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« burne tippit, a halfepenny halter, and all such “ proud prelates.” Quarto edit. p. 36. b.

Id. ib.

Winch. If I were covetous, perverse, ainbitious.] “ If I were covétous, ambitious, or perverse.”. Folio 1632.

Act iii. sc. v. p. 482.
Burg. Couragious Bedford, let us now persuade

you. Bed. Not to be gone from bence; for once ļ

read, That stout Pendragon, in his litter fick, Came to the field, and vanquished his foes.]

Harding (Chronicle, chap. 72. 8vo.) gives the Following account of Uter Pendragon.

5 For which the King ordain'd a horse-litter “ To bear him fo then unto Verolame, “ Where Ocea lay, and Oysa also in fear, “ That Saint Albone's now hight of noble fame, “ Bet downe the walles ; but to him forth they

came, " Where in battayle Océa and Oysa were slayn. “ The fielde he had, and thereof was full fayne.'

Act iii. sc. vi. p. 484.

Talb. But yet, before we go, let's not forget
The Noble Duke of Bedford, late deceas'd,
But see his exequies fulfilld in Roan.

The Duke of Bedford was buried in the great church of Roan, in the year 1435, and had a magnificent tomb erected to his memory: of which Lewis XI. taking a view some years after

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wards, his courtiers proposed, that it might remain no longer à monument of the weakness of their nation. But the King ordered it to stand ; looking upon it as an argument of a mean spirit, to destroy the trophies of a prince, after his death, before whom the niątion bowed and trembled whileft he was alive. Salmon's History of England, vol. 3, p. 158. Echard's History of England, vol. 1. p. 488.

Act iii. sc. ix. p. 488.
K. Henry. We bere create you the Earl of

And in our coronation take your place.]

Here is an anachronism of near eleven years. King Henry was crown’d in England 1429, (See Bishop Kennet's Colle£tions, vol. 1. p. 368.] and King of France in the cathedral at Paris 1431, being entered into the ninth year of his age. Echard's History of England, vol. 1. p. 484.

Talbot was created Earl of Shrewsbury A. D. 1442. Echard, vol. 1. p. 493, Act iii. sc. ix. p. 489. Baffet. Villein, thou "knowlt the law of arus

is such, That whosoever draws a sword i' th presence,' t's

death, “ That whoso draws a sword, 'tis present c death." The former reading. Mr. Warburton's emendation may be justified by one of the ecclesiastical laws of King Ina, King of the Welt Saxons, in the year 693.


6. 66

6. “ If one fight in the King's house, let him forfeit all his estate, and let the King deem whether he shall have life or not.”

See Mr Johnfon's Collection of Ecclesiastical Laws, vol. 1. in the year 693. 6.

To strike within the verge of the court, is a forfeiture of the right hand.

And in an Irish canon, (See Excerptions of Ecbright, 1240. 61. Johnson's Ecclefiaftical Laws, vol. 1.), there was the following direcțion. " Let him who lifts up his hand with “ spear or sword to strike any man near a Bi. “ shop, redeem his hand, or lose it: but if he “ have wounded him too, let him shave his “ head and beard, and serve God. Yet first, " let him make satisfaction to the Bishop, and “ to the party whom he hurt.” — nalty much greater, if the person he ftruck was in orders. Act iv. sc. i. p. 490. Talbot of Sir John Fal

jaff: Talb. Pardon, my princely Henry, and the reft, This daftard at the battle of Poictiers, When but in all I was fix thousand strong, And the French were almost ten to one, Before we met, or that a stroke was given, Like to a trusty 'Squire, did run away.]

[See Act i. sc. iv. p. 438. Act iii. fc. 5. p. 483.]

This battle was fought in a village of Bause, called Pataie. “ From this battle (says Holin


The pe

Shed, life of Henry VI.) departed, without any “ stroke ftrucken, Sir John Fastolfe. The fame

year his valiantness was elected into the order “ of the Garter.” Trujel, the author of The Life and Reign of King Henry VI. (See Bishop Kennet's Collections, 2d edit. vol. 1. p. 361.), observes, in the way of excufe, “ That Sir John

, “ Falstaff, though a person of great valour, yet s seeing the inevitable fate of this battle, with« drew, without giving or receiving a blow, (as judging it rather rash to fight at such a “ disadvantage). But the regent was so in« censed with him for it, that he took from “ him his George and Garter, which he had gi

ven him but the year before, for his former “ brave actions : but, through much mediation “ of friends, and his own alledging some exRC cuses, (which were at that time thought rea« fonable), they were again restored to him, แ

though much against Lord Talbot's will and “ consent."

A& iv. sc. iv. p. 498.

York. And I am lowted by a traytor villain, And cannot help the noble chevalier.]

The word louted in Shakespeare's time, and long before, was a term of regard and respect. The signification of it was, to bow, or bend the body.

Thus Chaucer, in the Remnant of the Rose, 1554.


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h Unto the welle then went I me, 5 And down I loutid, for to see

The clere water in the stone." " And again, 4384. $6 Altho we chastice the without, « And make thy bodie to him lowt, “ Have herte as hard as diamaunt, « Stedfast, and stout, and naught pliaunt."

And again, 7336. “ Thanking him gan on his knees lout.

See Second Nonnes Tale, 197. Tale of Melibeus, p. 151.

Plowman's Prologue, 1963. Plowman's Tale, 2121.

Skelton speaking of the Earl of Northumber. land, Works, p. 278. says, “ To whom great estates obeyed, and louted.

And Spenser uses it as a mark of respect. 6 And marching three in warlike ordinance, " Thrice lowted lowly to the noble maid, as The whiles shrill trumpets and loud canons

• sweetly plaid.”
Fairy Queen, book iv. canto iii. 5.

So again, Book iv. canto vii. 44. 'canto x. 19. canto xi. xxx.

Book v. canto iii. 34. canto viii. 50. Book vi. canto x. 16. Stepberd's Calendar, July, p. 1083. The Ruins of Time, vol. 6. p. 1467.,:)

Shakespeare probably used the word flouted, a word very common with him. '

Thus used act i. sc. vii. p. 445. of this play.


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