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Id. ib. p. 435.
Bedf. Our isle he made a maris of salt tears.]

All the marshes that border upon the sea, are called salt marishes, or marshes. Hieronymo. The blustering winds confpiring

with my words, Made mountains mars with spring tide of my

tears. The Spanish Tragedy; or, Hieronymo is mad again. Old plays, published

1744) p. 241.

vol. 2.

Sc. iv. p. 439.

Wis. Each bath his place and funktion to attend. I am left out, for me nothing remains : But long I will not be thus out of office.] “ But long I will not be Jack out of office., Fofio 1632; and certainly right, as to be a Jack in an office is a proverbial faying. See Ráy's Alphabet of Joculatory Proverbs, p. 74.

Sc. vi. p. 444
Dauph. Was Mahomet inspired with a dove?]

Mahomet had a dove," which he used to “ feed with wheat out of his ear; which dove,

when it was hungry, lighted on Mahomet's “ shoulder, and thrust its bill in to find its “ breakfast; Mahomet persuading the rude and “simple Arabians, that it was the Holy Ghost " that gave him advice.” See Sir Walter Raleigh's History of the World, book i. part i. chap. 6. Life of Mahomet, by Dr. Prideaux.

Se, vii.

Sc: vii. p. 445.

Glou. I am this day come to survey the Tower.) ce I am come to survey the Tower this day.” Fo. lio 1632

Id. ib.
Glou. Break up the gates, I'll be your war-

rantice.] He wrote probably Break ope, as he uses the expression, Comedy of Errors, act iii. sc. 1. p. 233.

E. Ant. “Go fetch me something, I'll break

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So in Coriolanus, act iii. fc. I. p. 494.
Coriol. " Call our carez fears, which will in

“ time break ope ic The locks o'th' fenate, and bring in the crows, 66 To peck the eagles. Sc. vii. The Duke of Gloucester to the Bishop

of Winchester. Glou. Pield Priest, dost thou commard me be

shut out?] Mr. Pope (to whose authotity I pay the greatest deference) says, that the Duke of Gloucester called him Pield Priest, from his shaven crown, a metaphor from a peeld orange.

A peeld orange, is peeld all overs and buť a small part of the crown of a priest's head was shaven, as appears from the canons of old.

By one of Archbishop Anselm's canons, it was ordered, “ That the crown of clergymen be vi“ fible; ” that is, the tonsure, or circle of the crown of the head, which was always kept shaB2


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ved. See Anselm's Canons at Westminster, MCII. 12. Johnson's Collection of Ecclesiastical Laws, &c. vol. 2. See Legatine Constitutions of Otto, 1237. 14. and of Othobon, 1268. 5. Johnson, ibid.

I should rather imagine, that Shakespeare wrote Pied Priest, in allusion to the habit of a Bishop, in his own time, which was the rochet, or lawn-sleeves, and the black fattin chimere, which was introduced in Queen Elisabeth's reign, (the red having been used before, which was the same with a doctor's habit in Oxford, and is still, I think, worn by the Bishops in convocation. See Dr. Hody's History of Convocations, p. 141.) Or by Pied, he might allude to the book of directions for the Popish clergy, how to read the feveral offices, called The Pie, from the mixture of white and black letters resembling a magpie. It was called in by the third of King Edward VI. chap. 10. and is now rarely to be met with. I have seen one copy, in the library of Sidney Sufyex college.

Id. ib.
Glou. Winchester goose, I cry, a rope, å rope.]

He calls him Winchester goofe, from his right (as Bishop of Winchester) of licensing bawdyhouses on the banks side of the river Thames ; which power was taken away from the Bishop of that diocese March 1546, (the last year of King Henry VIII.), by proclamation, with found of trumpet, “That the stews there should no more st be priviledg’d, or used as a common bordel ; 66 but that the inhabitants of those houses should

keep good and honest rule.” Stow's Annals, p. 591.

The French disease, from the Bishop of Win. chester's licensing bawdy-houses, was called the Winchester goose. See in proof, the poem fo irtitled, Works of John Taylor the water-poet, p. 105

Sc. x. p. 452. Enter Pucelle.

Talbot. Here, bere she comes ; I'll have a bout with thee; devil, or devil's dam, I'll conjure thee. Blood I will draw on thee, thou art a witch.]

Alluding to the vulgar notion, that the drawing blood of a witch, takes away the power of bewitching Act iii. Sc. i. Gloucester to the Bishop of Win:

No, Prelate;
Thou art a most pernicious usurer,
Froward by nature, enemy to peace ;
Lascivious, wanton, more than well beseems
A man of thy profession, and degree.]

Bishop Godwin's account of Cardinal Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester, son to John of Gaunt, by Katharine Swinford long before he married her.

☆ That he was a man of great frugality, and « thereby exceeding rich; that King Henry V. fr in the latter end of his reign, by great and

continual wars, being waxen much behind

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$s hand, and greatly indebted, began to cast a “ covetous eye upon the goods of the church; so this wealthy prelate, best known by the name % of the rich Cardinal, supplied his want out of “ his own purse, to divert him from that facri“ legious course, and lent twenty thousand 5 pounds, a great deal of money in those days, 6. " He was also valiant, and very wise. In “ his youth he was wantonly given ; and had a so base daughter named Jane, upon Alice, the ço daughter of Richard Earl of Arundel. This " was done before he entered into orders.-$6 Amongst other good deeds that he did, it is $s remembered, that he built an hospital in Win" chester, near Saint Cross's; which he presently $6 endowed with lands to the value of 158 1. FS 13 S. .4 d. yearly rent'; and moreover, gave so unto ir the hospital of Saint John de Forden


Bilhop Latimer, in his second sermon before King Edward Vi, making mention of Cardinal Beaufort's opposing the good Duke of Gloucester, speaks of him in a way much less favourable, G? Was not this a good prelate ? He should have 'been at home, preaching to his diocese with of a wanniaunt,'?

And again,

" The Bishop was made a Cardinal at Callice, ff and thither the Bishop of Rome sent him a Cardinal's hatte. He should have had a Ti


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