. If it were not, there would not be concession to the peculiarity of ritual in that insistence upon the “laying on of hands ” body, thus accomplishing church unity in a

1916

THE READER'S VIEW

885

practical way." Since the Episcopal Church immersion as admission to that organization makes this rite the vitally necessary one for would not be of itself a reflection upon the church membership, and since the Congrega- validity of any other form of baptism.—THE tional Church for ages has contended against EDITORS ] such mechanical theory of the Church, there is every reason why a Congregational minister HOW ARE THE WELL-TO-DO TO EDUCATE should decline to surrender to Episcopal claims.

THEIR CHILDREN EFFICIENTLY? Assume that the founder of the Stonemen had

Here is a man brought up on a New Eng. been a Roman Catholic priest. Assume that the land farm where industry, efficiency, and third degree of the order involved the acknowl.

economy were the daily drill, with the accomedgment of the Pope as the Vicar of Christ.

paniment of abundant physical exercise and Would this clergyman “see no reason why he plain food. This man, as is typical among a should not make this concession to the pecu- great majority of present leaders in the comliarity of the ritual in the Roman Church, thus munity, finds himself with abundant means accomplishing unity in a practical way"? If he

to buy everything that can be purchased with were so initiated, he would be practically a

money for his children, yet they are in a houseRoman Catholic even if nominally a member of hold where no work is required of them and their the Congregational Church.

disorder and litter is put instantly in order by Every member of another communion who

unobtrusive, efficient servants who act, so far becomes a third-degree Stoneman strengthens as the children's observation goes, like the sun in so far the unproved and unprovable claims of and wind in bringing the recurring seasons. the Episcopal Church that the rite of confirma

The public schools, which, we are told, are tion by a bishop is vital. No man should do

the best in the country, teach the children printhis unless he is ready to go as far as this theory cipaily Chinese memorizing to the accompanileads—that is, to acknowledged and open mem- ment of rounded shoulders and bad air. The bership in the Episcopal Church.

physical exercises of the ball team are reserved A point on which many persons would like to

for the dozen or twenty out of a thousand have light in this controversy is whether or not who need it least. The others sit on the Stonemen confirmed by an Episcopal bishop

benches and cramp their lungs watching. are reported in the records of the Episcopal These children are just as active and eager Church. It should be definitely ascertained if

to build things as their forebears, provided they the third-degree Stonemen are counted in the

had the opportunity and encouragement that list of gains by the Episcopal Church. What

their forebears had, but all the neighbors' chilmakes a Roman Catholic ? Acknowledgment dren are from the same class, and their fathers of the Pope. What makes an Episcopalian?

and mothers cannot work with them all day Confirmation by an Episcopal bishop. Are

long building things; and without some exam. third-degree Stonemen unconsciously Episco

ple or leadership of this sort they cannot be palians ? If so, are they so rated ?

made to do useful things that will demonstrate Glendale, Ohio. CALVIN DILL Wilsox. to them that somebody has to work for every.

thing that is produced. [In one respect-and that vital-the writer of

As to the private schools, investigation proves this letter is in error. Admission to communion

on the average that the teachers are less effiin the Episcopal Church is not confined to those

cient than in the public schools, and the opporwho have been confirmed by a bishop. The

tunities for acquiring dexterity of hand and Congregational clergyman quoted in this letter

brain are no greater. has himself, as we know, not infrequently par

There is every force working to carry out the taken of communion in an Episcopal church,

old New England traditions of three generaand that without confirmation. There is, more

tions from overalls to overalls, and with the over, a fundamental distinction between ac

elimination of unfair privilege, for which every knowledging the Pope and participating in a

right-minded progressive is working, this tran: rite. In the one case there is a specific acknowl

sition should be more certain than heretofore. edgment of a principle; in the other case there

A classmate of the writer at the Polytechnic is simply the participation in a common act,

School, having this matter very much at heart, which may be, and as a matter of fact is, vari

moved to a wilderness on the Pacific coast to ously interpreted, and does not commit the participant to a principle in which he does not

re-enact the experience of his forefathers. He

cleared the land and built his cabin ; but his wife, believe.

a cultivated woman, died in the process, and The same thing might be said in regard to

his three sons ran away from home, about one the matter of immersion. If there were real

hundred miles through the woods, to get to the unity and comradeship within the churches to

city at the first opportunity. be obtained by the joining of an order which

N. MARSHALL. called for immersion, participation in the rite of West Newton, Massachusetts,

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